Constraints and fear revived memories of the colonial war

Manuel Diogo is a former Colonial War fighter, lives in Guarda and says that the pandemic brought him a rekindling of memories in very specific situations, such as when he started seeing people in the street wearing masks, observing an atmosphere of mistrust and fear that also felt in Angola, in the war.

“In Africa, during the war, we used to go for a walk in Luanda and we were looking from one side to the other to see who was chasing us. Here, now, the same thing happens,” he told Lusa.

The president of the Association for the Disabled of the Armed Forces (ADFA), Manuel Lopes Dias, said that the isolation that the pandemic had forced has revived memories of times of war, which aggravated the difficulties already felt by the disabled military.

“The pandemic brought us experiences of war, such as loneliness and distance from our families, society and friends, which we experienced as young people in the Colonial War. We are very much affected psychologically because no one returns from the war like this. the human being who is subject to a situation of war has serious psychological consequences, there are always traumatic effects. And this we live again,” he said, in an interview with Lusa.

In 2020, the association supported 82 people at a psychological level, by telephone or in person, when necessary, at the Lisbon and Porto hubs, 8 more than in 2019, when 74 disabled military personnel were accompanied.

According to ADFA data provided to Lusa agency, in a year of pandemic there was an increase in requests for help from disabled military personnel and in the psychological support provided. In 2020, the association supported 82 people at a psychological level, by telephone or in person, when necessary, at the Lisbon and Porto hubs, 8 more than in 2019, when 74 disabled military personnel were accompanied.


France will require a maximum 24-hour test for travelers from Portugal

France will require from this Sunday PCR tests or antigen to covid-19 with a maximum of 24 hours for unvaccinated travelers from Portugal and other European countries, in contrast to the 72 hours in force.

Spain, the Netherlands, Greece and Cyprus are the other countries that will have the control system reinforced, which also applies to travelers from the United Kingdom, who had to submit a negative test done 48 hours earlier and who will now also pass to 24 hours, with the measure taking effect at 00:00 on Sunday (local time).

The announcement was made through a statement issued by the office of the Prime Minister of France, Jean Castex, which justifies the same with the increase in cases of covid-19 in Gallic territory and worldwide, mainly due to the delta variant.

The French government, on the other hand, has reduced from 14 to seven days the period after taking the second dose of the vaccine, after which it will be possible to enter the country without a detection test, whereas, in the case of the Janssen vaccine, it is only a dose, or for those who have already contracted the virus and only took a single dose, this period is effective in 28 days.

The French government has warned that it will strengthen the country’s land, air and sea border controls to ensure compliance with these measures.


PR Marcelo anticipates changes in PS and PSD and demands ‘continuity’

Regardless of any internal changes (in the PS and PSD leaderships) or any external changes (in the political color of the Government), the President of the Republic (PR) does not accept that the next legislative elections (in 2023, if the legislature reaches the end) dictate changes in the Portuguese PRR (Resilience and Recovery Plan), approved yesterday at Ecofin, in Brussels.

The demand – which corresponds to the need for a PS/PSD agreement that would give stability to the PRR, preventing it from political changes – was expressly made yesterday by the President of the Republic, in a public note.

“The President of the Republic points out that the execution of the plan must guarantee the maximum use, efficiency and transparency of the execution of these European funds, as well as underlines that political leaders must guarantee the continuity of this unique occasion and of this historic period, throughout the entire period. period of use until 2026, regardless of who exercises government functions at any given time, depending on the electoral political cycles, before and after 2023”, wrote Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa. Adding another guarantee: “The President of the Republic, whose term ends in 2026, will accompany and contribute to this continuity.”

In the same note, the PR welcomed the approval of the Portuguese PRR at Ecofin, saying that “it constitutes, together with the Multiannual Financial Framework, a very important basis for the economic and social reconstruction of our country in the coming years”.

The Portuguese PRR amounts to €16.6 billion, of which €13.9 billion refer to non-repayable grants, with the remaining €2.7 billion in the form of loans on particularly favorable terms. It is possible that this year the first 2.1 billion euros will arrive, equivalent to 13 percent of the funds to which the country is entitled and which should be implemented by 2026.

