Players gone, fans angry, employment agency amazed


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Penguins: players gone, fans angry, employment agency amazed

The mood around Westparkstrasse has changed. Some of the supporters have turned away from their club. Major sponsors urge calm and the employment agency is surprised.

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Employment agency – 27 fewer apprenticeships – Dachau

The new training year has been running for about two months. Many young adults get a taste of work for the first time. They lay the “foundation stone for a successful professional life”, as Nikolaus Windisch, head of the Freising Employment Agency, which is also responsible for the Dachau district, describes it. Even if the preparations this year were more bumpy than usual and many “stones are still wobbling”, the vocational training could start on time in September. Dachau companies reported 512 training positions to the employment agency. That is 27 fewer positions than in the previous year, but the employment agency still draws a positive conclusion.

Even if Windisch speaks of a successful start, the general trend continues this year that certain industries are desperately looking for trainees – certain companies in the district even in vain. “Food professions are particularly difficult,” explains Nicolette Tschan from the Dachau District Craftsmen’s Association. The Employment Agency is already aware of this development. According to Christine Schöps from the agency in Freising, the entire craft sector is becoming increasingly unattractive for those looking for training.

There are many reasons for this development, she explains. The proximity and good connection to Munich is just one of them: “Young people have been squinting more and more towards Munich in their search for training in recent years”. But there are simply job profiles that are not attractive for those looking for training. “With butcher shops, the demand is often less high for reasons of interest.” Schöps continues to speak of a “comfortable situation for the young people, since they have more choice”. This is also noticeable in the figures from the Dachau Chamber of Commerce and Industry. 178 apprentices began their apprenticeship in the Dachau companies of the IHK in September, which is a decrease of 13.6 percent compared to the previous year. At the beginning of the apprenticeship, a total of 98 positions in the Dachau district remained vacant. These mainly concern the apprenticeship trades clerks in retail, salespeople, trade specialists, butchers and office management clerks.

The pandemic is only of marginal importance in this development. Rather, the uncertain economic situation would have meant that young people had to redesign their training plans, said Tschan. Since industrial companies had offered fewer jobs, those looking for training had to look for alternatives on the job market. The craft offered such an alternative. The Freising Employment Agency is therefore seeing an increase this year, for example from hairdressers and carpenters.

One problem that both craft and industry and trade are facing is the growing shortage of skilled workers in the district. Also not a new phenomenon, but the development is exacerbated by corona-related entry regulations. Tschan expresses concern about the effects and warns that one must invest in training. The training of certain occupational groups must therefore be made more attractive. “If the apprenticeships drop, the shortage of skilled workers would increase,” said Tschan.

Overall, Windisch “fortunately does not see a Corona vintage.” Because only ten young people could not place the agency professionally or at school and so they could not lay the foundation. “The balance sheet for the 2019/2020 career counseling year is positive overall, despite the difficult framework conditions,” said Windisch.

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Back to work via chat (neue-deutschland.de)

The long-term unemployed often cannot afford a computer.

The long-term unemployed often cannot afford a computer.

Foto: Aleksandr Davydov / Alamy Stock Photo

When the then red-green federal government introduced Agenda 2010 at the beginning of the 2000s, increasing impoverishment and impoverishment were the foreseeable consequences for those affected. How extraordinarily difficult it is in the year 15 after the introduction of Hartz IV to bring those who have been excluded from any social participation back into society, is shown by a scientific study in which the Federal Agency itself is involved.

At the Institute for Business Analytics at the University of Ulm, researchers have long been studying how participants in a so-called peer group, i.e. a group of like-minded people with the same interests and aspirations, exchange ideas via digital chat in order to achieve common goals. Research director Mathias Klier names the topics of weight loss, parenting and health as positive examples. In a preliminary project with the Federal Employment Agency, it was found that digital peer groups also help young people to find work, training and study.

