A star dancer of the Ballet de Nice, who accused the municipal management of “discrimination», Won his case before the administrative court. She was fired in 2018 after a pregnancy. By court order, the town hall was finally pushed to announce his reinstatement.
«The evidence produced by the applicant is sufficient to establish the existence of discrimination based on her maternity.», Indicates the Administrative Court of Nice in its judgment of September 30, revealed by Mediapart . The court relies in particular on the testimonies of several other dancers who were pressured during pregnancy. “We take note of this decision», Reacted the city of Nice, which manages in municipal control the Opera on which depends the ballet and which gave up to appeal. The town hall, whose general inspection of services had concluded that there was no fault or offense in 2018, also decided to reinstate “without delay” the dancer.
The dancer Gaëla Pujol had also filed a criminal complaint against the director of the ballet Eric Vu-An. “We are satisfied with this decision which recognizes discrimination because of her maternity», Reacted the cabinet of Me Sylvie Topaloff, who defends the dancer and did not want to say more. Gaëla Pujol was one of the main soloists of the Nice Méditerranée ballet. In February 2018, just after her maternity leave, Eric Vu-An asked her to star in “Don Quixote»For a tour starting 15 days later. “An extremely hard ballet for a woman after pregnancy», Explained the dancer. After this refusal, his fixed-term contract, expiring on August 31, 2018, was not renewed.
In the following months, the city of Nice announced corrective measures for the ballet, in particular administrative and medical-professional support with a sports doctor or an alert form to report any harassment. Eric Vu-An, 56, former principal dancer of the Paris Opera, is still at the head of the ballet he has directed since 2009.
In February 2020, the Opéra de Lyon dismissed its colleague, ballet director for more than 30 years, Yorgos Loukos, sentenced for the non-renewal of a dancer returning from maternity leave. In the very reserved world of classical dance, tongues are loosened from the #MeToo movement, revealing cases of discrimination and sexual or moral harassment in broad daylight and companies are more willing to take sanctions.
SEE ALSO – Pensions: can we cancel maternity leave?
Journalists believe more and more that they have to save the world. Your thinking becomes more and more narrow. But if they give the guardian of morals, something important falls by the wayside. An exclusive preprint from Jan Fleischhauer’s new book “How dare you!”. .
Ruth Klüger, who died Monday in Irvine, California, did not believe that we should no longer write poems after Auschwitz, and that the cinema should refrain from any representation of the camps. She herself was a poet, she remained so after the war, she was already so when she was deported at the age of 11, in 1942, first to Theresienstadt, then to Auschwitz and finally to Christianstadt. “I am not telling anything extraordinary, she writes in Refusal to testify, when I say that wherever I was I recited and composed poems. Many inmates in the camps found consolation in the verses they did not know by heart. […] It was above all the form, the quality of the language that supported us. ”
Refusal to testify was published in Germany in 1992 under the title of Live on, “Continue to live”. It was after having had a serious accident in Göttingen that Ruth Klüger began to write this story, very late, therefore, in the language of her childhood, before translating it herself into English. She was born in Vienna on October 31, 1931, she emigrated at the age of 16 with her mother to the United States, where she became a Germanist – a renowned scholar in her field – in the early 1960s. Her father was doctor. Accused of having performed an abortion, he was imprisoned in 1940, released, then he decided to leave Austria to join Italy. “And there, written by Ruth Klüger, he made the mistake of taking refuge from a fascist country in a democratic country, namely France. The French delivered it to the Germans. From the Drancy camp, he was deported in 1944 to Auschwitz and undoubtedly sent to the gas chamber upon his arrival. ”
Thirst in addition to hunger
No swimming pool, no cinema, except to venture into neighborhood theaters where we do not know her: Ruth Klüger describes the life of a lonely and independent little girl, in a Jewish family, middle-class on the maternal side, in the time of the anti-Semitic measures imposed by the Nazis. Living space is more and more restricted, the apartments more and more cramped. She was deported to Theresienstadt with her mother and paternal grandmother, who died quickly, like all the old and sick crammed into a makeshift hospital. Ruth Klüger joins the children’s building, thirty girls in a room where it would have been better to have three.
