Premature menstruation – the menstrual cycle and menstrual irregularities

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The menstrual cycle usually lasts 28 days but can vary from 21 to 35 days. An irregular menstrual cycle is shorter or longer than usual, or involves lighter or heavier bleeding.

Periods usually last about 3 to 7 days, and menstrual hygiene products such as pads, tampons, and period underwear are commonly used to collect the blood.


Menstrual irregularities may also include light bleeding or “spotting” between periods.

An early period can sometimes surprise you, but the causes are often easy to explain. A premature period is when you get your period after 2 weeks.

This can be bleeding a few days after your last period or two weeks before your next period.

For some people, periods may start as expected, then stop and then start again. Occasional irregularities in the menstrual cycle are not uncommon and can be the result of lifestyle factors and hormonal fluctuations.

In some cases, an irregular period can be a sign of a hormone imbalance or an underlying condition, and in other cases, it is not menstrual blood.

Causes of Premature Menstrual Bleeding

What can cause you to have two periods in one month? This may be due to a short menstrual cycle or a medical condition that causes vaginal bleeding.

Possible causes of premature menstrual bleeding include:

Unbalanced hormones

This is the main cause of an early period. Hormones control most of the processes in our bodies, and periods are no exception. Hormones that control periods can be thrown out of balance by:

  • Take (or forget to take) the birth control pill or emergency contraception.
  • Stress or anxiety can release stress hormones that can alter blood flow or cycle, which can be a big reason for the early onset of your period.
  • Sudden weight loss or weight gain.
  • Not getting enough sleep.
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puberty or menopause

Puberty or menopause are other factors that can cause premature menstruation. They cause age-related hormonal changes that can lead to menstrual cycle irregularities.

During the teenage years, it is often normal to have irregular periods. If a girl’s period is irregular, it may come more than once a month or only every few months.

Some girls experience having more than one period in a few months, but then not having another one for a few months. This is the body’s natural way of adapting to the changes that come with growing up.

Perimenopause usually occurs when a woman is in her 40s and is gradually approaching menopause. During perimenopause, women have fewer and fewer eggs in their ovaries, and these eggs are of poor quality.

These eggs do not respond well to the hormonal signals from the brain, which can result in ovulation rarely occurring or not occurring at all. This leads to shorter menstrual cycles, an earlier period and sometimes missed periods.

When is bleeding not a period?

Many women experience some kind of spotting during some menstrual cycles, which can easily be confused with the start of a new period.

It is important to remember that irregular bleeding can indicate a medical problem and can easily be mistaken for a period. In some cases, the bleeding can mean any of the following:


If you’ve had unprotected sex and the spotting occurs around the time you expect your next period, it could be a sign that a fertilized egg has implanted in your uterus.

This is called implantation bleeding. If you think you may be pregnant, take a pregnancy test, knowing that you may have to wait a few weeks for a positive test.

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Every pregnancy test kit manufacturer is different, so read the instructions. If you are pregnant, contact your doctor to discuss the next steps.

disease or infection

A sexually transmitted infection can cause light bleeding or spotting and abnormal vaginal discharge.

But it can also be a sign of polycystic ovary syndrome. Fibroids, adenomyosis and an overgrowth of the uterine lining can also cause premature menstrual bleeding.


Miscarriages are often accompanied by heavy vaginal bleeding. It is important to see a doctor immediately if you experience vaginal bleeding during pregnancy.

When should you see a doctor?

Normally, you should see your doctor if you experience severe cramps during your period. Certain lifestyle factors, such as stress, diet and exercise, can also affect the menstrual cycle. Therefore, you should see your doctor or gynecologist if you notice any of the following symptoms:

  • Your period often lasts longer than 8 days or less than 2 days.
  • You haven’t had a period for 3 months, even though you’re not pregnant.
  • Your periods are less than 21 days apart or more than 35 days apart.
  • Severe cramps or other pain during a period.
  • Bleeding between 2 periods.

Finally, it may be helpful for you to track your menstrual cycle and make a note of any symptoms you experience. You can then share this information with your doctor for diagnosis.

The doctor may order blood tests to check hormone levels and perform a pelvic exam. If the doctor suspects an underlying condition, they may also order an ultrasound scan of the ovaries.

© Photos: Weekiss



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