A guerrilla from the FARC dissidents is convicted of killing two social leaders

The Second Criminal Court of Florencia, in the department of Caquetá, has condemned a 20 years in prison Verónica Campos Pabón, alias ‘Andrea’, a member of one of the dissidents of the extinct Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), for the murder of two social leaders, as well as the forced displacement of a woman and a child in October 2019.

The conviction was for two crimes of aggravated homicide in a homogeneous competition that occurred in La Espensa de Cartagena de Chairá, in the department of Caquetá, in southern Colombia.

The assassinated leaders were Gustavo Montoya Rodríguez and Ronald Rodríguez Zuluaga, who were allegedly targeted by the Residual Organized Armed Group (Gaor) 62 of the disappeared FARC.

In addition, she has also been convicted of aggravated forced displacement, aggravated conspiracy, and manufacture, trafficking, or aggravated possession of firearms, accessories, parts or ammunition.

According to the 2019 report of the Information System on Aggressions against Human Rights Defenders in Colombia (SIADDHH), collected by the newspaper ‘El Espectador’, Montoya Rodríguez was vice president of the community action board of the La Espensa village, where he was murdered.

For his part, Rodríguez Zuluaga was a member of the Coexistence and Conciliation Committee, also from the same village.

According to the information compiled by the Prosecutor’s Office, ‘Andrea’, 26, was in charge of monitoring the urban area of ​​Doncello and other municipalities of Caquetá so that the dissidents of the former FARC guerrilla “carried out terrorist actions against the population and the Public Force “.

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The condemned woman was captured last September 2020, and since then she has remained in prison, although there are five other arrest warrants for this case, three of them against the leaders of the dissidents, including Miguel Botache Santillana, alias’ Gentil Duarte ‘.

According to figures from the Institute for Development and Peace Studies (Indepaz), a total of 309 social leaders were murdered in Colombia in 2020, in addition to 12 family members or people related to them and 64 former FARC combatants.


Jackson Martínez: very hard account of his retirement and details of the injury

The first week was difficult. Watching football for me was very hard and I made the decision to watch less football to assimilate everything … I have no doubt that being in optimal conditions I would be better, when I was injured it was when I was feeling better at Atlético de Madrid and from there it was all the relapse. If something could change, it is perhaps the subject of the operation, but things happened like this; however, everything that happened in my career was a struggle of victories, defeats and learning ”, stressed the former footballer in RCN.

Of interest: Betplay League teams could acquire vaccines, explained Dimayor’s president

On his personal drama with the injury, beyond sports, Jackson mentioned: “It’s something that people don’t see, but it was hard for me after being in surgery and trying to come back for two years (because I did everything in my power)… Later I had the option to go to other teams and at that moment I needed to be in a team where I could push myself, not that it was so easy to play because I wanted to stay active and after two years it went very well with Portimonense to get out of the descent; I could play without injecting myself and in the games I managed the pain, but there was a game where I felt that my ankle was being inflated and it was something impressive because I did not measure myself with anesthesia and I had to take medication to be able to sleep ”.

He also explained his frustrated return to Independiente Medellín: “When the tournament ended in Portugal, the talks started; I gave a statement that I would like to finish my degree in Medellín. It did not happen for different reasons and I made the decision seeing that I was no longer going to be able to play in the DIM, I took four months to do specific jobs without much impact to see if after that time I could play in better conditions without so much suffering . Then I trained again and I felt fine, but the pain returned and as I knew my body I made the decision to retire ”.

And he closed talking about his future, confessing that he wants to continue linked to the activity of football: “Today I am taking some time to think about what to do, because I really like sports training to work with children and in February I will start doing some courses while in the middle of the year there is a more focused preparation and I will continue releasing music while God gives me the opportunity to continue writing ”.


Protection denied (daily newspaper Junge Welt)

Left parties, trade unions, indigenous activists protest in Bogotá against the right-wing government of Iván Duque (21.10.2020)

After 2020 in Colombia was marked by extreme political violence, it doesn’t look like anything will change at the moment. On Thursday evening (local time) Victoria Sandino, member of the Senate for the left-wing FARC party, announced that another of its members had been murdered: 39-year-old Cristian Ramírez in the city of Cali.

According to research by the Latin American news broadcaster, between December 23 and January 3 alone were in the South American country Telesur Nine social activists and four former fighters from the left guerrilla organization FARC-EP, which signed a peace agreement with the state in 2016, were murdered. Then there is the non-governmental organization Indepaz according to the murder of two educators active in the Fecode teachers union, Diego Betancourt and Gerardo León, and the kidnapping of a third, José Zapata, between January 1st and 5th.