“In a way, I liked Theresienstadt, and the nineteen or twenty months that I spent there made me a social being, whereas I had until then been withdrawn, cut off everything, complexed and perhaps even inaccessible. “ Which does not mean that the camp was easy: “I hated Theresienstadt, we read the next page, this quagmire, this cesspool where you couldn’t reach out without bumping into someone else. ” She experiences hunger there. “There isn’t much to say about chronic hunger; it’s still there, and what’s always there is boring to tell. “
Auschwitz is different, it’s worse. For example, thirst in addition to hunger. One day, someone asks Ruth Klüger: “What were you kids doing in Auschwitz?” Did you play? ” Reply : “To play ! We were on call. In Birkenau, I was on roll call, I was thirsty and afraid of death. It was all, and nothing more. “ Thanks to a deportee who makes her understand that she must pretend to be 15 and not 13, and thus saves her, Ruth Klüger can leave Auschwitz for a labor camp, always in the company of her mother. “Simone Weil was right, I have known it since that day, the good is incomparable and inexplicable”, she writes about this woman who gave her good advice to the beard of the Nazi selection officer.
In the title chosen for the French translation (by Jeanne Etoré, in 1997, published by Viviane Hamy), Refusal to testify, you have to hear several things. We cannot speak for the deportees, repeats Ruth Klüger, nor can we expect them to speak. She herself, for example, explains that she hasn’t told her children much. And it is the use of testimony that she questions. The pocket edition of Refusal to testify (Viviane Hamy Bis, 2005) contains a text entitled Misguided memory: kitsch and camps. She expresses in it why she finds “Suspicious” the multiplication of oral history recordings: “We are not witnesses, but raw material. The being who thinks that it conceals and who assumes his life is secondary. Our ability to distinguish facts from memories is called into question. We are no more than documents, living documents that others must read and comment on. It then appears another way of listening which coincides perfectly with its opposite, of not wanting to listen. “
What does she call kitsch? The opposite of s. The “pornography” sentimental, everything that rounds the angles, lessens the horror of reality, «a way around the problems, a complacent lowering». “Inconceivable”, “unspeakable”, “inexpressible” : all the vocabulary used by the generation of baby boomers to qualify what has been called the Holocaust and then Shoah – it is this vocabulary that is kitsch. For Ruth Klüger, it allows us not to try to understand. She rebels against the“Image ban” decreed by Claude Lanzmann, “Joining Adorno’s musical ban, who refuses any euphony about Auschwitz. In full XXe century, astonishing consequence of the Second World War, it is once again affirmed that there are sacred things that we do not have the right to reproduce, nor even to evoke in words ”.
Viviane Hamy editions have also published Lost on the way, where Ruth Klüger recounts and analyzes the double discrimination that awaited her in the United States in the 1950s, and hence the double emancipation, as a Jew and a woman, that she conquered. But it’s mostly for Refusal to testify that it will remain in the history of literature, and in history itself.
You only experienced the GDR as a child. Nevertheless, you and not your parents founded an initiative to strengthen voices from East Germany. How come
I am always cautious about such transfers, but one finding from migration research is that the first generation has to find their way around the country or system. Two thirds of the East Germans lost their jobs through no fault of their own and had to start over. Only the following generations usually have the time and the opportunity to reflect and draw attention to the problems. The younger ones see what their parents and grandparents have achieved in their lives and find it unfair that this is barely noticed in the debate. Instead, there are many generalizations about “the East”: A widespread cliché is probably that of the “right-wing Jammer-Ossi, a construct that I never got to know and also did not understand in my life. We want to counter the one-sided picture by making East German people visible who are pursuing exciting projects and who do not appear in regular reporting.
You can also read about “Collective Coming-out – Young East Germans Want to Make the Image of the East More Complex” by Ines Wallrodt.
Where does the picture of the Jammer-Ossis come from?
I dont know. I don’t know anyone around me who whines. And I would like people who use this linguistic image to question it critically. In my view, efforts are still being made to block important debates on structural inequalities.
And now do the younger ones give their parents a voice?
