‘Camino a Macondo’, the story of the mythical territory of Gabriel García Márquez

Gabriel García Márquez, in an image from 2014

Gabriel García Márquez, in an image from 2014
EFE

The word ‘Macondo’ was etched in Gabriel García Márquez’s mind the day he saw her at the entrance to a banana plantation and a book now covers the history of this term since its appearance in the first stories of the author until its consecration as ‘mythical territory’ of literature.

‘Road to Macondo. Ficciones 1950-1966 ‘, published by Random House Literature, travels through the history of the word’ Macondo ‘ from his timid appearance in the first stories of Gabriel García Márquez to his emergence in novels like ‘La Hojarasca’, ‘The colonel has no one to write to him’ or ‘The bad hour’.

The edition of the book has been carried out by Conrado Zuluaga, an expert in the work of the Colombian Nobel Prize in Literature, a volume that brings us closer to the prelude to the creation of ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude’ and the evolution of Macondo.

Macondo, is not a place, but a state of mind that allows you to see what you want to see and see it as you want, “said García Márquez (1927-2014), who argued on various occasions that to write each book you first have to learn to write it.It took him almost twenty years to ‘live’ in Macondo to learn to write his novel ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude’“says Zuluaga.

García Márquez began in literature and journalism almost at the same time, shortly before the 1950s. With his friends he embarked on the publication of the magazine ‘Crónica’, a literary-sports weekly, in whose number 6 (from 3 June 1950) a text of his appears with the title ‘La casa de los Buendía’ and the subtitle ‘Notes for a novel’, which will be followed by ‘The return of the colonel’. There are the beginnings of the famous lineage that will star in ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude’.

In those first texts, the town is generic, explains Zuluaga, who points out that the first mention of Macondo “may go unnoticed”: It is in the story ‘A day after Saturday’ that was published in 1954 where a Hotel Macondo appears. And in 1955 in another magazine he published a text entitled ‘Monologue of Isabel watching it rain in Macondo’. Some scenarios in which atmospheres and smells are already guessed that will be repeated in ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude’.

Along with these first texts, the anthology brings together the works of the Nobel Prize winner for Literature ‘The leaf litter’, ‘The colonel has no one to write to him’, ‘The funerals of Big Mom’ and ‘The bad hour’.

With them, the person in charge of the edition of ‘Camino a Macondo’ has wanted show the search for García Márquez, through several texts prior to ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude’, of “that hallucinated fictional world that has the ambition to be real.” It is a chronological journey through the fictions on which one of the most important mythical territories of world literature is propped up until reaching ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude’, where Macondo and magical realism reached their maximum splendor, indicates.

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Sands overcomes a road full of stones

Albert Arenas (23 years old, Girona) says that his passion for motoring came directly to him at home, where he never stopped seeing cars and motorcycles. Like many other Spanish riders, he started very early in the various promotional cups, fighting with names like Álex Márquez or Álex Rins, who is now one of his best friends.

A name that sounded among those many with talent who were expected on the prolific ladder that has given Spain so much success. Although, for some reasons or others, his projection stopped, especially due to a shoulder injury that made him lose almost a year. From there he began to suffer, looking for his opportunities in the FIM CEV Repsol (at that time he tried to combine competition with industrial engineering studies), until he fell into the hands of Jorge Martínez Aspar.

First in 2016, as a substitute for the injured Jorge Martín and as a guest driver, a course that ended in another team, the German Saxoprint, in the position of Alexis Masbou. In 2017, Aspar gave him the definitive opportunity, in a journey that was not easy, with several injuries, and with a tense moment in mid-2019, when it seemed that he would not be able to maintain his position, that after winning two tests in 2018 (in France and Australia). The Valencian squad kept the team for him, and the two parties managed to iron out certain rough edges, something that began to bear fruit. First with a great win at the end of the year in Thailand. Then in 2020, with the achievement of the Moto3 title.

“It was a process, there is no date on which you say ‘from today on, I’m going to fight for the World Cup.’ Looking further back, for example, to when I made the jump to the World Cup, the dream has always been to be a world champion. It is clear that first you have to go through a learning process, to keep your feet on the ground: you cannot always win and you have to take steps. At the end of last year, with the victory in Thailand, I started to see what I really wanted and the potential we had. That triumph made me believe, then throughout the 2020 preseason we were building it, and now, here we are, ”says the twenty-first Spanish world champion.

