Erdogan calls for a boycott of French goods

Dhe Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan calls for a boycott of French goods. The reason is the dispute between France and Islamic countries over the debate about showing and publishing Mohammed cartoons. “Just as some in France say ‘don’t buy Turkish brands’, I address myself to my nation: Don’t pay attention to goods labeled in French, don’t buy them,” Erdogan said in a televised address on Monday.

Erdogan accused European politicians of being hostile to Islam. “You are, in the truest sense of the word, fascists,” he said. “Today Muslims are experiencing a similar lynching campaign as was waged against Jews in Europe before the Second World War.”

Other countries had already started a boycott on Sunday. In Kuwait, according to the newspaper “Al-Kabas”, 50 consumer cooperatives declared that they had removed all French goods from their branches. In Qatar, too, supermarket chains have announced that they will be taking French goods off their shelves until further notice.

Videos could be seen on social networks of employees at a supermarket in Amman, the capital of Jordan, removing French dairy products from the refrigerated shelves. Users spread the names of French brands on the Internet and called for a boycott, and hashtags were also making the rounds.

Merkel is behind Macron

The largest French trade association, Medef, has backed the government in Paris in the face of calls for boycotts against products from France in several Arab countries. It is out of the question to give in to blackmail, Medef boss Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux told BFMTV on Monday. “There are times when we have to put principles before the opportunity to expand our business.”

Medef is “in full solidarity with the French government,” said the head of the association. “I urge the companies to resist the blackmail and unfortunately to endure this boycott for the time being.”

The German federal government also stood behind Macron. “These are defamatory statements that are completely unacceptable,” said government spokesman
Steffen Seibert in Berlin. “We stand by France’s side in solidarity,” said Foreign Minister Heiko Maas (SPD). The
Personal attacks by President Erdogan against President Macron “are a new low point, and they are total
unacceptable”. Anyone who “simply equates the fight against Islamist extremists with racism and Islamophobia is acting no differently than irresponsible, and is playing into the hands of those who want to divide our society”.

The dispute between France and the other countries was inflamed over the debate about showing and publishing cartoons of Mohammed. The background is statements by French President Emmanuel Macron after the brutal murder of a teacher in France.

Macron had defended freedom of expression and sided with those who want to show or publish cartoons. France will not “do without caricatures and drawings, even if others withdraw,” said Macron at a memorial service in honor of the killed Samuel Paty. He had shown Mohammed cartoons in class and was killed in the street and then beheaded. Islamic tradition forbids depicting the Prophet Mohammed.

.

Erdogan calls for a boycott of French goods

Protests against Macron

The French President has been criticized in Turkey.

(Photo: dpa)

Paris The conflict between Turkey and France is reaching a new dimension. In Turkey and several Arab countries, calls are being made to boycott French products after Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan repeatedly accused his French colleague Emmanuel Macron of having “a problem with Muslims” and that he should have his health checked. France has called its ambassador back for the first time.

The federal government condemned Erdogan’s attacks on Monday as “completely unacceptable defamations”. Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said the fight against radical Islamism had nothing to do with Islamophobia.

The dispute began with a dispute over the deployment of Turkish soldiers in Libya, the violation of Greek territorial waters by Turkish natural gas exploration ships and Turkey’s role in the Armenian-Azerbaijani war.

Now the Turkish President is taking the dispute to another level: He has been accusing French President Emmanuel Macron for days of persecuting and humiliating Muslims. Media close to the government speak of a “witch hunt against Muslims in France”. The country insulted Islam by publishing the Muhammad cartoons.

Macron had repeatedly stressed that he did not have to judge religions, but that in France blasphemy was also allowed as part of freedom of expression. Erdogan and the media devoted to him are now making a state-decreed mockery of Islam.

Jostling against Macron could turn into violence

Exactly such accusations preceded the murder of French teacher Samuel Paty on October 16 by a Russian of Chechen descent. In a systematic campaign, the teacher was accused of being Islamophobic and of distributing pornography.

By approaching these allegations, Erdogan is crossing a line: the public jostling against Macron could turn into violence.

