Netflix and “Napoleon”, the fiancés of the Empire

This post comes from the daily newsletter of the Culture department of Release, sent free of charge every evening.

Breaking news : “Paris, January 14, 2021 – Netflix confirms its commitment in France by becoming a patron of the French Cinémathèque.” While cinemas are not about to reopen and we are starting to lose even the memory of the physical sensation of theatrical projection, the American platform continues to extend its cultural base, after having trumpeted the success from the Serie Lupin internationally with Omar Sy in the lead role of an updated version of Maurice Leblanc’s famous “gentleman burglar”, announced in particular as number 1 in the United States without being able to really accredit his figures. Today, a new twist, this partnership with the venerable institution to provide financial support for a project to restore the Napoleon by Abel Gance, with Albert Dieudonné and Antonin Artaud, screened for the first time in 1927. Subsequently reassembled many times, sea serpent and / or heritage white whale whose revelation is regularly announced in the eyes of the astonished public, project n ‘did not arrive safely since in 2014, Francis Ford Coppola, holder of world rights (excluding France) assured that in two years, the fresco of nearly seven hours retracing the imperial turpitudes of Bonaparte, from Brienne to the countryside of Italy, could emerge from a rejuvenation.

Coppola had organized a screening in the United States on music by his father, Carmine Coppola, in 1981, of a “short” version of four hours: “It was delirious, during the applause we called Abel Gance and held up the phone so he could hear what was going on. ” The filmmaker was to die soon after, at the age of 92. Two million euros were still lacking to complete the work supervised since 2008 by director and researcher Georges Mourier, and if Netflix does not communicate the extent of its contribution, it is substantial enough to deserve this temporary wedding invitation (a two-year partnership).

Read alsoCinema grows in its web

Napoleon is now announced for the end of 2021. To date, there is no deal on the screening of the film on the platform. This is obviously one of the new paradoxes (or cynicism?) Of the American giant – whose thunderous line-up for the new year consists of no less than 70 original feature films not at all promised to the smallest theater, if at all. ‘they open in vaccinodrome and popcorn mode – only to promote the resurrection of this historic blockbuster thought by Gance as a total spectacle on three giant screens! It should also be noted that Netflix, which opened its Paris offices in January 2020 in the IXe district, is developing a low noise policy of partnerships, in the form of study grants, educational interventions, purchases of equipment or exchanges of various expertise with, in particular, Femis, Kourtrajmé, the school of image of the Gobelins or the Sorbonne. The platform thus intends gradually but very clearly to become a major private player in the global ecosystem of French cinema. An ideal of conquest by trying to avoid the Sainte-Hélène hut.

Didier Peron


a presidential campaign under the sign of state violence

Yoweri Museveni, 76, is virtually certain of winning the Ugandan presidential election this Thursday, January 14. Since 1986, he has ruled this country without interruption, not hesitating to use violence to subdue his population and neutralize his opposition. In the last general election in 2016, he was re-elected in the first round with 60.75%. “We are certain of victory”, he already declared at the beginning of the year. On Tuesday, he suspended access to social networks and messaging services: Ugandans no longer have the use of Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Signal and Viber. Once again, the presidential campaign was marked by violence against the opposition, primarily against ragga singer Bobi Wine, 38.

→ READ. Ugandan President Yoweri Musevini appears with Pope Francis for his election campaign

A campaign under the banner of state violence

Nothing has been spared him: multiple arrests, dispersal of his political meetings, flashballs, live ammunition, torture of activists in prison. The peak was reached on November 18, 2020: the police opened fire on his supporters who were protesting in the street against a new arrest of their candidate, killing 54 people.

→ INFOGRAPHICS. In Uganda, “presidency for life” for Yoweri Museveni

The other nine candidates were also targeted by the government. Patrick Amuriat, of the Forum for Democratic Change (FDC), systematically addressed his barefoot supporters to recall the aggression he was the victim of on the day of his candidacy. In the name of the fight against Covid-19, all large gatherings of these candidates have been deleted. A rule never applied to meetings of the presidential party, the National Resistance Movement (NRM).