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Mazda 3 Turbo, experience from height

On board the new Mazda 3, which equips a turbocharged heart, you breathe a very particular air and it is not the one caused by the smell of the skin that surrounds the Signature version, rather it has to do with the sensation of driving a car that he knows he is powerful, but has no intention of showing off it.

Mazda took the time to remount a supercharged block under the hood of this vehicle, since 2013 it did not, so that boy we knew as Speed3, equipped with a 2.3-liter four-cylinder that generated 263 horsepower and pushing with 280 pound-feet of torque mated to a six-speed manual gearbox, it’s matured and it’s another.

It grew and replaced that heart that propelled it with a more modern, advanced and technologically superior. Under the hood of this Mazda 3 beats the same block that powers its older sisters, CX-9, CX-5 and the Mazda 6 in Signature versions, a 2.5-liter that delivers 227 percheron horsepower.

Also, unlike in the past, when the Speed ​​3’s power was sent to the front axle, in the case of this new hatchback the thrust is distributed to all four wheels, thanks to a delicious all-wheel drive.

If you saw the Karate Kid, imagine that the new turbocharged Mazda 3 is Mr. Miyagi, a very Zen master, calm, who even seemed harmless except for the slanted eyes, but when it came to fighting he was a precise and lethal warrior. His predecessor would have been a Cobra Kai, since he had that irreverent attitude of looking for a fight at every traffic light, taking advantage of the slightest provocation to presume that he did the 0 to 100 km / h in 5.5 seconds.

However, today Mazda is a very different brand than the one that marketed that cheeky youthful hot Hatch, as its approach is now more refined, and although it has the forceful push of 310 pound-feet of torque provided by an even more block great, the way he delivers them is different.

Today, it takes care of details that it did not consider before, such as interior materials and design, a sophisticated audio system signed by the Bose brand with 12 speakers and even ergonomics that reduce occupant fatigue, two generations have passed and note.

YOU HAVE TO FEEL IT TO UNDERSTAND IT

We adjusted the seat, the rear-view mirrors and the steering wheel to our size to find the ideal driving position and have everything at hand, it was fast thanks to all the controls to modify height, depth and position of all the components of this sports car, the Dashboard layout and gear lever position help a lot, as Mazda engineers have put many hours of work into making the car comfortable.

With the tire pressure mounted on 18-inch wheels at its peak, we hit the road to squeeze out the fun. The first curves of the Mexico-Cuernavaca highway let us feel the thrust of a vehicle ready to face the parabolas as if they were straight; With full throttle we put the performance of AWD traction to the test, which increases the poise with which the car can be accommodated, to feel like you’re on the rails.

Suspension adjustments combined with low body torsion make you feel in control at all times.

The work of the box can be regulated through the shift paddles located behind the steering wheel, and while it is not the classic hot hatch that reacts in an untimely way to the touch of the accelerator, it is a well balanced car that allows you to enjoy a progressive acceleration that never stops pushing and finds its best performance at high speeds, although not necessarily below 50 km / h.

As I put my foot on the gas, I reflected on the engine’s tuning, which boasts an intelligent turbocharger with dynamic pressure, which thanks to its design helps suppress turbolag. When the engine does not generate the sufficient volume of gases to activate the compressor when circulating without attacking the accelerator, a valve is closed in the pipe that leads to the turbo, seeking that the gases pass through a smaller space to increase the pressure that is exerted on the supercharger, the engine design provided the same gas outlet for cylinders 2 and 3 and independently for cylinders 1 and 4, with the intention of optimizing the operation of the block.

The engine thrust begins to be more forceful from two thousand revolutions per minute and if you know how to manage the six-speed automatic transmission, the experience can be very rewarding.

If the accelerator is pressed decisively, above 150 km / h, the engine will continue to push thanks to a set-up that uses a design that will keep the whole working at low temperatures, improving its response and fuel consumption.

Mazda has created a vehicle that is ready to offer a superior experience, a fine weapon that enjoys endurance racing more than quarter mile drag races, well equipped, that might even look like the non-turbo version, as this one It is a proposal only for connoisseurs.