The trade union SUTEC, which also organizes employees from the education sector and of which Zapata is a member, issued a statement condemning his kidnapping. It also shed light on the circumstances of the crime: the educator and trade unionist had been kidnapped by several heavily armed men dressed in the uniforms of the Colombian armed forces.

During the past year, according to Indepaz, a total of 310 social activists were murdered, mainly trade unionists, farmers and members of indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities. The non-governmental organization also recorded 64 former FARC fighters killed and 91 massacres. Police violence and systematic persecution of activists led to numerous major protests across the country in 2020. The Colombian state usually reacted with further repression.

At the beginning of September, after police officers brutally murdered lawyer Javier Ordóñez during an operation, the situation came to a head. Twelve young people were killed in demonstrations in the capital, Bogotá. The Colombian Supreme Court then ordered the government to take measures to guarantee the right of the people to protest peacefully. In addition, the “systematic, violent, arbitrary and disproportionate action by the police in demonstrations and protests” and the criminalization of people who peacefully protest against the government must be put to an end, according to the court ruling.

On Tuesday the government passed a related law, “Decree Number 003”. It should be a “statute for the reaction, application and review of the legitimate state authority as well as for the protection of the citizens’ right to peaceful protest.” The 38-page law, signed by Interior Minister Alicia Arango and Defense Minister Carlos Trujillo, has been in force since then.

However, it could not convince. The Fecode teachers’ union mentioned earlier, which had played an important role during the 2020 protests, wrote on the short message service Twitter that the decree even further restricted the freedom of the population to peacefully demand respect for their rights. The news portal Colombiainforma.info in an analysis expressed the fear that the statute would mean that in future police officers themselves – and they alone – will decide who protests in a “peaceful manner” and who does not.


Colombia borders Bogotá – The New Spain

A healthcare worker collecting coronavirus samples.

A healthcare worker collecting coronavirus samples.

The authorities of the capital of Colombia have declared a red alert for Bogotá and have announced this Thursday a new battery of measures to stop the increase in daily infections that the city is experiencing. including the total quarantine Until now only three towns had it.

Faced with the high occupancy figures for intensive care units, the new restrictions seek to avoid the collapse of medical services of the city of eight million inhabitants, since it has registered more than 85 percent occupation for two consecutive days.

“It is hard to start the year by taking these measures, but it depends on everyone that we pass this second peak quickly. We face possible phenomena such as the new strain and that is why we must take all measures to protect ourselves,” the mayor of Bogotá warned. Claudia López, according to ‘El Tiempo’.

The closure applies from midnight this Thursday until next Tuesday, January 12 in the morning, which coincides with the celebration of a holiday bridge in the country.

Four days in a row with restricted mobility. Friday, Saturday, Sunday and Monday. The entire population of Bogotá must stay at home and not go out, “López detailed.

In addition, from January 12 to January 17 there will be a curfew in the capital between 8:00 p.m. and 4:00 a.m.

For its part, the Colombian Ministry of Health has confirmed this Thursday another 17,576 cases, with which the total number of infected rises to 1,737,347. The authorities have also lamented the death of 344 patients in the last 24 hours compared to 10,707 hospital discharges issued in the same period of time.

Thus, Colombia already adds 45,067 fatalities from the disease and 1,580,285 recovered people, while 107,361 are still active.


International travelers: requirements for entry and exit to Colombia 2021 – Government – Policy

Through resolution 532 of December 31, 2020, the Ministry of Health announced that PCR tests with negative results will be required again for all international travelers.

(Can read: This is the new rate of the Colombian passport in 2021)

What is needed to enter Colombia?

You must have the PCR test with a negative result issued no more than 96 hours before the flight, whether Colombian or foreign. In addition, before boarding you must report your health status in the Check-Mig application. (You can click here to fill out the form)

Since when should the PCR test be presented?

Resolution 0002 of 2021 grants a deadline, setting the taking of the PCR test in Colombia as of January 12, 2021.

(Read also: The countries that provide facilities for Colombians to go live)

Should children be tested?

Yes. All travelers, without distinction, must take the test, from zero years.

What if you have any symptoms of coronavirus?

People with respiratory symptoms or fever will not be able to board the plane.

What do I do if I can’t get a PCR test?

