Ryan continues to shine and snatches a fatal victory for Ceramica Cleopatra in front of the Vanguard of the Army

The Ceramica Cleopatra team returned to the tone of victories again in the Egyptian League championship at the expense of the Tala’a El-Geish team in the meeting that brought the two teams together this afternoon.

And Ceramica succeeded in winning with two goals scored by Shadi Hussein and Ahmed Yasser Rayan in the fatal time, against a goal Konya scored against the Talaia Al-Jaish team, to achieve the first victory for the newly promoted team in the league in the last 5 games.

The first half of the match between the two teams ended in a goalless draw, despite the presence of great enthusiasm in the new Suez Stadium stadium by the two teams.

The attacks were exchanged between the two teams during the first half, Ahmed Yasser Rayan missed a goal for Ceramica, and Nasser Mansi responded by wasting an opportunity for the Talaia Al-Jaish team.

Winful Copina, a player for Ceramica Cleopatra, almost scored a goal moments before the whistle at the end of the first half, after a powerful shot from the player, but Mohamed Bassam, the goalkeeper of Talaia El-Geish, prevented it.

The speed of transfer of attacks and the ball appeared between the players of Ceramica Cleopatra and Al-Jaysh team throughout the events of the first 45 minutes, but without any real benefit to any of the goals until the referee of the match, Jihad Greisha, fired the whistle at the end of the first half.

In the second half, specifically in the 62nd minute, Ceramica was able to advance in the match with the feet of Shadi Hussein, the team striker, after successfully implementing a penalty kick that was placed on the right of Muhammad Bassam after blocking Ahmed Yasser Rayan and confirming the video technology that there was an error on the goalkeeper of Al-Jaish.

And after only 3 minutes of the goal of Ceramica Cleopatra, Al-Jaysh Al-Jaysh managed to equalize the result through Ibrahima Konneh, who took advantage of a cross from Nasser Mansi, who led an organized attack of his team and reached it to the opponent’s penalty area, which ended by shaking the net of the Ceramica team and scoring the equalizer.

The tie between the two teams continued until the 92nd minute of the meeting, when Ahmed Yasser Rayan appeared with a deadly header, taking advantage of a wide ball from Dabo to put the ball into the net of Talaia Al-Jaysh goalkeeper Mohamed Bassam, announcing a second goal for Ceramica.

And the last minutes of the match went on without any goals, so Jihad Greisha, the referee, blew the whistle at the end of the match, with Ceramica Cleopatra winning 2-1 against Talaia Al-Jaish.

With this victory, Ceramica raised his score from points to the 11th point in sixth place, while Al-Jaysh’s balance stopped at point 4 in last place.


Operation Barkhane, a disappointment seen from Mali

On February 2, 2013, Mamadou Touré was one of the thousands of Malians who gathered on avenue de l’Indépendance in Bamako to give a dignified welcome to François Hollande, the « sauveur ». A few days earlier, at the request of the Malian authorities, France launched Operation Serval to stop the jihadist advance. Eight years later, the enthusiasm has disappeared in this Bamako thirty-something. “I didn’t think we would be there yet in 2021. Still dead and occupied territories”, he confides.

→ ANALYSIS. France in Mali, a battle of seven years

Even if he admits his disenchantment, he will not participate in the demonstration on January 20 – Day of the Malian Army Day – against “French imperialism”. For the organizers of this rally, Barkhane is seen as an occupying force.

« For us, Barkhane is a failure ”, asserts Adama Ben Diarra, nicknamed Ben the Brain, recognizable by his communist cap still screwed on his head. The latter regrets that, “Despite its latest generation military resources, it cannot rout 3,000 people who ride motorcycles”.

Barkhane less efficient than Serval

Now a member of the National Transitional Council – the transitional parliament created by the putschists after the resignation of President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta – Adama Ben Diarra makes his voice heard there to ask Russia to supplant France in the country.

→ READ. Barkhane, the time of questioning

As Modibo Galy Cissé, a doctoral student at Leiden University in the Netherlands, who frequently conducts surveys in the north as in central Mali, points out, the populations maintain that Barkhane is less efficient than Serval.

