Dhe construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline in the Baltic Sea should continue in December after a one-year interruption. A company spokesman said on the weekend. NDR 1 Radio MV had previously reported on it.
According to information from the broadcaster, the Baltic Sea Waterways and Shipping Office in Stralsund has announced construction work for skippers south of the Adlergrund area from next Saturday and has asked for particular caution. This is where the two pipe ends are located, which lead from the Lubmin landing station in the direction of the Baltic Sea.
The American government wants to prevent the almost finished gas pipeline. In December of last year, construction work on the Danish island of Bornholm was stopped abruptly because the two Swiss laying vessels had ceased their work under the pressure of sanctions from the United States.
The American Congress had previously passed the “Law to Protect Europe’s Energy Security” (Peesa) with bipartisan support. President Donald Trump put it into effect despite sharp criticism from Germany and Russia.
In the future, 55 billion cubic meters of natural gas will be pumped from Russia to Germany each year through the two approximately 1200 kilometers of Nord Stream 2 pipelines. The pipeline, which costs around 9.5 billion euros, is 94 percent complete.
The United States has been criticizing the project for years because it sees its European partners as being too dependent on Russian gas. They are supported by Eastern European countries such as Poland and the Baltic countries. Critics accuse the Americans, on the other hand, of only wanting to sell their liquid gas better in Europe.
KThe world’s leading trade fair for the wind power industry, Wind Energy Hamburg, will take place next week – purely digitally due to the corona pandemic. Gunnar Groebler, 48, heads the wind power business of the Swedish energy company Vattenfall from Hamburg. Vattenfall has around 300 of the total of around 1150 employees in this division in the Hanseatic city.
In Europe, Vattenfall is one of the leading project developers and operators, especially of offshore wind farms. From July 2021 on, Groebler is to lead Germany’s second largest steel group Salzgitter. WELT spoke to him about the expansion of wind power and about “green” hydrogen in the energy transition.
WORLD:Mr. Groebler, from your experience with similar events this year: Does such a complex trade fair work well on the Internet for Wind Energy Hamburg?
Gunnar Groebler:Wind Energy Hamburg will be split in two. To digitally map the exhibitor fair as such is certainly more difficult than at a face-to-face fair. It lives from the encounters between the actors. But the fair is also a forum for specialist dialogue, with lectures, discussions and disputes – and I’ve already seen good online formats there this year. In some cases, the response is even greater than at a face-to-face fair, because you can reach every participant almost regardless of location. I expect a good dialogue and good response from within the industry.
National security issue
WORLD: What is the current position of the wind power industry in Germany – onshore, with locations on land, and offshore with marine wind farms?
Groebler: In understanding that renewable energies must be expanded further, we have achieved a great deal politically this year. This applies to the new wind-at-sea law, the amendment to the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) and much more.
WORLD: Your industry criticizes the fact that permits for new onshore wind farms now take up to 70 months.
Groebler: The criticism is justified. When it comes to implementing all of the lofty goals that we have set ourselves, there are always problems. And the approval process is one of the central elements that can cause projects for new wind farms to fail. The duration of approval procedures is tending to increase, as are the critical voices against new wind farms on land and the professionalization of those who oppose it. That means higher risks when developing new projects. Nowadays we are making far more advance payments than we used to be. The goals that the federal government has set for the expansion of wind power in particular are therefore difficult or impossible to achieve. We need a much simpler regulatory framework for project development in order to be able to come close to the political objectives of the onshore wind farms.
WORLD: Is planning offshore wind farms similarly difficult?
Groebler: In the course of the new version of the Wind-at-Sea Act, we had long and intensive discussions with politicians. But no progress has been made, especially with regard to the question of what the future tenders for offshore wind farms should look like. As a result, nothing has changed. The approval process will also be further complicated in future by the fact that the responsible Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency has commissioned completely new studies and investigations for the projects that have already been developed and are well advanced. At this point, we are not concerned with curtailing rights or working less thoroughly. But we have to be able to trust that the preliminary work in planning processes that are already in place can also be used. We have to get faster here.
WORLD: Is it easier for Vattenfall to work in the international wind power markets than in Germany?