According to resolution 002, the boarding of travelers who in the country of origin do not present the negative result of the PCR test must be allowed, only when they state that they had difficulties to take it or to obtain the result in the term stipulated for the flight. In these cases, the traveler is informed that once they enter the country they must perform the PCR test and keep preventive isolation for fourteen days. Isolation may end sooner if the result of the PCR test is negative. It may also be extended by epidemiological criteria.

Travelers must verbally state that they had difficulties to take the test or to obtain the result in the term required prior to the flight; For these purposes, the verbal manifestation of the passenger will be sufficient, which will be understood to be made under oath.

The value of the PCR test and the costs derived from preventive isolation will be the responsibility of the traveler. The Secretary of Health of the place of disembarkation and / or destination will be in charge of verifying that the traveler keeps preventive isolation.

Will you follow up on those who enter the country?

Yes. The monitoring will be in charge of the municipal or district health secretariats, as well as the EPS, and Migración Colombia will continue to send the list of travelers who enter daily to these agencies.

You must report to your EAPB or to the municipal or district Health Secretariat of your place of stay or residence and to the airline if during the 14 days after your trip you present symptoms associated with covid-19 and follow the measures that are indicated.

What is required to leave Colombia?

You must fill out the Check-Mig application form. You must also meet the requirements established by the country of destination.

(In context: Map: the countries to which Colombians can travel without restriction)

Should children wear masks during the flight?

Yes, the use of a face mask is mandatory for all people from two years of age, both at the airport facilities and on the aircraft throughout the journey. This should cover the nose to the chin and should be avoided removing it.

Twitter: @PoliticaET

If you have any other questions about this topic, write to us at luimer@eltiempo.com


In Colombia, salsa is no longer at the party

No more rhinestones and sequins. These essential accessories for salsa costumes have become far too expensive with the pandemic. In her sewing workshop, Normani Sossa, stylist, is racking her brains to save money. She works on a dancer’s leotard where she replaces them with varnished skai diamonds. « With the lights and the movements, from afar, the effect is almost the same ”, she persuades herself.

→ READ. Coronavirus: in Colombia, the red rags of anger and hunger

The stylist is depressed. Usually so vibrant and exuberant, like her colorful salsa costume designs known throughout Cali for 15 years, has ” lost everything “. First her husband, who died of Covid-19 in June 2020. Then his income: nearly 90% of his turnover. Her sewing table emptied of the hundreds of costumes she imagined each year. His six sewing machines fell silent. “More shows, more salsa, more money and in the shadows, we little hands, we suffer like the whole sector”. She survives by creating wedding or gala dresses for private clients.

Normani Sossa notably made the costumes for the Delirio Show, the biggest monthly salsa show in Colombia. In one evening, 690 people worked for this exceptional entertainment, including 250 dancers and musicians for 1,600 spectators. During the last three months of confinement from June to August, they offered virtual shows reducing the team to 60 dancers. Since September, they only organize private shows. Employees grit their teeth. “We have lost over 80% of income. The Delirio survives thanks to the help of our patrons: a bank and alcohol brands ”, admits Andrea Estrada Gutiérrez, 34, marketing director.

Odd jobs to survive

While waiting to come back on stage, the dancers practice and the musicians rehearse. Most have found odd jobs alongside their passion. In the Olimpo recording studio, the salseros (salsa dancers) from the group Mantecablue the Latin Corner are happy to meet again for the second time in nine months! All the musicians say they have lost almost 70% of their income. “ We had to reinvent ourselves, smiles Jhon Di Pinto, 42, the singer of the group, i sell accessories for pets. “

Most of these artists work as teachers, they were able to continue their courses online. “It was also a period of creation, it gave us time to concentrate on our music. I was able to study other sounds ”, underlines Denilson Ibarguen, 54, a renowned percussionist who accompanies Yuri Buenaventura on his tours.

Alí “Tarry” Garcés, one of the founders of the emblematic Colombian salsa group Grupo Niche, nevertheless denounces the lack of state aid. The saxophonist is also the leader of Cali’s association of salsa musicians, Musa. “During the confinement, we were able to collect 4,000 food kits that we gave to 1,300 musicians. But I think that half will stop the music and retrain ”, he laments.

In Cali, the party is over

The neighborhoods of San Antonio or Granada are sadly empty. The tourists who came for the festive atmosphere of Cali have deserted. The walls of Zaperoco, popular salsoteca (salsa disco), still vibrate to the sounds of salseros, but everyone must dance in a predefined square in front of their table and with the same person. “Only 30% of our clientele can enter, around 90 people. It’s a shortfall but we have the financial support of a big brand of alcohol, that’s how the majority of discos have been able to survive », Summarizes David Levi, 29, the administrator.