From this, explains the holder of the Péter Horvát Endowed Professorship for Business Administration (BWL) to »nd«, the common idea for the DIGIPEG project emerged: a voluntary offer to make digital peer group exchange accessible to older unemployed people over 50 .

Chat in groups with up to 30 participants is anonymous. Interested parties can download a specific app on their smartphone or laptop and communicate with each other at any time of the day or night without having to disclose their names, addresses or other private information. A moderator from the employment agency supports you in the event of problems or answers questions about training opportunities, financial support and the like. The participants should benefit from their mutual experiences, develop a common motivation or receive support that is difficult to find otherwise.

All participants must fill out a questionnaire at the beginning and at the end of the three-month project. The scientists from Ulm University then evaluate the content of the anonymous chats. So far, around 500 “customers” from 15 Baden-Württemberg employment agencies have participated in 25 chat groups in the project, which the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Economics, Labor and Housing is also supporting with almost 200,000 euros, according to a research assistant. Business mathematician Mathias Klier was impressed by the first interim results to »nd«: »The participants in the digital peer groups improve their application activities significantly and are invited to job interviews more frequently.«

Specifically, the mean number of submitted applications among the participants rose by an average of 40 percent, and the number of job interviews doubled. This development was scientifically analyzed with the inclusion of a control group, which showed a constant development for both sizes. “This enabled us to demonstrate significant positive effects of the digital peer group counseling,” explains the head of research.

In times of the pandemic with closed employment agencies and job centers, in which long-term unemployed people cannot be invited to review their application activities at regular intervals as usual, it makes sense to enable the chat options also for Hartz IV recipients, thought research and administration. However, they had imagined the response to this to be somewhat different. The job center Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald with 240 registered long-term unemployed over 50 years was selected. As Dagmar Manser, managing director of the job center, announced in response to an nd request, all eligible people were written to, informed about the project and asked to participate. “About five,” said the manager, were ultimately ready to do so. The project then had to be expanded to four other job centers in the country in order to even get a chat-capable size.

So it was possible to start with 13 participants on October 5th, and by the end of October six more people could be persuaded to take part. When asked about the reasons, the manager said: »The notifications were made at short notice with little in advance. In particular, there is always very little response to voluntary measures, especially from those who have been receiving benefits for a long time. If you had been able to invite people beforehand, the response would certainly have been greater, ”Dagmar Manser is certain.

Inge Zeller, advisor to the Freiburg Initiative against Unemployment, is somewhat more skeptical about the response to the participation of Hartz IV recipients and the overall project. »The long-term unemployed are largely not financially able to equip themselves with the necessary equipment to take part in such projects. In addition, of course, they lack the knowledge and know-how to participate in digital projects, «reported Inge Zeller from the field.

With regard to the guaranteed anonymity, the counselor calls for caution. In addition, the fundamental question is not only how many of the unemployed are increasingly invited to job interviews, but also how many are actually hired and on what terms. Basically, the longer the people concerned do not find new jobs, the worse and worse the pay.

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Employment agency – robust despite Corona – Erding

This year was not easy, neither for the school leavers nor for the companies in the district. Nevertheless, Nikolaus Windisch, head of the employment agency in Freising, which is responsible for the districts of Freising, Erding, Ebersberg and Dachau, is satisfied with the start of the new year of training. Many employers continued to hire trainees; Windisch sums up almost all young people who have registered for career counseling have started vocational or school-based training. “Fortunately, we don’t see a ‘Corona vintage’ here.” Ten young people in the Erding district had not found anything suitable by October.

The concrete figures: The companies in the district were looking for a total of 652 trainees via the employment agency from October 2019 to September 2020, 96 fewer than a year earlier. At the start of the training in September, 121 positions were still vacant, 57 more than in the previous season. During the same period, 567 young women and men registered for vocational guidance looking for training, 49 fewer than in the previous year. Harald Brandmaier, head of career counseling, advises those who have not received anything so far. Even now, weeks after the official start of the training year, apprenticeships are still being placed. Most recently there were vacancies for warehouse logistics specialists, retail salespeople, salespeople, butcher and bakery salespeople and dental assistants.