THE POWER OF TURBO

Mazdaspeed was born in 1967 as Mazda Sports Corner, an independent racing team that competed in numerous events at home and abroad. Mazda brought the racing team to Hiroshima in 1983, where the name became Mazdaspeed and in 1999, Mazda Corp. took full control as a sports division.

Starting in 2003, Mazda debuted its first model under the surname Mazdaspeed, but it wasn’t until 2006 that it released the Mazdaspeed3, a front-wheel drive sports hatchback, powered by a turbocharged 2.3-liter four-cylinder engine, generating 263 horsepower. of force and 280 pound-feet of torque and that, coupled to a six-speed manual transmission, allowed it to accelerate from zero to 100 km / h in 6.0 seconds, these elements very soon made this vehicle a commercial success throughout the world. world.

As standard, the Mazdaspeed3 was equipped with a limited slip differential, disc brakes with ABS, traction control and dynamic stability control.

This novel Japanese hot hatch had a second generation in 2010, which kept the same engine that gave it glory under the hood, albeit with new computer programming and tighter transmission ratios, as well as some modifications to the gear scheme. suspension and steering.

With all these novelties, the Japanese car was now capable of accelerating from zero to 100 km / h in 5.2 seconds. Unfortunately, in 2013 the Mazdaspeed 3 saw its last year on the market, leaving behind a great legion of enthusiasts.

—By Pablo Monroy

AMU

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Gastronomika points the way to the events sector

San Sebastián Gastronomika-Euskadi Basque Country has managed to introduce some of the most prestigious kitchens on the culinary scene into the homes of thousands of congressmen from around the planet. It has achieved this with a congress that has taken place over five days (from October 5 to 9) and that can already be considered historic: it is a key boost to this type of appointments in times of pandemic. In an environment marked by the covid-19 crisis, with a special impact on the events sector but also on the hotel and restaurant industry, the veteran congress – one of the most recognized in the world – has reinvented itself with its own digital platform and it has been able to bring together 20,700 people, from 103 countries, during five days, with dozens of experiences and training talks that have taken place on various television sets, some of them located in the restaurants themselves. In total, 50 hours of high-quality audiovisual broadcasting, which has managed to raise the expectations of chefs, businessmen, workers and the entire value chain of a thriving activity that the coronavirus stopped in its tracks and that, after the appointment Guipuzcoana, begins to see the future with more optimism.

Restaurateurs coincide in pointing out that success. “The synergy of the ‘on-line’ and ‘off-line’ worlds has come to stay and means a paradigm shift that is going to rethink the future of congresses and the professional connection in general,” says Ferrán Adriá. Juan Mari Arzak points out that “the result has seemed extraordinary to me.” For Elena Arzak, it was “a success because the model is closer and is transmitted with more warmth and authenticity”. And Joan Roca anticipates that “it is the future of gastronomic congresses. The diversity of scenarios enriches it and it is a pioneering format worldwide.

“It is not the same to make an effort for 1,000 people than for 20,000, and with this format in a year 200,000 will have seen me while on the web”

Andoni Luis Aduriz points out that it has been “a framework of opportunity.” «I have noticed a freshness and a joy that I did not notice from the first editions. Curtains have been drawn and windows opened. It is not the same to make an effort for 1,000 people than for 20,000, and with this format within a year, 200,000 will have seen me ”, he highlights. Because the congress is still available on the web and many users continue to sign up to view it even though it has ended.

Recording of one of the talks on the set installed in the Mugaritz restaurant, by Andoni Luis Aduriz.
Recording of one of the talks on the set installed in the Mugaritz restaurant, by Andoni Luis Aduriz. / R.C.

More than 70 presentations have been held at the congress, broadcast on nine sets. In reality, the kitchens of some of the most prestigious restaurants and cooking schools in the Basque Country have become veritable television studios whose on-site work has been broadcast to the rest of the world. The work and lessons of the chefs have made visible the reality of their day to day in the kitchen. The entire event was coordinated from a central set, connecting with the great San Sebastian restaurants, such as Akelarre (Pedro Subijana, with three Michelin stars), Arzak (Juan Mari and Elena Arzak –three stars–), Berasategui (Martín Berasategui –three stars– ), Mugaritz (Andoni Luis Aduriz –two stars–) and Zuberoa (Hilario Arbelaitz –one star–); the Basque Culinary Center; o Aiala, Karlos Arguiñano cooking school.

