Constraints and fear revived memories of the colonial war

The pandemic revived memories of Colonial War combatants and increased the use of psychological support services, despite the difficulty in holding face-to-face sessions, when “the solidarity of peers is essential”.

For Manuel Diogo, a former Colonial War fighter residing in Guarda, the pandemic brought a rekindling of memories in very specific situations, such as when he started seeing people in the street wearing masks, watching a an atmosphere of mistrust and fear that he also felt in Angola, in war.

“In Africa, during the war, we used to go for a walk in Luanda and we were looking from one side to the other to see who was chasing us. Here, now, the same thing happens,” he told Lusa.

The president of the Association for the Disabled of the Armed Forces (ADFA), Manuel Lopes Dias, said that the isolation that the pandemic had forced has revived memories of times of war, which aggravated the difficulties already felt by the disabled military.

“The pandemic brought us experiences of war, such as loneliness and remoteness of our families, society and friends, who we passed as young people in the Colonial War. Many of us are psychologically affected because no one comes back like that from war. Every human being who is subjected to a war situation has serious psychological consequences, there are always traumatic effects. And this we live again,” he said, in an interview with Lusa.

According to ADFA data provided to Lusa agency, in a year of pandemic there was an increase in requests for help from disabled military personnel and in the psychological support provided. In 2020, the association supported 82 people at a psychological level, by telephone or in person, when necessary, at the Lisbon and Porto hubs, 8 more than in 2019, when 74 disabled military personnel were accompanied.

“We have cases already referenced by our multidisciplinary teams, of psychologists and psychiatrists, because the pandemic, in fact, is affecting quite a few of our military disabled people affected by the stress of war and more affected by psychological problems. They have resorted and called more”, said Colonel Lopes Dias.

Although important, psychological support did not solve the problem of lack of contact between the disabled military who suffered the marks of the Colonial War and who were forced to isolate themselves from each other, he said.

“The solidarity of peers is essential, in addition to technical support and support from families”, explained Manuel Lopes Dias. “And at this moment, the pandemic has cut, in some cases almost completely, this possibility for the disabled in the Armed Forces to participate, collaborate, meet together. This has been a serious situation that we are witnessing.”

According to Dr. Luísa Sales, a psychiatrist who is part of the Scientific Committee of the Center for Stress Resources in Military Context (CRSCM), in general, “the populations reacted with a increased expressions of stress, from adaptation or trauma processes” to the pandemic. Former combatants who were in the Colonial War between 1961 and 1974, and in particular those who developed pathologies as a result of this experience, were no exception.

Among these is post-traumatic stress, but also “depression, anxiety, phobic and somatization, loss of contact with reality and addictive behaviors that are extremely frequent in these contexts of rupture” and that make former combatants a vulnerable population, explains the psychiatrist, also responsible for the Psychiatry Service of the Hospital Militar de Coimbra and coordinator of the Observatório do Trauma/CES.

“The frailty of people over 70 was extremely marked and all ex-combatants of the Colonial War are generally over 70 years old, so that was reasonably disturbing. And the fact that they were more imprisoned – for example, in my therapeutic groups we had to take periods off – it doesn’t make things easier”, said the professional, in an interview with Lusa.

Contacted by Lusa, Anabela Oliveira, member of the Board of the Association for Support to Ex-Combatants Victims of War Stress (APOIAR) said that the association received more requests for assistance in 2020 and that psychologists provided support by telephone, existing twice per month face-to-face psychiatry consultation.

According to Luísa Sales, the group therapy is the most indicated in the treatment of ex-combatants, since the existence of a “social support network is very important in the prevention of traumatic conditions and the development of post-trauma disease”, he explains.

But despite the fact that group consultations were interrupted during the confinement, the ex-combatants he accompanies maintained telephone contact with each other almost daily. For the psychiatrist, it was this mutual support that allowed them to overcome the constraints posed by the pandemic.

Luísa Sales admitted that she initially hoped that the pandemic, a situation she classified as “very violent”, would constitute a “kind of trauma activation”. However, in his clinical practice this has not been the case, he said.


A BOLA – Mozambique with 22 deaths and more than 2500 cases in the last 48 hours (Mozambique)

Mozambique registered 22 deaths and 2597 positive cases of Covid-19 in the last two days, Tuesday and Wednesday.

On Tuesday there was a record of cases of infection by the new coronavirus. In all, 1458 people were diagnosed with the disease, with 1139 cases on Wednesday. As for the number of human losses, there were 11 in each of the days. It should be noted that a total of 934 people have already lost their lives in the country since the beginning of the pandemic.

