Düsseldorf The corona economic shock hits poorer countries particularly hard for several reasons: Investments from richer countries are being scaled back, international investors are withdrawing their capital. The states themselves can raise few funds for economic stimulus programs and emigrants send less money to their countries of origin.
This could have serious consequences, especially for the poorest countries, warns the World Bank in its latest report. Accordingly, the corona crisis is expected to plunge at least 60 million people into absolute poverty this year. “There could be more,” said World Bank President David Malpass in an interview after the publication in early October.
But which are the poorest countries in the world? There are several ways to measure poverty. Some research only focuses on the financial data. Others are based on surveys of residents’ feelings or consider factors such as access to food, education and clothing.
This ranking measures the gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant. The data come from 2019 from the International Monetary Fund; current figures for 2020 are not yet available. The list shows which ten countries are among the poorest on earth.
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These are the ten poorest countries in the world in the 2021 ranking
10th place – Niger, West Africa
The gross domestic product in Niger in 2019 was 553.92 dollars per capita. It ranks tenth among the poorest countries in the world.
In comparison: In Germany, the gross domestic product per capita in 2019 was 48,634 dollars.
9th place – Sierra Leone, West Africa
Sierra Leone ranks ninth among the poorest countries in the world. Here, at $ 539.12, GDP per capita is somewhat lower than in Niger.
8th place – Madagascar, Africa (Indian Ocean)
In Madagascar, GDP per capita is $ 525.3 in 2019. This brings the country to eighth place in the ranking of the world’s poorest countries in 2019.
7th place – Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
With a gross domestic product of $ 508.95 per capita, the Democratic Republic of the Congo ranks seventh in 2019.
6th place – Afghanistan, South Asia
In 2019, the gross domestic product per capita in Afghanistan is almost two dollars lower than in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. With a gross domestic product of $ 507.29 per capita, Afghanistan ranks sixth.
5th place – Mozambique, Africa
Mozambique had a per capita GDP of 487.69 dollars in 2019. The country is the fifth poorest country in the world according to GDP per capita.
4th place – Central African Republic, Africa
The Central African Republic ranks fourth among the poorest countries in the world. Here there is a gross domestic product of $ 479.86 per inhabitant.
3rd place – Malawi, Africa
With a GDP of $ 377.72, Malawi ranks third among the poorest countries in the world.
2nd place – South Sudan, Africa
South Sudan has an even lower gross domestic product per capita. The North African state has a gross domestic product of only 368.84 dollars per capita.
1st place – Burundi, Africa
The poorest country in the world is Burundi. Here comes a GDP of only $ 269.83 for each inhabitant.
The 10 poorest countries in the world in the table
|place||Land||GDP per inhabitant|
|2.||South Sudan||368,84 US-Dollar|
|4.||Central African Republic||479,86 US-Dollar|
|7.||Democratic Republic of Congo||508,95 US-Dollar|
|9.||Sierra Leone||539,12 US-Dollar|
Those: Statesman / IMF
For comparison: The ten richest countries in the world.