Virologists explained when you can talk about the “saw” of coronavirus in Russia :: Society :: RBC

To understand the dynamics of the spread of coronavirus, we need smoothed four- or seven-day curves, added Larisa Popovich, director of the Institute for Health Economics at the Higher School of Economics. She also pointed out another important circumstance – the weather.

“During the period of respiratory diseases, it is possible to expect that this respiratory disease will decrease if the weather is very cold. In the cold, people get sick less somehow: apparently, there are fewer contacts. Now the weather is so slimy, cold that I think these are accidental emissions, ”she commented on the latest statistics.

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“Before the New Year, we are up to a detection rate of 30 thousand.[человек в сутки] let’s get there. You shouldn’t be afraid of this. It’s good that so many are detected – that means, in the early stages. Another question is that we are hospitalized with mild forms, so medical facilities are choking, ”Popovich said and added that it is too early to draw conclusions about a decrease in the incidence and even about its stabilization.

Coronavirus

Russia Moscow World

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Source: JHU,
federal and regional
virus control headquarters

Source: JHU, Federal and Regional Anti-Virus Headquarters

The head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova announced on December 1 that the rate of spread of coronavirus infection in Russia is slowing down. At the same time, she clarified that the situation is different in the regions.

“In general, in the Russian Federation, we see a slowdown in growth rates, but the average daily incidence rate is very different in different regions. The situation is largely determined by the morbidity in the capitals – in Moscow and St. Petersburg, which account for about 40% of the daily registered number of newly diagnosed patients, ”she said.

The head of Rospotrebnadzor clarified that the stabilization of the situation with the epidemic is recorded in 58 regions of Russia, while in 24 subjects the increase in the incidence continues. This indicator is slowing down only in three regions.

“Average weekly growth rate [числа заболевших] stable at 1.2 in November[%], which does not inspire much optimism yet. Today, 58 entities are in the stage of stabilization, three entities are in the stage of slowing growth, and 24 entities are in the stage of continued growth, ”Popova said.

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World AIDS Day: HIV “miracle drug” may be less effective than expected

What are HIV and AIDS?

December 1st is every year World AIDS Day. The day is meant to remind you that that Human immunodeficiency virus HIV has lost little of its horror since its discovery in the 1980s. HIV penetrates the cells of the body’s own immune system and destroys them. If the infection is left untreated, the immune system will weaken over time. If left untreated, this leads to Aids. The body breaks down, even harmless bacteria and viruses pose a threat to those affected. Because the disease cannot be cured, it eventually leads to death.

Round 38 million people worldwide were estimated to be living with HIV at the end of 2019. 1.7 million of them were newly infected that year. In total, an estimated 32 million people have died as a result of an AIDS-related illness since the epidemic began.

As expected, the presence of drug resistance significantly reduced the chances of treatment success in people taking efavirenz. But the same was observed in the volunteers in the dolutegravir group.

It was completely surprising “that dolutegravir would also be less effective in people with these resistant strains,” says Mark Siedner of the Africa Health Research Institute in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, in a press release. Now the team is working to find out whether this is due to the virus or the participants. For example, because people with resistance are less likely to take their pills regularly. “Either way,” he says, “if this pattern is true, it could have far-reaching implications for our predictions of long-term control of treatment for millions of people taking dolutegravir in the area.” therefore urgently needed.

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Doctor Myasnikov warned of the danger of a new epidemic :: Society :: RBC

Photo: Mario Tama / Getty Images

A serious epidemic with a high death rate may arise in the world. Coronavirus COVID-19 does not apply to it. This opinion was expressed on the Telegram page by the doctor and TV presenter Alexander Myasnikov.

“If a virus arrives with a mortality rate of 35-40%, then by the time such a vaccine appears, tens of millions of people will die. I mean that now we need to concentrate the efforts of all scientists on the creation of such a vaccine! Provide any money, means. Or it will be much more expensive later, ”Myasnikov wrote.

The TV presenter noted that in anticipation of serious epidemics with high mortality rates, it is necessary to develop effective protection measures. At the same time, Myasnikov believes that COVID-19 is not an infection with a high mortality rate. According to him, experts should develop a “universal” vaccine against influenza, because the population is threatened by this disease.