« Since Barkhane, terrorist groups reorganized before expanding their area of ​​action. Today, they operate in the center of the country and are steadily gaining ground, as evidenced by attacks further south ”, he analyzes. In Gao, the gateway to northern Mali, Barkhane only has one base. It provides regular patrols in the area but not very dissuasive, according to a teacher in the city who requested anonymity.

« Barkhane is carrying out strikes in certain areas in order to calm the ardor of his detractors, specifies the researcher. But it rarely brings aid to the armies of the Sahel attacked by terrorists, despite its sophisticated air resources. »

“We continue to suffer”

In fact, a certain mistrust of foreign forces has developed in recent years among the local population. Barkhane is very often compared to the UN force (Minusma) to underline its ineffectiveness. « Eight years after the start of the French intervention, we continue to suffer ”, laments the teacher.

→ ANALYSIS. The future of Operation Barkhane in question

However, the inhabitants of Gao do not ask for the departure of the French force: Barkhane also carries out social, health and economic interventions for the benefit of the population. This inhabitant himself claims to have benefited from it. “But you have to know the right intermediaries”, he specifies.


In Douentza, in the center of the country, Barkhane has been at the heart of discussions since she carried out an air raid on January 3 that left several dead, civilians gathered for a wedding according to villagers. A thesis rejected by the Malian army and the French Minister of the Armed Forces Florence Parly, affirming on Sunday January 10 on France Inter that France had “Hired two fighter planes which eliminated dozens of jihadists”, and that he “There was no marriage, no wives, no children”.

→ READ. Mali: doubts around a deadly strike by “Barkhane”

The controversy has not stopped swelling since, strengthening the camp of those who wish to see Barkhane leave this area, known to be a “Lair” terrorists, explains a national of this locality. This controversy shows, in his eyes, the need to dialogue with armed groups to find a lasting solution to the crisis. Malians have already expressed in 2019 their willingness to negotiate with terrorists during the inclusive national dialogue. France has always opposed it.


The deceased actor Alexander Vorobyov moonlighted as a janitor to survive

Andrey Zhitinkin remembered about the departed artist: “He never gave up roles”

On January 15, the actor of the Moscow Theater of Oleg Tabakov, Alexander Vorobyov, died. On February 14, he would have turned 59 years old. In the theater, all questions are immediately answered: “Not covid.” A wonderful and trouble-free actor passed away after a long oncological disease.

Alexander Vorobyov worked with director Andrey Zhitinkin in “Snuffbox” in three performances.

– Sasha was a wonderful actor, – Andrey Zhitinkin told MK. – We met for the last time, probably in the spring. He has lost a lot of weight. He had oncology. I took him to all my performances. With Sergei Bezrukov, they played in “Psyche”, where Sasha played the role of an orderly, “Confessions of the adventurer Felix Krul” by Thomas Mann, where he played the role of Isaac Sturzli. He played for me a police officer in the Old Quarter, based on a play by Tennessee Williams.

Alexander Vorobyov was so organic that I had no idea who else could play some specific policeman or orderly. Sometimes it was not clear whether he was playing or rehearsing. He didn’t have a transition. He is an incredible worker, an irreplaceable artist. He was busy, probably, in 20-25 performances in the theater. I can’t imagine how they will get out of this situation. Sasha was so devoted to the theater! Never participated in any intrigues. A real artisan person. He once told me: “I never refuse roles.” It was always possible to write him into the order and be sure that he would fulfill everything without fail and would play with pleasure. And in the movies it was the same. How many different roles he played there!

Alexander Vorobyov was born on February 14, 1962 in the Belarusian city of Gomel. From childhood he received good sports training, played table tennis, was engaged in cycling and wrestling. In 1978 he became the champion of Belarus in rowing. It would seem that the road leads to the physical education faculty, where his older brother studied. But it turned out differently.

