Friday, December 6, 2019
Home Health & Fitness Sad in autumn: what helps against the winter blues | waz.de

Sad in autumn: what helps against the winter blues | waz.de

Berlin.
Many people suffer from winter blues in autumn and winter. What to do and how to recognize the difference to depression.

Cloudy days, cloudy mood. The rain is drizzling outside, exhaustion is spreading inside. It's the time for that mental depression, which captures nearly a quarter of men and more than a third of women in this country in the cold and dark months of the year.

They are tired, the desire for sweets and carbohydrates knows no bounds, the capriciousness also not. winter Bluessays the vernacular. But the lack of enthusiasm and drive, my experts, can also be an expression of winter depression, a so-called seasonal affective disorder, which – according to the mood – with SAD (English for sad) abbreviates.

Symptoms of winter blues and winter depression are similar

Winter blues, winter depression – together they have the symptoms, says the psychiatrist. Evangelos Karamatskos. "People are energyless, feel less joy and retire, "said the senior physician at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy at the University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE).

Some started crying for no reason, had problems with concentration, increased need for sleep and Increased hunger attacks, "But in contrast to a seasonal depression, people with a winter blues can still work quite well despite the low mood and manage their everyday lives," says Karamatskos. The limit is in number and severity of symptoms.

Lack of light plays a role in the development

Above all, the lack of light in the dark and increasingly darkening autumn and winter months probably plays a role in the Emergence of SAD and mood lows. We drive to work in the dark in the morning and return in the dark. In between: office, lunch in the canteen – outside it is so uncomfortable.

But the light is our clock, it organizes ours Sleep wake cycle, our life. "We still can not provide a clear biochemical explanation for the development of SAD," says Professor Martin Walter, director of the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy at the University Hospital Jena. "But we know that missing light matters."

Geographical data confirm this. The number of diagnoses increases the further one moves to the north in the earth's hemisphere. "In the north of Finland are up to 30 percent of the population affected by seasonal depression, "says Walter.

Light ensures the production of happiness hormone

One explanation for this is: "Through the retina of the eyes, the light enters the brain and ensures the production of certain messengers," says Walter. Especially that serotoninthat many know as happiness hormones, then make sure that we are alert and attentive.

At the same time, the light inhibits the production of the Hormone melatonin, which makes us fall asleep in the evening in the dark and is then dismantled again. Only in winter does the melatonin level remain elevated during the day – the tiredness just will not give way.

Whether the elevated melatonin levels too Influence on the mood has, but is still explored. There are hints – a modern antidepressant, which acts on the melatonin level, very effective, says Karamatskos. "But the melatonin system is very complex – and we still do not fully understand it."

. (tagsToTranslate) Depression (t) Mood Swings (t) Autumn (t) Autumn Fatigue (t) Paid content

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