INFOGRAPHICS – Region by region, Le Figaro scrutinizes the very latest data on the covid-19 pandemic in our country.
By Infographic Service, Guillaume Balavoine and Cyrille Vanlerberghe
At the national level, all the epidemic monitoring indicators indicate a worsening of the situation with a regular increase in the number of new daily cases and the positivity rate of screening tests. Last week, almost 80,000 people tested positive for the coronavirus, the highest figure in all of Europe.
As has been the case since the end of August, the increase in the circulation of the virus is now reflected in a gradual but regular increase in the number of hospitalizations and resuscitations.
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And in the end, the government passed a relatively soft package of regulations, with the latest dpcm for containing the coronavirus. In fact, bars and restaurants remain open until midnight, before 6pm the consumption only at the table. An extra week at the gyms to adapt, the rules on smart-working delegated to an imminent measure by Dadone, open schools. The premier’s line wins, Giuseppe Conte, who opposed those in the government who were for the line of absolute rigor, headed by Dario Franceschini e Roberto Speranza.
But there is one point on which, during the meetings, a controversy that was destined to last was unleashed: the so-called “movida”. The premier has decided to delegate everything to the mayors, who have the possibility “to close to the public after 21 streets or squares in urban centers where gathering situations can be created”. A decision that infuriates local authorities, for which the president Anci has expressed himself, Antonio Decaro: “The government, without even addressing the issue in the numerous meetings of these hours, inserts a rule that seems to have the sole objective of to discharge the responsibility for the curfew on the mayors in the eyes of public opinion. And we do not accept this “. And again:” In difficult moments the institutions take responsibility, they do not dump them on other institutions with which they should loyally collaborate “.
Serious, direct, precise accusations. And in fact the suspicion is that Conte, in this case, prefers to wash his hands. Between governing and consent, in short, he chooses the latter. At least in the short term. At least remembering the tsunami of controversy that overwhelmed him for the iron but chaotic management of the first wave.
The text of the Dpcm October 18 published in the Official Gazette gives us a surprise compared to the draft circulated in the previous hours and at the same press conference of Giuseppe Conte. In the draft on which Palazzo Chigi was working there was an explicit reference to the faculty of the mayors to close streets and squares after 21 in the presence of gatherings. In the final text, the reference to the mayors has disappeared.
Like the curfew of the mayors after 21 has disappeared from the Dpcm 18 October
The window test is merciless: “The mayors will be able to close the streets and squares where gatherings are created to the public after 9pm, allowing access only to those who have to reach commercial establishments or private homes”, the premier at the palace scans Chigi, confirming the rumors circulated in the previous hours (“The mayors will be able to order the closure to the public after 9 pm of streets and squares where gatherings are created …”, a draft of the text read). the first citizens on a rampage. “The government, without even addressing the issue in the numerous meetings of these hours, inserts in a Dpcm a rule that seems to have the sole objective of unloading the responsibility of the curfew on the shoulders of the mayors in the eyes of the public opinion “, thundered the mayor of Bari and president of Anci Antonio Decaro.
The government’s decision makes the first citizens jump in their seats from North to South. Decaro’s words are followed closely, in just a few minutes, by those of Leoluca Orlando, Dario Nardella, Giorgio Gori, all of the same tenor: do not dump on the mayors the responsibility of the “curfew”.
The Dpcm changed overnight due to the protests of the mayors
And then comes the twist. In the Dpcm signed and published on the Palazzo Chigi website, that reference to the first citizens jumps: “Of the streets or squares in urban centers, where gathering situations can be created – reads the approved text – the closure to the public can be ordered, after 21.00, without prejudice to the possibility of access, and outflow, to legitimately open commercial establishments and private homes ”.
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What happened then? It happened that evidently the protests of the mayors convinced the premier to change his mind. But why did the first citizens, who are often in the front row asking for autonomy, ask to be exempted from the right to close streets and squares in this sort of ante-litteram curfew? Simple: the mayors know that the choice to prevent transit and clear parts of their city would expose them to criticism and unpopularity. That’s why they prefer someone else to do it. On the other hand, the presidency of the Council also made the same reasoning when it decided that the territorial lockdowns must be imposed by the Regions. And also on this occasion he would have preferred to shift the responsibility to the first citizens. The particularly comic effect of this decision is that now we know which streets and squares can be closed, but reading the text does not know who can do it. The coronavirus is an emergency, yes, but it does not seem to have taught that it is better to make unpopular decisions before paying the consequences in terms of deaths afterwards. In Italy it has always been like this: the situation is desperate, but not serious.