“Bird” or “pig” sooner or later thunder will strike! As virologists write: a serious epidemic in a couple of mutations from us! (The first is the transition from animals to humans, the second is from person to person.) In the same China, the first mutation from birds and pigs is constantly recorded, one step to the trouble, ”added the TV presenter.

How the coronavirus epidemic is developing in Russia. Infographics

According to him, the population was not ready for the spread of the virus. Commenting on the development of a universal influenza vaccine, the doctor noted that “so far it has not been very successful.”

Earlier, Myasnikov advised Russians to celebrate the New Year with family and friends. The doctor suggested that COVID-19 “will not go away” and urged to learn to live with it.

Coronavirus

Russia Moscow World

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Source: JHU,
federal and regional
virus control headquarters

Source: JHU, Federal and Regional Anti-Virus Headquarters

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had the epidemic started to ebb before confinement?

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THE CHEKING PROCESS – The idea that the virus was already circulating much slower when Emmanuel Macron made the decision to confine is gaining ground. Is it founded?

«The epidemic began to slow down before the lockdown was put in place, it is even possible that it reached its peak at the time of President Macron’s announcements at the end of October», Analyzes Samuel Alizon, research director at CNRS. REUTERS / BENOIT TESSIER

THE QUESTION. It is an understatement to say that the national confinement decreed by Emmanuel Macron at the end of October is an unpopular measure. But is it at least effective? The idea that the decline of the epidemic would have started even before its implementation, thanks to a “natural cycle of the virus», Is gaining ground every day.

What exactly is it? Did wave 2 really start to ebb before its inception? Could we then have avoided going through this device to reduce the epidemic?

CHECKS. Let us return to the course of the facts. On October 17, Île-de-France and eight metropolises (Aix-Marseille, Lille, Lyon, Grenoble, Saint-Etienne, Rouen, Montpellier and Toulouse) were imposed a curfew at 9 p.m. At that time, the incidence rate (number of positive cases per 100,000 inhabitants over the past week) was still growing nationally. It continued its course until reaching a plateau of 500 cases per 100,000 inhabitants on October 29,

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Was there a “resurgence” of the epidemic in Canada after Thanksgiving?

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THE CHEKING PROCESS – Olivier Véran compared Christmas with the great Canadian holiday, held in mid-October, which would have favored the coronavirus. But is this really the case?

Olivier Véran on November 23 at Bichat hospital in Paris.
Olivier Véran on November 23 at Bichat hospital in Paris. JACQUES WITT / AFP

THE QUESTION. While Europeans hope to be able to meet again for Christmas, the governments of the various countries are calling for caution so that the holidays do not become “Covid factories”, to use the imaginative phrase of Prime Minister Jean Castex. To reinforce the message, its Minister of Health, Olivier Véran, chose last week to draw a comparison with Canada which celebrates Thanksgiving every second Monday in October.

This feast day gives rise to large family reunions. Meals without a mask, different generations that come together, indoor meetings given the season … all these elements seem a priori contraindicated in epidemic times. However, according to Olivier Véran, Canada experienced “a resurgence of the epidemic” after Thanksgiving. But is this really the case when looking at the numbers?

CHECKS. In Canada, Thanksgiving therefore takes place in mid-October, unlike in the United States where the same holiday takes place later,

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Corona: Austrian retailers present comprehensive security concepts for reopening from December 7th

Alliances of dealers, shopping streets, specialist market and shopping centers. 100 shopping centers provide infrastructure for COVID test streets.

Vienna (OTS) The entire domestic trade is looking forward to the end of the hard lockdown and the reopening of stationary non-food retail on December 7th. The additional state aid presented by the finance minister at the beginning of the week for the companies affected can cushion the worst, even though the cap on the sales substitute with 800,000 euros is a major headache for the many larger, employment-intensive companies. They are left out in the rain in many places.

The same applies to the consumer side: a climate of confidence is required, because consumption is psychology. Only in this way can we manage to reduce the rapidly increasing savings rate and convert it into transactions that secure jobs in this country. This is exactly where the “Austria gives jobs” initiative by domestic trade comes in.