Macron reacted to the murder of the teacher by banning various Islamist associations and closing some mosques. In addition, an upcoming law is to restrict the posting of imams from abroad to France.

This would particularly affect Turkey, which is particularly active in sending Muslim clergymen to Western Europe. It would lose some of its influence over the Muslims. This also probably explains the violence of the attacks Erdogan is now waging against Macron.

Supermarkets list French products

There are now countless calls for a boycott of French goods on Twitter. The authors describe themselves as Turks, Jordanians, Qataris or Kuwait. The tweets are often similar, however, often with the hashtag #MacronTheDevil and have an identical list with the logos of over 40 French brands, from cheese and ballpoint pens to luxury products. Some French politicians suspect Turkey is behind the boycott campaign.

French media report on supermarket chains in several Gulf states that have started to delist French products. The photos show how cheese, jam and shampoo are taken from the shelves.

The boycott calls do not shock anyone in Paris, but the government is very concerned about Erdogan’s policy. In view of the weakening of Iran, Erdogan wants to become the leader of the – in his case Sunni – Muslims, is the interpretation. On Sunday, the Turkish President also attacked the Federal Republic of Germany because a mosque was searched on suspicion of embezzlement.

Paris sees Erdogan as economically and politically weakened. His attacks on France and Germany and his aggressive actions in the eastern Mediterranean should distract from the fact that the country is economically in decline thanks to Erdogan’s policies.

France, Germany and the EU would have to vigorously oppose Erdogan’s systematic attempt to intimidate the EU and gain influence over Muslims within the member states.

More: Erdogan’s aggressive foreign policy is putting the country’s future at risk.

.

Erdoğan: Macron needs “psychological treatment” – politics

After a verbal attack by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on French President Emmanuel Macron, France called its ambassador in Ankara back for consultations. “The words of President Erdoğan are unacceptable,” the French news agency AFP quoted the reasoning from the Elysée Palace. “We do not get involved in useless arguments and do not accept any insults,” it said. The Turkish president is being asked to change the course of his dangerous policy.

Erdoğan raged on Saturday at a congress of his AKP party in Kayseri in Central Anatolia against “worrying signs of growing Islamophobia in Europe”. As an example he cited Macron, among others, who declared war on radical Islamism in France after the decapitation of the teacher Samuel Paty a week ago. Paty was killed by an 18-year-old with Russian-Chechen roots after showing caricatures of the Prophet Mohammed in class.

“What kind of problem does this person named Macron have with Islam and Muslims?” Erdoğan asked at the event on Saturday. Macron should be in psychological treatment, added the Turkish president. His French colleague does not understand freedom of belief.

At the same event, Erdoğan also criticized a police raid in a Berlin mosque. On Wednesday about 150 police officers searched several companies and a mosque in the German capital on suspicion of corona subsidy fraud. Erdoğan had previously described the process on Twitter as racist and Islamophobic.

Verbal attacks by Erdoğan against Macron are not necessarily new. The Turkish president had already questioned the mental health of the French last November. At that time, Macron had attested “brain death” to the NATO defense alliance. Erdoğan then said that Macron should have his own brain death examined. There were insults and provocations from Erdoğan almost every week during the summer, AFP quoted the Elysée Palace as saying. This time it is also about “the context”.

“Europe is an increasingly dangerous place for Muslims”

The list of current points of contention between Paris and Ankara is long: Among other things, Macron had sent additional warships to the eastern Mediterranean in the sea-area dispute between the EU countries Greece and Cyprus on the one hand and Turkey on the other to symbolically support Greece and was open to it additional Turkey sanctions shown. France had also sharply criticized Turkey’s interference in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Azerbaijan can refer to its “brother state” Turkey in the conflict with Armenia over the South Caucasus region, which has been disputed between the two countries for decades.

Erdoğan’s spokesman followed up on Sunday and raised allegations against the entire EU. “Europe is an increasingly dangerous place for Muslims,” ​​wrote Fahrettin Altun in a series of tweets. The hurtful cartoons or searches of mosques are not about freedom of expression. Rather, it is about intimidating Muslims and reminding them that they are welcome to keep the European economy running, but that they will never be welcome. Margaritis Schinas, EU Commissioner for the Protection of the European Lifestyle, tweeted back: “I’m sorry if I disappoint you, but this is our lifestyle as defined in the Treaties.”