We not only have the space for reflection, but also the knowledge of the traumatic experiences that have been made. Many people have made public statements for the first time on our platform. Many first had to think about whether they really wanted to come out as East German. That’s a stamp that doesn’t necessarily have a positive mark. It takes a certain strength to do that. And many successful people in Germany who come from the eastern federal states preferred to keep it quiet. But this empowerment process is important to open up the discourse. We give a face to those who do not belong in the right corner, i.e. the majority in the East. Fortunately, this is also of interest to West German socialized people.
You hope: What feedback do you get?
Openness is growing in the media, politics and companies. For example, Spiegel Online corrected the phrase “New Federal States” after we noted that not everyone succeeds in being new after 30 years. Nevertheless, it is still mainly the regional East German media that report in a variety of ways. I would like the supraregional media to question generalized statements. Right-wing extremism is not just a problem in the East; there have been right-wing extremist attacks not only in Halle, but also in Hanau. Even when the Corona protests began, some media tried to declare this as an East German problem. Sure, we all look at the world through a certain template, but you just have to be aware of the clichés you have within yourself. It is wrong to make everything that happens in East Germany a personality trait. Studies show that people from East and West share the same values. By the way, East Germans are not more helpful either, which many believe. So we are more alike than we think. This means that the differences are largely constructed and we have to break these constructs.
Why do East Germans have so little influence on “their image”?
There are, of course, many different reasons, but one of them is that there are few East Germans in top positions, for example in chief editors. So there is no corrective, people who say, there is another perspective. East German history simply does not appear in cultural documentaries from the last 50 years – East German culture, music, important sporting events. Fortunately, minority opinions and perspectives are spread through social media. This is how »We are the East« managed to get attention.
What are East German perspectives that you are missing?
People who grew up in East Germany are socialized differently. They bring with them the experience of upheaval, which can be valuable for digitization, with the older generations it is the experience of dictatorship, a critical look at socialism and capitalism. There were also positive things that the GDR brought with it, but which are often not mentioned. Like almost full employment of mothers with children. Today’s debates on feminism often do not correspond to my reality because I grew up with emancipated women and equality is quite normal for me.
What does the turnaround have to do with digitization?
East Germans know that everything can be different tomorrow. Many write on our website: I can no longer be shocked by upheavals. They are trained through the change and can manage further changes well. But of course, on the other hand, there are also those who, after this experience, say: changing everything is enough. It is also typical for East Germans that little is inherited. We have less to build on. But this also removes a burden for the younger generations. They don’t have to take the ready-made route to take over the company from their dad, but can live more according to their self-determined values and develop creative ideas.
Does October 3rd mean anything to you?
It’s a bit of a shame that we’re celebrating this formal act and not so much the people who made the peaceful revolution. If this act of empowerment were to be reflected in such a holiday, we would also have a different view of the citizens in the eastern federal states. Even “Fall of the Wall” sounds as if the Wall had simply overturned. Of course, the 30 years of unity are a reason to celebrate. On the other hand, we have to see what didn’t go so well. For example, the chance of a common constitution was wasted. At that time one should have opened up for the right to work, the right to a home, and climate protection. There are still great reservations about saying openly, hey, there were a few things that were really good about the GDR. That is the advantage of the younger generation. We can just say that without anyone being able to assume anything.
When is the unity completed?
When the different perspectives are represented equally. It must be clear that German is not only white in West German, but German, that is the migrant view, that is the East German view, that is feminist. If we actually depict the diversity of our society, then the unity has succeeded.
Lying at work – what is legally allowed and what is not?
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Lies on the job can’t be killed. There are also some falsehoods that are okay from a legal point of view. Especially when it comes to discrimination. However, some statements can have severe consequences.
THEAlthough Annemarie Dwars, whose real name is different, was pregnant when she applied to a digital agency, she kept it a secret when asked. “The person I spoke to asked about my family planning, and I replied that I had no plans to have a child in the next few years,” the qualified accountant told t3n.
“That was a lie, but if I had said that I was expecting a baby, I would certainly not have been hired.” Your luck: The question alone was legally inadmissible. The case law gives applicants with the right to lie in questions of this kind the opportunity to protect themselves from unequal treatment.