As often happens, he went with a friend to enroll in Moscow at a theater university, because while still a high school student he suddenly became interested in theater. I immediately entered GITIS on the course of Joseph Tumanov. In an interview, the actor has repeatedly said that he came to the acting profession by accident. Everything happened spontaneously and rapidly.

In 1981, his course lost its master. Tumanov passed away, and this is always a difficult moment in the acting workshop. Third-year students were picked up by the chief director of the Moscow Theater. Gogol. Boris Golubovsky. Anatoly Efros staged one of the graduation performances based on Krommelink’s play “Cold and Hot, or Ideas of the Master of the House” on the long-suffering course.

A talented graduate of GITIS received an invitation from the Theater of Satire, which was then directed by Valentin Pluchek. But the young actor had no housing in Moscow, no registration. He was drafted into the army, and the service turned out to be creative. Alexander Vorobyov served in the ensemble of the Moscow Military District. He sang there in the choir, worked as an entertainer. Later he continued to serve in the Kantemirovsk division, where he played the trumpet in the orchestra.

When the military service was over, the capital’s registration appeared, and Alexander tried to find a job at the Pluchek theater. But he didn’t take it. I had to hammer the thresholds of other theaters, earn a living by sweeping yards. Work as a janitor dragged on for a year and a half, until I managed to enter the troupe of the Moscow Regional Drama Theater. But the respite was short-lived. Again I had to earn a living as a janitor. Alexander Vorobyov changed many professions, was a loader, photographer, stuntman. And in 1988 he ended up in “Snuffbox” at the play “Mad Jourdain” and wanted to work in a then still very young team. On January 1, 1989, Alexander Vorobyov became his actor.

It was impossible to get into “Snuffbox” then. Her small basement has become a fashionable stage area. Alexander played in “Overstocked Barrel”, “Roof”, “Matrosskaya Tishina”, “Hole”, “Psyche”, “Passion for Bumbarash”, “A Tale of the Seven Hanged”, “A Tale of a Happy Moscow”, worked with Yevgeny Kamenkovich, Andrey Zhitinkin, Mindaugas Karbauskis …

He began acting in films in his student years, made his debut in the film “Seven Soldiers”. He has an impressive filmography – more than 50 paintings. These are “Plot”, “Summer of Wolves”, “Disappeared”, “Fools’ Day”, “Thunders. House of Hope “.


The Afghan Army kills seven “Taliban” who were preparing a car bomb

Afghan Army servicemen deployed in formation at an Afghan barracks

Afghan Army servicemen deployed in formation at an Afghan barracks

The Afghan Defense Ministry has reported this Thursday that at least seven suspected Taliban were killed on Wednesday by the security forces when were preparing to commit a car bomb attack in Faryab province, in the north of the country.

“The Afghan National Army has prevented a car bombing in the Qaisar district, Faryab province. Seven suicide bombers who were in a car loaded with explosives died as a result of the operation, “the Ministry of Defense has detailed in its official Twitter account.

The Defense portfolio has also reported the release of thirteen civilians and one policeman, who were being held by the Taliban in the Washir district, located in Helmand province, in southern Afghanistan, a region in which a week ago at least 50 insurgents, including a senior rebel commander, were killed during an operation military.

A day earlier, the Army, according to the Defense portfolio, killed another 19 alleged Taliban and another five were injured as a result of a confrontation with the Afghan military in the district of Gizab, in the central province of Uruzgan.

Since the February agreement, the country has once again plunged into a spiral of violence, with the resumption of Taliban attacks on Afghan security forces and civilians, while insurgents accuse the Afghan Army of continuing to attack their positions.

Despite the peace agreement signed with the United States and talks with the Afghan government, the Taliban have continued their campaign of attacks against government forces and have refused to accept a ceasefire to facilitate the peace process.


the army deployed to test the truckers stuck in Dover

This was the most visible consequence of the epidemic of the new variant of Covid-19 which is raging across the Channel: thousands of truckers stranded in the port of Dover, waiting for the green light from France to be able to cross the border. After 48 hours of total closure, France has allowed the return of drivers stuck on the British side since December 23, but on the condition of presenting a negative Covid test. Thousands of them were still waiting on December 25 to be able to return home, some parked on the runway of an old airport, others directly on the highway.