Elections in Uganda: indestructible Museveni

Bobi Wine, the rising star of Ugandan politics

If Bobi Wine has been so targeted by the police, it is because he is not an ordinary candidate for Yoweri Museveni. Known around the world, he embodies the expected change in this country ruled by an iron fist for thirty-five years. Especially among young people, in a country where population growth is one of the highest in the world (3.3% per year).

Bobi Wine has another potentially handicapping asset for Museveni: he is a Muganda (16% of the population), from the kingdom of Bouganda, now an administrative province, who gave his name to Uganda and who occupied a central place in the life of the country.

Yoweri Museveni less essential

This rise of the famous singer also comes at a time when Yoweri Musweni is no longer so indisputable for his main supporters, starting with Washington. Considered one of the prominent figures for Africa in the 1990s by the Clinton administration, this is no longer the case today because of its authoritarian drift and the new geopolitical situation in the region. .

The Tilenga project in Uganda, the excess of the “old world”

So even Assistant US Secretary of State for Africa Tibor Nagy said to himself on Tuesday “Concerned about reports that the Ugandan government has ordered internet providers to block social media and messaging”. And Antonio Guterres, the UN Secretary General, urged “Ugandan authorities, particularly the security forces, to act in accordance with international human rights standards”.


Trump’s wallet died in the USA, billionaire Sheldon Adelson :: Society :: RBC

According to Fox News, during the 2020 election campaign, Adelson spent $ 430 million on supporting Republicans.

Sheldon Adelson

(Photo: Patrick Semansky / AP)

The founder of Las Vegas Sands, which owns casinos in Las Vegas and Macau, Sheldon Adelson, died in the United States at the age of 87. The Las Vegas Sands report notes that complications associated with the treatment of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma were the cause of Adelson’s death.

The deceased’s widow, Miriam Adelson, confirmed that he died due to “complications of a long illness.”

The Las Vegas Review Journal notes that Adelson has been suffering from cancer since 2019 and has taken sick leave from January 7, 2021 for new medical procedures.

The Las Vegas Sands report emphasizes that Adelson will be buried in Israel, in the homeland of his widow.

Trump’s wallet: how Sheldon Adelson became the main rich man in Las Vegas

Billionaire Sheldon Adelson



Presidential campaign kicks off adapted to pandemic

This weekend is forbidden to circulate between all the municipalities of mainland Portugal (from 11 pm on 8 January and 5 am on 11 January) and the duty of home collection in 253 municipalities came into effect at 1 pm.

Although party political activity is not covered by the restrictions of the state of emergency, some candidates have chosen to adapt the campaigns, reducing street contacts or limiting hours.

A candidacy of Ana Gomes had initiatives in the district of Setúbal in the morning but decided to cancel in the face of the “worsening of the health situation” and announced that all actions on the ground planned by the end of the campaign “will be dependent on the new measures” that are due to be announced next Wednesday .

The BE-supported candidate, Marisa Matias, announced that he will be at the Ceramics Museum, in Sacavém, Loures, for a meeting with former workers at the Triumph factory, in the morning. In the afternoon, at 5 pm, he participates in a rally but in a virtual format. This rally has a “reduced physical component” and will be broadcast on social media from Cinema S. Jorge, in Lisbon.

A candidacy of João Ferreira, a candidate supported by the PCP and “Os Verdes”, also changed the agenda after the weekend restrictions were known, choosing to anticipate to 11 am, in the Coliseu do Porto, a rally that will be attended by the secretary general of the PCP, Jerónimo de Sousa, and that will be the only initiative of the day.

Also in the morning, the candidate Vitorino Silva the “national tour” begins at 10:30 am, with a campaign action near the Peniche Fort, in Prainha de São Pedro where, he said, he picked up the stones he showed André Ventura in a televised debate, to symbolize the diversity of people and colors policies involved in April 25, 1974 that allowed him to now be “debating with those who think differently”.