Guido Völkel, associate at Bird & Bird and specialist lawyer for labor law, also knows: “Are you pregnant?” Is the classic among the unlawful questions: “The candidate has a right to lie, without any negative consequences for an employment relationship surrendered. ”So Dwars’ lie was okay in that case.
Lies on the job: Inadmissible questions are taboo
The question of a disability or illness also falls into the category of inadmissible questions to which applicants can answer with a lie. Religion, party and trade union membership are also a private matter. Applicants do not have to provide any information about previous convictions or ongoing investigations.
And yet there are exceptions here too. These can arise if the circumstances make it impossible to carry out the desired activity, explains Völkel. “An HIV-infected candidate could have to truthfully comment on a position in the health professions – for example as a prospective nurse,” said the lawyer.
With regard to the criminal record, something different also applies if the question is specified and there is a close connection to the desired job. “A prospective driver might have to comment on road traffic offenses, for example,” explains the specialist lawyer for labor law. Only the question of sexual identity remains clearly private.
If you have a legitimate question, you shouldn’t lie
In contrast to inadmissible questions from the employer, applicants must answer truthful questions without exception. “These include questions about previous professional career, certificates and qualifications,” says Völkel.
“If the wrong answer is given, the employer can fundamentally challenge the employment relationship for fraudulent misrepresentation.” However, according to the specialist lawyer, reclaiming the salary paid in the past is generally excluded.
Looking for a job? Our job agent can help!
“The trusting cooperation is the foundation of a successful employment relationship. But employees and employers cannot or do not always want to stick to the truth. ”What is possible and what is an absolute no-go has already been clearly explained by the legislator for the initiation of an employment relationship and possible exceptions.
Admissibility of a lie in the job
The question of the admissibility of a lie can also arise in the current employment relationship. “Sure, boss, I’ve done it!” Is such an example, according to Völkel. “If the employee lies about the completion of work tasks, this can justify an ordinary termination, and in the case of serious violations, an extraordinary termination,” explains the lawyer.
Everything about the interview
Another classic is the lie that employees are sick even though they are on vacation. “The pretense of incapacity to work can justify the termination of the employment relationship.” In this case, a medical certificate is generally of high evidential value for the presence of an illness.
However, vacation photos on social media, for example, can shake the evidence, according to the specialist lawyer for labor law. For Annemarie Dwars, such a lie would be out of the question at work, as she emphatically explains in the “t3n” conversation: “That goes way too far.”
Zero. The detestable Clasico of September was paid off on Wednesday by the disciplinary committee of the Professional Football League (LFP), which had investigated the altercations between the Brazilian from Paris-SG, Neymar, and the Spaniard from the ‘Olympique de Marseille, Alvaro Gonzalez, after a first set of sanctions targeting the expelled players (five) that evening: nothing for Neymar (who had already taken two games for his expulsion) and nothing for Alvaro.
Read alsoAccusations of racism: Neymar does not let go, Ligue 1 in trouble
Neymar was suspected of a homophobic insult to the Spaniard (“Queer”) then, according to the Marseille version, of a racist insult to the Japanese defender Hiroki Sakai, something like “Chinese shit”. Alvaro, he would have qualified Neymar of «Mono», “Monkey” in his language. Convened by Brazilian or French media (the Parisian), lip-reading experts had succeeded each other for three weeks to define the contours of the words used by the players, Neymar for his part maintaining a certain resentment towards his club, the latter having in his opinion not shown support for the height of the seriousness of the facts.
We also felt OM a little tight: a minimum support from the Marseille club (“Alvaro Gonzalez is not racist”, as if that’s the problem) and no firm denials regarding the words Neymar was attributing to their defender. For three weeks, the clubs leaked some form of insurance, hinting that they had the wherewithal to hurt the opposing side on the strength of supposedly uplifting images. The League has drawn the curtain: “After examining the case, hearing the players and representatives of the clubs, the committee noted that it did not have sufficient convincing evidence to allow it to establish the materiality of the facts of discriminatory remarks by the player Alvaro Gonzalez at against Neymar during the meeting, or against Neymar against Alvaro Gonzalez. Consequently, the commission decides that there is no reason for sanction. ”
We can imagine the general relief. Beyond the perimeter of the two clubs concerned: a homophobic or racist insult, it is a basic suspension of ten games, that is to say the lasting weakening of the best defender of the most beloved club in France (l ‘OM) and the disappearance of the main marketing argument of the competition (Neymar) for two months. The decision of the disciplinary committee should make people talk.