“It is a paradigm shift that is going to rethink the future of congresses and professional connection”

In this reconversion of the congress, Gastronomika has taken a step further by entering two other great restaurants in the Basque Country: Azurmendi (Eneko Atxa –three stars-) and Etxebarri (Bittor Arginzoniz –one star–). In both, for the first time, it was possible to broadcast live what a culinary service is like in real time. Never before have cameras accessed these two icons of gastronomy to offer such an exclusive image.

Congress in numbers

20.700

Number of registered participants, a group that continues to grow with the possibility of viewing the congress even though it has already ended.

103

Gastronomika has been followed from 103 countries around the world, which has allowed the event to be taken to the last corner of the planet.

50

Every day, since the congress, 10 hours of television have been broadcast, with 50 hours in a whole week.

70

The presentations have been the epicenter of Gastronomika, many broadcast from the kitchens of the great restaurants and cooking schools of San Sebastian.

9

The forum has been structured in fifty sessions and activities from the nine sets located in restaurants and schools.

The congress was completed with Internet connections with restaurants in other parts of Spain and in different parts of the world, such as Senegal, Colombia, Peru, the United Kingdom, Italy or the United States.

All the technological and organizational work has made it possible to broadcast “ten hours of television a day, with an on-demand conference,” says Iñigo Iribarnegaray, general director of New Business at Vocento. For Benjamín Lana, president of the gastronomy division, the event “has returned to the kitchens.” The organization “has made the best of both worlds”, the real and the digital, and has shown “that events can be organized with all security measures.”

Bittor Arginzoniz, during his presentation live from his Asador Etxebarri restaurant in Axpe (Vizcaya).
Bittor Arginzoniz, during his presentation live from his Asador Etxebarri restaurant in Axpe (Vizcaya). / R.C.

Free as a form of support

San Sebastián Gastronomika has been free for the first time in its history for all participants, in a gesture of responsibility before the complex situation that the sector is going through. Iribarnegaray points out that “the objective was to continue doing Gastronomika, continue with the initiative and gain muscle despite the context.”

The event revolved around a large central set around which all kinds of gastronomic experiences have been developed, to which, as in so many years, experts and specialized journalists have been attentive: an exclusive dinner with five of the best chefs heterodox people who seek direct cooking and contact with customers in their homes; an unpublished four hands with Eneko Atxa and Ángel León; or a dinner to celebrate 50 years of Akelarre, Pedro Subijana’s restaurant.

“The diversity of the scenarios enriches it and this congress is already a pioneering format worldwide”

The congress has had the support of key institutions and companies for its development. The representative of one of them, the Deputy Minister of Rural Development of the Junta de Castilla y León, Jorge Llorente Cachorro, explains that “it consolidates a new formula for gastronomic encounters that opens opportunities for work and communication” to make everyone aware of world “local” products such as Tierra de Sabor. This new formula of events, he considers, “is here to stay and opens the doors of global knowledge. The proximity of the universal.

For his part, Francisco Carrasco, commercial director of Carrasco Ibericos, maintains that Gastronomika “shows that the companies that sponsor face-to-face events do not have to be afraid of changes and evolution” of this activity after the success of the Basque congress.

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The theater makes the Camino del Norte

Theater or dance pieces from Madrid, Barcelona, ​​perhaps Andalusia and sometimes even Germany usually arrive on the Basque theater circuit … but it is rare to find a title created in Cantabria, because it does not go very far, or in Asturias, even in Galicia. Those responsible for the professional associations of the performing arts of these three communities and of the Basque one began to talk about this subject in a professional meeting three years ago and realized that they needed to know more about each other, about the creations that were made in each region. Thus arose the initiative Camino North Scene, a cultural “corridor” of the Cantabrian Sea that begins its second edition this weekend. It will have meetings between professionals and also with an aspect designed for the public.

“In each community, works by the other three will be seen and the creators will be making their way,” explains Amaia Ibáñez, the manager of Eskena, the association of stage production companies in the Basque Country. The road to Santiago del Norte, is understood. And that is the thread of the initiative. “The Camino has historically been a means of propagation of culture,” he recalls, a kind of cultural corridor in this era in which we have heard so much about corridors – sanitary, tourist – and in which the performing arts have been paralyzed for many months.

