The undersecretary of Health of Mexico, Hugo López Gatell, announced that in that country four drugs will begin to be tested in the treatment of COVID-19. There is no specific medicine for this disease, so drugs are applied depending on the cases and the intensity of the symptoms.
López insisted, in a press conference, that these medicines are for other diseases, but they will be tested in coronavirus cases, in the absence of a specific medicine.
The medications to be used are:
Remdesivir.- works as an antiviral
Tocilizumab.- Immunosuppressant used for severe rheumatoid arthritis. It is a protein that fights tissue inflammation, and could serve to damage COVID-19 to the lungs.
Hydroxychloroquine.- is used against malaria and rheumatic diseases
Chloroquine.- combined with azithromycin, it works as an antibacterial
The official commented that these treatments will be done thanks to the collaboration of United States health institutes. (I)
The new lawsuits attached to the case also accuse Ripple CEO Brad Garlinghouse.
Accusations are added to back the plaintiffs in an adverse jury verdict.
XRP investors have filed an amended complaint against Ripple in a long-running lawsuit alleging breach of the US Securities Act. USA
The class action lawsuit, from two years ago, notes that Ripple, a blockchain payments infrastructure company, He violated the securities laws with his sales and trading of the XRP cryptocurrency. The case has been resubmitted with additional lawsuits to support the allegation that Ripple and its CEO, Brad Garlinghouse, have carried out fraudulent business practices.
The lawsuit, which has former XRP investor Bradley Sostack as lead plaintiff, was brought for the benefit of all investors who bought XRP tokens issued and sold by Ripple. The lawsuit exposes the existence of a scheme to raise hundreds of millions of dollars by selling an unregistered security, in this case XRP, to retail investors.
According to a court document filed on March 25, a sixth claim for compensation claims false advertising, which violates California business laws. It should be noted that this amendment is made “under the alternative theory that XRP is not a value”. A seventh additional lawsuit also accuses the company of unfair competition in violation of the same California laws, also on the theory that XRP is not a security.
The plaintiffs appear to be trying to use some “alternative theory” in the lawsuit, in case the jury judges that Ripple did not issue or sell an unregistered security.
The other notable changes in demand point to Ripple and Garlinghouse, citing their statements that XRP is an essential utility token for international payments and that its sale is primarily targeted at market vendors.
However, as discussed above, over 60% of XRP is owned by Ripple, and none of these tokens is used for anything other than to be sold in the future in order to invest, “the plaintiffs declare.
The lawsuits indicate that Garlinghouse was allegedly “supporting the hodlthereby seeking to maintain XRP and make long-term gains. ” That, the document states, “is false, given that throughout 2017 Garlinghouse sold millions of XRP to various cryptocurrency exchange houses.” Reviews of the XRP ledger indicate that Garlinghouse sold at least 67 million XRP in 2017. “It sold XRP as soon as it was received,” they say.
Under California law, plaintiffs have the option to resubmit amended lawsuits within 28 days of previous judgments. Judge Phyllis Hamilton of the Northern District of California declared last February that the lawsuit could go to trial and include other lawsuits filed under Federal Law. However, he dismissed some lawsuits requesting that they be resubmitted.
The order followed a hearing in mid-January between the plaintiff, Bradley Sostack, and the defendant, Ripple, along with its subsidiary XRP II and the CEO, Garlinghouse.
Translated version of Sebastian Sinclair’s article, published on CoinDesk.
On Wednesday afternoon at 1.30 p.m. the song Hallelujah sounds from a balcony of the Maternus senior center in Rodenkirchen. The people who shop in the supermarket next to it stop in the square in front of the building, an old woman tripping on the walker crosses herself.
After the last note there is a soft clapping. In the nursing home for the elderly in the heart of the district, the effects of the coronavirus can be seen under a magnifying glass: As of Wednesday morning, five residents had died of the consequences of an infection; 20 senior citizens from the house are currently being treated in the hospital – nine of them were tested positive, the others are suspected of infection. 15 employees of the old people’s and nursing home were also infected, eleven are also in home quarantine.
“The facility was completely quarantined on Tuesday evening,” said Rodenkirchen Mayor Mike Homann, who stands in front of the building and is busy “alleviating and conveying concerns to residents”. On Saturday he put protective masks on the door of the home.
The health department knows nothing of the quarantine of the whole house. The Cura group, which operates the facility, states that the quarantine only applies to the senior center – this is not legally possible for the people who live in assisted living – the city must issue an exit ban here.
A curfew for homes is “an extreme cut in freedom, such measures should be considered very carefully,” said Gerhard Wiesmüller, deputy head of the health department, at the afternoon press conference of the city crisis team in the town hall. In three nursing and senior care facilities in Cologne there are “more corona cases”, he does not want to give the names of the other two.