MEXICO CITY (proces.com.mx) .– When the bicentennial of Wolfang Amadeus Mozart’s death was commemorated in 1991, the Mexican doctor, scientist and academic Adolfo Martínez Palomo (1941) began the bibliographic search, writing and public presentation of the texts now published by El Colegio Nacional in fourteen double installments.
This new compact format series includes the biographies of: Monteverdi and Vivaldi, Bach and Handel, Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven and Paganini, Rossini and Schubert, Donizetti and Bellini, Berlioz and Mendelssohn, Chopin and Schumann, Liszt and Wagner, Verdi and Gounod , Clara Schumann and Brahms, Borodin and Bizet, Tchaikovski and Puccini, Mahler and Shostakovich.
Today we offer excerpts from the second volume entitled Musicians and medicine. Clinical histories of great composers. Bach and Handel (86 pages in 12 by 18 cm format, bibliography, illustrations and iconographic credits, www.colnal.mx), written by Martínez Palomo who has stood out for his research on the painful Herpes Zoster virus.
“Two colossi of classical music Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) and Georg Frideric Handel (1685-1759), both born the same year in Germany and yet they did not get to know each other personally. Bach always remains in his country, where he has twenty children. Handel, on the other hand, makes fame and fortune in England, without getting married. Long and prolific lives both, united with a common end: blindness, caused by the clumsy intervention of the same apprentice eye surgeon. “
Creativity: inheritance or learning?
(…) With the forgiveness of the fans of the hereditary theory of creativity, I would like to insist that nothing indicates in Johann Sebastian’s childhood or early adolescence the existence of a genius, rather, it is appreciated, yes, an exceptional commitment to learn from your elders. (…)
At fifteen, our character eagerly copies compositions from others, at night, at an age when other musical geniuses have been writing music for a long time. At that age he has to leave his brother’s house, which is already insufficient due to the birth of four more nephews.
By the way, one of the physical attributes of Johann Sebastian that has caught the attention of his biographers has been… the strength of his legs! And is not for less. What a path he had to go in his youth to absorb the musical knowledge of the greats of his time! Nothing was too far away, nor was the weather so bad that it prevented him from making trips on foot in search of better knowledge. Thus, it traveled 40 km between Ohrdeuf and Eisenach and 360 km between Ohrdruf and Lüneburg. (…)
Bach, as we have said, had foolproof health throughout his life, well into his maturity. A neurologist has commented, when analyzing the portrait of Bach, the obvious obesity of the composer and the presence of a slight facial paralysis, perhaps due to a cerebral infarction. If anything, the only well-documented physical weakness was his eye problem.
For ophthalmologists who have reviewed his history, Bach was probably nearsighted, judging by the appearance of the eyes in the only true portrait that remains, taken at age sixty-one. [por Elias Gottlob Haussmann, en 1746, reproducido a colores en este libro de Martínez Palomo] which shows the composer “straining his eyes.” This myopia may have allowed him the hard work of reading and writing countless scores. (…)
On the advice of his friends, the composer consulted an English eye doctor, the gentleman John Taylor, who had operated, sometimes with some success, on many European personalities, including the contemporary Handel. Taylor was actually a great charlatan, dominating more of the art of advertising than of science (…)
In Bach’s time the usual medical treatment for cataracts ranged from esoteric diets, to bloodletting and the application of leeches. The surgical procedure was followed by eye washing with a mixture of Peruvian balsam and hot water. This was followed by poultices added with cassia pulp, camphorized fosters, bandages, a light diet, and drugs to evacuate without effort.