Retail has learned from the experience after the initial lockdown

“Sales in the Christmas business are crucial to compensate for the losses from the lockdown as much as possible and to be able to preserve all jobs in the long term. Every additional day on which retailers are closed in December fuels the dying of retailers. Our companies can learn a lot from the spring and have worked out detailed security concepts in order to be able to cope well with the increased number of customers after the reopening. The primary goal is to equalize the flow of customers and to ensure a smooth flow of customers and outflows “, represents trade association managing director Rainer Will clear.

“Of course, the hard lockdown until December 6th came at an inopportune time for the industry, the closure falls fully into the special shopping days Black Friday and Cyber ​​Monday as well as the beginning of the Christmas business. This makes a successful reopening of the non-food trade from December 7th all the more important. where the health of consumers as well as our employees has top priority “, assured Ehrentraud Schreck, Managing Director of Conrad Electronic Austria.

“We stationary retailers need the reopening more than ever in order to finally be there for our customers in person again. Retail offers a very safe environment for both consumers and the 600,000 employees, so far there is not a single Corona in the industry -Cluster occurred “, so Martin Wäg, Managing Director of Kastner & Öhler.

It goes without saying that retailers will continue to adhere to all federal government guidelines for protecting the health of the population. This includes compliance with the minimum distance, the appeal to pay as cashless as possible, the nationwide mask requirement when shopping, the use of Plexiglas protective walls, especially in the checkout area, the provision of disinfectants in the entrance area, more intensive cleaning intervals, regular communication about the distance rules and measures , as well as the limitation of the number of customers in the shops to max. 1 customer per 10m2 sales area.

Well thought-out visitor management is the be-all and end-all

Large-scale businesses (including DIY stores, furniture stores, food wholesalers) and shopping centers can actively control customer flows thanks to their extensive sales areas and visitor counting system and thus ensure sufficient space and distances between consumers. In addition, many dealers have developed additional concepts that are implemented depending on the region and location.

“The most important thing is a well-thought-out visitor management. We have very good means and tools to control the visitor routes and to comply with all safety measures of the Ministry of Health.”, explained Alpaslan Deliloglu, Country Manager & CSO of IKEA Austria. “For example, in the event that queues form in front of our furniture stores, we will block areas of our parking spaces. This means that the distance rules among waiting visitors can be adhered to at all times without any problems. We also provide additional staff to control critical waiting areas.”

Retail is pushing hygiene training courses for employees

In any case, the requirement of max. 1 customer per 10m2 sales area. But even in the event that queues form in front of the shops, the dealers are prepared. “We have worked out proactive concepts for those areas where there could be more traffic at peak times in order to always be able to adhere to the prescribed distance rules. In many places, for example, all checkouts will be manned from opening to closing in order to avoid queues.” , approved Holger Schwarting, Board member of SPORT 2000.

“Further COVID security measures in retail include special training courses for our employees in order to provide them with detailed training on compliance with safety and hygiene precautions”, says Peter Langer, Managing Director of the OBI Group.

“The security concepts of Austrian retail encompass the entire shopping process – from entering the store to staying and paying in the checkout area, where stands and shelves can be removed to create more space for the consumer,” summarizes Thorsten Schmitz, Managing Director of INTERSPORT Austria.

“The trade, above all the large-scale businesses, have always acted in an exemplary manner in terms of distance and hygiene measures. Our areas are so large that contagion can de facto be ruled out”, added Franz Koll, Managing Director of Bellaflora.

ACSP: 100 shopping centers want to provide infrastructure for COVID test streets

More than 100 domestic shopping centers are also planning to make their infrastructure available for COVID test streets and thus support the federal government’s mass test strategy. “In the spirit of solidarity, we will be happy to provide the responsible health authorities with our parking spaces for COIVD test roads free of charge”, approved Jean-Erich Treu, Owner of Leoben City Shopping (LCS).

Some shopping malls want to offer their customers and employees – in close coordination with the ACSP, the authorities and local pharmacies – also COVID rapid tests in the entrance areas.