So the initiative is even more important than in its first edition. «Society needs culture, reflection, showing other realities. That is why we firmly believe in this corridor, “says Ibáñez, who acknowledges that they have had to” fight a lot “for it to be held this year.

Two Basque companies –Kulunka and and Dantzaz– will perform in the three communities of the Camino del Norte, while two Cantabrians, one Galician and one Asturian will do so in Bizkaia and Gipuzkoa. It will not always be in auditoriums or theaters, but the stages will also be artistic heritage “since that is the Way.” In Euskadi, the chosen localities are Forua, Mutriku and Hondarribia and the first date is today with ‘Yellow fallen from the sky. The Adventure of the Yellow Bird ‘, from the Cantabrian Inner Ruido. «The program has theater and dance proposals for all audiences, from family to adult. And in the different languages ​​of these communities (Asturian, Galician, Spanish and Basque) ». An idiomatic exchange that requires a pre-performance mediation activity, explaining the plot or some words to the audience.

The objective is to reflect a scenic –and social– reality that does not usually enter the theatrical circuits of its neighboring communities, at the same time that, in professional meetings, collaboration and synergies between creators and companies from different communities. “There is already a project underway since 2019,” says Ibáñez.

The initiative also makes it possible to make a comparison between the contexts in which it is created. In Asturias and Cantabria, the theatrical circuit is smaller due to its uniprovincial nature and the fact that there are few large cities and many small towns and a smaller population. “The theaters are supplemented with other types of spaces.” In Galicia and Euskadi, however, a work can have more life precisely on the contrary: the circuit is larger, it has more exhibition points. «And more subsidies, because we are more creative. In Galicia, in addition, everything related to the Camino is taken into account in these grants ». Another fundamental reality when creating are economic differences. “Here everything is much more expensive and that affects the assemblies.”

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Andersen surprises the ‘sprinters’ and wins in Lyon

The Danish Soren Kragh Andersen won alone this Saturday in the 14th stage of the Tour de France, after traveling the 194 kilometers that separate Clermont-Ferrand and Lyon, in a day that did not produce significant changes in the general classification.

The Danish wheeler surprised the sprinters’ teams with a powerful attack with three kilometers to go to the finish line in Lyon, where for the first time there was no public at the finish as a result of restrictions due to the covid-19 pandemic.

Andersen preceded the peloton in which all the favorites traveled to the general and crossed the finish line led by the sprinters, with the Slovenian Luka Mezgec (second to 15 seconds) and the Italian Simone Consonni, the Slovak Peter Sagan and the Danish Casper Pedersen completing the ‘top 5’ of the stage.

Before tackling the alpine stages starting on Sunday, the Slovenian Primoz Roglic (Jumbo-Visma) kept the yellow jersey for another day, ahead of his compatriot Tadej Pogaçar (UAE Emirates) by 44 seconds and the Colombian Egan Bernal (Ineos) by 59 ).

«The level of this Tour is very high. After yesterday’s fight, I thought it would be calmer today, but it was very strong again, ”said Roglic.

On Sunday’s stage, which ended at the top of the Grand Colombier, the Slovenian declared: “I suppose it will be at full throttle again and there will be many attacks, but I hope to stay strong and try, like every day, to survive.”

Fight for the green jersey

Bernal is followed in the general by his compatriots Rigoberto Urán (fourth at 1:10 behind Roglic), Nairo Quintana (at 1:12) and Miguel Ángel López (at 1:31).

Among the Spanish, Mikel Landa remains eighth at 1:55 behind the lead and Enric Mas closes the Top 10 at 2:54.

After the great fight on Friday, in the queen stage ending at the Puy Mary, a certain truce was foreshadowed on the way to Lyon before starting the alpine stages on Sunday.

But in the first hour more than 45 km were covered by the different escape attempts and, later, on the ascent to Col de Béal, Peter Sagan’s Bora-Hansgrove printed a strong pace to the race to try to distance the Irishman Sam Bennet, the great rival of the Slovak in the fight for the green jersey of regularity.

With the Deceuninck rider off the hook, Bora, aided at times by the Polish CCC and leader Primoz Roglic’s Jumbo-Visma, continued to pull the peloton, which made any escape attempt difficult.

After covering almost 50 km in the third hour of the race, the truce came when, with just over 70 km to go, Deceuninck threw in the towel in his attempt to reintegrate Bennett into the peloton, which also slowed down although not enough as to allow escapes until the final kilometers, more rugged and conducive to attacks.

