El Salvador is rapidly approaching the authoritarianism that Nicaragua is experiencing, human rights defender warns

Celia Medrano warns that the Nicaraguan regime took twenty years to forge, while the Salvadoran regime has only been two years old and shows a rapid pace.

Celia Medrano, a renowned human rights defender, is not optimistic: she sees a democratic debacle and a government that becomes increasingly aggressive against those who question it. In a conversation with El Diario de Hoy, he expressed his concern about the growing attacks on independent journalism, the opposition, and drew a discouraging simile between El Salvador and the crisis in Nicaragua.

Vice President Félix Ulloa said that if the government won a parliamentary majority, it would be less aggressive. Do you think this has happened?
In my opinion, the power groups that control the Executive Branch have not ceased to be confrontational, in fact they have escalated the level of confrontation, because now they have the power for that confrontation and attacks on any critical sector classified by them as opponent have legal retaliation. So they have not only maintained hate speech, confrontational speech, but have escalated it into legal action or acted on what would be called a legalistic foundation of things.

Like what?
I see it in the expulsion of the editor of El Faro. The answer has been that he did not have a work permit and was working on a tourist visa, a legalistic argument for one more clear retaliation against El Faro and not even with the sufficient legal structure. Because if he was already processing his permit, what corresponded was a call and a fine. Not your removal, not your deportation.

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Do you see it also in the supposed anti-corruption fight of the government?
With this there is a practice of escalating retaliation, hate speech and to legal levels, such as the commission that investigates NGOs who have received money from the Legislative Assembly. Not all of them would necessarily be facing a situation of corruption. However, it is necessary to wonder if the NGO linked to the deputy (Guillermo) Gallegos would be investigated, because it also responds to the previous efforts.

Guillermo Gallegos has been singled out for various acts of corruption.
Photo EDH / Jessica Orellana

Do you think that this will institutionalize the closure of critical spaces?
Nicaragua is a very good example of how far such legislation can scale. What was previously only an official speech issued from the Executive Power, now is aggravated because they have control of the Legislative, the Judicial and that they have their own prosecutor.

Do you see a commitment from this government to human rights?
The proposed Law for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders was one of the almost 100 proposed laws that were filed. It will depend on the mobilization of the organizations of human rights defenders to return the issue to the table, as has happened with the proposal, with the issue of the human right to water. At least that the subject returns, that the Assembly has the urgency to approach the subject again. At the hearing generated by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights two weeks ago, the State was not present. It is the first time in decades that there is no government representation.

They argued that because there was disproportionality, there was a large presence of non-governmental organizations. It remained practically unnoticed by the national opinion in the country that the Government in decades, for the first time and in the way of Venezuela, in the way of Nicaragua, does not attend a convocation of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. This is serious and that reflects their level of political will with regard to human rights.

Nayib Bukele, President of El Salvador. / Photo EDH Yessica Hompanera

In what sense?
For me, the current government has a biased application of what it understands as people’s rights: it depends on who the violator is and it depends on who is the person to whom the will or the right is given. Thus, the issue of universality, of complementarity, of the right to non-discrimination with respect to human rights cannot be worked on.

For example?
A police inspector beats a journalist while complying with his task of documenting an event related to disappearances and murders, homicides and is filmed, but the prosecutor publicly assures that the video is not enough to generate a process. Let’s think what would have happened if it had been the other way around and a journalist had aggressively exceeded the order not to stop, would have pushed the policeman and that would have been filmed. The scenario would have been totally different. So this government is applying the law according to the convenience of who violates the law, who violates human rights or who is the victim. If the victim is a person not related to the official narrative, the protection mechanisms are not activated.

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How do you see the right to dissent?
There is an issue of prosecuting the protest and criminalizing dissent. I insist once again that we must see ourselves in the mirror of Nicaragua. It is the closest we have and is the reflection of what we can become. Of course, Nicaraguan leaders tell us that El Salvador is going much faster. Ortega took 20 years to have what he has now. We are in a matter of two or three years in very similar scenarios. And when democratic spaces are closed, the first to be hit are human rights defenders and independent journalism. And currently they are the next enemy. Enough analysts have already been heard to argue that within the populist discourse, staying in power requires enemies, inventing enemies.

