The French authorities are preparing to fight against Islamism after another terrorist attack in the country. On October 29, in the center of Nice, a man with a knife killed three people in a church, shouting “Allah Akbar”. Several hours later, police prevented three more similar attacks in Avignon, Lyon and Paris. The terrorist attack in Nice was committed by a native of Tunisia. According to police, he arrived in Italy, and then illegally moved to France. President Emmanuel Macron said the French have come under attack for their values and taste for freedom. The politician promised not to give up.
What steps should Emmanuel Macron take? Tatyana Parkhalina, Advisor to the Director of the Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences, is confident that the French authorities will restrict the influx of migrants: “The French president is in a very difficult situation. It has already been stated that the policy of multilateralism in Europe has been defeated. But at the same time, representatives of Islam make up a significant part of the country’s population. The grandchildren of those people who once came to France in the 50-60s and wanted to integrate into society are involved in the protests. But then the next generations realized that they were on the social sidelines.
At the same time, freedom of expression is very important for French society. Often in Russia, when you start talking about it, they don’t understand it. How can this be reconciled? Now President Macron faces a very difficult task. I do not think it will come to prohibitions in migration policy. But it is quite possible that some restrictions will be introduced.
However, the reduction of migrants is again to step on those European values that the EU and France defend.
Of course, at the level of the European Union, we see what solidarity the countries of the commonwealth have shown towards France. At the same time, they understand that there must be a general answer, not just French. However, relations with Turkey complicate the solution of this problem. After all, let’s not forget that Erdogan took over the functions that Gaddafi used to have – the containment of migrants. And every time he blackmails Europe by saying that he can open the borders, and this is a very serious factor. “
On October 16, near Paris, a native of Moscow, a Chechen who received refugee status in France, beheaded the teacher because he showed cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad during the lesson. Emmanuel Macron promised to protect secular values from radical Islam, after which Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan called on his fellow citizens to boycott French goods. Actions against French policy were also held in Palestine, Yemen and Syria. The head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, also spoke out against Macron. Then “Kommersant FM” discussed this topic with the head of the Center for French Studies at the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yuri Rubinsky. He suggested that the French authorities should simply wait out the wave of accusations. However, now, after a series of attacks, Macron needs to react harshly, the scientist is convinced:
“I think he will have to react, otherwise he will lose public support. And after a year and a half, the presidential elections. It is very important for Macron to preserve, on the one hand, the values of identity and not turn them into a red rag of social and political discontent among Muslims living in Europe. How to do it? How to split the Muslim world and prevent it from uniting under the anti-French, anti-Western flag is the main question. This is a very difficult business. I would add one very important thing that we underestimate. The story of the conflict over cartoons takes place in completely non-standard conditions – now the coronavirus pandemic is raging. This is very important, because the most vulnerable segments of the population are those that are economically and socially disadvantaged, in many respects it is immigrants, in particular, Muslims. Even without this story with cartoons, the discontent of this part of the population was inevitable. “
If the authorities do not take the necessary measures, political opponents of Emmanuel Macron can take advantage of this, believes Yekaterina Kuznetsova, candidate of political sciences, expert on France: will begin a campaign against radical Islamic ideas.
It seems to me that this is a shock of such magnitude that the authorities understand that they, in fact, have carte blanche from society for tough decisive measures.
If they don’t, there could be long-term electoral consequences. “
For several days in Moscow, rallies have been taking place near the French embassy a few dozen meters from the building of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Those gathered oppose Charlie Hebdo magazine and chant “Allahu Akbar”. The Moscow police, which for the first few days did not interfere with the protesters, on October 30, nevertheless decided to disperse those who came. The authorities recalled that the action had not been approved.