Double ascent to the Grand Colombier

The first to try, already on the outskirts of Lyon, was the Belgian Tiesj Benoot (Sunweb), who was followed by other classicists Lennard Känma, Thomas de Gendt, Julian Alaphilippe, Marc Hirschi or Sagan himself, but in the end it was Andersen the that surprised the peloton and the stage was scored.

“Today I really had very good legs and the attacks of my teammates (Benoot and Hischi) made me want to try it,” explained the winner of the day after the stage.

On Sunday the first of the alpine stages will be held, of 174.5 km starting in Lyon and ending in the Grand Colombier, a giant that has already been promoted on previous occasions but which will be the end of the stage for the first time in history.

After almost 100 km of flat terrain, in the last 70 the runners will climb the Grand Colombier for the first time, although on a different slope and without reaching the top, and the Col de la Biche, which will serve as an aperitif to the final ascent, of over 17 km, in which the applicants for the yellow jersey in Paris will have to prove once again that they are worthy of wearing the golden tunic.

The public will be prohibited from accessing the three ascents as a result of the restrictions due to the covid-19 pandemic.

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The ‘frugal’ tighten the rope to lower the subsidies

The ‘frugal’ pulse taken to the extreme triggered more than one alarm in the final stretch of the second day of the European summit that, at press time, continued without agreement. It was a day of ups and downs -inherent to any negotiation- in which the possibility that President Charles Michel was forced to present a new negotiation proposal after the first one, revealed to the Twenty-seven at about Eleven in the morning, did not finish curdling in an endless succession of bilateral meetings and meetings between selected groups of leaders.

Because yes, this Saturday was the day of discussions in a reduced format. Almost nine hours in a row in offices and terraces of the Europa Building and the national embassies. The underlying problem? The same as on Friday, when the leaders’ meeting had to be interrupted after 11:30 pm because the atmosphere had “soured” (according to the label used by the Dutch Mark Rutte). The same problem as in the past few weeks and even months. That there was not enough rapprochement with the Netherlands, Austria, Sweden or Denmark.

And that was even when the touches Michel made in the early morning already met his demands. The first, the recovery fund, although maintaining the same size (750,000 million euros), spent 50,000 million from the subsidies part to the credits part. Result: _450,000 million, the first; 300,000 seconds.

The document also reinforced the control mechanisms through what it defined as an “emergency brake”, in practice giving them the key to the safe, that is, the possibility of blocking aid if the applicant did not comply with the conditions. And it was added as a third ‘pre-benefit’ a greater increase in compensation to richer countries (checks that balance the difference between what they contribute to the budget and what they receive).

As nuances, the snip of 50,000 million was partially offset by 15,000 million more non-refundable transfers in the Recovery and Resilience Mechanism, one of the core chapters of the Fund. Greater control did not make the option of each national plan unanimously authorized so clear, the key requirement of The Hague. It did establish a procedure according to which three days are given for any government to raise its doubts (and denounce) about the ‘project x’ of its partner. It would do well in a meeting of ministers of Economy and Finance (Ecofin), or directly in a meeting of leaders.

And when it comes to offsets or ‘rebates’, neither The Hague nor Berlin would see one more hard. But Denmark, Austria and Sweden did, since they went on to benefit from 222, 287 and 823 million, respectively, according to that negotiating proposal.

From “good foundation” to more

By mid-afternoon, the ‘frugal’ spoke of “a good basis for negotiation.” And Spain gave a kind of ‘yes, but no’. “Positive that the total amount of the Fund is maintained and that the Instrument for Recovery and Resilience is strengthened”, but “governance continues to be an obstacle”, he warned.

Meanwhile, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron in the front row shared the arbitration. «France and Germany are more aligned than ever. The president and the chancellor conduct all the conversations with their counterparts together and ensure that the ambition of their joint initiative on May 18 is preserved, “said European diplomatic sources.

But, bilaterally, it became clear that the Netherlands maintained its pressure. The cut of 50,000 million seemed insufficient to him and along with the other austere, he asked for more. Furthermore, it continued to “insist on unanimity” as a condition in any of the proposed conclaves (Ecofin or the European Council). So at the stroke of seven o’clock in the afternoon, Giussepe Conte, in an institutional video, spoke openly of “stagnant negotiation”; of “shock” with Holland and the rest of frugal. “It is being more complicated than expected,” he added. And a direct attack: in that club “they do not share the need for such a substantial response, especially in subsidies. Also questioning loans.