Groebler: In the offshore market, most countries organize the selection and approval process differently than Germany. In the Netherlands, a large offshore project is auctioned off every year and then implemented. The projects there are lined up like a string of pearls, and project developers and suppliers can adapt very well to them. In France and Denmark, too, we have a high degree of transparency and reliability for future offshore wind farm projects. I would like that from the German side too. There is still no proof that we will have installed 20 gigawatts of capacity in the German part of the North and Baltic Seas by 2030, as is politically desired today.
“Hydrogen Republic of Germany”
WORLD: You will take over the management of the Salzgitter steel group in July 2021. In the future, steel could be produced with the help of regeneratively produced “green” hydrogen instead of coal. What has to happen in Germany and Europe in order to connect renewable energies and the basic industry?
Groebler: If we are serious about the topic of “green” hydrogen, we must continue to expand renewable energies. The “green electron” – for example from wind power or solar energy – is the starting point for the “green molecule” in the form of hydrogen. Only if we manage to implement the “European Green Deal” will we get enough electricity generated from renewable sources, which is then also used in electrolysis to produce hydrogen from it. It’s a long process, and politicians can and must help shape the expansion and the rates of increase, clearly also in the form of funding.
WORLD: What kind of financial support are you thinking of?
Groebler: Companies that have to make these large investments primarily need start-up financing for projects. We can expect a similar cost reduction for green hydrogen as for offshore wind power. Nowadays, only about ten years after the start of the first large offshore wind farms, many new projects manage completely without public funding. The learning curve for hydrogen technology has to be run through with the support of the federal government – similar to what happened with wind power.
WORLD: Hamburg’s Senator for Economic Affairs Michael Westhagemann (independent) wants to promote the development of an infrastructure for green hydrogen in the port. Will Hamburg play a relevant role when it comes to hydrogen?
Groebler: Here I answer you as a Hamburg citizen who reads the newspaper attentively: The Port of Hamburg is one of the largest industrial areas in Germany, especially with a lot of heavy industry. For me it is very logical to produce and use hydrogen here, with electricity from offshore wind farms. The necessary power connection with 380,000 volts already exists – at the location of the Vattenfall power plant in Moorburg.
WORLD: Are the general expectations of “green” hydrogen exaggerated?
Groebler: The national hydrogen strategy presented by Federal Economics Minister Peter Altmaier (CDU) is absolutely the right way to go. But we must now implement them quickly. Then it will show whether we can do this in Germany not only technologically but also economically.
Es is one of the most popular products in the world at the moment: the rapid antigen test from the Swiss pharmaceutical company Roche. 40 million pieces are currently produced per month, the company says when asked – by the end of the year there should be twice as many. The run on the tests is huge, the manufacturers can hardly keep up with the deliveries.
It is doubtful that every customer has also read the small print in the product description. There those details are listed that are reluctantly mentioned or artfully described in the press releases of the large companies. For example, that the Roche test was not developed in Switzerland but in South Korea by the company Biosensor SD.
No surprise for experts. International collaborations and sales partnerships are common in the pharmaceutical industry; South Korea is known and renowned for its diagnostics.
The clinical assessment is more critical: According to the Basel pharmaceutical giant, the method was tested on 426 people in India and Brazil. That is not enough, thinks Andreas Bobrowski, board member of the professional association of laboratory doctors. It is not clear whether the test is as reliable as stated in mass use.
There is currently great hope for rapid antigen tests, which often provide results within 15 minutes. The common PCR method takes a long time and is expensive. Laboratories report material shortages and a backlog of almost 100,000 samples. The Ministry of Economic Affairs announced on Wednesday that it would support production from now on. Funding of up to 200 million euros is available.
Disadvantage of the antigen tests: They are less reliable and not yet where they should be: Nursing homes and clinics have developed concepts and would be ready for mass tests – but the deliveries are not arriving, as WELT reported.
Diagnostics made in Germany is lagging behind internationally
Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn (CDU) said on Wednesday: “In rapid tests, the health system must be able to rely on the domestic economy. Since the demand is increasing rapidly, we are promoting the further expansion of domestic production. In such a sensitive area as health, we need more independence from the Asian market. “
A closer look at the currently 133 antigen tests listed by the Federal Institute for Drugs (BfArM) clearly shows that diagnostics made in Germany lags behind in an international comparison. For example, cheers broke out in the domestic economy months ago when it was said: “Siemens subsidiary is launching rapid corona test on the market.” Strictly speaking, this message was not true.
Siemens Healthcare GmbH is only responsible for the distribution of those tests that are manufactured in Houston, Texas, by a company called Healgen Scientific Limited Liability Company. The test was carried out on 317 subjects.