Making opening times more flexible on a voluntary basis makes sense in order to equalize customer flows

Stephan Mayer-Heinisch, President of the trade association and chairman of the ACSP (Austrian Council of Shopping Places), is also positive about the much-discussed Sunday opening in December, provided that this is done on a voluntary basis: “A Sunday opening on December 13th and 20th – exclusively on a voluntary basis – could help to better distribute the frequencies and customer flows in stationary retail, which can make sense from an epidemiological point of view. The retailers, in turn, would have by extending opening times during the week the opportunity to increase their sales in the Christmas business. This would also benefit working consumers who want to go shopping on workdays after work or on the weekend. “

On the other hand, it must also be noted that the personnel costs in retail are many times higher during the week after 6:30 p.m., on Saturday from 1:00 p.m. and on Sunday generally due to surcharges. For many smaller companies that have been suffering massively from the COVID crisis for more than nine months, this is hardly manageable. In addition, not every retailer can expect sales growth; in some areas, sales would only be redistributed. There must therefore be no obligation to keep it open, regardless of the location. Each retailer should be able to decide independently whether they want to and can open on Sunday or not. Since the 600,000 employees in the domestic trade were already burdened in the Corona year 2020, the trade association recommends working on Sundays in December exclusively on a voluntary basis.

“We would welcome a Sunday opening on a voluntary basis. As an entrepreneur, however, we need planning security and the simplest possible, transparent remuneration system that meets the economic framework and requirements of our customers”, refers shoe retailer Franz Holzer, Managing Director of Dominici, on the complex issue of surcharges in retail.

Retail hopes for fair compensation for lost sales

“Politicians have always promised that no one would be left behind in this crisis. Especially now that the Christmas business is really getting underway and double salaries and high rents are pending, companies need quick support to secure half a million jobs in the non-food trade “, appeals to Thalia’s managing director Thomas Zehetner to policy makers.

“We fully understand the tightened measures to contain the corona pandemic, especially since the number of infections has recently increased worryingly. However, we have little understanding for a sales replacement rate of only 20 percent when all other directly affected industries such as catering, tourism and even betting cafes in lockdown are compensated with 80 percent “says Thomas Körperert, Managing director of Forstinger.

“November is the most important month of the year for many retailers because the products are still being sold at full price. This has been completely eliminated by the tough lockdown. It is therefore crucial that all retailers affected are compensated quickly and fairly for their loss of sales. The lockdown must not become an Amazon funding program “, so trade association vice-president Norbert Scheele, C&A Director of Countries Austria and CEE, in conclusion.

Inquiries & contact:

Trade association
Mag. Gerald Kuehberger, MA
Press officer
Tel.: +43 (1) 406 22 36 – 77
gerald.kuehberger@handelsverband.at
www.handelsverband.at

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EU & Austria – New Year’s Eve: Large fireworks are likely to largely fail

Recently, a ban on firecrackers and missiles was discussed in Upper Austria. This topic is dealt with differently in the federal states.

The Vorarlberg state government refers to the competence of the municipalities and the mayors when it comes to New Year’s Eve fireworks. Fireworks are generally prohibited all year round in Austria, but in “normal” years the mayors grant an exception for New Year’s Eve. The state’s stance is clear: “We recommend that the municipalities not approve any major public New Year’s Eve celebrations including fireworks,” said the governor’s office when asked by APA.

In Tyrol, a fireworks ban on New Year’s Eve is currently not an issue, as the state announced. The situation will be reassessed daily by the task force and the experts – also in coordination with the federal government and other federal states, it said. Should there be a need for this in view of the corona pandemic, the country could react in a timely manner. In addition, the country pointed out that fireworks in the local area are already prohibited under the Pyrotechnics Act. Other large fireworks or actions with fireworks require approval from the responsible administrative authority, it said.

In the city of Salzburg there will be no official fireworks on New Year’s Eve due to corona. That was decided by the city council, the office of Mayor Harald Preuner (ÖVP) announced at the request of the APA. The fireworks would attract people to the city’s squares, but in view of the corona pandemic, they want to avoid a crowd. As in the previous year, private fireworks were banned. Whether and which municipalities in the country will also ban fireworks on New Year’s Eve was not yet known. The state media center announced that this will probably be determined by mid-December.