The prime minister reacted to Ecofin’s decision, stressing that approval was unanimous. “The process of unanimously approving our PRR by the European Union has been concluded. It is time to act to build a robust future, with an eye on the new generations”, wrote António Costa, in his official account on the social network Twitter .


Portugal is the fourth country in the European Union with the most new daily cases of infection

Portugal went from second to fourth country in the European Union (EU) last week with more new daily cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection per million inhabitants, despite having increased in this indicator.

In data from the statistical website Our World in Data, Portugal has an average of 268 new cases per million daily, while Cyprus has an average of 1,012, the Netherlands of 386 and Spain of 319.

The EU countries with the fewest new cases continue further east: Poland with 2.1, Romania with 2.2, Hungary (4.1) and Slovakia (5.6).

Although not in the European Union, the United Kingdom appears among the countries of the European continent with the highest numbers and an average of new cases within seven days of 477 per million inhabitants.

Among the countries in the rest of the world with more than one million inhabitants, Portugal rose from 20th to 15th in a list headed by Cyprus, Tunisia (661 new cases), Mongolia (597.83), Namibia (550 .53), United Kingdom (477) and Cuba (474).

The average of new cases in the last seven days in the European Union stands at 83, more than double the average of 39 last week and in the world at 56.45, when last week it was 49.


Body found in recycling bin. police rule out crime

The first signs collected by the authorities exclude the possibility of a crime in the case of a man found dead on Sunday inside an ecopoint in Porto, pointing to sudden illness, a police source said this Monday.

Without excluding the hypothesis that new data could point in another direction, however, the police source admitted that the man had been struck by a sudden illness when he was dedicated to collecting materials that could be sold at recycling points, an activity he would regularly engage in.

The corpse found inside an ecopoint, in the Ecocentro das Antas, belongs to a man aged between 40 and 50 years, revealed to Lusa the source of the Batalhão dos Sapadores do Porto.

The alert was given at 17:49, added the source, confirming that by 19:20 they continued to wait for the expertise of the Judiciary Police.

The ecocentre is located on Rua da Vigorosa, close to the Escola Basica das Antas.

In addition to the Sapadores search and rescue team, resources from the National Institute of Medical Emergency (INEM), the PSP of Porto and the Firefighters of Pedrouços followed.


more weight, worse sleep, more alcohol and drugs

Young people are the group that has suffered most from the pandemic on a daily basis, concludes the study by the Francisco Manuel dos Santos Foundation (FFMS) Economic, social and political impacts of covid-19 in Portugal, which will be presented this Monday- fair. Half of respondents aged between 15 and 20 years report changes in weight or sleep, 20% admit an increase in alcohol and tobacco consumption and 11% started on psychotropic drugs.
The conclusion is underlined by Maria Manuela Calheiros, coordinator of the Society chapter, dedicated to health and well-being, social functioning and economic balance. “Covid-19 had a greater impact, albeit indirect, in this age group, which was surprising to me. It wasn’t only the older ages that experienced these issues intensely. younger generation suffered a greater indirect impact and with significant differences. They became much less active, much less regular in their sleep, due to changes in school hours, they no longer had the usual life cycles”, Explain.
The results are preliminary and are part of an investigation to be completed in the spring of 2022. In this first phase, 2307 people were surveyed from March 16 to May 20. It is a sample stratified by age groups (15 years old and over) and by regions, whose results are cross-checked with other sources of information.
In the general population, 35% of respondents say they have suffered changes in their usual weight, 30% suffer disturbances in their sleep patterns, 9% have changes in their usual consumption of alcohol and tobacco or in the intake of tranquilizers, tranquilizers or other drugs with psychotropic effects. Therefore, percentages lower than those verified among the youngest.