This government offered modernity and freshness. Is it really that?
History repeats itself, again we are in scenarios where democratic spaces begin to close. And the population would begin to experience firsthand the consequences of the closure of those spaces. The lack of controls between the organs of the State, for example, is a lesson of centuries. And the population is going to wake up, realizing what is really happening. Nowadays, it seems that they only removed some magistrates and put others, but one thing is the defense in the abstract of the republican system and the democratic institutionality and another is when I live the consequences directly when that translates into the egg carton , milk, oil, gas are increasing significantly.

Is there something to do about it?
I argue that it is too late to be able to reverse the damage that has already been caused to this democracy, to this weak democratic institutionality built since the signing of the Peace Accords. Many say that just as we punished Arena, the FMLN and the Christian Democratic Party 40 years ago, we are going to punish New Ideas, but we do not realize that they have been given so much power that they are simply going to change the rules of the game and the same Constitution. That can mark us a scenario of no less than 20 years to recover what was lost.

Do you see any simile with our history?
We could compare the current moment with the end of the 60s, where protests began to be repressed, there were electoral fraud, it no longer mattered that you resorted to the vote to want to change things, because the entire structure was already designed for electoral fraud . But the proof is very old that the more repression is generated, the discontent accumulates and sooner or later the situation explodes.

Message during a civil rally at the Monument to the Constitution. Photo EDH / Menly Cortez

Is it valid for you to speak of a dictatorship in El Salvador?
What happens is that we want to talk about military dictatorships in the style of Pinochet, in the style of Duvalier or Somoza. Modern dictatorships do not necessarily have to have the same profile, which is why it is very difficult to speak of a dictatorship in El Salvador. Although I do not doubt that the authoritarian and autocratic demeanor of the groups that control the Government. That we are heading towards a dictatorship, I do not dispute it, but it would not be one of those who would affirm that there is already a dictatorship.

Don’t you see a return of the armed forces to politics?
Yes, there is a militarization of politics and a very large militarization of public activity. The military have once again had powers that they should never have had. And the incident that occurred with the journalist Beltrán and the inspector (of the PNC) raises us the concern that the attack on someone is justified. And suddenly an armed policeman who beats a journalist is declared a national hero. This boasting in this way to the institutional armed sector, the Armed Forces and the Police is extremely serious. It takes us to times when we live in conflict.

What tools are there from the international community to stop the authoritarian drift?
It is a question that can have a very frustrating answer. For me, a very strong indicator has been that there was no state representative at the meeting that was called by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Unfortunately, until there is a sufficient orchestra of the international community that results in other types of sanctions. The mirror of Nicaragua gives us the alerts. We must reflect on what is happening.

And in this process, do you think there will be a large exodus of Salvadorans?
Yes, it is the next point. We can no longer only speak of forced migration caused by non-state actors with the license and responsibility of the State. Now we are already learning about the forced migration of people who are talking about political persecution in this country. Then we will once again have requests for refugee and asylum from actors who will state that they are the object of persecution, not only from non-state entities such as gangs or organized crime, but also from State agents for belonging to a political party, for being a journalist, for be from a non-governmental organization qualified by this government as an opponent. There is nothing that tells us that this will decrease if people continue to perceive this political crisis in their daily lives.


Alert: they detect dangerous bacteria for humans in dog food

A group of researchers from the University of Porto (Portugal) analyzed 55 canine food samples from 25 brands —Available nationally and internationally—, including 14 samples of frozen raw food, and it turned out that 30 samples (54%) contained Enterococci bacteria, which can live in human intestines without causing harm, but pose danger to other parts of the body.

More than 40% of these bacteria were resistant to a wide range of antibiotics, such as erythromycin, tetracycline, gentamicin or ciprofloxacin. 23% of the enterococci were resistant to the linezolidA last resort antibiotic used in severe cases when all others have failed.

Multiresistant enterococci were discovered in all samples of raw food and only in three non-raw food.

A genetic analysis revealed that some of these multi-resistant bacteria are identical to those discovered in patients hospitable in the UK, Germany and the Netherlands. Identical bacteria have also been found in farm animals and sewage water in the United Kingdom.

Threat to international public health

In their study, cited in EurekAlert and to be presented at this year’s European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, the researchers warn about the “threat to international public health” which involves the transmission of superbugs found in dog food to humans through the handling of food or dog excrement.

The researchers call on European regulators to raise awareness of the problem and recommend that dog owners always wash their hands with soap after handling dog food or picking up their droppings.

