The Renault announces its strategy on electric cars which will be focused on “made in France” and which foresees a decisive acceleration on “zero emissions”, With the debut of new models. The set goal, to be achieved by 2030, is to guarantee 90% of the market share for battery-powered vehicles. This announcement therefore improves the previous announcement given on the occasion of the presentation of the Renaulution industrial plan, which always provided for a market share of 90% but also included hybrids. The “mix” target does not change, which by 2025 includes 65% of sales represented by electric and electrified vehicles.
These ambitious milestones can be achieved with the presentation of 10 new EV models based on the two piattaforme CMF-EV e CMF-BEV, seven of which are Renault-branded. For medium and large models, the CMF-EV platform will be used, which should guarantee more interior space, better driving pleasure and a range of up to 580 km. The house plans to build 700,000 vehicles on this platform by 2025. One of the models that will use the CMF-EV is the new Megane E-Tech Electric, which will arrive in 2022 and will be produced in Douai.
> The prototype of the electric Renault Mégane E-Tech, which will go into production in 2022 (who to know more).
For the compact will be used instead CMF-BEV platform, which will allow Groupe Renault to offer affordable electric vehicles. The adoption of economies of scale will ensure a 33% cost reduction compared to the current generation of ZOE. The CMF-BEV platform will offer up to 400 km in the WLTP cycle and can be associated with a 100 kW powertrain. Electric re-editions of the classics will be engineered on this platform R5 e R4, the latter announced today. The R5 will be produced entirely in northern France (Renault ElectriCity), from the battery to the electric unit. Finally, again with regard to product strategy, Alpine’s “dream garage”, unveiled last January, will become a reality in 2024 and will consist of the heir to the A110 and two other models, a five-door based on the R5 and a GT.
> The new CMF-BEV platform that will be used for smaller electric cars.
The Renault also laid the foundations for the autonomous production of an unpublished electric motor free of rare earths (free of permanent magnets) and based on the technology of wound rotor synchronous motors and a gearbox. The group will concentrate engine production at the MegaFactory in Cleon (Normandy), while also announcing a partnership with French start-up Whylot for an axial flow e-motor, with the aim of producing it in scale from 2025. This technology will initially be applied to hybrid powertrains, with the aim of reducing costs by 5%. As for the power electronics, in order to reduce costs, the Group will integrate the inverter, the DC-DC converter and the on-board charger in a single housing developed internally. This compact design housing will be compatible with 800V architecture, with fewer components to reduce cost, and will be used on all platforms and powertrains (BEV, HEV, PHEV). The power modules for the inverter, the DC-DC converter and the OBC will use silicon carbide (SiC) and gallium nitride (GaN) respectively, thanks to the strategic partnership signed with ST Microelectronics.
> Among the new models announced today is the modern re-edition of the R4, of which this first image has been released. It will join another Renault icon, the R5 (who to know more)
In addition to these new technologies, the Renault Group is also working on a more compact powerplant, known as the “all-in-one” system (a system similar to BMW’s eDrive). This powertrain packs electric motor, gearbox and power electronics into a single unit. This should make it possible to gain 45% of the overall volume (i.e. the equivalent of the tank volume of the current Clio), to reduce the cost of the total powertrain by 30% (this value saving is equivalent to the cost of the electric motor ) and to reduce energy losses in the WLTP cycle by 45%, thus allowing electric vehicles to increase the range by 20 km.
The implementation of the new electrical technologies will be concentrated in a new industrial complex which will be built in northern France and will consist of the Douai, Maubeuge and Ruitz plants. The goal is to produce “made in France” electric vehicles. This “hub” will also be able to count on the batteries produced in the Gigafactory in Douai, also a novelty announced today.
> In this drawing, the future Alpine electric sports car.
Groupe Renault also defines the specifications of the battery cells that will be mounted on its vehicles. It will make use exclusively of the chimica NMC (Nickel, Manganese and Cobalt) and a standard cell architecture, which will allow it to build up to one million electric vehicles under the Alliance by 2030. According to the company, the choice of this chemistry offers a cost ratio per kilometer very competitive, with an increase of up to 20% of the range compared to other chemical solutions and a better recycling performance.
Regarding the development of the cells, Groupe Renault has chosen to establish one partnership with Envision AESC which will develop a gigafactory with a capacity of 9 GWh in 2024 and the target of reaching 24 GWh in 2030. This partner, located near Renault ElectriCity, will ensure the production of batteries at competitive costs, with a reduced carbon footprint.
The Renault Group then signing a memorandum of understanding for become a shareholder of the French start-up shorten with a stake of more than 20%. Both partners intend to jointly develop a high-performance battery suitable for medium and large cars (segment C and D), but also for models in the Alpine range. This partnership provides for the development of a pilot production line of battery cell and module prototypes made in France starting from 2022. Subsequently, Verkor aims to build, starting from 2026, the first battery gigafactory in France, with an initial capacity of 10 GWh for the Renault Group, subsequently able to reach 20 GWh in 2030. According to forecasts in less than a decade, the Group will be able to progressively reduce the costs of the battery pack by 60%, with the aim of falling below 100 dollars / kWh in 2025 and subsequently below $ 80 / kWh in 2030, laying the groundwork for the arrival of solid state battery technology (All Solid State Battery) in the Alliance.
As regards recycling, an acceleration of the development of skills with Mobilize, in order to generate more and more value in every single phase of the life cycle. For applications during the first phase of battery life in the vehicle, the Group intends to develop “Vehicle-to-grid” solutions that allow energy to be retransmitted from the vehicle battery to the electricity grid. When the batteries are exhausted, thanks to the partnership with Veolia, they will be initiated into recycling processes, making use of the Re-Factory project. The set goal, to be achieved by 2030, is to generate more than one billion euros in turnover with these activities.