Less means, more conflicts

The professor and researcher at the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Lisbon also highlights the difficulties of families in managing their personal and working life in the same space. “The fact that members of the household are teleworking and others in teleschool implies the existence of means and equipment: computers, internet access, space and privacy. And 43% of people reported lack of these tools, which is associated with higher levels of conflict in the household and lower levels of family cohesion.
Men and women say they have more tasks to fulfill and they are the ones who reveal greater family/work conflict. Only there are gender differences. “In the male universe, the greatest family/work conflicts are associated with the increase in domestic tasks. In the female universe, this conflict refers to a much broader set of factors, which has to do not only with the increase in domestic tasks, but also with the number of dependent children and the need to provide emotional support to family members. Informal work related to supporting others seems to be asymmetrically distributed between genders, as do parental responsibilities, penalizing women much more”, stresses Maria Manuela Gutters.
This situation implies a feeling of less well-being among women, unlike what happens with men.
The satisfaction of the population “vacillates significantly with the successive restrictions imposed” by the pandemic, that is, whether or not to be in confinement. In the pre-covid phase, 71% of respondents were satisfied, a percentage that drops to 22% in the first confinement. At the end of the second, life satisfaction was around 30%. “The data also allow us to verify that social isolation significantly predicts reported losses in subjective well-being, with feelings of loneliness being particularly penalizing in this context”, the scientists refer.
The decrease in face-to-face medical consultations in primary health care (-38%), as well as in home consultations (-35%), also has an influence. This is despite the duplication of non-face-to-face (or non-specific) medical appointments. “Two out of 20 people say that they or someone in the household was prevented from receiving medical treatment during 2020, and it is also possible to infer that this deprivation of access to healthcare is related to feelings of depression.”
In terms of mental health, there was a negative impact in every 20 respondents: six felt alone, four felt little intimacy with the people they spend time with, three reported distance from those they consider important. One in 20 claims to have developed serious chronic illness, including mental illness.
One of the causes is the fear of contracting SARS-CoV-2, but it is not the group where the effects of the disease are more serious that reveal the greatest concern. “Although the perception of risk increases steadily as a function of age, it is individuals aged between 61 and 70 years, and not the older (over 70), who report the highest levels of fear regarding possibility of contracting the virus.”

Health ahead of the economy

This project was initially coordinated by Nuno Monteiro, professor at Yale University (USA), who died two months ago. Carlos Jalali, from the University of Aveiro, took on this task, making a point of underlining the decisive role of his colleague in the construction of the investigation. It highlights the fact that it is a dimensional project on the impact of the pandemic.
One of the significant conclusions for Carlos Jalli is the good acceptance of government measures to combat covid-19. “The survey suggests that the Portuguese perceive the State’s intervention in defense of public health. It is reflected in two aspects: 86% of respondents say that the limitations to public liberties were justified and, on the other hand, the majority disagrees that governments allow people to make decisions about how best to protect themselves. It is also interesting that 53% argue that public health is more important than economic activity.”
The most controversial government decision, which deserves to be challenged, was the opening in the rules of circulation and activity for Christmas and New Year 2020. Only 25% consider the decision as good or very good, the rest evaluate the measure as bad or very bad.
Most of them rated as good/good or very good/good: restriction of circulation and activity in confinement (68%); the return to online education in February (63%); the request for medical help to other countries (62%); the scientific counseling policy (60%), and the covid-19 vaccination plan (51%). On the other hand, only 45% consider the decision to reopen classroom teaching up to the 12th grade in September 2020 as good or very good.
In Portugal’s relationship with the EU, 58% say they are reasonably satisfied with the measures taken in the community context to control the pandemic, with 12% being totally satisfied. Critics of community action constitute 31% of respondents, who say they are not very or not very satisfied.