→ READ. Should we be worried about the new variant of the virus that has appeared in the United Kingdom?

The British army has finally announced that it has deployed more than 1,000 soldiers for a massive screening operation. By December 25 in the afternoon, more than 10,000 tests had been carried out, including 24 positive, said the Minister of Transport, Grant Shapps. “We are deploying 800 additional staff to support increased screening capacity”, announced the Ministry of Defense, specifying that they are in addition to 300 soldiers already there.

Food and water distribution

The soldiers will also participate in the distribution of water and food for the stranded drivers, some since Sunday. France sent a team of 26 firefighters to help with scouting, more than 1,000 meals and Red Cross volunteers. To allow a faster return to normal, the United Kingdom and France have agreed to exceptionally maintain cross-Channel, sea and rail traffic on Christmas Day. Ferry companies take vehicles only in the Dover-Calais direction.

On Thursday alone, 1,000 heavy goods vehicles crossed from Dover to the French port of Calais, said the deputy managing director of the company which operates the ports of Calais and Boulogne-sur-Mer, Benoît Rochet. “At this rate, the situation should be completely resolved on Saturday December 26 during the day”, he added.

On the M20 motorway leading to Dover, drivers said they had advanced 11 kilometers in 19 hours. This crisis has put a stop to the supply chain in the United Kingdom, which is very dependent on cross-Channel traffic, raising fears of shortages of certain fresh products for lack of a rapid return to normal.


would the French army be the cause of a blunder?

This Thursday, January 7, a national tribute will be paid to the Invalides for last two French soldiers killed in Mali Saturday January 2. A tribute parasitized by a controversy: the French army would it be at the origin of the death of civilians on Sunday?

Strikes that day targeted two villages in the center of the country. Paris claims to have eliminated terrorists. The staff of the French armies speaks of the bombardment of a jihadist group by a fighter plane. But at the same time, the inhabitants of the village of Bounti, in the center of Mali, describe, them, a helicopter and a strike on a group of civilians gathered for a wedding. Assessment: 22 dead and according to Hamadoun Dicko, president of an association in the region, it was not jihadists who were killed by the French strike.

“This time they beat people we know. I am from the region and I know some victims. I have friends among the victims and I know they are not jihadists“, he assures the microphone of RTL.” It is a monumental error which occurred. Strength Barkhane just have to admit it’s a monumental mistake. Bombing civilians, we never imagined that “.

France confirms for its part that the bombing comes after precise and cross-checked information and rejects the hypothesis of confusion with a marriage ceremony.

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Al-Ittihad writes a new superiority outside Alexandria

Al-Ittihad Alexandria team achieved a deadly victory at the expense of Talaia El-Geish, with two goals to one goal in the match that took place in the fifth round of the Egyptian we League competition.

The start of the goals was by Ahmed Samir from a penalty kick in the 30th minute, before Ivorian Razak Cisse scored the equalizer for Al Ittihad in the 41st minute.

In the 90th minute of the match, the Jamaican striker Romario Williams scored the winning goal for Al Ittihad, to end the match on a score of 2-1.

Al Ittihad won its second victory outside Alexandria, where it was the first victory in the first match against Pyramids, with two goals to one.

On the other hand, Al-Ittihad won a point in a draw against Smouha (1-1), in exchange for losing Al-Ahly with four goals without a response last week.

The balance of Al-Ittihad rose to seventh point in seventh place out of four matches, in contrast, Al-Jaysh’s balance stopped at a point in last place, so Tariq Al-Ashry’s men received the fourth loss.


Schubert: The match between Spinning El Mahalla and the Vanguard of the Army was played without a VAR

The journalist Ahmed Schubert revealed that the match between Ghazl El-Mahalla and Al-Jaish would be held in the fourth round of the Egyptian League Championship without the video assistive technology. WHERE Although the rulers are in the room reserved for them.