What future for salsa?

But it is above all the future of salsa in Cali that worries professionals in the sector. At the Arrebeto Caleño dance school, 95% of the students were foreigners. “We will be closing our doors soon. The burdens are too heavy to bear, we are pessimistic about the future with ever more debts and no return of foreign students for months ”, sighs Nhora Aleja Tovar, the director.

Isabel Valencia has already closed the doors of Music Street, her music school specializing in salsa. “Thousands of young people from working-class neighborhoods hoped to get by with salsa. They train for several hours a day to become professionals and tour the world. Today it is a whole part of the youth which finds itself on the floor ”, she saddens.


Salsa in Cali

Salsa comes from the Spanish word sauce. This rhythmic Afro-Cuban music, associated with a sensual and spectacular dance, has spread throughout Latin America, among Latin American communities abroad, then throughout the world.

The music is played with a rhythm section, whose bass gives the tumbao and the piano montuno, numerous percussions – congas, bongos, timpani, vibraphones -, brass instruments and is accompanied by singers and choristers.

The city of Cali, before the pandemic brought together 127 salsa academies and employed 3,263 dancers, 319 choreographers, 257 instructors, 6,506 students. 91 orchestras performed in 97 salsotecas (specialized discotheques). In 2020, the 63e Feria de Cali had a budget of 2.7 million euros.


WhatsApp: what happens if you don’t accept the new 2021 policies | Smartphone | Cell phones | Applications | Apps | Trick | Tutorial | Viral | United States | Spain | Mexico | NNDA | NNNI | SPORTS-PLAY

Have you received the notification of the changes of conditions of WhatsApp? More than one was left with the question of what could be read there. In that window appeared the new policies and conditions to use the application. What does it mean? What happens if I don’t authorize it? What is it about? Will my information be stolen? Will my camera activate? This is all you know about the new game rules of the app.

The message has been spreading on mobile devices with the latest version of WhatsApp. It reads that a series of changes will be carried out within your smartphone and that you should look carefully before accepting the new app terms.

LOOK: WhatsApp and the new functions that will arrive in the app in 2021

As reported WABeta Info a few days ago, these new rules of the fast messaging app will not only make many end up accepting without reading, but, in case of the obvious, something will happen to your mobile device.

LOOK | WhatsApp: what is Signal and why is it presented as its competition in the face of the new 2021 policies

It is in this way that you should be warned in case you do not want to accept the new security and privacy policies of WhatsApp in full 2021.


Do we accept them or not? As we know, WhatsApp is in constant change and it is expected that they will improve their platform much more, including calls and video calls on WhatsApp Web. However, the first change for this 2021 lies in its security and privacy policies in relation to Facebook. What do they say?

  • Information easier to understand. WhatsApp notes that its new “Terms of Service and Privacy Policy” are easier to understand and reflect features such as WhatsApp Calls, WhatsApp Web, and WhatsApp Desktop.
  • We joined Facebook in 2014: In this point WhatsApp notes that it is part of the Facebook family. “Our Privacy Policy explains how we work together to give you a better experience; for example, by combating unsolicited messages between applications, making product suggestions, and showing you relevant offers and advertisements on Facebook. Nothing you share in WhatsApp it will be shared on Facebook, or the Facebook family of applications, for others to see. In the same way, what you post in those Applications It will not be shared on WhatsApp for others to see, ”he explains.
These are the new WhatsApp policies that have reached the whole world.  (Photo: WhatsApp)
These are the new WhatsApp policies that have reached the whole world. (Photo: WhatsApp)
  • Your messages belong to you and we cannot read them: Another thing that caused concern. The app indicates that it has developed features to protect your privacy and security, such as end-to-end encryption. “We do not store your messages once they are delivered. When messages are end-to-end encrypted; neither we nor third parties can read them ”.
  • Zero third-party banner ads. It will not allow advertising by third parties in WhatsApp.
  • Your options. If you are a current user, the company indicates that the option to choose that the information of your WhatsApp account is not shared with Facebook to improve your experience with advertising and products on Facebook. Users who accept our updated Terms and Privacy Policy will have an additional 30 days to make this decision by going to Settings and Account.

In case you do not accept the security policies until a deadline, WhatsApp will ask you to delete your account in order for you to stop using its service for not agreeing with the conditions. So if you decide to change your mind, you can go to Settings and set up your conversations again.

On the other hand, if you accepted the new 2021 policies, but want to withdraw, you only have one option to do so: delete your account. It may be radical, but it is the only method. Even if you don’t want to use the app together with Facebook, there is also a method.