Drug-resistant infections are the cause of some 700,000 deaths annually in the world and the UN warns that the figure could reach 10 million by 2050.


Basketball: Atlanta winners, Milwaukee Bucks join Phoenix Suns in NBA final

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The Milwaukee Bucks advanced to the NBA Finals after beating the Atlanta Hawks 118-107 on Saturday in Game N.6 of the Eastern Conference Finals. The franchise of Wisconsin, whose only NBA title dates from 1971, will play the third final in its history against the Phoenix Suns, who will try to win their first title in the North American Basketball League.


the results of violent thunderstorms

Guillaume Woznica 5 min

The first degradation was organized from Saturday noon in the west before stretching from central regions to Belgium during the afternoon and evening. In total, some 36,000 lightning strikes were recorded throughout the country. In addition to the strong electrical activity, violent phenomena have occurred locally, like this tornado which affected Saint-Nicolas-de-Bourgueil at the beginning of the afternoon, in Indre-et-Loire.

It devastated part of this small town in Tours, damaging many buildings and in particular the church.. The bell tower was literally carried away by the power of the winds, the same thing for many roofs of houses and buildings, including the village hall. The vineyards of Saint-Nicolas were also strongly affected. Two other cases of tornadoes were also recorded in the afternoon and evening, first in Eure-et-Loir then in Marne with damage mainly to vegetation.

In the early evening, these thunderstorms continued their journey towards Île-de-France. The main characteristic of the degradation which affected the Paris region was the rain with particularly marked intensities and which caused flooding., as in the tropics. In particular, 11 mm of rain fell in Paris between 6:12 p.m. and 6:18 p.m., the equivalent of a week of rain in 10 minutes. These are the heaviest rains in the capital since May 2003. (15 mm in 10 minutes). At time T, the intensities reached 400 mm / h, hence the qualifier tropical rain.

Another violent phenomenon that accompanied this stormy wave: hail. It has manifested itself in many regions but it is undoubtedly in the department of Doubs that it did the most damage, and in particular in the area of ​​Valdahon and Vercel. Hailstones the size of tennis balls, sometimes up to 10 cm in diameter, caused extensive damage to roofs and vehicles.

After a short respite in the night from Saturday to Sunday, a new stormy wave was organized on Sunday morning on the outskirts of the Massif Central. These thunderstorms then quickly spread to the eastern regions over the hours with more than 30,000 impacts recorded in the space of 24 hours. Among the violent phenomena observed, the wind blew particularly strongly in the Gard department and in particular in the Alès sector with numerous tree falls observed, vehicles overturned and one person injured. In total, the firefighters intervened more than 300 times.

This beginning of the week will remain stormy in many regions but with less and less organized cells as the days go by.


The municipality of La Virginia is on alert, along the Risaralda River

Due to the heavy rains that have occurred during the weekend in the municipalities of Mistrató, Bethlehem of Umbria and Guática to the west of the department, The levels of the Risaralda River have increased as it passes through the municipality of La Virginia.

For this reason, the relief agencies of this town activated a yellow alert, given the risk of suffering new emergencies, such as those registered a few weeks ago.

Also read: Due to the winter wave, 50% of the municipalities of Risaralda are on alert

According to Captain Jairo Gallego, commander of the La Virginia Fire Department, With the aim of preventing new emergencies derived from the rising of the Risaralda River, exhaustive monitoring of the tributary is being carried out.

“We generated a yellow alert due to the growth of the Risaralda river, because torrential rains have occurred in the upper part of Mistrató, which increased the river flow to 90 centimeters, a measurement that is quite high. There were also rains in Belén in Guática that increased the levels of streams that flow into the Risaralda River ”, explained the commander of the La Virginia Fire Department.

A few weeks ago the Risaralda River overflowed in La Virginia, after causing the rupture of several of the gardens that protected the municipality, which is why floods were generated in most of the neighborhoods, leaving some 20 thousand people affected, according to the authorities’ report.

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In the midst of this past emergency, neighborhoods such as San Carlos, El Progreso, Tangarife 1 and 2, Bayron Gaviria, Luis Carlos Galán, Santa Fé, Portobello, El Prado, Los Almendros, Alfonso López were affected, many of which had never been flooded.


Alert! WhatsApp begins to close the accounts of those who share illegal content – Cba24n

The messaging app WhatsApp In recent days, it has closed several accounts of its users for sharing illegal content.