Less than four months after Bach’s death, the operating room was installed in the Tres Cisnes restaurant (…) Three months and three weeks after the operation, Bach presented cerebral palsy of vascular origin and was unconscious. He developed a fever, possibly pneumonia, and died on the night of July 28, 1750 at the age of sixty-five, despite the best Leipzig physicians. (…)
The dear Saxon
HAMBURG, DECEMBER 5, 1704.- During the performance of the opera Cleopatra by Johann Mattheson, a nineteen-year-old German musician who leads the singers from the harpsichord refuses to let the composer displace him from his instruments: the dispute escalates and the two heated musicians decide to settle it in a duel. Fortunately for mankind, the sword that struck the young performer’s chest only broke a metal button on his jacket, saving Handel’s life and leaving the work of one of the greatest and most prolific composers for posterity. of music. (…)
His fame reached Italy, where he was invited by a Medici prince (…) At the age of twenty-five Handel returned for a few weeks to Germany, to Hannover. Why did he receive the appointment of “master of the chapel” of the court there, with a very high salary (fifty times higher than he had received as an organist) and permission to be absent for a year, when in reality what that court was interested in was send it to London? For some, this appointment disguised the true task assigned to the composer: to insert him into the English court and receive from him information about the state of health of Queen Anne, already very ill. The interest was that the direct successor to the throne of England was precisely the Elector of Hannover, Georg Ludwig, so the sickly Queen Anne died, Hannover needed to be aware of the events in London. (…)
His contemporaries described him as impetuous, brusque and authoritarian, but completely devoid of malice and wickedness, despite the many enemies that success produced him in London. From time to time he had uncontrolled bouts of irritability and rage. For example, on one occasion he argued with the famous French Italian singer Cuzzoni and said “Oh, ma’am! I know well that you are a true devil, but I am going to show you that I am the boss of all devils.” He then took her by the waist and led her to the window, where he threatened to throw her into the street.
For much of his life Handel was physically healthy, endowed with a remarkable capacity for work. With a thick complexion like his father, he soon showed a frank tendency to obesity due to his irrepressible enthusiasm for food and his no less joyous fondness for alcohol, especially for Port and Madeira wines. His contemporaries called him “the Bear” for his corpulence and decomposed walk, but also for his tenacity, energy and strength. In it, several factors were combined that could well cause high blood pressure and hardening of the arteries in adulthood: being overweight, the habit of smoking tobacco (in the pipe), a sedentary life and economic and work stress.
Handel’s good health began to decline after the age of fifty, just at a time of great financial and administrative tension due to the difficulties of staging his operas; headaches, irritability, colic, rheumatic pain.
In 1737, after a period of great fatigue and disappointment, “the machine broke”: he suffered paralysis of the right arm that affected mainly the fingers of that hand, and consequently prevented him from playing the harpsichord and the organ. Along with the paralysis, he presented certain mental alterations, “which modified his understandings,” according to a written comment by a contemporary, perhaps referring to mental confusion or speech problems. (…)
MEXICO CITY (apro) .- The Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) and the ChemRar Group have agreed to supply 17 countries with Avifavir, Russia’s first drug approved for the treatment of covid-19. Among the nations that have the drug are 11 from Latin America, which is not included Mexico.
According to a statement posted on the RDIF website, Avifavir will be delivered to Argentina, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Kuwait, Panama, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, United Arab Emirates and Uruguay.
The drug has previously been delivered to Belarus, Bolivia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, he added.
Russia approves Coronavir, the first drug against covid-19 for sale in pharmacies
Avifavir, the statement highlights, is the first drug registered in the world made based on the substance favipiravir against the coronavirus and the first in Russia approved for the treatment of covid-19.
In its statement, Russia’s sovereign wealth fund recalled that on May 29 Avifavir received a registration certificate from the Russian Ministry of Health and became the first favipiravir-based medicine in the world approved for the treatment of covid- 19.
He also highlighted that approximately five months after the Avifavir clinical trials in Russia, Fujifilm from Japan confirmed the efficacy of favipiravir against the novel coronavirus infection.
“Avifavir is now Russia’s leading anticovid drug in terms of exports. In particular, on September 21, the start of deliveries to Bolivia and other Latin American countries was announced as part of the agreement to deliver 150 thousand packages. Avifavir has also been approved by regulators in Europe, the Middle East and Asia ”, underlined the RDIF.
Russia will present its treatment against covid-19 to Latin America
“When we registered the world’s first favipiravir-based coronavirus drug, there was a lot of skepticism as people wondered how we could register it when Japan had not yet registered it,” said Kirill Dmitriev, executive director of Russia’s Direct Investment Fund.