New Dpcm October 18: the measures of the hold explained
Here are yesterday’s coronavirus data in Italy. And I try to give it to you in a different way than usual. From Piedmont to Sicily, they feared that 146,541 Italians were infected, a small army that managed to access the buffer. Fortunately for 92% of them it was a false alarm: 134,836 Italians were negative on that test.
Only 8 percent – equal to 11,705 cases – instead tested positive and now must face the tunnel of the disease with all its risks and related difficulties. According to the president of the ISS, Franco Locatelli, however, two thirds of the positives – about 8 thousand of those cases – have no symptoms of the disease. He can cross his fingers and if things go well develop antibodies without feeling bad, and in a few days face these times of fear with an enviable serenity. On the other hand, a third of them – about 3,900 people – have symptoms of the virus, some mildly, others more worryingly. For them it is necessary to pray and obviously trust in the care that our doctors will be able to provide. Today more appropriately than what happened in February and March, because fortunately some steps have been taken in the fight against the virus. In the more difficult months of spring, much fewer tampons were done than today (about a third when you went full speed), the percentage of positives was much higher (between 30 and 40%), they were all symptomatic and seriously ill much more than now. Of course, you have to be careful of the trend because it is growing strongly. But also take into account that to date only 0.68% of the Italian population has officially become infected since February. Which means that every day the risk of finding the virus in one of the people we meet is very low: there are no black plague numbers like those of secular epidemics. Prudence is necessary (and Italians use so much no matter what people say), but the terror is not really justified by the numbers listed here.
It seems from what has happened in the last few hours that the Prime Minister, Giuseppe Conte, also has this awareness of reality. Those who read these lines know that on many topics we have often been critical of the choices of those who lead the government, but on the occasion of this dpcm we must acknowledge that Conte was able to act as a barrier to a lot of irrationality that was spreading in his majority, and in particular in the Democratic Party and in Leu with its Minister of Health, Roberto Speranza. According to them, it was necessary to close everything and seal what they consider “unnecessary activities”. Now I can also understand that in the war under the bombs one has to worry first of all about finding a loaf of bread with which to feed oneself and the medicines to keep oneself healthy, and everything else may seem superfluous in those conditions. But we are not at war, and in the tranchant hypotheses that I felt circulating these days there was more pauperistic moralism than reasonableness: so you put the seals on gyms, beauty centers, hairdressers and then also in fact the places where to drink something and try the pleasure of food and a little company. It is no coincidence that the hard line came precisely from the ranks of the former Communists who have always had it with those who spend money as with those who earn it that way (traders).
If the ax did not fall in this way on the innocent head of these categories, it must be said thanks to the pressure of some regional governors (not all) and to a jolt of sense of responsibility and realism that this time the Prime Minister had. Well, although we don’t know how long it will last. At least today we do not have to celebrate the funeral of most of these activities and we hope not to have to do it even tomorrow, even with the growth of infections. It is the peoples whose submission is desired that dominate themselves with the fear that is too often spread widely by those in charge in this country. Instead, it is the reason that makes also wise and lasting behavioral choices. And to speak to the reason of the Italians, we must provide the reasons for what is happening, not overwhelm them with meaningless numbers and with alarms thrown in junk. What is necessary or not for the life of Italians must not be decided by the government in a free country, so phrases such as those uttered by Speranza (“let’s close what is not necessary first, so as not to have to close what is necessary”), let us leave them to the Soviet Union of the past or to totalitarian regimes. If, on the other hand, you believe that one situation contains more risks than another, explain why by also motivating the numbers over time. We want facts, not slogans. I turn around in my little personal experience and I see that the vast majority of cases of quarantines, isolations, and unfortunately also positivity have school as their origin. Government authorities say the school is very safe, but they point the finger at hairdressers, gyms, beauty centers and bars. I don’t know and those I know don’t know a single case of quarantine, isolation or positivity born in a barber shop or a bar or a beauty center. I need explanations, not slogans. And like me, I believe that not only Italians need it, but a right.
The country “is stronger than in March or April”, but – once more than 10 thousand daily infections have been exceeded – a new Dpcm and new measures are “necessary” to avoid reaching the levels of other European countries. Roberto Speranza connects with the Regions early in the morning, together with Francesco Boccia. The government, the ministers assure the governors, intends to share the path with local authorities to avoid creating a “dystonia” of measures that could confuse citizens.