Specifically, they are actions against piracy.

The platform thus sets a precedent that can affect thousands of people around the world.

Despite the fact that movie piracy has decreased a lot in recent years thanks to new platforms and the initiatives of different institutions, there are still cases of criminal acts that try to seize content without paying for it. For this reason, WhatsApp has taken a step forward and from now on it leaves a notice to all those who show movies on its platform.

What happened is that three accounts were suspended following the order of an Indian court that dictated this sanction. All due to the complaint of the production company Zee Entertainment Enterprises that detected that the film Radhe: Your Most Wanted Bhai was being sent by WhatsApp.

In addition, the producer had also denounced such acts to Facebook, the owner of WhatsApp, without giving a response in this regard. Something that could now change, once this precedent against piracy has been set.

Making proper use of the applications is part of the agreement reached by accepting the conditions in the installation.

In this way, with this event in India, WhatsApp anticipates that it will begin to monitor more of this type of illegal practices, later carrying out all these suspensions if necessary.


no explosive device found on board

An interministerial crisis unit was opened Thursday due to a suspicion of the presence of an explosive device on board a plane from Chad to Roissy Charles-de-Gaulle airport, the ministry said. of the Interior in a press release.

“The plane landed at Roissy airport without incident at 4:01 pm and was isolated,” said the Ministry of the Interior. “The passengers have been disembarked. The doubts are being lifted, ”he said.

According to an airport source, during the flight, a man managed to tune into the radio frequency and broadcast a bomb threat.

“The pilot warned the company and the plane was escorted by a Rafale to Roissy,” added this source.

The plane “landed at a + point bomb +, a special place at the airport for this kind of event,” said this source.

“All the occupants of the plane were subject to identity checks,” added a source familiar with the matter. “The inspection of the aircraft and the bunkers has just started,” according to this source.

The GIGN, the elite unit of the gendarmerie, which had been dispatched to the site, “left”, according to the close source.

Shortly before 7 p.m., the Minister of the Interior Gerald Darmanin indicated that there was “no explosive device” on board the Air France plane from Chad which was the subject of searches, Thursday after- noon, at the Parisian airport of Roissy Charles-de-Gaulle.

“End of intervention”, added the minister on his Twitter account. All the passengers of the aircraft had been checked, the aircraft had been searched on its arrival at Roissy around 4 p.m. and an interministerial crisis unit opened after a bomb threat during this flight.


Historic tsunamis off the California coast – Telemundo 52

Most of the tsunamis observed in California have been small, causing a slight rise in water levels in coastal areas and little damage. But whether generated by local or distant sources, such as earthquakes in the Alaska subduction zone, tsunamis have caused death and destruction in the state’s coastal communities.

Here’s a look at some of the state’s historic tsunamis.

January 26, 1700: There are no written records, but scientists have reconstructed the event using geological evidence, oral histories, and Japanese documents that describe waves along the coast of that country during the day. A strong earthquake along the Cascadia Subduction Zone, which runs from Cape Mendocino to Vancouver Island, British Columbia, likely generated a 50-foot tsunami in Northern California.

Seismologists assure the “Great Earthquake” could be felt at any moment.

December 21, 1812: The low-lying areas of Santa Barbara and Ventura were flooded and damage to nearby ships was reported due to the powerful waves. Researchers have theorized that a landslide triggered by an earthquake caused the tsunami.

April 1, 1946: An earthquake in the Alaska subduction zone generated this tsunami, which caused flooding about 1,000 feet inland at Half Moon Bay on California’s central coast.

March 28, 1964: The most devastating west coast tsunami on record was generated by a deadly 9.2 magnitude earthquake in Alaska. It caused strong waves that hit coastal areas, including the Northern California community of Crescent City, where 11 people were killed. A sudden rise of about 20 feet in height flooded nearly 30 city blocks, according to the Department of Conservation. A total of more than 100 people died in the tsunami area, from Alaska and on the Pacific coasts of Canada and the United States.

March 11, 2011: Although not as destructive as the 1964 tsunami, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake in Japan’s Tohoku region triggered strong tsunami currents that damaged ports along the California coast. One death was reported in connection with the tsunami. The worst damage was in Crescent City and Santa Cruz.

Northridge Earthquake: A Look Back In The First Hours After The Earthquake.