“Now, five months after our clinical trials, we see that Japan has confirmed the clinical efficacy of favipiravir. Avifavir has been tested in more than 1,300 patients, including 408 patients in clinical trials and 940 patients during the post-registration observational clinical trial, ”he explained.
Dmitriev concluded in the release that Avifavir is also three to four times cheaper than Remdesivir, the drug approved by the United States for the treatment of Covid-19.
The price of remdesivir, a treatment for covid-19, outrages US consumers
The Federal Anti-Discrimination Agency has been working without management for years – barely noticeable and yet at the limit.
Fighting Discrimination on the Street: Demonstration Against Racism in Memory of George Floyd Photo: Sebastian Wells / Ostkreuz
BERLINtaz | When Bernhard Franke appeared in front of the press in early June, the big Black Lives Matter protests in many German cities were just three days ago. For a short time there is a broad debate on racism in Germany. Franke’s authority, the Federal Anti-Discrimination Agency (ADS), is the supreme advisory body for those affected by racism and discrimination. He presents the annual report for 2019. “Germany has an ongoing problem with racist discrimination and does not support those affected consistently enough,” summarizes Franke. One thing is certain: more and more people turn to the anti-discrimination agency every year.
Even so, it is arguably only a small fraction of the actual amount of people who experience discrimination on a daily basis. The ADS received around 4,250 inquiries last year – almost 16 a day. The anti-discrimination agency has problems getting noticed by the population.
One reason: The management of the position has been vacant since 2018. Franke is only acting head. This is largely due to mistakes made by the SPD and the Federal Family Ministry to which the office is affiliated. Although the ADS is technically independent, the selection of its management is the responsibility of Franziska Giffey, the social democratic Federal Minister for Family, Seniors, Women and Youth.
In April 2018, she proposed her party colleague Nancy Böhning to the cabinet for the office. Böhning had previously been deposed as managing director of the party. Your planned move to the top of the anti-discrimination agency gives the impression of internal party compensation.
A “poor certificate”
Shortly after the selection became known, two female competitors complained. The Berlin Administrative Court thereupon prohibited Böhning’s appointment in the first instance in February 2019. In its reasoning, the court clearly criticizes the appointment procedure. It is not compatible with the “principle of the best selection” laid down in the Basic Law. The selection was also not “open-ended”. A month later the Higher Regional Court in Münster made the same decision.
The Ministry of Family Affairs then took more than a year until it announced in June 2020 that it would no longer hold on to Böhning. Meanwhile, she has long been working as a consultant at IG Metall. A spokeswoman explains that there is currently no “legal certainty” for a new selection. The ministry is facing two different court decisions. That is why they now want to develop a new appointment procedure. To this end, an “internal government exchange” was initiated. It is unclear whether a leadership will be found in this legislative period.
There is a lack of understanding among the opposition: “The ADS is deprived of the opportunity to raise its voice,” says Ulle Schauws, queer and women’s political spokeswoman for the green parliamentary group. Schauws is convinced that the decision to no longer hold on to Böhning could have been made much earlier by the ministry. The responsible left-wing MP Gökay Akbulut sees it in a similar way: It is an “indictment of poverty” that the top position is still vacant.
Franke himself describes the situation less dramatically: “The fact that I am only acting head does not limit the content of the job,” he says. However, he is not publicly known as a person and is therefore “less effective”.
Toothless legal basis
This is exactly where his predecessor sees the problem. Christine Lüders headed the ADS from 2010 to 2018 and managed to get the authority into the headlines time and again with suggestions. Franke and his employees do an excellent job, according to Lüders. But someone is missing who is fighting with a strong mandate. “By keeping this position open, the anti-discrimination agency is one lame duck become ”, she says.
But the authority is not only paralyzed by the lack of management. Their legal basis, the German anti-discrimination law, is also comparatively weak. In 2006 the position was introduced as part of the General Equal Treatment Act – as an advisory service for those affected and to coordinate public relations and research. That only happened at the urging of the EU to implement a corresponding directive in Germany. CDU and FDP fought vehemently for a long time.