The pit that pivoted as part of the latest onslaught in The Hague attacked the Recovery and Resilience chapter and was measured at just over € 150 billion._The funny (or illustrative) thing is that on the ‘frugal’ side, the Austrian Sebastian Kurz , in another institutional message said that the dispute was “on the way”. No public pronouncement by Pedro Sánchez.

Although from the Spanish delegation the approach was not to go as well as its Italian ally. The negotiation “is not stagnant,” they corrected. Madrid maintained the rejection of unanimity on the governance of the fund, but the global package (recovery plan and budget, totaling 1.8 trillion) in the negotiation were “playing different tricks”. And so, in the give and take, an idea began to gain strength. The summit that was scheduled for two days (this Saturday was the last a priori) was going to gobble up the entire weekend.

At nine o’clock at night, after eight hours of meetings in restricted groups, the plenary session resumed. The Twenty-seven met again for dinner (they had only seen each other all day just an hour and a half). One last jerk until dawn? It was in the air. The positive? The effort. The accommodation reservations, yes, extended to Sunday.

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The ‘frugal’ tighten the rope to lower the subsidies

The ‘frugal’ pulse taken to the extreme triggered more than one alarm in the final stretch of the second day of the European summit that, at press time, continued without agreement. It was a day of ups and downs -inherent to any negotiation- in which the possibility that President Charles Michel was forced to present a new negotiation proposal after the first one, revealed to the Twenty-seven at about Eleven in the morning, did not finish curdling in an endless succession of bilateral meetings and meetings between selected groups of leaders.

Because yes, this Saturday was the day of discussions in a reduced format. Almost nine hours in a row in offices and terraces of the Europa Building and the national embassies. The underlying problem? The same as on Friday, when the leaders’ meeting had to be interrupted after 11:30 pm because the atmosphere had “soured” (according to the label used by the Dutch Mark Rutte). The same problem as in the past few weeks and even months. That there was not enough rapprochement with the Netherlands, Austria, Sweden or Denmark.

And that was even when the touches Michel made in the early morning already met his demands. The first, the recovery fund, although maintaining the same size (750,000 million euros), spent 50,000 million from the subsidies part to the credits part. Result: _450,000 million, the first; 300,000 seconds.

The document also reinforced the control mechanisms through what it defined as an “emergency brake”, in practice giving them the key to the safe, that is, the possibility of blocking aid if the applicant did not comply with the conditions. And it was added as a third ‘pre-benefit’ a greater increase in compensation to richer countries (checks that balance the difference between what they contribute to the budget and what they receive).

As nuances, the snip of 50,000 million was partially offset by 15,000 million more non-refundable transfers in the Recovery and Resilience Mechanism, one of the core chapters of the Fund. Greater control did not make the option of each national plan unanimously authorized so clear, the key requirement of The Hague. It did establish a procedure according to which three days are given for any government to raise its doubts (and denounce) about the ‘project x’ of its partner. It would do well in a meeting of ministers of Economy and Finance (Ecofin), or directly in a meeting of leaders.

And when it comes to offsets or ‘rebates’, neither The Hague nor Berlin would see one more hard. But Denmark, Austria and Sweden did, since they went on to benefit from 222, 287 and 823 million, respectively, according to that negotiating proposal.

From “good foundation” to more

By mid-afternoon, the ‘frugal’ spoke of “a good basis for negotiation.” And Spain gave a kind of ‘yes, but no’. “Positive that the total amount of the Fund is maintained and that the Instrument for Recovery and Resilience is strengthened”, but “governance continues to be an obstacle”, he warned.

Meanwhile, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron in the front row shared the arbitration. «France and Germany are more aligned than ever. The president and the chancellor conduct all the conversations with their counterparts together and ensure that the ambition of their joint initiative on May 18 is preserved, “said European diplomatic sources.