Schubert explained that the mouse did not interfere in any decision during the meeting, which ended with Ghazl Mahalla’s victory over the Vanguards of the Army with a score of 1-2.

Schubert, via On Time Sports, saluted the assistant referee for his decision to count the second Ghazl Mahalla goal against the Vanguard of the Army, stressing that the referee may have manually hired the referee.

For his part, Mohamed Bassam, Talaia Al-Jaish goalkeeper, confirmed that the goal line of Ghazl El-Mahalla stadium is “higher” than the rest of the stadium lines, strangely enough.

With this result, Mahalla raised his score to 5 points, and Al-Jaysh’s balance stopped at one point and was defeated in three consecutive matches.


The unknown letter in which eight army generals asked Franco to resign

Manuel P. VillatoroManuel P. Villatoro



The situation was as tense as it was grotesque. On September 15, 1943, while the WWII still shook Europe, Jose Enrique Varela, arrested for his monarchical ideas a decade before and a recognized military man on the National side after having liberated the Alcázar of Toledo, he presented himself decided in the Palace of El Pardo. In his pocket he guardedly kept a dangerous document that only eyes should read. Perhaps because of the tension of the moment, perhaps out of sheer habit, he entered Francisco Franco without any formality and with his usual baton in hand.

To Franco, who had already been advised of the content of the letter by the Opus Dei intellectual Rafael Calvo Serer, the forms bothered him more than the gale that was glimpsed on the horizon and lectured, like a child, the military man. As revealed by the Hispanicist Paul Preston in «Franco. Caudillo of Spain »and Juan Fernández-Miranda and Jesús Calero in «Don Juan against Franco. The secret papers of the regime, “forced the military veteran to leave the room and call before going back into the office. He then gave him a stern reprimand for daring to carry a baton in his presence. Protocol stuff.

José Enrique Varela, to Franco's left
José Enrique Varela, to Franco’s left – ABC

Released the tension, the dictator allowed Varela to hand over the document he kept. He unfolded it and soaked himself in it. «Don’t you estimate, when the time comes, provide Spain with a state regime that, like us, longs for? ”Said one of the sentences. It was a letter signed by up to eight senior Army officers (the Sol, Davila, Orgaz and company) in which they requested the return of the monarchical system to Spain. In a very polite and sibylline way. OR “Phrased in terms of vile flattery”, as he later wrote Jose Maria Gil Robles in your journal.

As was usual for him, he didn’t make a face. Nor was there an instant political reaction. On an official level, the dictator gradually received the signatories in the following days. To hear their opinions, he stated. But the reality is that, at the stroke of «patience, self-confidence and calm exterior“(As Preston says in his work), he managed to outwit fate once more and thwart this attempt at monarchical restoration. One of the many that occurred after the Civil War. Thus, the augury already made by the general of the National side was fulfilled. Miguel Cabanellas when he learned that Franco had been appointed head of state by the National Defense Board in September 1936:

Cabanellas, the general who warned about Franco
Cabanellas, the general who warned about Franco

«You do not know what you have done, because you do not know him as I do, who was under my command in the Army of Africa as head of one of the units in the column under my command; and if, as they want, Spain is going to be given to him at this time, he will believe that it is his and will not let anyone replace him in the War or after it, until his death.

The fact, the most astute will have noticed, has certain current aspects. Not because of the perennial controversy that exists around a dictator who is used like a smokescreen by “Huns and Hotros”, in Unamonian terminology, when appropriate. Or not only, well … The real cause is the controversy that has been generated in recent days with the two popular letters in which dozens of retired Army commanders accused a “social-communist government, supported by pro-independence filoetarras” to threaten the “decomposition of the National Unity.” And, as the philosopher Giambattista Vico wrote, sometimes it seems that history is cyclical.

Against Franco

It is difficult to find the germ that motivated the monarchical generals to rise up, in a more or less scandalous way, against Franco. Although there are some linked figures, since the end of the Civil war, to that trend. The main one was, as Fernández-Miranda and Calero collect, Alfredo Kindelán, staunch defender of handing over power to El Ferrol, but only temporarily and as a means of reinstating the Royal Family in the country. This official went on to explain that “some two hundred thousand Spanish monarchists hate Franco and want him to leave power without delay” in an interview with the “International News Service.”