A firework ban is currently not an issue in Carinthia. Governor Peter Kaiser (SPÖ) announced on request via a spokesman that a possible fireworks ban on New Year’s Eve would be “discussed by the experts in the Carinthian Covid-19 coordination committee” in due course. It is now too early for that, but a decision will be made in good time.

In contrast, in Styria there is a ban on pyrotechnic fireworks. The country is currently examining the possibilities. The Styrian government partners – Governor Hermann Schützenhöfer (ÖVP) and LHStv. Anton Lang (SPÖ) – can “gain a lot from a ban and consider it a measure worth considering,” said APA when asked.

In Lower Austria, people wait and see. For the time being, a ban on fireworks at the turn of the year was not an issue, Albert Maca, the deputy club director of the state parliament club of ÖVP Lower Austria, announced on request: “Our primary goal is to combat the corona pandemic. Now we have to wait and see how those already set Take action. ” The economics spokesman for the Lower Austrian FPÖ, Reinhard Teufel, recently campaigned for the New Year’s Eve bang. “People have a right to let it crash properly on New Year’s Eve,” said Teufel in a press release on any fireworks bans. And he appealed to the population: “Let’s have a blast on New Year’s Eve and show the government what we think of such crazy ideas.”

In any case, private New Year’s Eve fireworks will be banned in Vienna this year – which is no different from the situation in previous years. Because in the local area in Vienna – almost everywhere – firing firecrackers and rockets is generally not allowed. Only more harmless pyrotechnics (category F1) are permitted. The ban, which is often ignored, is controlled by the police. The big official fireworks, however, are usually part of the New Year’s Eve trail. The coming New Year’s Eve makes an exception here: the glowing spectacle, as well as the path itself, has already been canceled.

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Total cuts 700 jobs, stock market action soars

The workforce reduction plans dictated by the logic of profits do not know the crisis: they would even tend to prosper. After Danone which announced Monday 2,000 job cuts, including 400 to 500 in France, to improve its “profitability”, another heavyweight of the CAC40 engages. And not just any: Total takes a departure plan out of its hat “Volunteers” targeting in particular 700 positions among the employees of its head offices in France. The oil giant informed staff representatives on Monday in an internal letter released by Reuters. On the announcement of this news, the Total share soared 5% on Tuesday morning. Once again, financial markets are applauding reductions in costs and staff …

Read alsoTotal oil project in Uganda: “I had to flee my village”

With Total, 100,000 employees, including 35,000 in France, we are not exactly talking about a giant with feet of clay: 100 billion euros in stock market capitalization and as much equity, 10 billion in profits in 2019, a mountain of cash and assets accumulated during the golden decades of black gold … However, this year the group had to endure a shock from oil demand triggered by the Covid-19 epidemic and the fall in the price of a barrel below 20 dollars (17 euros) in the spring. For the third quarter of its 2020 fiscal year, the French major published sharply lower results, with net income group share of $ 202 million, compared to $ 2.8 billion in the corresponding period of 2019 (the oil industry publishes its accounts in greenbacks).

“More favorable environment”

But not enough to panic the CEO of Total, Patrick Pouyanné, for whom “The group benefited during the third quarter from a more favorable environment, with an oil price above 40 dollars per barrel thanks to the strong discipline of the OPEC + countries and a recovery in demand for petroleum products in the truck transport”. It is also not the economic repercussions of the health crisis which is put forward by the management of Total to explain the job cuts.

In its letter to the social partners, the group explains that this voluntary departure plan should make it possible to“Hire the skills, especially young people, [il] will need to implement its transformation strategy towards a multi-energy group ”. And according to management, it responds to a request made in September by the CFDT, CFE-CGC and the autonomous union CAT.

Read alsoTotal sued for climate inaction

The CGT, which has dissociated itself from this approach, therefore calculated that 700 jobs would be eliminated without being replaced: we were “Made it clear that there were too many people at the headquarters and that around 10% of their workforce had to be cut” said Thierry Defresne, central union delegate CGT Total refining and petrochemicals. Total has neither confirmed nor denied this figure. In its email to the unions, management explains that these departures are part of its acceleration strategy in electricity and renewable energies. The group, which has felt the tide of oil change, has undertaken to compete with EDF in the marketing of electricity and gas to individuals. Its subsidiary Total Direct Energie already has 4 million customers.