In a European comparison, German law is still toothless, the anti-discrimination authority is small and has few powers. So even if those affected know about ADD and turn to them, the authorities cannot help them in many cases.
“We were very late and we are pretty weak when it comes to this law.” This is how the journalist Ferda Ataman, who herself worked for two years as head of unit in the anti-discrimination agency and is now on the agency’s advisory board, sums it up. Your biggest point of criticism: a lack of representative action.
The most visible problem remains the lack of equipment in the authority
In this way, the ADS could legally represent those affected collectively in an accumulation of similar incidents. The authority itself has been publicly calling for this option for over four years. However, there is no majority for this in the Bundestag. Union and FDP reject the proposal.
The most visible problem remains the lack of equipment in the authority. The ADS currently has 27 posts. These officers are responsible for research, advice and campaigns on five different forms of discrimination – and that for the whole of Germany. The British equivalent, for example, has over 201 employees.
The number of requests for advice to the ADS is also low. But it is increasing steadily – during the corona pandemic again significantly faster: “We had more advice requests this year in mid-August than in the entire previous year,” reports Franke. Without more resources and bodies, the small authority will soon no longer be able to do this. “We are at the limit,” says Franke.
More money and staff – all democratic parties in the Bundestag support this on request. Little has happened so far. “Actually, the thing that annoys me the most is that it upsets so few people,” says the Green Show, which has long been dealing with the ADS in parliament. “If the Federal Government’s Commissioner for Sexual Abuse were not occupied, what do you think would be going on?” She asks.
The anti-discrimination agency is in a difficult position. For example, Ferda Ataman reports that even other federal authorities often ignore or forget about ADS. Franke puts it a little more gallantly: “We have experience in repeatedly calling ourselves to mind and having to demand participation.”
Last hope: independence
Some see a solution in making the ADS an independent authority. According to information from the taz, a corresponding application was discussed at the last meeting of the advisory board at the end of August. In the internal paper it is proposed to raise the ADS to the highest federal authority – on the same level as the Federal Commissioner for Data Protection.
The anti-discrimination agency could then make its own personnel decisions and would be independent of the family ministry. In addition, the leadership would be directly elected by the Bundestag. It is said that the proposal met with great approval in the advisory board.
By the end of October, the federal government also wants to adopt comprehensive measures to combat right-wing extremism and racism. After the right-wing terrorist attack in Hanau, the government set up a cabinet committee for this purpose. The committee would underline the “considerable political importance” attached to the fight against racism and right-wing extremism, the government stressed in a press release.
The anti-discrimination agency, the most important state source of knowledge on the subject of racism, is nevertheless not a permanent guest on the committee – unlike, for example, the Federal Government Commissioner for the new federal states.
But even though the ADS is not permanently at the table: It is not unlikely that it will play an important role in the plans. In any case, the authority hopes that the federal government will use the opportunity to comprehensively reform the General Equal Treatment Act and the Anti-Discrimination Agency at the same time.
Important day to remember that it is NOT “a stage”, that we are NOT “undecided” that we do NOT have to like boys and girls “equally” If you don’t understand, the problem is YOURS, not ours #Bisexualitypic.twitter.com/H5y7Dpllfk
September 23 was chosen for a double reason: in this month he was born Freddie Mercury, who made his bisexuality visible with great force, and it is the birthday of one of the three most important bisexual rights activists in the U.S.
Amnesty also explained what this celebration is about:
What is bisexuality?
Bisexual is a person who is emotionally, affectionately and / or sexually attracted both to people whom he perceives as being of the same gender or of the opposite gender. Likewise, it is also considered bisexuality attraction to individuals regardless of gender. This attraction does not have to be proportionally divided between the different genders (that is, you do not have to have the same level of attraction towards each one).
What is biphobia?
Biphobia is an irrational fear, hatred, or dislike of bisexual people. Stereotypes about bisexual people include discriminatory approaches towards these people, according to which their sexual orientation is temporary, they allow themselves to be dominated by lust, they favor the transmission of diseases due to their promiscuity, etc.
It is one of the root causes of violence, discrimination, poverty and the worst physical and mental health suffered by bisexual people around the world. Biphobia affects people’s ability to report the abuses they suffer on a daily basis in many countries around the world.