District master craftsman Rudolf Waxenberger would also be happy to have additional trainees for his guilds, according to the employment agency’s annual balance sheet. Since the beginning of the year, 286 apprenticeship contracts have been concluded in the trade in the Erding district, 26 fewer than in the previous year. “In the last few years the number of new trainees in the craft sector in the district seemed to have stabilized at a low but tolerable level,” said Waxenberger. “In this training year we have to reckon with a minus of eight percent.” This result would not do justice to the attractiveness, the social status, the economic strength or the training performance of the craft.

An ever larger proportion of young people are deciding – “driven by their parents and the social environment” – for an academic career path. The training of young people with a refugee background could not defuse this situation either. Of the current 793 trainees in the trade in the Erding district, only 30 are young refugees. According to Waxenberger, there is a decline in apprenticeship contracts among bakers and precision mechanics, while electronics, painters, varnishers and bricklayers have seen significant increases in apprenticeship contracts.

The number of newly concluded training contracts in the Chamber of Commerce and Industry has decreased slightly. At the beginning of the apprenticeship, the IHK registered 236 new trainees in their companies, 6.7 percent fewer than in the previous year. Corona did not spare the training market, sums up Hubert Schöffmann, education policy spokesman for the Bavarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry. “It should be noted, however, that the training market still proved to be robust and receptive in autumn 2020. Companies in industry, trade and the service sector continue to rely on in-company training to secure skilled workers.” The challenge, which the Chamber of Industry and Commerce will have to face more intensively in the future, is to stabilize and improve the demand among young people.

2112 young women and men have been taught in 101 classes at the vocational school since the beginning of the 2020/2021 school year. The number of pupils is only declining slightly, as Dieter Link, head of the Erding vocational school, explains according to the announcement. “He is observing falling student numbers among hairdressers, aircraft mechanics, vehicle mechatronics and in the catering professions including cooks. On the other hand, there is an increase in office management clerks, carpenters and in the construction sector. 48 young people without a training occupation are taught full-time at school; 75 pupils have a refugee background and are attending a vocational integration class.

Windisch emphasizes how important a completed apprenticeship is, both as a cornerstone for a successful professional life for young people as well as for companies for which their own qualified young people are an important prerequisite for the continued existence of the company. The balance sheet for the 2019/2020 career counseling year was positive overall, given the difficult framework conditions. A prognosis for further developments on the training market is very difficult or even impossible at the moment.

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Tax refund does not lead to less Hartz IV (neue-deutschland.de)

So the Federal Social Court (Az. B 4 AS 9/20 R). If existing overdrafting debts are only partially offset with the tax refund, the unemployed person does not have the one-off payment received as “ready means” to cover the subsistence level.

The job center may reduce unemployment benefit II by the amount of the tax refund received, but must at least grant an interest-free loan to cover the subsistence level for one-off payments that are “used up” and are no longer available.

In the case of dispute, a Hartz IV recipient from Herne received an income tax refund in the amount of 2382 euros in 2016. The money largely offset his two overdrawn checking accounts. The Herne job center evaluated the tax refund as a one-off income and reduced unemployment benefit II accordingly, spread over six months.

The BSG contradicted this. Basically, a one-time payment with the inflow to the account of a Hartz IV recipient would justify a reduction in unemployment benefit II. However, the one-time payment must be available as “ready means” to cover the essential subsistence level. This is not the case here. epd / nd

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Job center pays the cost of work clothes for trainees (neue-deutschland.de)

Now there is an important decision in favor of those affected, announced the legal portal anwaltauskunft.de. According to the judgment of the State Social Court of Lower Saxony-Bremen on May 26, 2020 (Az. L 11 AS 793/18), the job center is obliged to pay for the work clothes for trainees.