According to the BfArM, the “European authorized representative” is the Shanghai International Holding Corporation: Behind the impressive-sounding name is a GmbH founded in 1994 with headquarters in a Hamburg industrial area. “Retail advice and authorized representation service” for medical and cosmetic products are offered.
So is the “Siemens test” ultimately an American product managed by a German-Chinese company? “The antigen test is the first cooperation with Healgen,” said a company spokesman when asked by WELT.
The Shanghai International Holding Corporation is a service provider on behalf of Healgen and takes on tasks such as “complying with the regulations of Medical Device Reporting”. This is done by an external company, as Healgen does not have its own branch in Europe.
The Rostock biotech company Centogene is a little more open with its manufacturer information. After several test centers have been set up at airports since the summer, where tests are carried out using the common PCR method, the company is now launching a rapid antigen test.
It was developed not only on the Baltic Sea, but mainly in Tokyo by the renowned diagnostics manufacturer Fujirebo – which, in contrast to some competing products, is also openly communicated.
The one-man online shop “Luxus Lebenswelt GmbH”, based in a row house in Willich near Düsseldorf in the Rhineland, is almost inconspicuous. The managing director is Thomas Hu, a German-Chinese. He is responsible for several antigen tests for the Hangzhou Realy Tech Corporation based near Shanghai on the European market.
Even when masks were in short supply in spring, the small company was importing coveted goods from China to Germany. How high the demand is and who the customers are initially remains unclear. Hu could not be reached for a request from WELT.
Also noticeable in one of the Chinese tests by Realy Tech: the development study and thus the manufacturer’s information on sensitivity (what percentage of infected people are recognized) and specificity (how many healthy people are correctly identified as healthy) are based on only 262 samples.
In this case the sensitivity is almost 90 percent. In practice, this is problematic because ten percent of the sick would not be recognized.
Laboratory doctor Bobrowski has further concerns: “The manufacturer’s information is often based on only a few hundred tests carried out and has not been verified by an independent body. In India, for example, it has been shown that the sensitivity of antigen mass tests is significantly lower than originally stated. “
Bobrowksi is a clear advocate of the PCR method. For him, it is not about denigrating alternative tests. Nevertheless, it is his medical duty to point out weaknesses. “We have to be able to lift our fingers and the manufacturers endure the criticism.”
The BfArM did not want to give a medical evaluation of the tests in response to a WELT request. The authority was “not involved in questions of market access and the conformity assessment of medical devices”, so the reasoning.
DRamatic cliffs. Lonely sandy beaches. Miles of dunes. Pine and deciduous forests. Ice age lakes and moors. The hills of Courland Switzerland. This is the mosaic of the landscapes of Courland (Latvian: Kurzeme) – a piece of Latvia, as one dreams of being a Baltic holidaymaker.
The historical region right on the Baltic Sea in the far west of the country is also culturally exciting and varied: Many influences shaped the Land of the Kurds, a Baltic people whose name derives from the Indo-European krs should derive what means “fast at sea”.
In the 13th century the cures were subjected to the Christian Brotherhood of the Sword and the Order of Teutonic Knights, thus beginning a centuries-long German aristocratic rule. The cures, which spoke their own language, were for a long time the simple rural population, while German was the language of the upper class until the 20th century.
Today Latvian is spoken in Courland. Many cities still have a historical German name, such as Jeglava (Mitau), which was the capital of Courland until 1919, when Latvia became independent. The residence there is the largest baroque palace in the Baltic region and, like numerous other mansions, is a legacy of the Duchy of Courland and Zemgale, which was under the feudal rule of Poland-Lithuania from 1561 to 1795.
In the course of the Third Partition of Poland, the Russian tsarist empire annexed the region, but the Baltic German nobility continued to rule in the Courland Governorate. During the World Wars, Kurland was occupied by Germany and was heavily fought over, with many Latvians joining German troops in World War II and fighting the Red Army. Bloody battles raged in the Kurland basin until May 1945.
Today, travelers will find peace and untouched nature, beautiful country estates and cities – and something unique: In Alsunga, you can get to know the way of life of the Suiti, a Catholic minority that had isolated itself from its Protestant neighborhood since the 17th century. Their old dances and songs have been protected as a World Heritage Site since 2009.