For your side, André Ventura, who is also president of Chega, kicks off the campaign in the district of Beja, with an afternoon gathering at the Cineteatro Municipal de Serpa, followed by a rally, starting at 5 pm, and has no further actions on this day.

The President of the Republic, and candidate, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, said he has no campaign actions planned until the 18th, as he is under surveillance after having had contact with an element of his Civil House infected with the new coronavirus.

The candidate supported by the Liberal Initiative, Tiago Mayan Gonçalves, there are no campaign actions planned for today.

Presidential elections are scheduled for January 24 and this is the 10th time that the Portuguese have been called to choose the President of the Republic in democracy, since 1976.

Seven candidates are running for election, Marisa Matias (supported by the Left Block), Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (PSD and CDS / PP) Tiago Mayan Gonçalves (Liberal Initiative), André Ventura (Arrives), Vitorino Silva, better known as Tino de Rans , João Ferreira (PCP and PEV) and PS activist Ana Gomes (PAN and Livre).

c / The day after tomorrow


India braces for giant vaccination campaign

The announcement did not drag on. ” The world’s largest Covid-19 vaccination campaign is about to start in India Prime Minister Narendra Modi welcomed Monday, January 4, just one day after the accelerated validation of two vaccines by health authorities. The task is indeed colossal. In the coming months, hundreds of millions of doses of serum will be administered in this country with uneven infrastructure, which has the second highest number of cases in the world.

→ READ. India to launch massive vaccination campaign

Among the two approved vaccines, which each require two inoculations, we find the British AstraZeneca – made in India under the name Covishield – and the Indian Covaxin, produced by research of the company Bharat Biotech. The latter’s authorization ” for emergency use Even before the end of its third phase of testing, however, it earned criticism from experts in public health. The Minister of Health, Harsh Vardhan, specified that the people receiving this vaccine will be the subject of a specific follow-up, without dispelling all the concerns.

100,000 health workers trained in immunization

The first stage of the campaign provides for the vaccination of 10 million workers in the medical sector, as well as 20 million of those most at risk, the health minister said. In a second phase, people over 50 years old, and those with vulnerabilities, or about 270 million people, whose vaccination should be completed in July will follow.

« The biggest challenge of this campaign will be to mobilize the beneficiaries on the agreed days, and carry out the vaccination sessions while respecting the protocol against the spread of the virus. », Told the Times of India Dr VK Paul, chairman of a national expert group on vaccine administration.

To do this, the authorities say they are counting on their logistical know-how acquired by the organization of the biggest elections in the world. National exercises have already been organized to train nearly 100,000 health personnel in the inoculation of new vaccines. A digital platform has also been developed to monitor the progress of the process.

A nine to twelve month campaign

The powerful Indian pharmaceutical industry should finally prevent the country from experiencing supply shortages. The world’s leading vaccine producer, the Serum Institute of India, which produces Covishield, announced through CEO Adar Poonawalla that between 40 and 50 million doses had already been produced and stored – enough to ensure an imminent launch . An additional 300 million doses are expected to be manufactured by July 2021.

Dr VK Paul has also hinted that India may acquire other vaccines, as they are developed and validated, in the coming months. The efforts are indeed in the long term. Indian authorities estimate that the vaccination campaign should last between nine and twelve months. According to Adar Poonawalla, we should not wait for a return to normal in India before October 2021.


This year’s sales campaign will generate up to 10% less employment

The January sales campaign will involve more than 167,000 hirings throughout Spain, but will lead to a year-on-year fall of between 5% and 10% over last year, depending on the sector. Adecco says the aftermath of the Christmas holidays and the third wave of contagion will negatively affect the campaign due to the instability and uncertainty of the economy.

Despite the fall of certain sectors such as hospitality and tourism, others such as e-commerce will continue to boost the economy in a campaign that will be a continuation of the trend experienced during the period of Black Friday and Christmas.