This exponential rise in the number of infections makes Mozambique, according to a report published Tuesday, by the Tony Blair Institute, the African country that registered the biggest increase in Covid-19 cases in the last two weeks. The authors of the study “Africa’s Perfect Storm” concluded that, in that period, Mozambique had an increase of 172 percent.


A BOLA – Churrasqueira issues a statement: «We are not related to Luís Filipe Vieira at all» (Justice)

In addition to Luís Filipe Vieira, the Judiciary Police also arrested José António dos Santos, who earned the epithet of Rei dos Frangos. Name used by a steakhouse based in Leiria, which was forced to issue a statement.

In the note, Rei dos Frangos emphasizes that she has nothing to do with Luís Filipe Vieira, president of Benfica, and leaves an unusual outburst at the end: «Our managers are even Sporting supporters!»

Read the release in full:

«Once again, our company Churrasqueiras Rei dos Frangos, Lda, headquartered in Leiria and with 19 take-away barbecues in Portugal, goes public to defend its good name and emphasize that IN NOTHING has to do with the metaphorical circus “ of the king of chickens”, nor with any of the people involved in this group of plays that have been in the news since 2019.

For those who want to understand a little better the difference between reality and carelessly made news, we explain, point by point:

1) None of our stores or our headquarters were searched by any investigation center or public security institution. IN NO WAY are we related to Mr. Luís Filipe Vieira or with any of the companies that originate the various journalistic pieces.

2) our company is called Churrasqueiras Rei dos Frangos, Lda. and has rights over the trademark “Rei dos Frangos”. This is the name used in our stores to describe our service and our products. We want and must fight for the good name of this brand and this company that has been in existence since 1989.

3) one of the manager of Churrasqueiras Rei dos Frangos, Lda. is called João Carlos Paiva Santos. IN NO EVENT is our manager related to Mr. Luís Filipe Vieira or to any of the companies that give rise to the reported business.

4) Grupo Valoro SGPS, SA. its administrator is Mr. José António dos Santos, the so-called “king of chickens” by the media. Between João and José there is a whole different name, which should have been used by countless journalistic pieces to be able to discern him, but many times they failed to do so.

5) There is and was not any business relationship between our company and Mr. José António dos Santos beyond the natural commercial interaction between supplier and buyer: Avibom, one of the companies of the Valouro Group, sells raw material to Churrasqueiras Rei dos Frangos , specifically, chicken. Because it’s chicken roasting that we understand, stocks and SADs… not so much.

Note, from now on, the difference in treatment between the individual Luís Filipe Vieira, always addressed by his name, and the individual José António dos Santos, who is never addressed by his name or by the companies he manages, but by a much shorter metaphor and elegant, the “king of chickens”. And this is where, unfortunately, we are called “out there”.

These days, no newspaper even bothers to mention Valouro GSPS or any other company duly owned and/or managed by the man who is described as a friend of Mr. Luís Filipe Vieira. Today, we have customers, suppliers and friends asking, calling and commenting consecutively, without being able to distinguish an overly widespread metaphor, stunned about what (not) is happening.

In no way do we want to limit the right to opinion or press freedom. But on several occasions, since 2020, we have alerted different members of the press about the enormous damage to the company’s reputation and the serious misunderstandings that they would be creating for the many people who work here every day.

As a final note, we even explain more: our managers are even Sporting supporters!»


A BOLA – Paulo Pereira Cristóvão and Mustafá convicted of burglary (Justice)

Paulo Pereira Cristóvão and Nuno Mendes Mustafá had the effective prison sentences confirmed by the Court of Appeal, in a ruling that Jornal de Notícias had access to. However, A BOLA knows that Paulo Pereira Cristóvão will appeal, to avoid alleged nullity or unconstitutionality.

It is recalled that the former vice-president of Sporting and the cheerleader Juventude Leonina had been sentenced, in 2019, by the Central Criminal Court of Cascais to seven years and six months and six years and four months, respectively, for burglary in houses.

In the same case, Eloi Fachada and Luís Conceição, two agents of the Public Security Police, received the heaviest sentences of 16 and 17 years in prison, respectively.


BOLA – Portugal provides 50,000 vaccines against Covid-19 (Mozambique)

Portugal made available to Mozambique 50,000 doses of vaccines against Covid-19, which arrived in Maputo this Monday, accompanied by the material necessary to make their administration viable.