Salmon jump up the waterfall
The Ventas Rumba rapids in the medieval town of Kuldiga (Goldingen) are 249 meters wide – a record in Europe. Although barely two meters high, it is a popular photo backdrop, especially since one of the longest brick bridges in Europe spans the river in the background.
In autumn, the waterfall offers the spectacle of flying fish: salmon jump up to migrate upstream to spawn. In spring, the show repeats itself with a species of carp. Under Duke Jakob, who was born in Goldingen in 1610, they were caught by the thousands with baskets, today they are protected during the spawning season.
Kuldiga, once the largest trade and cultural center of the spa, in the 16th century the residence and temporarily capital of the Duchy of Courland, is also worth a visit because of the picturesque old town.
The colony in the Caribbean
The Great Courland Bay on Tobago and a Latvian postage stamp from 2001 are reminiscent of the times when the Caribbean island off South America was called New Courland. The Duchy of Courland and Zemgale, the smallest European country that had colonies in America and Africa, had conquered Tobago in 1654 with the “coat of arms of the Duchess of Courland”.
On board: cannons, officers, soldiers and 80 families who were supposed to establish plantations for sugar, cotton, coffee and other groceries. Jacobstadt was created, named after the bustling duke on the stamp. He had previously tried in vain to conquer Tobago against the resistance of the Caribs.
In 1649 he managed to build a base in the Gambia River in Africa: Jacob’s Island, now Kunta Kinteh. His capture by the Swedes from 1658 in the Second Northern War heralded the end of colonial dreams. The African Kurland branch was captured by the English in 1661 and Tobago by the Dutch.
Tens of thousands of migratory birds attract birdwatchers
At Cape Kolka, the northernmost point of the Kurland peninsula, where the open Baltic Sea meets the waters of the Gulf of Riga, you can admire both the sunrise and the sunset over the sea – and now in autumn another natural spectacle: tens of thousands of migratory birds fly over daily the sky.
The Slītere National Park, which surrounds the cape and extends as far as the Blue Mountains, is therefore a top destination for birdwatchers who position themselves on the beach with cameras and thick binoculars.
Especially since the multi-faceted landscape of coast, lagoons, swamps and forests is also a breeding area of 125 species, including rarities such as capercaillie and black grouse, black stork, eagle owl, osprey, snake eagle and golden eagle. Elk, wolf and lynx are also at home here, along with rare plants.
The service of the Königliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Berlin
Noble austerity as a timeless cult: the Kurland service from the Königliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Berlin has been popular for 230 years. KPM designed it under the name “Service with antique canthe” in 1790 for Peter von Biron, Duke of Courland and Semgallia, who wanted the dishes for his Berlin residence, Schloss Friedrichsfelde. It was later renamed “Courland” in honor of the Duke.
Those who buy the classicist design icon with a mint green background and 24-carat gold decoration (salad bowl: 396 euros) dine like Friedrich Wilhelm II, Thomas Mann and Joseph Beuys, to name just a few of the celebrity fans. Over the years, numerous (also cheaper) variants have been added, in plain white or painted with flowers. The Kurland to-go cup has been a bestseller as a single item for two years.
Latvia has the northernmost vineyard in the world
Wine tourism in Latvia? That is surprising. In fact, the Sabile vineyard is a small miracle: According to the “Guinness Book of Records”, it is the northernmost vineyard in the world. Its origins go back to the time of German rule from the 14th century. New varieties were planted under Duke Jakob (1610–1682), and the strong, sour wine was popular at court.
Today around 30 varieties grow on the 1.5 hectare mountain, most of which were bred by the Latvian luminary Pauls Sukatnieks (1914–1989) especially for the harsh climate, such as the red Zilga grape.
The wine is also curious because it cannot be bought: the vineyard is owned by the city and the state, which by law is not allowed to trade in alcohol. It can only be tasted once a year, at the wine festival at the end of July.
But you can enjoy other wines on wine tours in the region – and become a winemaker yourself: the wine town of Sabile has a tourist offer where you can plant your own grapes and visit them at any time.
“As if the individual wave voices could be distinguished, how they called each other and fell into the word”
In his novel “Wellen” (1911), Eduard Graf von Keyserling, born in 1855 on a manor in Courland, raves about the Baltic Sea – at the same time he draws an ironic portrait of the Baltic German aristocracy, which had nothing to report after the First World War.