According to Adecco, e-commerce, mass consumption, food, distribution, logistics and transport will be the most benefited sectors and those that will continue to generate employment at this time. Thanks to e-commerce, in these dates will increase the need for staff for the distribution and preparation of online shipments, so the most sought after profiles will be: packers, mosos, order pickers and carters.

The physical trade will also demand profiles such as commercial promoters, shop assistants, cashiers and staff for perfumery, toys, cosmetics or electronics. They will look for mainly commercial and dependent with experience, according to Adecco. As for the regional distribution of the sales campaign, if we take into account the year-on-year decline in recruitment, all communities will experience a fall, as forecasts indicate that it will generate between 5% and 10% less employment than in 2020.

On the other hand, if we take into account the absolute number of planned contracts, once again Catalonia is at the forefront, being the autonomous community that will make the most contracts, close to 30,000. Behind it is the Community of Madrid, with almost 23,700 jobs, and Murcia, with more than 20,000, followed closely by Andalusia, with 19,500.

The Valencian Community will exceed 18,000 contracts (18,700) which will close the “top 5”. Between the five they agglutinate practically 60% of the employment that will generate in these two months. From this point on, hiring drops markedly in absolute numbers. Thus, in Castilla y León will generate nearly 9,300 jobs, followed by Galicia, with more than 9,000.


the massive screening campaign launched in Havre and Charleville-Mézières

The agglomerations of Le Havre and Charleville-Mézières are launching massive Covid-19 screening campaigns on Monday, a new attempt to curb the epidemic before the end of the year holidays and the deconfinement which will come into force on Tuesday.

→ READ. The success of antigenic tests does not hide their weaknesses

While the French will once again be able to circulate without a certificate throughout the country, the number of cases of contamination remains far from the objectives of the executive. At the end of October, President Emmanuel Macron wanted to descend “Term” to 5,000 contaminations per day. However, the daily average over the past week is 12,000.

Covid-19: the massive screening campaign launched in Le Havre and Charleville-Mézières

11,533 additional cases were recorded between Saturday and Sunday, according to Public Health France, which reports 150 deaths in the last 24 hours. To try to break the spread, the executive is betting on a new, more targeted strategy with these massive screenings.

Walk-in tests

“These operations are as much a means of limiting the spread of the virus in the communities concerned as a lever for experimenting with our” test-alert-protect “strategy, which you can see is evolving”, said Thursday the Minister of Health, Olivier Véran, who was to go Monday morning to Le Havre to launch the operation.

In the Norman port, for five days, the 270,000 inhabitants of the urban community are invited to be tested. It will be “Without appointment and free of charge, with a result within half an hour”, said Mayor Edouard Philippe to Sunday newspaper.

“In Liverpool, they managed to test about a third of the 500,000 residents in four days. If we tested 50% of the population, I would be the happiest of men! We will undoubtedly be below ”, predicted the former prime minister. The British authorities had drawn a positive assessment of this campaign carried out in early November.

No constraint

“The combination of mass screening and the measures taken in Liverpool has brought down the cases in a truly remarkable way, much faster than I would have thought possible”Health Minister Matt Hancock told the BBC two weeks later.

In the Ardennes, the target is the urban community which brings together the two main towns of the department, Charleville-Mézières and Sedan, ie 123,000 inhabitants.

The operation is also scheduled until Friday, December 18, as well as from 21 to 23 and then from 28 to 30 December.

Roubaix and Saint-Étienne, next cities on the list

Two other territories must attempt the same operation in January, among those where the virus circulates the fastest in France: Roubaix and Saint-Étienne.

For epidemiologists, screening on such a large scale is only useful if the results are exploited quickly, isolating those who test positive and limiting social contact in the most affected areas.

→ READ. First vaccinations against Covid-19 in the United States

Tuesday, December 15, officially marks the end of the second confinement, which will give way to a curfew from 8 p.m. to 6 a.m., except for Christmas Eve.