Questions and answers

What is the purpose of the study?
The Francisco Manuel dos Santos Foundation (FFMS) intends to assess the various dimensions of the impact of the pandemic on the Portuguese population and, ultimately, contribute to the adoption of public policies. It has three major areas: institutions (internal and external), society and economy.
What research groups are involved?
It is a multidisciplinary group and involves researchers from ISCTE-IUL, the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Lisbon, the University of Aveiro and the University of Minho.
What is the sample size?
The results, released this Monday, are preliminary and respond to the first survey, with 2,307 people aged 15 and over, in a sample stratified by age groups and regions. They are cross-checked with information from other sources, namely the Ministry of Health.
When will the second phase take place?
The second round of inquiries will take place in September, with the final report expected to be completed in the spring of 2022.
Is it a nationwide study only?
It is an internal study, with approaches to international research. In the Society chapter, the researchers were inspired by an article by Igor Linkov, Benjamin Trump, and William Hynes (Resilience-based Strategies and Policies to Address Systemic Risks). It was published by the OECD in September 2019, shortly before the announcement of the first covid-19 patient in China.
What is the resilience model?
Linkov and his group created the social system’s resilience model, which is based on four phases of responding to a pandemic: planning (there was no one who was prepared, despite some scientists talking about this probability), absorption, recovery and adaptation . The Foundation’s study began in the absorption phase, and the model points to different scales between absorption and recovery, which has not yet been seen with this pandemic. We are always in absorption and recovery. Portugal is in the fourth wave with the highest incidence of the virus. The Sociedade group, from the area of ​​social psychology, analyzed these phases taking into account the behavioral, emotional and cognitive dimensions (beliefs, biases, construction on the phenomenon).
Did the pandemic influence participation in the presidential elections?
Yes, as 11% of respondents admit not having voted in the 2021 presidential elections for fear of contagion by the coronavirus.
Has confidence in national institutions been shaken?
There is no such indication. The National Health Service (81% approval) and the President of the Republic (85%) receive the highest confidence from respondents. On the opposite side are politicians, with only 33% confident votes, followed by Parliament (50%). And 60% say they have some trust or a lot of trust in the government.
And the European institutions?
78% say they have some or a lot of confidence in the EU, 76% like to belong to the Community and only 5% consider it a bad thing. With regard to measures to combat the pandemic, 58% say they are reasonably satisfied with the EU and 12% are completely satisfied. Overall, 31% are little or not satisfied.
Lost income?
Yes, 34% say that household income has decreased after the outbreak of the pandemic and, of these, 21% report having lost a third or less of their income and 13% have lost half or more of their income. And in 22% of respondents they or some member of their household became unemployed during the pandemic.
Was there anyone who did not lose financially with the disease?
The reduction in travel and consumption may have contributed to the reduction in the expenses of households with medium/high and high incomes, for whom 2020 brought greater financial stability. The researchers point out that 50% of households with average monthly incomes between 1500 and 2000 euros claim to have increased their savings, and the proportion rises to 95% among those who earn more than 5000 euros a month.


World won’t overcome the pandemic before 2023, warns head of European diplomacy

Europe is “coming out of the tunnel”, but the situation is still difficult in South America, Africa and India, Borrell said.

“The world as a whole will not overcome the virus until 2023. We are facing a long fight against the pandemic,” he said, according to Croatian public television HRT, at the XIV Forum in Dubrovnik, dedicated to the impact of the pandemic on geostrategic relations and in the global economy.

Borrell addressed the foreign ministers of ten countries in Central Europe and the Balkans – Albania, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Greece, Latvia, Northern Macedonia, Malta and Montenegro – and other diplomats.

The high representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs considered that the covid-19 pandemic will leave a different world, more digital and with new inequalities.

“We are all aware of the future consequences, but also of the solution to the crisis caused by the pandemic, which is vaccination,” he said.

Borrell defended the donation of vaccines to poor countries to boost economic development, blocked by the pandemic, recalling UN warnings that the lack of medicines in some regions will mean differences in recovery and more instability in the world.


Eric Adams, the former policeman who won Democratic primaries and is a New York City House favorite

Two weeks after primaries and a chaotic vote count, New York’s Democrats were told yesterday who their candidate will be in the Nov. 2 mayoral election. The chosen one is Eric Adams, a 60-year-old former African-American police captain, former state senator and mayor of Brooklyn since 2013. He is the favorite to win over his Republican challenger, 67-year-old Curtis Sliwa, founding broadcaster and leader of the Guardian Angels, a non-profit organization dedicated to crime prevention.