The historian Luis E. Togores, for his part, he affirms in «Franco against Hitler. The Untold Story of Spain during World War II “, that” the clique of advisers and monarchists that surrounded the suitor began to work to attempt the return to Spain of the Bourbons “at the same moment in which the Third Reich stormed Poland. In their words, both they and a series of generals from the National side with the same political ideas tried to convince the dictator to abandon power in favor of Don Juan de Borbón. To do this, they even suspected that they would approach Germany in exchange for their army expelling the Caudillo from command.

Alfredo Kindelán
Alfredo Kindelán – ABC

From then on the road was long, the hard work and the monarchists who joined this cause in the shadows, many more. In the 1940s one of the vertices on which all the conspirators revolved was Eugenio Vegas Latapié, a defender of Don Juan willing to do almost anything to wrest command from Franco. His son was aligned with soldiers as recognized during the Civil War as Juan Yagüe (famous for directing the defenses in front of the Ebro), Agustín Muñoz Grandes (commander of the Blue Division) or, among many others, Gonzalo Queipo de Llano.

But Vegas wasn’t the only standout pillar. Among all this list of monarchical conspirators, one more name arose from the 1940s: Luis Orgaz. High commissioner in Morocco and supporter in principle of Franco, he soon plotted against him when he observed, like Kindelán, that he did not intend to part with power. As he wrote Gil Robles In his diary, this military man put on the table the real possibility of carrying out a coup against the dictator:

Orgaz, one of those who opted to speak out against Franco
Orgaz, one of those who opted to speak out against Franco

«General Orgaz has communicated to Sainz Rodríguez, through Sangroniz, that he is ready to rise up in favor of the monarchy with more than one hundred thousand men and in agreement with Aranda and other generals. For this he wants to have the guarantee of immediate recognition by the allies.

Orgaz asked Gil Robles himself to contact the Allies so that, in some way, they would guarantee his recognition once he had taken power and the Second World War came to an end. The royalist politician, however, answered him bluntly:

“The mentality of this poor man is curious, to whom I have not addressed myself at all, and who only thinks of being president of the first government of the monarchy using the political force of others!”

The letter of discord

It was precisely Orgaz who, seeing himself deprived of the necessary support to establish the monarchy by force, decided to present the proposal through the regulatory channel. In those he was when, as he explains Jesus Palacios Tapias In “Franco’s Letters,” he was informed that a series of officers (most of them lieutenant generals) had written a letter in which they respectfully intended to request Franco to leave his post and cede power to the monarchy.

The September 8, 1943, Orgaz added thus he joined his signature to those of Fidel Dávila, José Solchaga, Alfredo Kindelán, Andrés Saliquet, Miguel Ponte Y Jose Enrique Varela. The text could not be more courteous:

«Excellency: The high hierarchies of the Army are not unaware that today it constitutes the only organic reserve that Spain can count on to overcome the hard times that destiny may reserve for it for the next date. For this reason they do not want to give an excuse to external and internal enemies to suppose their union broken or discipline relaxed, and they took care that subordinate hierarchies did not intervene in the exchanges of views to which their patriotism forced them. That is why they also go to the most discreet and respectful medium Bahamonde, Francisco Franco. to expose their concerns to the only hierarchy superior to them in the Army, doing so with affectionate sincerity, with their only names, without assuming the representation of the armed community, neither required nor granted.

Francisco Franco
Francisco Franco

Comrades in arms are those who come to express their concern and concern to those who achieved with their effort and by their own merit the highest rank in the armies of Land, Sea and Air, won in a victorious and difficult war; the same, with variations in people, some imposed by death, which about seven years ago in an airfield in Salamanca we invested you with the maximum powers in the military command and in that of the State.

On that occasion the resounding and magnificent victory sanctioned with laurels of glory the success of our decision, and the act of excessive will of a few generals became a national agreement by the unanimous, tacit or clamorous assent of the people, to the point of that the extension of the mandate beyond the term for which it was foreseen was lawful.