Shareholders always well served

This diversification strategy will lead to the creation of a new branch within the group called One Tech, which would explain the upcoming reorganization. The engineers of research and development activities and the technical professions of its existing branches would be brought together and pooled in order obviously to optimize costs. Total ensures that everything will be done “To support people until they actually retire, so as to avoid straining public finances”. And specifies that the voluntary departures of employees from the sites concerned by the future One Tech branch “Will all result in hiring and […] will therefore have no impact on the workforce of the sites and entities concerned ”.

Read alsoTotal makes its hole at Polytechnique

As at Danone, it is therefore the central support and administrative functions that should bear most of the job losses resulting from this plan. The oil group seems in a hurry: it wants to negotiate with the unions by the end of the year for departures that would take place from the summer of 2021. The shareholders, them, remain well served: Total is one of the few groups of the CAC40 to have maintained the payment of the dividend planned before the Covid. In total, the oil giant will have sent 7 billion euros to its shareholders in 2020.

Jean-Christophe Féraud

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DR Congo announces the end of the 11th epidemic

“On this Wednesday, November 18, 2020, I am happy to solemnly declare the end of the 11e Ebola virus disease outbreak in Equateur province (north-west) “, Minister of Health of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Eteni Longondo, told reporters.

The minister made this announcement at the end of the usual sanitary period (42 days after the last cured patient tested negative for good). In total, the epidemic has killed 55 people for 130 cases (119 confirmed, 11 probable), according to the tally of the World Health Organization (WHO), whose director general congratulated the DRC.

→ READ. DR-Congo, the Ebola epidemic is progressing

The epidemic broke out on 1is June, when the DRC had taken restrictive measures – since lifted – in the face of Covid-19 (11,839 cases, 322 deaths to date). At 1is June, the DRC even managed two Ebola crises at the same time, with the 10e still officially underway in eastern DRC and which killed more than 2,200 between August 2018 and the end of June 2020; it is considered the most serious in the history of the country.

Widely used vaccination

As in the East, vaccination has been widely used on “More than 40,580 people”, WHO said. The vaccine used was rVSV-ZEBOV-GP from the American group Merck Sharp and DohmeMerck.

During this new epidemic, the DRC and its donors tried to fight against the corrupt practices that parasitized the fight against the great Ebola crisis in the East. “I wanted to avoid this in the province of Equateur”, detailed the minister, denouncing those who took advantage of Ebola in the past “To make money”.

But old practices have resurfaced: “Some health sector officials have inflated the list of providers. It took us a long time to sort out these problems ”. “This is why we did not pay people on time and this sparked strikes”, he added, promising a disbursement within the week.

“The Congolese people have had enough of corrupt practices”

The response to the epidemic was therefore longer than expected: “At first I thought it would take two, three months” more “It took five to six months”.

→ READ. In the DRC, the Ebola epidemic has not said its last word

“We have seen that the Congolese people are fed up with corrupt practices”, wrote the ambassadors of the United States, Canada and Great Britain, returning in mid-September from a field mission with Congolese epidemiologist Jean-Jacques Muyembe. These three countries claim to give a total of approximately 850 million humanitarian or health aid a year to the DRC.

Beyond this emergency aid, voices have been raised to denounce the lack of long-term investment in the very fragile public health system in the DRC. “The high risk of a resurgence remains permanent and must serve as a warning signal for the vigilance system to be reinforced”, according to the minister.

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How the corpse of his enemy floated past China – Mir – Kommersant

Chinese President Xi Jinping knows how to quickly restore international ties and cross-border movements. In his opinion, the global system of QR codes will help in this: every inhabitant of the Earth should receive his own code containing his travel history and health data. The proposal of the Chinese leader looks almost unrealizable within the framework of the European mentality, but China has something to boast about: the QR-code system has become one of the measures that helped China to overcome the coronavirus epidemic.