The then 17-year-old student, whose family receives Hartz IV benefits, sued the job center. He wanted to learn the profession of cook. To do this, he needed a set of clothing at the beginning of the entry-level school. A new set from hat to shoes cost 115 euros. A loan was not possible. The student now wanted to have the purchase price reimbursed by the job center. There was no other way to meet the additional demand, he argued.

The job center refused the application. The student is already receiving lump sums for school supplies. From this he has to finance all items that are necessary for school attendance. No further aid is provided for by law. Everything else must therefore be met from the standard requirement.

He complained against it with success. The regional social court sentenced the job center to take over the costs. The acquisition costs for school work clothing could not be covered by the standard requirement. A 17-year-old in need receives a monthly standard benefit of 306 euros. He could not save the cost of work clothing from this.

The court saw in this an obvious and evident need shortfall, with which the decent subsistence level is not guaranteed. Work clothing is also not covered by the school supplies allowance. This only includes personal equipment such as satchels and gymnastics equipment as well as materials for writing, arithmetic and drawing.

Because of this need, the court was forced to interpret the law in a constitutional manner. The legislature was clearly willing to cover the subsistence level of students. Since this is not possible with the wording of the law, the gap must be closed by the court. DAV / nd

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Jobcenter has violated EU law (neue-deutschland.de)

Contrary to a decision by the Jobcenter Krefeld, EU citizens looking for work in Germany have the right to receive social benefits – at least when their children attend school here. This was decided by the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg on Tuesday.

The verdict came because a Polish citizen had complained against the job center’s decision. The man named “JD” in the judgment of the court has lived in Germany since 2013. After working several times as an employee, he became unemployed and therefore received Hartz IV from September 2016 to June 2017. He also received social benefits for his children who go to school in Germany. Although JD has been in full-time employment again since the beginning of 2018, it was still disputed until Tuesday whether he would have been entitled to social assistance longer while he was unemployed. At the time, JD applied to the Krefeld job center for further approval of the social benefits until December 2017, which the job center denied him. The reason was that he no longer had “employee status” but was looking for a job.

The job center confirmed to him, so to speak, that he no longer had the right to stay in Germany. He filed a lawsuit against this and was right in the first instance. The Krefeld job center then appealed to the North Rhine-Westphalia State Social Court. Eventually the lawsuit landed at the European Court of Justice. His judgment is clear: the job center has violated EU law by refusing social benefits. According to the judge’s ruling, JD had a right of residence in Germany despite losing his job because his children went to school. This in turn results in a right to equal treatment with German citizens for social benefits. After all, it could not be the case that children of EU citizens have to interrupt their school attendance because their parents have lost their jobs in order to move back to their country of origin. Under EU law there are also exemptions from the “principle of equal treatment in the area of ​​social assistance”, but under EU law the exemptions are only permitted in very specific cases. In the judgment, the Court points out that “this exception” must be interpreted narrowly. In the case of JD violates the “unequal treatment towards nationals” by the Krefeld job center a violation of this EU regulation. The denial of social benefits to JD and his children was officially discriminatory.

Time and again there are attempts in Germany to limit the social benefits for EU citizens. This also applies to the planned changes to the Freedom of Movement Act, which are currently being discussed in the Bundestag. The law stipulates the right of EU citizens to enter member states of the European Union and to reside as employees, self-employed or job seekers. Among other things, the draft amendment aims to exclude social benefits for EU citizens in some cases. At a hearing in the interior committee of the Bundestag, the legal scholar Daniel Thym from the University of Konstanz found that there are legal problems “when the generous EU rules on freedom of movement differ from the stricter requirements” such as those in the German Residence Act. There is also a social law discussion as to whether EU citizens who have entered the country to look for work but cannot find a job may be excluded from social benefits.

In the case of JD, the German judiciary must now implement the judgment of the European Court of Justice. And in comparable cases, job centers have to approve social benefits. In these cases, discrimination is no longer possible.

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Many refugees in Germany have regular jobs (neue-deutschland.de)

Many refugees have now found jobs – but the corona crisis is likely to become a problem.