The information, put forward through a statement, states that, in the short term, a second batch of similar vaccines is expected to be sent, totaling 100,000 doses.

«This availability stems from the political commitment to make available to the PALOP and Timor-Leste at least 5% of the vaccines against Covid-19 acquired by Portugal, and is also part of the second phase of the Action Plan in the health response to the Covid- 19 between Portugal and Portuguese-speaking African countries and East Timor”, reads the note of the Embassy of Portugal in Mozambique.

The operationalization of this action is the result of the joint effort of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, namely through Camões – Institute for Cooperation and Language and the Embassy of Portugal in Mozambique, as well as the Ministry of Health, via the Directorate-General for Health ( DGS) and the National Authority for Medicines and Health Products (INFARMED) and the Task Force of the National Vaccination Plan against Covid-19 in Portugal.


A BOLA – More than thirty dead in a road accident (Mozambique)

Tragic Saturday night in the Manhiça district. Thirty-four people lost their lives as a result of a road accident involving a bus and two heavy trucks. In addition to more than three dozen deaths, there are seven serious injuries.

According to eyewitnesses, the bus driver caused the tragic accident by making a risky overtaking, causing a collision with trucks heading in the opposite direction. In addition to the reckless overtaking, the excess of speed made the clash inevitable.

The wounded were, however, transferred to the Maputo Central Hospital, where they receive treatment.


A BOLA – Twelve million dollars to fight terrorism in Cabo Delgado (Mozambique)

The Southern African Development Community will help Mozambique with an amount of 12 million dollars (10 million euros, around 900 million meticais) to fight terrorism in Cabo Delgado.

The SADC Council of Ministers decided in an extraordinary session of the organ, which analyzed the budget for the deployment of the SADC Standby Force to support the fight against terrorism that affects part of the northern area of ​​Cabo Delgado.

The summit was chaired by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Mozambique, Verónica Macamo, in her capacity as acting chairman of the body and aimed to analyze aspects related to the materialization of the decisions of the Troika Summit, held in Maputo.

The member countries of the Southern African region are currently in the process of ratifying and evaluating mechanisms to help Mozambique to curb terrorism.

A recent assessment by a team of experts from the region concluded that the country needs, on an immediate basis, 2,916 soldiers, subdivided and 1,860 elements from three light infantry battalions, 140 elements from two special forces units and 120 from a team of communications.

The proposal also includes military engineering and logistics units, which would consist of 100 troops each, two patrol ships, a submarine, a maritime surveillance plane, six helicopters, two drones and four transport planes.


A BOLA – Record holder Messi undoes Bolivia, Coates wins Uruguay (Copa América)

Argentina beat Bolivia (4-1) in the last round of Group A of Copa América. Nicolás Otamendi (Benfica) and Agustín Marchesín (FC Porto) did not leave the bench of the team. Pampas.

Lionel Messi turned out to be the main character of the game. On the day he won his 148th cap, overtaking Mascherano as the most capped ever in Argentina, the Argentine star assisted Alejandro Gómez (6′) and scored twice (33′ and 42′) in the first half. Lautaro Martínez (65′) set the tone for victory albiceleste, with Saavedra (60′) scoring Bolivia’s goal of honor.

In the other game of the group, Uruguay beat Paraguay (1-0), with a goal by Cavani (21′), with a penalty. Sebastián Coates (Sporting) came on at half-time to replace Diego Godín.

All in all, Argentina is at the top of the group with 10 points and will face Ecuador in the quarter-finals. Uruguay follows (second with seven, plays against Colombia), Paraguay is in third place (six points and faces Peru), Chile is in fourth place (five points and will play Brazil) and, in last, Bolivia, without any points and eliminated.


UK academics debate Portuguese language decolonization | Portuguese language

The “decolonization of the curriculum” and Portuguese language variants will be debated this Saturday in Glasgow, Scotland, at a symposium of Tropo UK, the Association of Portuguese Language Teachers and Researchers in the United Kingdom.


A BOLA – City Hall offers bus (Vizela)

The Chamber is going to offer Vizela a semi-new bus, costing around 400 thousand euros, was purchased in Germany and has three axles (6 wheels), toilet, office and other services. The vehicle, decorated with the colors and symbol of the club, will be delivered today by mayor Victor Hugo Salgado, in Praça do Município. “It’s a way to congratulate you for all the effort”, says the mayor.

Read more in the print and digital edition of A BOLA.