“D” day for the British vaccination campaign

Downing Street keeps saying this is a first. The United Kingdom begins its vaccination campaign Tuesday, December 8, the largest in the history of the country, before all its European neighbors. If the first injections will be administered from this December, the vast majority of Britons should not see the vaccine until 2021, between January and May according to the government.

Residents of retirement homes will be the first of a list of nine priority categories to be vaccinated. Caregivers and people aged 80 and over will follow. Twice for each patient, the vaccine requiring two injections three weeks apart. For each Briton stung, a “vaccination identity card” will be distributed upon leaving one of the 50 hospitals involved.

20 million people “at risk” should benefit from the doses ordered by the executive to the pharmaceutical giant Pfizer, while awaiting vaccines from other laboratories. In all, the government has ensured access to some 357 million doses, sourcing from seven manufacturers. It relies in particular on that of AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford, easier to transport than that of Pfizer, to vaccinate more widely.

An executive weakened by the Covid-19

Criticized for his management of the epidemic, mocked even in his own camp, Boris Johnson is betting big with the vaccine. “We had to record a success, estimates Florence Faucher, professor at Sciences-Po. And the British government, much like Trump, thought the vaccine would be the solution. “

→ EXPLICATION. Vaccination: how a citizens’ council can reassure the French

On the Covid-19 front, the chief executive has chained mistakes and clumsiness. The United Kingdom has entered a first confinement in the mess and at the cost of contradictory messages. Even today, the Prime Minister is accused of having denied the crisis looming in March. Since spring, “The UK government spent its time making super announcements, no matter what the results, remembers Florence Faucher. This is already what happened with the application of ‘contact-tracing’ and the Test-and-Trace strategy. “

The latest episode, in October, the government announced a massive testing campaign without informing local health officials. The deadlines for the results of a test are, still today, between 30 and 45 hours according to the doctors, contrary to the initial target of 24 hours.

The United Kingdom is the fifth most bereaved country in the world, with more than 61,000 victims of the virus according to the latest official figures. The start of the vaccination campaign should not prevent a third wave of contamination after the end of the year festivities, according to specialists.

The pressure on the British health system, the NHS, is still strong when a new task will be given to health care workers “exhausted” and “outnumbered”: to vaccinate “Millions” Britons by the end of the year, according to statements from Downing Street. Despite the optimism of the government, which wants to move quickly on the injections, the director of the NHS, Stephen Powis recalled that the campaign will have to be “A marathon, not a sprint”.

A very political vaccine

To restore health, Boris Johnson relies on the first vaccine. Little by little, the government is bringing up the idea that it is Brexit, which it fiercely defended in 2016, which made it possible to obtain vaccines so quickly. His health minister, Matt Hancock, said the “Europeans are moving a little more slowly”. But, if the UK Medicines and Health Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) cleared Pfizer’s vaccine faster, it was thanks to a waiver that temporarily clears a product pending full evaluation. .

However, according to Diane Tourret, lawyer and specialist in health issues, “Several other countries have passed emergency vaccine laws. It is in accordance with European law. ” In short, no British exception.

→ PORTRAIT. Boris Johnson, the inconstant Brexiter

“All the arguments seem good to prove that the government is effective, decrypts Florence Faucher. The main thing for Johnson is to show that he is providing solutions. “ On the contrary, many analysts fear that Brexit, which is due to go into effect in 24 days, could slow the supply of vaccines. The government has already clarified that the army could be mobilized to deliver vaccine stocks in the event of border blockages. “I don’t think the announcement of the vaccine will make people forget that British politics have been hesitant and chaotic, judge Jean-Sylvestre Mongrenier researcher at the Thomas Moore Institute. There are only slogans that the government hammers, but still no course. “


Ghana: a peaceful presidential campaign

A presidential campaign without violence and balanced between the two main favorites. A ballot that remains open, a few days before the election of December 7. Ghana is an exception in West Africa.