We would like the success that accompanied us then not to abandon us today by asking our generalissimo with loyalty, respect and affection, if he does not consider, as we do, the time has come to endow Spain with a state regime, which he longs for, as we do, that reinforces the current with unitary, traditional and prestigious contributions inherent to the monarchical form. The occasion seems to have come not to delay any longer the return to those genuinely Spanish modes of government that made our country great, from which it deviated to imitate foreign fashions. The Army, unanimously, will uphold Your Excellency’s decision, ready to suppress any attempt of internal disturbance or underhanded or clear opposition, without harboring the slightest fear of the communist ghost, defeated by its victorious sword, nor of foreign interference.

“We would like the success that accompanied us then not to abandon us today when we ask our generalissimo with loyalty, respect and affection, if he does not consider, as we do, the time has come to endow Spain with a state regime”

This is His Excellency, the request that some old comrades in arms and respectful subordinates raise within the greatest discipline and sincere adherence to the Generalissimo of the Armies of Spain and Head of his State.

Franco couldn’t be more sly. He received each and every one of the signatories in the palace to know their opinions and measure their weaknesses. Furthermore, he constantly toyed with the false idea that, sooner or later, would return power to the monarchy, although without setting deadlines. In his favor he had powerful military personnel such as Muñoz Grandes or Moscardó he hadn’t stamped his signature on the paper, although he knew they felt the same way. In fact, the defender of the Alcázar of Toledo withdrew his name shortly before the handover due to fear of reprisals. In the end everything remained the same, although the culprits were, little by little, deprived of their respective positions.

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Boris Johnson relies on technology

« Britannia is back », the UK is back. A few days after the eventful departure of his main adviser Dominic Cummings, in the midst of negotiations on Brexit, Boris Johnson’s message is intended to be clear. With an increase of around 10% compared to the current budget, of around 40 billion pounds sterling (nearly 45 billion euros), Britain leaving the European Union is not giving up its “global role”. “. The signal is also addressed to US President-elect Joe Biden who intends to relaunch cooperation with European allies.

This investment, unparalleled for 30 years, announced Thursday, November 19, by the British Prime Minister, aims to make Great Britain a pioneer in advanced technologies, – robots, autonomous systems, satellites -, to respond threats in space and cyberspace.

New entities will be created: an agency dedicated to the artificial agency, a cyber force intended to counter computer attacks and a space command capable of launching its first rocket in 2022. These new credits will also allow, says Boris Johnson, to “Restore the UK’s position as the leading naval power in Europe”.

In total, the Ministry of Defense will obtain an increase of 24.1 billion pounds (27 billion euros) over four years compared to the 2018 budget. 190 billion pounds (212 billion euros) will be invested in the defense in the next four years, or 2.2% of its GDP. All of these projects will create up to 10,000 jobs per year, according to the head of government.

Cuts expected in international aid

These announcements are a victory for Defense Minister Ben Wallace but bad news for other ministries. The government could cut heavily in international aid.

→ READ. In the United Kingdom, Boris Johnson presents his “green revolution”

Investments in advanced technologies should also be accompanied by a reduction in the number of personnel and equipment in conventional army units. “It’s a lot of money, but at the end of the day our armed forces are still under enormous financial pressure” underlines the Conservative MP and Chairman of the Defense Committee, Tobias Ellwood.

Downsizing of the army

“There is some danger in taking an approach that sees cyberspace, space and artificial intelligence simply replacing military equipment such as artillery, submarines and attack aircraft.” commented, for his part, Peter Roberts, director of military sciences at the Royal United Services Institute for Defense and Security Studies (RUSI), a British think tank specializing in defense and security.

“Cyberspace, space, data, electronic warfare and information can add value, but cannot perform the same vital tasks. Lessons learned since 2008 from Georgia, Ukraine, Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria, India, Pakistan, China, South Korea, Sudan and Nagorno-Karabakh show it very clearly ”.