The basic idea, explains the owner of Health, is to arrive at a stiffening of the measures starting from “a basic distinction between essential and non-essential activities”. We now intervene with more force on non-essential things to limit infections and avoid having to affect tomorrow on the essential that for the government is represented by work and school, is the reasoning. “It is time to act,” says Speranza, who in any case reassures the government’s willingness to take charge of the refreshment if it decides to ask some sector to lower the shutters or otherwise limit its activities. Also ahead on smart working, which can also reach 70-75%.
In the sights of Giuseppe Conte and the ministers there is once again the so-called movida. The possibility of implementing a sort of “light” curfew with the closure of restaurants and clubs at 10 pm, however, does not convince the Regions. The Governors press to leave the possibility of staying open until 24, anticipating the impossibility of serving those who are not seated at the table at 18 (it is set at 21 in the current Dpcm), in order to avoid gatherings. The decision to close hairdressers and beauty centers, against which Italy alive was thrown, seems averted.
On the table, however, the possibility of intervening on gyms and swimming pools. On the world of sport, it is explained, a clash is taking place between a harder line (carried out mainly by Speranza and Franceschini) and a more “proportionate” one, on which Giuseppe Conte (together with Spadafora) would be more oriented. As far as contact activities are concerned, one hypothesis on the table would be to allow only amateur and professional championships, thus prohibiting those of the youth or organized by promotional bodies.
The dossier concerning the school, which is closely linked to that concerning local public transport, is still to be defined. The Governors insist on achieving a differentiation of entry and exit times and introducing a mixed teaching method, which may include distance lessons for pupils of the last years. The Regions, led by Stefano Bonaccini, have asked for a new meeting for tomorrow, which, besides Boccia and Speranza, will also be attended by Azzolina and De Micheli, to address the issue with the interested parties.
The majority returns to meet in the evening to untie the political knots. What divides is precisely the distinction between essential and non-essential activities, on which the government intends to focus. “The school and the production sector alone cannot be essential”, thundered the Renzians who insist on safeguarding the sacrifices made (also from an economic point of view) by restaurateurs, small businesses, owners of sports activities to adapt to the protocols. Palazzo Chigi preaches caution: the confrontation is underway and the only truthful restriction measures will be those contained in the Dpcm, which will not arrive before tomorrow. The advances, it is emphasized, “are to be considered leaks forward and hypotheses not corresponding to the truth”. Giuseppe Conte will speak tomorrow.
Already undermined for several months by the health crisis, the performing arts sector is one of the first victims of the government curfew. Despite the arrangements desired by professionals in the field, Prime Minister Jean Castex cut short all possibilities of exemption for spectators, declaring that the measure had to be respected by everyone, including culture.
We, the actors of the performing arts, are doing what we can to support the very restrictive demands of the government, and I have the feeling that there is no sign of return
«It’s a blow to the entire entertainment industry and to the cinema“, Alarms the actor and director Alexis Michalik, of which five plays are performed simultaneously in the capital. “There is nonsense in this refusal to listen to us and to negotiate. This refusal to understand that we, the actors of the spectacle, alive are doing what we can to comfort ourselves to the very restrictive demands of the government, and I have the feeling that there is no sign in return», He regrets, when Castex confirms the curfew for the world of culture.
“People are still at work, they will probably have a hard time coming at 6.30 pm”
The day after the announcement, live performance professionals adapted to the imposed schedule, moving most performances to 7 p.m. “Earlier than that it is very difficult, people are still at work, they will probably have a hard time coming at 6.30 p.m.», Explains the director. In addition to this precarious mode of operation, the curfew prevents theaters from providing two performances per evening.
Since the recovery, theaters have struggled to regain their pre-crisis dynamic. “Social distancing has brought the whole profession to the ground“And”it doesn’t really make sense“, Deplores the Molière of the 2020 staging.”A private show makes its receipts on the weekends during which it can fill its room. This helps to offset lower revenueThe rest of the week, he explains. A mode of operation weakened by the limited number of authorized spectators, “in the best case, we can fill 60 to 70% of the gauge“, And”the current atmosphereWhich does not encourage people to come to the theater.
“Since the reopening there is no cluster in the theaters”
Despite the financial aid put in place by the State to prevent the sinking of the sector, the psychological blow remains for the entire profession. Between postponed performances and the absence of new creations – impossible to amortize due to a lack of date – the public has less and less choice. “The show must manage to continue to live, people must come back to theaters. Since the reopening there is no cluster in theaters. The spectators who go there keep their masks and it’s going very well», Alerted Alexis Michalik.