« The Ghanaian campaign was, with the one which has just ended in Burkina Faso, truly exemplary. At a time when democracy is drastically receding, as in Guinea or Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana is indeed the figurehead of democracy in the sub-region ”, observes Laurent Duarte, the international coordinator of Turning the page.

→ INVESTIGATION. A peaceful presidential campaign in Burkina Faso

An exception that has been verified since the founding of the Fourth Republic in 1992 by Jerry Rawlings. Reelected in 1996, this figure of English-speaking Africa, who died on November 12, had renounced, in accordance with the Constitution, to stand for a third term in 2000. A practice respected and repeated by all his successors, making Ghana a model of democratic and peaceful alternation in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

→ THE FACTS. Ivory Coast: the opposition is organized against the re-election of Ouattara

Of the twelve candidates running for the vote of the 17 million voters, the campaign was mostly dominated by the outgoing president, Nana Akufo-Addo, and his main rival and predecessor to the supreme office, John Dramani Mahama. The two men have faced each other since 2012, alternately winning and losing the presidential election.

Free education in the heart of the countryside

Yet nothing deeply distinguishes their political programs. « The New Patriotic Party (NPP, current majority) is rather liberal, the National Democratic Congress (NDC, minority) is more interventionist ”, notes Laurent Duarte.

Among the subjects that opposed them all the same during this campaign, the question of free secondary education. A measure that came into effect during the term of President Nana Akufo-Addo and which has benefited 430,000 students. But whose paternity is claimed by John Dramani Mahama.

The opposition denounces intimidation

Among the other themes of the campaign, security and the fight against corruption. On the first point, the country is facing unrest in the Volta, the region on the border with Togo, where secessionists are fighting for the creation of an independent state between the two countries, western Togoland. Since September, significant security forces have been deployed there. An operation denounced by the opposition as an attempt to intimidate it because the Volta is also the electoral stronghold of the NDC.

→ DEBATE. Coup d’état in Mali: is there a risk of “contagion” to neighboring countries?

As for corruption, if it is denounced by the two candidates, none has really demonstrated its willingness to put an end to it. As Laurent Duarte regrets, « they have not taken any legislative action against it and journalists investigating it are still threatened ».


Covid-19, how France is preparing for the vaccine campaign

► How do we choose vaccines?

The European Commission has volunteered to negotiate, on behalf of the 27, privileged access conditions to future vaccines with the pharmaceutical companies that develop them. As early as June, the European executive put forward criteria for the selection of vaccine candidates, explaining being ” willing to enter into negotiations with all producers who have started or have a firm intention to start clinical trials again in 2020 ».

Many parameters guided the Commission’s choices, from the rigor of the scientific approach and the technology used to the speed of large-scale supply, including of course cost, but also supply capacity and production within the Union. Result: since the summer, Brussels has signed advance purchase agreements with AstraZeneca, Sanofi-GSK, Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer-BioNTech and CureVac, to secure 1.8 billion doses. An agreement with Moderna is expected to follow and talks are underway with Novavax.

→ ANALYSIS. Covid-19: The challenges of vaccine production and distribution

As part of this common strategy, the states have undertaken not to engage in parallel talks to those of the EU, with the same companies approached by Brussels. However, they can negotiate with other vaccine manufacturers.

► How many doses will France have?

There is no question for the Commission to “make people jealous” in the distribution of doses, once they have been authorized by the European Medicines Agency. She therefore opted for a simple and politically acceptable formula, which Ursula von der Leyen summed up at the end of October: “ The Member States will all receive vaccines at the same time and under the same conditions, depending on the size of their population in relation to the total population of the Union. »

According to Eurostat figures, with its 67.098 million inhabitants on January 1, 2020, France accounts for 15% of the population of the Old Continent. It should therefore benefit from 15% of the vaccines negotiated by the EU.