.

Russia and China multiply attacks to destabilize France

DECRYPTION – In a few years, Russia has become a master in the art of using the Internet to push its political interests in democracies and to develop its influence there.

At the beginning of September, a journalist from Russia Today (RT) France, which covers the trial of the attacks against Charlie-Hebdo and Hyper Cacher, made a direct from the Paris Court.
In early September, a journalist from Russia Today (RT) France, which covers the trial of the attacks against Charlie-Hebdo and the Hyper Cacher, broadcast directly from the Paris Tribunal. Sebastien CALVET / Divergence

It is a new kind of war for which European democracies, which are its main targets, are hardly prepared. For several years, emerging powers, but also terrorist groups and radical currents, have shifted their struggle against Western influence but also against its values ​​to cyberspace. The atrocious assassination of Samuel Paty in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine showed how the dissemination of Islamist messages on social networks could have a dramatic impact.

In a different vein, the indictment by the American courts of six agents of the Gru, the Russian military services, in a series of major hacks, recalled that the manipulation of cyberspace was not only the prerogative of radicalized Islamist communities. Once again, France is on the front line: among the attacks attributed to Russian spies, is the one that targeted, through malicious software, a hundred

This article is for subscribers only. You have 85% left to discover.

Subscribe: 1 € the first month

Can be canceled at any time

.

“The Scientific Council has lost the monopoly of speech”

INTERVIEW – How, in a health sector saturated with organizations, do we urgently come to create bodies that will take the most important decisions of the turn of the century? This is what four researchers sought to analyze in the book Covid-19: an organizational crisis.

Meeting at the Élysée on March 24, 2020.
Meeting at the Élysée on March 24, 2020. Ludovic Marin / POOL / AFP

« Life goes on. There is no reason, except for vulnerable populations, to change our exit habits “. On March 6, Emmanuel Macron went to the theater and called not to “ depart from common sense ”In the face of the coronavirus epidemic. Ten days later, general confinement is decreed.

Why such a rush, for an unprecedented measure with unknown consequences? How could it be presented as the only possible choice by a Scientific Council created five days earlier, and legalized after the fact? At the end of forty interviews with actors of the crisis, four sociologists, among which Henri Bergeron, director of research at the CNRS, come back in the book. Covid-19, an organizational crisis on the mechanisms at work in one of the political decisions “The most important of the last 50 years”, during the first wave. And this, at a time when a curfew is imposed on several large metropolitan cities.

THE FIGARO.

This article is for subscribers only. You have 88% left to discover.

Subscribe: 1 € the first month

Can be canceled at any time

.

the prime minister is demanding the support of Paris

Faced with pro-Iranian Shiite militias, Mustapha Kazemi, visiting France, wants the bilateral partnership to intensify.

Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Kazemi (left) is greeted by French President Emmanuel Macron before a working lunch at the Elysee Palace in Paris on October 19, 2020.
Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Kazemi (left) is greeted by French President Emmanuel Macron before a working lunch at the Elysee Palace in Paris on October 19, 2020. LUDOVIC MARIN / AFP

A month and a half after the first visit to Iraq by the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron, the Iraqi Prime Minister, Mustapha Kazemi, went to France on Monday for his first trip to France as head of government, the one who holds the reality of power in the Iraqi denominational system. A visit as brief as that of the French Head of State to Baghdad – barely a day in Paris – and placed under the triple sign of security, business and diplomacy.

After a meeting with the Prime Minister, Jean Castex, in the presence of Jean-Yves Le Drian (Foreign Affairs) and Florence Parly (Defense), a stop at the Military School in the 15e district of the capital, Mustapha Kazemi had lunch at the Élysée. He was surrounded by many ministers: Defense, Foreign Affairs, Finance, Agriculture and Transport, while, on the French side, Bruno Le Maire (Economy) joined his colleagues Le Drian and Parly.