The author, himself a member of that aristocratic society, moved to Munich in 1894. Sick of syphilis and atrophy of the spinal cord, he dictated the novel to his sisters there, already blind, in 1918 he died alone. Marcel Reich-Ranicki was one of the later fans of the writer, who was known as the “Baltic Fontane”, and he particularly liked “the fabulous dialogues” about the “waves”.
The book became one of the most important novels of Impressionism, which also offers a lot of insight into the old Courland: “Small and dark, the fishermen’s houses squatted on the pale dunes, here and there a yellow point of light awoke in them that blinked short-sightedly into the rising night. “
Quirky, record-breaking, typical: You can find more parts of our regional geography series here.
This text is from WELT AM SONNTAG. We are happy to deliver them to your home on a regular basis.
The Federal Administrative Court gives the green light for the construction of the Fehmarnbelt tunnel – even if the work temporarily disrupts the animal world.
Planning documents for the Fehmarnbelt tunnel at the Oldenburg building authority Photo: Axel Heimken / dpa
LEIPZIGtaz | Defeat all along the line: The Federal Administrative Court has dismissed all claims against the Fehmarnbelt link. Construction of the tunnel between Denmark and Germany can now also begin on the German side.
Six plaintiffs, including the Naturschutzbund (Nabu) and the city of Fehmarn, appealed against the planning approval from January 2019. Neither the ecological nor the economic objections were successful. “The planning approval withstood the test”, said the presiding judge Wolfgang Bier right at the beginning of his just under an hour’s reasoning.
Among other things, the Nabu had warned of the consequences of the construction work for the noise-sensitive harbor porpoises in the Baltic Sea. But the court found that the noise limit values set for tunnel construction are lower than the noise caused by the current ferry traffic. After opening the tunnel, the situation of the whales could even improve, said Richter Bier, because the noisy ferry traffic would then decrease.
The protection of the eider ducks is also guaranteed if there is construction in their settlement area, according to the court. Although the stock of mussels will decline, “the ducks do not have to starve,” emphasized Richter Bier, “because they can and they will move to other areas.”
According to the court, audits of the construction project are thorough enough
The Nabu had hope above all because a research project at the University of Kiel found new reefs on the seabed after the planning approval decision. But even this does not make the planning approval decision illegal, said Richter Bier. The planners had checked thoroughly enough that a scientific study like that of the University of Kiel could not be required of them.
Although the newly discovered reefs are worthy of protection, according to Bier, how to deal with them must now be clarified in a “supplementary” procedure. The separation is annoying for Nabu, because because the plan resolution is now legal, the association remains at the expense of one of the largest environmental processes in Germany.
The plaintiffs had also protested against the type of tunnel. A “submerged tunnel” was chosen, which is laid with components in a channel on the seabed. A bored tunnel would be a third more expensive, but more environmentally friendly, according to the plaintiffs. However, the court emphasized, there has never been a bored tunnel with this length and this water pressure.
Neither the ecological nor the economic objections were successful in court
Nabu’s economic arguments were also ignored by the Leipzig judges. The association had generally denied the need for the gigantic tunnel. But here the court saw itself bound by the German-Danish State Treaty, which was signed in 2008 and ratified in 2009.
This has determined the need by law. According to Bier, this need is not clearly wrong. Because the yardstick could not be the heavily traveled German autobahns, but rather the traffic conditions in the sparsely populated Scandinavia.
The plaintiffs also complained that planning has already started in Germany, although lawsuits against the Danish subsidies for the project are still pending at the EU court in Luxembourg. The court saw no problem in this.
Some complaints were resolved before the verdict. The Schleswig-Holstein state constitutional court has meanwhile requested the state government to reimburse the city of Fehmarn for the future high costs for the tunnel fire brigade.
GShop protected from the sun and rain – the idea is as old as the movement of goods. Just visit the ruins of the Trajan’s Markets in Rome, built in the 2nd century AD. Bales of cloth and amphorae were sold in the covered corridors – a forerunner of arcades in medieval squares, baroque arcades and modern shopping malls.
They can now also be found north of the Alps, for example in Wasserburg am Inn. The so-called German arbours were added as a second facade from 1500 onwards. They offered space to stroll around, for business premises and workshops – and still offer it.
In general, the Upper Bavarian town is worth seeing. Its island location gives it a romantic flair, the old town with pastel-colored Gothic houses and the castle tempts to stroll under the arcades in all weathers.