If the vaccines in the five contracts negotiated by the Commission manage to meet the standards of quality, safety and efficacy required to be authorized (an extremely optimistic scenario), France will have 270 million doses (15% of the 1, 8 billion potentially available, including the doses actually pre-ordered, but also any additional doses). Or 270 million doses for France, which would represent 4.03 doses per person. For comparison, the Duke Global Health Innovation Center calculated that in the United States, 3 doses per capita might be available, compared to 5.3 per capita in Australia.

→ EXPLANATION. Covid-19: should the secrecy of vaccine contracts be lifted?

No question either for the Commission to walk on the beds of the States: it underlines that the policies of vaccination (for example, to choose who will have in a priority way access to these new vaccines) ” remain in the hands of the Member States ».

► When could vaccination start in France?

If the arrival of a vaccine becomes clearer, the question of the timing remains uncertain. With caution, as the United States announced possible injections as early as mid-December, Andrea Ammon, the director of the European epidemic agency, said on November 11 that the first vaccinations would take place in the region. European Union in the first quarter of 2021. Since then, countries are organizing themselves like Germany, which detailed its vaccination plan on November 19. In France, the Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) published interim recommendations on November 9 which were submitted for public consultation. Its final opinion on the implementation of the vaccination should be made public in early December.

However, in France, as in Germany, the date of the first vaccinations remains subject to the decision to place the candidate vaccines on the market of the European Medicines Agency. A green light is expected in December. The French will then need a little more patience to get bitten.

« After the European authorization, the French procedure comprises three stages, explains Professor Jean-François Bergmann, former vice-president of the marketing authorization commission at the National Medicines Safety Agency (ANSM). The vaccine must go through the technical committee on vaccinations, the transparency committee and finally, the economic committee for health products, which sets the price. “A circuit usually lasting several months which could, according to Jean-François Bergmann, be significantly accelerated.

→ PORTRAIT. Stéphane Bancel, a Frenchman in the race for the vaccine against the Covid

« During this time, we can organize the logistical means so that everything is ready at the end of the procedure., he adds. We can expect the start of vaccinations for February 2021. ” Not sure that our European neighbors are doing really better: “ Certainly thes Germans appear to be more logistically advanced and their process to market is faster than ours, but the timing difference should not be too great. »

► Who will be vaccinated first?

The vaccine strategy in France is not yet complete, but a targeted vaccination campaign seems to be, at first in any case, the most probable scenario. The oldest people, those at risk of developing serious forms of Covid-19 as well as caregivers must be given priority, according to the High Authority for Health.

This choice is justified by an ethical principle of solidarity with the most vulnerable people and those most exposed to the disease. But the uncertain timing of the delivery of the various vaccines also comes into consideration because the first available doses will not allow everyone to be vaccinated. “Stocks will not be built up overnight and will depend on production capacities and marketing authorizations”, confirms Jean-Paul Ortiz.

The High Authority for Health also specifies that it may have to change its opinion on priority audiences depending on the types of vaccines available. Because all will not have the same priorities: some could be less effective on the elderly for example. This is what the first results of the ongoing clinical trial on Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine seem to demonstrate.

Another unknown to date, the distribution of doses according to the territories. “It has happened before that a vaccination campaign has focused on a region. For example, the one that was carried out in Seine-Maritime after a meningitis epidemic in 2003, remembers Bruno Lina, virologist and member of the scientific council. Nothing would justify this for the Covid, because all regions are affected by the virus. “


AstraZeneca vaccine 70% effective

The British laboratory AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford announced that their vaccine against Covid-19 is 70% effective. A rate that could reach 90% in some cases, which would place it at the same level as those of Pfizer / BioNTech or Moderna.

AstraZeneca announces that 3 billion doses will be available in 2021. Pfizer and its partner BioNTech want to produce 1.3 billion doses by the end of 2021.

A total of 60,000 people around the world are participating in clinical trials large-scale phase III, last step before commercialization. These clinical trials are being conducted in the United States, Japan, Russia, South Africa, Kenya and Latin America.