Photo: dpa / Sebastian Gollnow

Berlin. Five years after the temporary sharp increase in the number of refugees, the majority of the people who came to Germany at that time are in regular employment. The number of employees subject to social security contributions from the largest countries of origin rose from 84,500 in September 2015 to 362,652 in December 2019, according to a study by the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) cited by the newspapers of the Funke Mediengruppe (Friday editions).

The figures refer to refugees from the eight countries Eritrea, Nigeria, Somalia, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Syria. “We are so far satisfied with the integration of refugees in the labor market,” a spokeswoman for the Federal Employment Agency told the Funke-Blätter. However, many of these people would become unemployed again in the Corona crisis. Two factors would come together “unfavorably”, namely a lack of formal qualifications and inadequate language skills.

Monday will mark the fifth anniversary of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s (CDU) key phrase on the refugee crisis. At her summer press conference at the time, she said: “We can do it.” The Chancellor is holding this year’s summer press conference this Friday. AFP / nd

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Elderly care: this is how lateral entry works

Heike Mohrhoff gets up at half past four in the morning – long before most people turn around in bed again. The Minden woman is in the office by six o’clock in the morning at the latest, reading the mail and the report from the late shift, and checking that all medicines and keys are there. The geriatric nurse packs her bag: blood pressure monitor, sugar tester, bandages, gloves, masks. Then she is on her way.

Ten years ago, Heike Mohrhoff started out as a career changer in outpatient care for the elderly. The then 49-year-old had previously worked in various office jobs. A nursing home was looking for someone to do telephone service and administration, so they applied. But then she got a call: “There was a mistake in the tender, actually they were looking for someone for outpatient care,” recalls Mohrhoff.

She was skeptical as she had no experience in nursing, but went to the interview anyway. Then everything went very quickly: a few days after the conversation, she went on two tours with the nursing manager, and a week later she went alone. Your lateral entry, says Mohrhoff, was “a jump into deep water”.

Contributions from supplementary long-term care insurance are increasing massively

The contributions for private supplementary long-term care insurance are skyrocketing, sometimes by up to 110 percent. Consumer advocates are demanding clarification from the financial regulator.

According to the Federal Employment Agency, there are around 600,000 geriatric nurses in Germany, and the proportion of career changers is increasing. Exact statistics are missing. But one thing is clear: In 2019, 9,700 people sought further training in geriatric care, 37 percent more than in the previous year, reports the Employment Agency.

Those who want to change careers for the elderly have three options: three years of training as a skilled nurse, one to two years of training as a so-called nursing assistant, or – without any training – direct entry as a “nursing assistant”. 97 percent of the 9700 lateral entrants in the statistics of the employment agency want to become geriatric care specialists.

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Heike Mohrhoff was a special case and could shorten it. After school she had already trained as a medical assistant – which her new employer recognized. However, your entry into the profession was anything but easy.

Her first patient was one of the most difficult. She suffered from schizophrenia and was extremely suspicious. “For example, I was not allowed to turn on the light in the morning – out of economy, so I had to feel my way through the apartment in the dark,” says Mohrhoff. “The first half year was tough.”

The other patients helped her during this time. “The best thing is gratitude,” she says. For you as a carer it is just a hug or help with the shower, for the elderly it is often the highlight of the day. “At the end of their life, I am often closer to people than their own relatives,” says Mohrhoff.

Thorsten Tripp knows that working with people is the main reason why many employees change from industry to a care profession. “They miss the social,” says the representative of the Federal Working Group on Inpatient Care of the German Professional Association of Nursing Professions.

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Fear of the second wave

Other career changers are interested in medicine and want to expand their knowledge. Still others have had foster care cases in their families and want to give something back. “And it’s a safe job that will never go away,” says Tripp.

Because in Germany there is a lack of geriatric nurses across the board. According to the Federal Statistical Office, around 3.5 million people are in need of care. Experts expect that there will be significantly more in the coming years: There are more and more elderly people, and thanks to advances in modern medicine, they are living longer.