Empty cash registers in Baghdad

Despite a large presence

This article is for subscribers only. You have 75% left to discover.

Subscribe: 1 € the first month

Can be canceled at any time

.

After the teacher murder in Paris: Investigations against minors initiated

After the brutal murder of a teacher in Paris, the public prosecutor opened investigations against seven suspects. Two of them are only 14 and 15 years old. At a memorial service in the evening, President Macron honors the dead as a “hero”.

Five days after the Islamist assassination attempt on a teacher near Paris, the judiciary has initiated investigations against seven suspects, among other things for alleged aiding and abetting the crime. Among them are two students. They had identified the teacher for the perpetrator, said the anti-terrorist prosecutor. President Emmanuel Macron honored the murdered man as a “hero” at a national memorial service.

The history teacher Samuel Paty was murdered by “cowards” “because he embodied the republic,” said Macron at the ceremony at the Sorbonne University in Paris. Paty was killed “because Islamists want to take our future away from us, and they know that they will never get it with silent heroes like him.”

France will continue to “fight for freedom” – and Paty has now “become the face of the republic,” said the president. He added, “We will defend the freedom you have taught so well and we will continue secularism, we will not give up caricatures and drawings.”

Paty had shown the Mohammed cartoons in class when it came to the subject of freedom of expression. The pictures were published by the satirical newspaper “Charlie Hebdo”, on whose editorial offices an attack with twelve dead was carried out in 2015.

Ceremony for sacrifice

400 guests attended the ceremony for Paty at the traditional Sorbonne, including around a hundred students from the capital area and numerous politicians. During the event, Macron posthumously awarded the teacher the Order of the Legion of Honor, the highest honor in the French state. The coffin with Paty’s body was laid out in the courtyard of the university. Outside the university, hundreds of people followed the event on a big screen.

Paty was killed on Friday near his school in the Paris suburb of Conflans-Sainte-Honorine by an 18-year-old on the street with a long knife and beheaded. The attacker of Chechen origin posted a picture of his atrocity on the Internet before he was shot by police. Since then, the security authorities have acted in dozens of operations against people and associations who are alleged to belong to or are close to the Islamist spectrum.

Accused of “complicity”

According to the investigators, the two accused teenagers, aged 14 and 15, belonged to a group of students whom the perpetrator had offered 300 to 350 euros to identify the teacher for him. The two teenagers are accused of “complicity” in the murder but were provisionally released.

The father of a schoolgirl and an Islamist activist are also accused of “complicity” in the murder. They had raised the mood against Paty on the Internet. The father also exchanged messages with the perpetrator via the Whatsapp online service on the day of the attack. The teacher was shown in the online networks as a “target”, said the anti-terrorist prosecutor Jean-François Ricard.

The other three suspects are friends of the perpetrator. One of them is said to have accompanied him when he bought the murder weapon. Another is said to have driven the perpetrator to the scene of the crime. The third, however, is charged with minor offenses. In contrast to the two minors, the five adult accused remained behind bars after the preliminary investigation was initiated.

.

Six Russian hackers are charged


“Wanted by the FBI” is written on the sign that the representatives of the American judiciary presented on Monday during the press conference.
Image: AFP

The American judiciary blames several men believed to be part of the Russian military intelligence service for large-scale cyberattacks on the Olympic Games in South Korea, on hospitals, political parties and many other attacks.

Et has been almost five years since the power went out in parts of Ukraine and hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians sat in the dark. For the first time, hackers managed to paralyze an energy supplier in 2015. So far it should have been the only time. The cyber attack on the Ukrainian capital Kiev, the extortion trojan “NotPetya”, the hack by Emmanuel Macron’s party before the French presidential election in 2017, the attack on the digital backend of the Olympic Games in South Korea in 2018: all this and many more cyberattacks are supposed to be according to American authorities six hackers from the Russian military intelligence agency GRU.

On Monday, after investigations by the FBI, the US Department of Justice presented the 50-page indictment listing the alleged acts of current or former Russian officers. In the scene they are known by names like Telebots, Voodoo Bear and Hades, all of which are said to be part of the “Sandworm” collective. The economic damage caused by the hack attacks is said to amount to several billion dollars. IT security experts have long presented evidence of Russian intelligence hackers as masterminds of the attacks – but this is the first time that individuals have been named in connection with the large-scale attacks.