But not only that, you also have the option to delete your Facebook number before it syncs with WhatsApp. You just have to configure that step from the social network.

Currently WhatsApp is waiting for it to be updated in order to improve its performance on the mobile device. Do you want to be beta? The first to receive this type of news will be the subscribed users. At the moment the vacancies are closed, but it is expected that more places will open this year.

This simple trick can be done from the Google Play store, at the bottom, or from the iPhone test tests. Best of all, this service is free.


Dollar today | Price of the dollar today in Colombia January 6, 2020 | TRM | Finance | Economy

The dollar in Colombia returned this Wednesday to the downward trend that has predominated in its price and cut the gains of the previous day when it gained 28 pesos.

The currency closed today at a average price of $ 3,428, which means a drop of 22 pesos compared to the TRM of the day, which was $ 3,450.

The closing price was $ 3,418, which means the return to the losses of the US currency.


The Colombian Government buys nine million Johnson & Johnson vaccines

The Colombian government reported this Wednesday that it closed an agreement with the pharmaceutical company Janssen to acquire nine million of vaccines against covid-19, a pandemic that leaves 1,626,461 infections in the country and 42,909 deaths, according to EFE.

“Today the agreement with the pharmaceutical company Janssen, a Johnson & Johnson subsidiary, for the acquisition of nine million vaccines for nine million citizens,” said the Colombian president, Iván Duque, in his television program “Prevention and Action “, in which he informs the country on matters related to the coronavirus.

The head of state explained that “unlike other vaccines, the Janssen vaccine has single dose“And with the purchases previously announced, the vaccination of 29 million people is guaranteed, of the almost 50 million inhabitants of the country.

According to Duque, in the coming days his government will reach other agreements to buy more vaccines.

“This agreement (with Janssen) also allows us to reach about 29 million Colombians. And we will also, in the coming days, close agreements to reach everything that allows us to tell 35 million Colombians who will be vaccinated that we will be there “Duque added.

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On December 18, Duque reported that Colombia had closed deals to acquire 10 million doses of vaccines from Pfizer and 10 million from AstraZeneca. He added that the Government had also closed an agreement through the Covax platform to acquire 20 million doses. In this way, Colombia reaches 49 million insured vaccines for the National Vaccination Plan against the coronavirus that will begin next February.

According to the Minister of Health, Fernando Ruiz, there are 34,234,649 eligible individuals to receive the vaccine, who are non-pregnant people over 16 years of age. In the first stage, people over 80 years of age and health personnel who are in the first line of care for patients with covid-19 will be vaccinated. In the second are adults between 60 and 79 years old and second and third line health workers, while in the third are people between 16 and 59 years old with comorbidities, as well as teachers of basic and secondary education. In the fourth stage, institutional caregivers and the population in occupations and risk situations will be vaccinated, while in the last phase it will be people between 16 and 59 years of age free of comorbidities.


Reinaldo Rueda disassociates himself from the Chilean National Team

The Colombian coach Reinaldo Rueda reached an agreement with the National Association of Professional Soccer of Chile (ANFP) to leave the position as coach of La Roja and take command of his country’s team, as confirmed by local media on Thursday.

To finalize his departure, Rueda must pay compensation of approximately 500 thousand dollars to the Chilean federation, less than a quarter of what was originally stipulated in the termination clause of his employment contract, where the figure amounted to over two million of the US currency.

The president of the ANFP, Pablo Milad |He commented to the local press that “the situations with the corresponding agents, with the corresponding lawyers, have already been established and a couple of details have yet to be settled.

Under the orders of the Colombian coach, who came to head the Chilean selection process in January 2018, La Roja played a total of 27 games, of which they won nine, drew eight and fell 10 times.

Of the total commitments played, only 10 were official, accumulating three victories, two draws and five defeats for points in both continental tournaments and in the World Cup qualifying rounds. Qatar 2022, results that brought harsh criticism from the Chilean fans.

Wheel became an option to lead the Colombian National Team after the defeats by thrashing against Uruguay by 0-3 and Ecuador by 6-1 in the South American qualifiers, which precipitated the departure of the Portuguese Carlos Queiroz as your selector.

When in doubt about who will come to the Chilean bench to replace the Colombian coach, Milad pointed out that it will be the job of the new national sports director of the federation, Francis Cagigao, to lead the process.

Cagigao arrives in Santiago next Monday and, according to local media, already manages a shortlist that will be evaluated in the coming days.