The government therefore wants to strengthen the nursing professions with the new “Nursing Professions Act” that came into force in January: In the next six years it will test uniform training for nurses for the elderly, sick and children. Among other things, this should make it easier to switch from child care to elderly care, for example. The qualification is valid anywhere in the European Union. At the same time, the federal government now recognizes nursing courses.

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WOLFSBURG, GERMANY - MARCH 29: The Hanns-Lilje-Heim senior care home during sunset during the coronavirus crisis on March 29, 2020 in Wolfsburg, Germany. The facility has been hit by an outbreak of Covid-19 that has killed 12 residents and infected 72 out of 165. Because most of the residents suffer from dementia, authorities have chosen not to evacuate them and are seeking to contain the spread at the home instead. Germany so far has registered over 58,000 coronavirus cases and 455 people have died. (Photo by Alexander Koerner/Getty Images)

Shahla Lotfi Moshtaghin has benefited from the skills shortage in nursing. The 53-year-old came to Germany as a refugee from Iran in 2012. In 2014 she got asylum and took a German course. When she showed interest in care for the elderly, the Cologne job center arranged for her to train as an elderly care assistant in March 2018.

“After all, all people get old,” Lotfi Moshtaghin explains her motivation. She started at the An St. Theodor retirement home in Cologne-Kalk and is satisfied. She studied psychology in Tehran, and that helps her today, she says: “It’s very important to always be friendly and particularly patient with older people.” Especially when things get stressful.

The working conditions in geriatric care do not have a good reputation: The job is considered stressful, physically and emotionally demanding. In addition, one shouldn’t be squeamish: geriatric nurses take care of sore spots, feed and wash old people, change their diapers.

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In addition, there is shift work, also on weekends and public holidays. “There can be no talk of a work-life balance,” says association representative Tripp. Nurses often have to step in for colleagues, the sick leave in the industry is above average. After twelve days, they often only have a two-day break before the next long working days begin.

Because so many people are absent, many nurses only manage the minimum program per patient. “In the end, it is those who need to be cared for who suffer from this,” says Tripp. Apprentices often have to help with housekeeping, such as cooking meals or making beds, and are unable to apply their nursing skills. “That’s very frustrating,” says Tripp.

In addition, there is the comparatively poor pay. Most recently, all nursing staff nationwide received a one-time corona bonus of 1,500 euros. Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn (CDU) has also increased the minimum wage according to the recommendations of the Care Commission. The salary for qualified nursing assistants will rise nationwide by 5.6 percent to 2288 euros gross by April 2022, and for skilled nurses by 2.67 percent to 2669 euros per month.

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For Spahn this is only a “lower limit”. “Many employers will have to pay their employees significantly more in the competition for skilled workers,” he said in January when the new minimum wage was presented. None of this is enough for the unions. Ver.di calls for a nationwide collective agreement – also so that more employees remain in the care of the elderly.

Statistics from the Institute for Employment Research (IAB), the research facility of the Federal Employment Agency, show: In the first two years after joining, an average of 28 percent of geriatric nurses quit and look for another job. Career changers should carefully consider whether the job really suits them.

Experts recommend doing an internship or working as a nursing assistant for a while before making a decision. “You learn a lot in training,” says Ver.di board member Silvia Bühler. “But you have to bring empathy, patience and medical interest yourself.”

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For Shahla Lotfi Moshtaghin, lateral entry into geriatric care has so far been the right decision. “I definitely want to keep working,” she says. She learns something new every day and enjoys working with the elderly.

Heike Mohrhoff has never regretted starting a new career. She is now the one with whom the apprentices regularly go on tour to learn from her. Mohrhoff is satisfied: “My friends told me from the start that this is a job with a future.”