Investigators do not mention attempts to influence the US elections in 2016 in the indictment, even though the defendants ‘unit was involved in a hacking attack on the Democrats’ email accounts. Instead, it is said that the cyberattacks should serve the geopolitical goals of Russia. For example, the group is said to have also tried to hinder the investigation into the poison attack on former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter in Great Britain. A German company, the Nivea manufacturer Beiersdorf, was also affected by the hacker attacks: In 2017, the group’s IT fell victim to the “Sandworm” group’s blackmail trojan.

A reaction from Russia came promptly with clear rejections. The allegations against six Russian citizens who allegedly were GRU employees would not be substantiated, said the chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee in parliament, Leonid Sluzki, according to the Interfax agency. “The new allegations of a cyber attack with the aim of meddling are another step in discrediting Moscow,” he criticized. As with similar allegations in the past, there is once again a lack of “weighty evidence”.

Justice Department officials did not comment at the press conference as to why the charges were being presented right now, around two weeks before the US presidential election.

.

reduce our contacts to limit contagion

Sometimes it is necessary to recall the obvious. Let’s start with this: contagious diseases are transmitted… by contact. To reduce their spread, no mystery, we must limit them. And because we are social animals, it is by definition binding.

Sometimes the mode of transmission is such that we can leave everyone free to protect themselves or not in their private life. Sometimes just the fact that an infected person is breathing is enough to infect those they pass. This is the case with Sars-CoV-2, transmitted by droplets of saliva emitted as soon as you open your mouth. The constraint is then necessarily greater: it is difficult to stop breathing as soon as you are close to others … You have to multiply the barriers. Mask and hand washing are two of them (with aeration of enclosed spaces); physical distancing is another; isolation is the ultimate barrier.

Of course, not all isolation is desirable: confinement has shown enough that it is certainly very effective in reducing the incidence of disease, but also harmful for the economy, mental health and physical health of populations. Selective confinements can be a solution, concerning either a geographical area or a type of activity. The closure of bars and the exhortations to limit private parties (which we have found that they do not win the support of the population), the curfew now (much more coercive) are nothing more than selective confinements. .

It’s hard to be 20 in 2020

Emmanuel Macron

Some people have, since Tuesday, uttered cries of orchard: once again it is the youth and the private life which clink glasses, while the school and the company shelter the majority of the clusters!

“It’s hard to be 20 in 2020”, agreed Emmanuel Macron on Wednesday evening, but you should know “Reduce our somewhat unnecessary contacts”. Above all, to say that targeting our parties is a bad strategy is to misunderstand the figures of the epidemic. Yes, most clusters are detected at school and in the office (20 and 35.3% respectively of clusters under investigation outside nursing homes, according to the latest Public Health France bulletin).

But they are only the very small part of a huge iceberg that has emerged: just over 4,000 cases in the week of September 28, for a national total of 77,980 new cases. And this is probably where “tracing” is the least difficult to do. On September 22, the Scientific Council estimated that most of the cases were linked “At family reunions or between friends”, adding: “It seems that extra-university student parties and meetings in bar-restaurants are responsible for a significant number of contaminations.”

“This virus is dangerous”

Sooner or later, when an epidemic swells, it ends up reaching fragile audiences. That is 22 million people, whom it is hard to imagine abandoning to their own fate. It is therefore primarily for them that we impose constraints. But not only: “This virus is dangerous and serious for everyone, we must react”, hammered Emmanuel Macron. Any of us can develop a severe form of Covid, each of us may need a functioning hospital in the event of acute illness or accident.

The fight therefore concerns us all, and the constraints will be all the stronger as each one is reluctant to comply. The epidemic is “Cruel” because it touches our “Moments of conviviality”, agreed Emmanuel Macron. But to comply with the measures decided will allow to limit premature deaths. Each is inadmissible. On Wednesday, the authorities attributed 32,933 of them to the Covid.

.