Germany’s prime city when it comes to arcades is, however Hamburg. Germany’s bad weather metropolis has a kilometer-long labyrinth of arcades, passages and shopping centers, some of which are interconnected, in the city center between Gänsemarkt, Jungfernstieg and the main train station. Here you can walk for hours even in continuous rain without getting wet.
The most beautiful are the Alster arcades with their Venetian flair, created after the great fire of 1842. The Mellinpassage branches off from this (opened in 1864), with ceiling paintings like in a church, elegant Hanseatic shops and the Felix Jud bookstore, where Karl Lagerfeld was a regular customer (“My intellectual deli”).
The Hanseviertel, the Hamburger Hof, the Kaufmannshaus and the Kaisergalerie are also well sorted and covered, all lined up along the Große Bleichen shopping street.
Also Leipzig has a number of old passages, mainly from times of trade fairs. The most famous is the 140-meter-long Mädlerpassage from 1912, with “Auerbachs Keller” integrated into it, to which Goethe sent his Faust. “Above all, I have to bring you / into fun company / so that you can see how easy it is to live,” says Mephisto and leads Faust into that cellar.
If you want, you can explore Leipzig’s passages, courtyards and hidden shortcuts on a guided tour. In addition to the magnificent Mädlerpassage and Specks Hof, they also offer discoveries beyond the tourist racetracks, including the world’s first model exhibition center, built between 1894 and 1901.
By the sea or on the mountain – hiking outside
Usedom offers 42 kilometers of sandy beach alone, you can go from Peenemünde in the northwest to Swinoujscie in the east. You can’t get lost: the sea on the left, the sand on the right. You only stop when the wind blows you through enough and your legs get heavy from sand hiking.
Conveniently, the ban on accommodation in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania has just been overturned by the court. In Lower Saxony it doesn’t apply anyway, that’s why it’s there Borkum a good November hiking alternative.
On the one hand it is pretty, with dunes and a sea view, on the other hand it is healthy, in a stimulating climate. The combination of sun, wind and cold sea water influences physical performance. Which is why they call hiking on the island “climatic terrain cure” – you trudge through the three climate zones on Borkum, from the sheltered interior of the island over the edge of the dunes to the fresh air beach.
Or may it already be snow? If you can’t wait for winter: on the Zugspitze it has already snowed. Germany’s highest mountain was climbed for the first time 200 years ago, today you can take the train up and enjoy the panoramic view of the snow-covered Alps, walk around on the Zugspitzplatt and throw snowballs or enjoy the winter sun from a deck chair.
If you want to combine mountains and trees, go to the Bavarian Forest National Park. There is a network of hiking trails around 350 kilometers long. Snow is not a problem here either. In the lower parts of the national park, the hiking trails are rolled or cleared. And when the snow is really deep, you can just rent snowshoes and hike through the white splendor.
Immerse yourself in another world in the library
Already 4000 years ago the Egyptians collected papyrus rolls, ancient Greeks and Romans surrounded themselves with writings, in the Middle Ages important libraries were built in the monasteries – unforgotten by Umberto Eco’s “The Name of the Rose”. A novel that is in every library today.
Germany’s monasteries, cities of culture and universities in particular offer great libraries that you can spend days in. And not just reading: Most of them offer extensive media collections.
The Duchess Anna Amalia Library in is a wonderful old house Weimar, Founded in 1691, managed by Goethe for 30 years, Unesco World Heritage. A fire destroyed the historical book inventory in 2004, but the oval, gold-decorated rococo hall could be reconstructed. The largest book collection north of the Alps was brought together by Duke August the Younger in Wolfenbüttel in the 17th century. Here too – from 1770 – a famous librarian was in charge: Gotthold Ephraim Lessing.
There are not only historical, but also new, equally spectacular libraries in Germany. To name (and recommend) is of course in here Stuttgart the futuristic cube by the Korean star architect Eun Young Yi.
But also the city library in Württemberg Heidenheim Well worth a visit: The Swiss architect Max Dudler created an airy reinforced concrete building in a shell made of light bricks, with a gleaming white interior. The house won the International Architecture Award of the Chicago Athenaeum in 2019, something like this does not happen every day in Heidenheim.
Evergreen gardens – in the museum
Do you remember? Everything is green. Flowers of all colors. This is how it looked in gardens and parks in October. Anyone who passes away from longing for a garden in November can satisfy them: In search of the lost greenery