The head of the delegation of the Democratic Party in the government Dario Franceschini made it known that he had asked the Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte for a summit to launch new restrictive measures for the coronavirus emergency. “I asked President Conte yesterday for a meeting as soon as he returned from Brussels to decide without delay new national measures to contain the infection, obviously in agreement with the Regions”, Franceschini said in a statement reported by Ansa.
“The Democratic Party asks for a summit to launch new restrictive measures”
The summit could be held as early as this evening, while Conte left the summit early to go to Jole Santelli’s funeral. Franceschini’s statement comes after the rumors reported by the Ansa news agency on the request by the Technical Scientific Committee for a tightening in emergency measures “before the weekend”. And the fact that it was publicly reported when the utmost secrecy is usually maintained on this type of issue suggests the division in the government between the so-called rigorists and the aperturists among whom Conte must mediate. The premier knows that if the first national lockdown has skyrocketed his popularity, a second one would be unsustainable for the country’s economy and would jeopardize his leadership this time around.
But in the government the sensitivities are different, and the exit of the Minister of Health Roberto Speranza a Che tempo che fa on private parties to be banned, then disavowed by the Dpcm, which only recommended the famous rule of six people, is the indicator of a division at all. internal executive. And just Speranza (Leu), he wrote the day before yesterday Daily fact, “together with the Minister of Cultural Heritage and Tourism, Dario Franceschini (Pd), represents the most intransigent wing in the government and is ready for tougher restrictions such as Macron’s curfew in France, perhaps as early as next week”.
Among the demos in government, the contagion curve is observed with growing concern and the chaos on school openings does not help to calm the climate. The president of Campania Vincenzo De Luca has ordered the closure of the institutes until 30 October. Meanwhile, the Minister of Economic Development Stefano Patuanelli has made it known that he does not think a stop to production activities is conceivable. While De Luca himself urged the government to act: “Half measures are no longer useful, the sooner we make strong decisions the better. If we delay we are approaching the moment in which we will be forced to make even more serious decisions but with water at the gluttony. It is responsible to make difficult decisions today without waiting any longer. ”
A new anti-Covid Dpcm arriving between Sunday and Monday: “Italy closes at 10pm”
Curfew and Distance Learning in secondary schools
Currently the two measures we are talking about are the curfew at 22 for all of Italy and distance learning in high schools, which after Campania should still be adopted in some provinces of Lombardy including Milan. On Facebook, the Minister of Education Lucia Azzolina today took sides against the decision: “100% distance learning, as requested by someone in recent days, would not help to protect the health of children, who would still go to satisfy the their legitimate desire to socialize in other places. Our duty, today more than ever, is instead to protect them. Our school managers and all the school staff have spent a whole summer with the meter in hand, working together with the Ministry, to school safety “. For Matteo Bassetti of the Genoa hospital, on the other hand, the curfew is a good idea.
And Franco Locatelli, president of the Higher Council of Health (Css) and member of the Technical-Scientific Committee (Cts) for the coronavirus emergency, today in an interview with Corriere della Sera returned to throw water on the fire: “I don’t think there are elements that can direct us to foresee a next, new lockdown, nor a lockdown to be achieved in such a defined, but still relatively distant time, such as the Christmas holidays “.
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Then there is the economy side: the lockdown at Christmas is a 4.1 billion nightmare for tourism only due to the missed expenses of the more than 10 million Italians who went on holiday last year during the holidays: this emerges from a Coldiretti / Ixé analysis in reference to the alarm launched by Crisanti on the development of the pandemic in Italy in the coming months. A severe blow to the economic system already severely tried by a summer which – underlines Coldiretti – left a 23 billion hole in the national tourist accounts due to the decline in Italian presences and the practically total absence of foreigners.
Will she succeed? In an interview with the Parisianpublished Thursday evening, the Minister of Culture Roselyne Bachelot pleads in any case for a relaxation of the curfew beyond 9 p.m. in favor of cinemas and theaters. The ticket would then serve as proof for spectators. «Since Wednesday evening I have been in direct contact with the various players in culture, theater, cinema and music. There is a very strong call coming from them for an easing ”, says the minister, who presents himself as “The mediator between the world of culture and the government”.