“Although there are still small amounts of votes to count, the results are clear: a five-neighbourhood, historic, diverse coalition led by working-class New Yorkers led us to victory in the Democratic primaries for mayor of New York,” Adams said in a statement. Official results are not expected until mid-month, but projections on Wednesday pointed to victory for Adams, who was about 8,000 votes ahead of another moderate, Kathryn Garcia, a former sanitation commissioner.

These primaries were the first in which a new voting method was used. Instead of choosing just one of the 13 candidates, voters were asked to list their five preferences, in order. The method, which avoids the need for second rounds, foresees that the votes of the least voted candidates are distributed among the candidates indicated as second preference, and so on.

Adams was named the winner in counting the first preferences, but it was necessary to count the votes by mail, which arrived later. Amidst the chaos, election officials were forced to back down on one of the partial counts they revealed, where the other candidates seemed to move closer to Adams, admitting that they had mistakenly included about 135,000 test votes, which were not valid.

Mayor since 2014, Bill de Blasio was barred from running for a third term in this Democratic stronghold (Rudy Giuliani and Michael Bloomberg were exceptions). About 86% of voters residing there are registered with this party, so Adams is the favorite to win in November. The job is sometimes considered the second most difficult in the US, after president, and will have the added challenge of leading the city in the post-covid-19 pandemic.

Adams, who was a Republican between 1997 and 2001, has vowed to strike a balance between fighting crime and ending racial injustice in the security forces. Police for more than two decades, he himself was the target of police violence when he was 15 years old. Like the Republican opponent, he is against the idea of ​​cutting police funding.


Costa considers illegal and legal parties the ‘dissemination poles’ of the new wave

The prime minister, António Costa, defended this Tuesday that the illegal and legal parties that are held all over the country are the “main diffusion poles” of this new wave of the covid-19 pandemic.

“We have to avoid the irresponsible behavior of clandestine or non-clandestine parties that develop without security and that are being the main diffusion poles of this new wave of the pandemic”, said António Costa during a visit to the Hospital Center of Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, in Gaia, in the district of Porto.

Accompanied by the Minister of Health, Marta Temido, the chief executive called for the “individual responsibility” of each citizen, insisting that only responsible behavior can prevent infections from growing as they did in January and February.

António Costa called for the effort of those who will be vaccinated in “less pleasant conditions in the coming weeks” due to the increase in the number of vaccine administrations and the “discipline” of wearing a mask, disinfecting hands and keeping physical distance.

“Today we are better prepared, but this should not give us peace of mind because this pandemic is not over, unfortunately it continues and will continue as long as the virus has the capacity to differentiate itself into multiple variants”, he stressed.


Three men imprisoned 50 years ago in London were now found innocent

Three black men imprisoned in London for nearly 50 years for an alleged attempt to rob a white policeman were found innocent this Tuesday by a court, which lamented the time taken to rectify the injustice

This is the third time convictions have been overturned in cases involving Derek Ridgewell, a police officer who served in the police force in Southern Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe, and who died in prison in 1982 of a heart attack while serving time for conspiracy. for theft of mail bags.

The three men acquitted this Tuesday, Courtney Harriot, Paul Green and Cleveland Davidson, were aged between 17 and 20 when they were arrested in February 1972 on the London Underground outside Stockwell station, located in the south of the capital.

Accused of trying to rob Derek Ridgewell, the trio and three other friends, renamed the “Stockwell Six” (“Stockwell’s Six”), were convicted in large part on the police’s accusations.

Despite having pleaded not guilty and complained of being threatened and ill-treated, all but one of the “Stockwell Six” were convicted and sent to prison or a juvenile detention center.

The case was reconsidered by the Criminal Affairs Review Board and sent to the Court of Appeal for the convictions to be re-examined, which ultimately acquitted Harriot, Green and Davidson.