But, bilaterally, it became clear that the Netherlands maintained its pressure. The cut of 50,000 million seemed insufficient to him and along with the other austere, he asked for more. Furthermore, it continued to “insist on unanimity” as a condition in any of the proposed conclaves (Ecofin or the European Council). So at the stroke of seven o’clock in the afternoon, Giussepe Conte, in an institutional video, spoke openly of “stagnant negotiation”; of “shock” with Holland and the rest of frugal. “It is being more complicated than expected,” he added. And a direct attack: in that club “they do not share the need for such a substantial response, especially in subsidies. Also questioning loans.

The pit that pivoted as part of the latest onslaught in The Hague attacked the Recovery and Resilience chapter and was measured at just over € 150 billion._The funny (or illustrative) thing is that on the ‘frugal’ side, the Austrian Sebastian Kurz , in another institutional message said that the dispute was “on the way”. No public pronouncement by Pedro Sánchez.

Although from the Spanish delegation the approach was not to go as well as its Italian ally. The negotiation “is not stagnant,” they corrected. Madrid maintained the rejection of unanimity on the governance of the fund, but the global package (recovery plan and budget, totaling 1.8 trillion) in the negotiation were “playing different tricks”. And so, in the give and take, an idea began to gain strength. The summit that was scheduled for two days (this Saturday was the last a priori) was going to gobble up the entire weekend.

At nine o’clock at night, after eight hours of meetings in restricted groups, the plenary session resumed. The Twenty-seven met again for dinner (they had only seen each other all day just an hour and a half). One last jerk until dawn? It was in the air. The positive? The effort. The accommodation reservations, yes, extended to Sunday.

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Uncomfortable way for Sevilla and Getafe in the Europa League

Sevilla and Getafe, the only two Spanish survivors in the Europa League, will face an uncomfortable path since the round of 16, which both teams will already play in a single match in Germany on August 5 or 6, as they could not be held in their moment the outward encounters in which they were implicated by the coronavirus pandemic.

Hispalenses and azulones will face in Germany those qualifying rounds that the Covid-19 postponed against Rome and Inter, respectively, were postponed. Two hard bones to crack, as they are almost always the representatives of Italian football.

If they beat Roma in the second round, Sevilla, king of the competition with five trophies in their windows, will face the winner of the tie between Olympiacos and Wolverhampton, who tied 1 in the first leg played in El Piraeus.

The table would pose a tough stumbling block in the semifinals for Julen Lopetegui’s team, who if they reached that round could cross with Manchester United. The pass of the ‘red devils’ to the quarters is taken for granted, after thrashing 0-5 in the first leg of the round to the Austrian LASK Linz. There the squad that trains Ole Gunnar Solskjaer will face the winner of the duel between Copenhagen and Istanbul Basaksehir.

Full of thorns is also the way of Getafe, who in case of beating Inter, will probably face Bayer Leverkusen in the quarterfinals, who is practically classified after defeating Glasgow Rangers 1-3 in Scotland.

Shakhtar Donetsk or Basel could await José Bordalás’s pupils in the semifinals, in case Ukrainians and Swiss make use of the income they obtained in the first leg of the round, winning at home to Wolfsburg (1-2) and Eintracht of Frankfurt (0-3), respectively.

The matches will be played behind closed doors in four German stadiums (Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Gelsenkirchen and Cologne, which will receive the final on August 21), to complete a tournament organized in parallel with the ‘Final 8’ of the Champions League (Lisbon, 12 -23 August).

Round of 16 (August 5-6):

-Inter – Getafe

Rome – Seville

Back, in the fields of the first teams:

Shakhtar Donetsk – Wolfsburgo (2-1)

Bayer Leverkusen – Rangers (3-1)

Wolverhampton – Olympiacos (1-1)

Manchester United – LASK Linz (5-0)

Basel – Eintracht Frankfurt (3-0)

Copenhague – Istanbul Basaksehir (0-1)

Quarter finals (11/10 August, Cologne, Duisburg, Dusseldorf, Gelsenkirchen)

1 – Winner Wolfsburg-Shakhtar Donetsk vs Winner Eintracht Frankfurt-Basel

2 – Winner LASK Linz-Manchester United vs Winner Istanbul Basaksehir-Copenhaghe

3 – Inter-Getafe Winner vs. Rangers-Bayer Leverkusen Winner

4 – Winner Olympiacos-Wolverhampton vs Winner Seville-Rome

Semifinals(16/17 in headquarters to be confirmed):

Winner 4 – Winner 2

Winner 3 – Winner 1

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