As we tell in our pages, the National Federation of Cinemas (FNCF) denounces for example since Thursday the consequences “extremely serious ” on its activity of a curfew in Ile-de-France and in eight metropolises from Saturday, to stem the Covid-19 epidemic. Hence the idea put forward to make the entry ticket a proof to return home after a cinema screening or a dance performance. «People take 30 minutes or even an hour to return, the time it takes, it is their ticket that would serve as proof ”, agrees Roselyne Bachelot, assuring that the government will “Examine this request, subject of course to changes in the health situation”. (AFP photo)
She shares her “feeling of despair”, said the French Minister of Culture Roselyne Bachelot on Thursday. The curfews that apply from the weekend onwards have had a shocking effect among cultural workers and employees in the catering industry. In the entire capital region and in Grenoble, Lille, Lyon, Aix-en-Provence, Marseille, Montpellier, Rouen, Saint-Etienne and Toulouse, public life is paralyzed in the evening due to the very high number of corona infections.
As President Emmanuel Macron announced on television Wednesday evening, around 20 million city dwellers are no longer allowed to leave their homes between 9 p.m. and 6 a.m. without a valid reason. There are exceptions in the event of medical emergencies, urgent travel by train or plane, and for employees on night or early shifts. Dog owners are also allowed to go for a walk with their animal in the evening, but must fill out a pass, as Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin explained.
Violations of the corona-related restrictions are punished with a fine of 135 euros. 12,000 police officers and gendarmes are mobilized for surveillance. The restrictions will initially apply for four weeks, but the government is already planning an extension until early December. Prime Minister Jean Castex announced that weddings, family celebrations and student parties will be banned across the country from now on. The health emergency that allows these restrictions will come into force again on Friday.
The house of the former prime minister is searched
The head of the state health authority, Jerome Salomon, wanted to explain the measures on television on Thursday. But he had to cancel his interview at the last minute because police officers searched his home for incriminating documents. Criminal officials were also looking for evidence of negligence in the outbreak of the Corona crisis in Health Minister Olivier Véran, his predecessor Agnès Buzyn, former Prime Minister Edouard Philippe and former government spokeswoman Sibeth Ndaye.
The house searches were ordered by the special court “Cour de la justice de la République” (CJR). Those affected by the pandemic had reported 90 times against the politically responsible, nine reports were accepted. The CJR is supposed to be abolished, but it remains the only instance before which members of the government and high officials have to answer for failures in their duties. The house searches testify to the climate of distrust that the government has faced since the beginning of the pandemic and which has been intensified by communication breakdowns.
“I need each of you”
Macron repeatedly appealed to the French for their sense of responsibility during his television appearance. “I need each of you,” he said. “We are learning to be a nation again,” he said. Solidarity demands that everyone reduce their social contacts to a minimum. In future, the rule should apply that a maximum of six people can come together even in private circles. In restaurants, the regulation already applies not to have more than six guests at one table.
France reported 22,591 newly infected people on Wednesday evening. The President emphasized that the hospitals were not able to cope with the resulting number of severe cases. “Our goal is to slow down the virus. From around 20,000 new cases per day, we have to get 3000 to 5000 cases per day, ”said Macron. He is aware that he is demanding a lot from the French in the big cities. You’d have to give up seeing friends and family and going out. The aim is to maintain economic life and not have to close kindergartens, schools and universities. “Parties, birthday parties, sociable moments and celebrations with 50 or 60 people” are prohibited from now on because they are vectors of virus spread.
Alsace fears border closure
On September 11th, the President had sounded very different. After a defense council in the Elysée Palace, he announced that he had rejected the restaurant closings at hotspots demanded by the scientific advisory board. “We’re not going to punish all French people because we’re not good at the test campaign,” he said at the time.
Macron has now exchanged his motto “Live with the virus” for warnings about the danger of Covid-19 diseases. “The virus is dangerous and serious for everyone,” he warned. Unlike before the nationwide lockdown in March, all parts of the country are affected and there is therefore no alternative capacity in the hospitals. In the Grand Est region, too, the number of infections rose from 50 to 100,000 inhabitants in the past week.
The concern that the Robert Koch Institute would classify the region as a risk area on Friday and close the border again moved many residents in Alsace and Lorraine on Thursday. Foreign Minister Heiko Maas assured during a visit to Paris that “we do not want to repeat the mistakes made again”.
The already controversial accommodation ban was overturned by court in two federal states. Will curfew soon threaten the same fate? In an interview with WELT, constitutional lawyer Prof. Volker Boehme-Neßler explains the legal situation. .