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Shortage in the middle of wealth (daily newspaper young world)

“Sometimes they lack drive (…) because they have been unemployed for so long, and sometimes they have established themselves over generations.” (Scheele, SPD)

Narrow housing, never vacation, money is always missing: child poverty is rampant in the FRG. The federal government claims to want to fight them. For this, for example, she knitted the “Strong Family Law” last year. It should bring more equal opportunities, participation and money for the parents. Apparently it didn’t change anything. On the contrary: Material deficiency now shapes the everyday life of around 2.8 million children in Germany – that’s more than a fifth of all minors. Their families have less than 60 percent of the median income. This is shown by new data from the Bertelsmann Foundation. The “think tank”, which played a major role in the Hartz laws in 2003 and is therefore responsible for the increase in child poverty, warned that the economic crisis threatened to exacerbate the situation, especially for large families and single-parent families.

Despite the good economic situation before the corona pandemic and the intentions of the federal government, nothing fundamentally improved, the authors concede. Accordingly, 21.3 percent of children in the Federal Republic are currently poor. Almost 14 percent of those under the age of 18 rely on Hartz IV, almost two million. It is a “structural problem” that has “significant consequences for growing up, well-being, education and future prospects for the children”.

Poor because of Hartz IV

Surveys illustrate the deficiency in the Hartz IV system: every second child affected does not receive pocket money, does not have a room of its own and does not attend any cultural events. 82 percent stated that they could not replace broken furniture, three quarters did not take short trips and two thirds of the households had no car. The homeschooling required to avoid corona infections via the Internet also did not reach many children. A quarter of the households affected did not have an internet-enabled computer. And: More than every second poor child stated that it had been affected by bullying before.

According to data, the precarious living conditions for families in Germany are creeping up. While the number of children in need of Hartz IV in the east has decreased from 22 to around 17 percent in the past five years, it has grown slightly in the west from 12.9 to 13.1 percent. The regional differences are serious. In Bremen every third child now lives in a Hartz IV household, with an upward trend, in Hamburg and Saarland every fifth child is affected, in North Rhine-Westphalia the rate of affected children rose from 18 to 18.6 percent. In the east, Berlin remains in first place with 27 percent of minors affected by Hartz-IV, followed by Saxony-Anhalt (18.6 percent) and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (15.1 percent)

Single parents are still having the hardest time. Half of them in Germany depend on Hartz IV, in the west it is 44 percent. In their analysis, the authors advocate an antidote that the party Die Linke, the Greens and social organizations are calling for: basic child protection “that enables average childhood and adolescence”.

But the Federal Government is far from such social acts. After a recent mini-increase in the Hartz IV rate decided in the cabinet, the Parity Welfare Association accused her of “outrageous small calculations” on Wednesday. The standard rate does refer to the expenditure of the poorest 15 to 20 percent of households that the Federal Statistical Office had determined for 2018 in its current income and consumption sample from the Federal Statistical Office. However, they have regulated down again. “If used methodically, the rule rate for single people should not be 439, but should be over 600 euros,” said the association.

Sanctions Regime

Minors in the Hartz IV relationship do not only suffer from under-wages, which are currently between 250 and 328 euros depending on their age. Job centers also do not take them into account when imposing sanctions. According to the Federal Employment Agency (BA), around 80,000 children were affected by reductions in their parents’ pay every month in 2018, including over 5,000 full sanctions each. Since a ruling by the Federal Constitutional Court at the end of 2019, job centers over the age of 14 have been able to reduce the standard rate by a maximum of 30 percent. Leftists, Greens and social organizations are calling for a complete end to practice.

BA boss Detlef Scheele (SPD) sees it differently, as he told the news agency on Wednesday dpa said. The sanctions are necessary for participation. On the contrary, he rejected the proposal to introduce allowances for good participation in job hunting or in measures. Reason: “It is not the case that the – small – group of people affected by sanctions can be assumed that they are able to participate if you make good offers”, which is why it is “absurd” is to reward good behavior, says Scheele. “Sometimes they lack drive and courage because they have been unemployed for so long, and sometimes they have established themselves over generations.”

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