He asks the media representatives to “not look for the mistakes in the management of the individual houses now. All employees of the affected houses are working on the attack, all hygienic and infectious issues are under control. “
Due to the increasing number of nursing and retirement homes, the city has made a difficult decision: From now on there is a provisional admission freeze for all Cologne senior and nursing homes. For people who need short-term care, “intelligent concepts would have to be developed quickly,” says Wiesmüller.
“How we deal with hardship cases is still being worked out. We will not abandon people who need a nursing home after a hospital stay. ”Shortly after the press conference, the non-urban organizations such as Caritas and Arbeiterwohlfahrt knew nothing about the admission freeze.
Carrier assumes further cases
A little question mark can be put behind whether the infectious diseases in Rodenkirchen are under control. An employee of the house told this newspaper that “probably all residents came into contact with infected people”.
The agency is assuming further cases: The people who live in apartments in assisted living had only been tested a few days ago – the crisis team was unable to announce the evaluation.
There were 1540 confirmed cases in Cologne on Wednesday afternoon. 116 corona patients are currently in inpatient treatment; on Wednesday five patients were flown in from Italy. 54 people are cared for in intensive care units, 619 were released from quarantine – five of the 18 deaths to date have come from the retirement home in Rodenkirchen.
The city currently has 350 intensive care beds, the capacity can already be increased to 700 if the course in Cologne is more serious, said city director Stephan Keller. In order to be prepared for the scenario that 700 intensive care beds are not sufficient, a 500-bed facility is now being planned for people with mild to moderate illnesses who need additional oxygen but no respirators on the Deutz exhibition grounds.
“Medical masks belong in medical hands”
“The situation in Cologne remains serious and tense, the number of infections continues to rise, but thank God it is no longer exponential,” said Mayor Henriette Reker. “The second good news is that more and more people from Cologne are being released from quarantine.”
She viewed the situation in the retirement and nursing homes “with great seriousness. We do everything that is logistically possible. My thanks and respect go out to the employees, some of whom show incredible team spirit in a very difficult job, ”said Reker.
The mayor is skeptical about the debate about mandatory protective masks: “Medical masks belong in medical hands.” Any mask that is missing there is currently difficult to bear. She is all the more pleased to receive a donation from Cologne’s partner city Beijing with protective clothing and 20,000 masks.
Cologne restaurateurs should get any special fees reimbursed, Reker announced. Construction projects in empty buildings such as schools are currently trying to move the city forward.
The town hall chief announced a special meeting of the main committee for next Tuesday to discuss how to help whom in the crisis as quickly as possible.
Over the past few days, more and more amazing news has come from Russia. Basically, they are political. But some relate to medicine, and the economy, and the social sphere. Even individually, they give the impression that something has broken in Russia. And all together create a lasting impression of the chaos beginning there.
Judge for yourself. First, in the midst of medical and economic crises, Vladimir Putin disappeared. Alive, he did not appear in public for almost a week. On television, Russians are now shown the so-called “conservatives” – that is, old recordings of his conversations with various officials.
By the way Pandemic in Russia: Yak Koronavіrus vіdbiraє owned by Putіn
These “canned food” is usually shown even without sound, so that it is not clear when the recording is made and what people are talking about in the video.
Watch the full issue of Mad World video blog:
On March 31, the probable reason for the loss of the President of the Russian Federation began to be understood. Most likely, he became infected with the coronavirus and is sick. Many observers came to this conclusion after the news came about the infection of Denis Protsenko, the chief doctor of the infectious diseases hospital near Moscow, whom Vladimir Putin visited a week ago with an inspection.
Putin on an excursion to the infectious diseases hospital / EPA Photo
The president of Russia walked around the wards and departments of the hospital in an American protective suit. But with the head doctor he shook hands, rode the elevator and the excavator, had long conversations even without the simplest mask and gloves.
Putin greeted a doctor with a coronavirus patient / Photo by Ria.ru
Since the incubation period of cononavirus infection is from 10 to 14 days, Protsenko during communication with Putin was definitely not only a carrier, but also a distributor of the virus.
Simply put, the Russian president was almost certainly infected a week ago and is now sick.
Given Putin’s venerable age (67 years old), there is a very high probability that the infection will hit him especially hard. In China, Europe and the United States, people of his age very often end up in intensive care under a ventilator.
Since a conscious person can hardly stand this medical procedure, patients are usually injected with a sedative, leaving them unconscious. There can be no question of any leadership of the country in such a situation.
However, Putin, though an old man, is quite strong – he does not smoke, drinks little and does sports. Therefore, perhaps he is just sitting in quarantine.
What has changed in Russia without Putin
But we do not know what really happens to him, since Putin’s retinue does not show anyone. We have to build assumptions based on indirect evidence. And they testify that the Russian president is now unable to rule the country.
► First. Under Russian law, only the president has the right to declare a state of emergency and state of emergency.
However, in recent days in Moscow, the Moscow region, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don and other regions, all sorts of special regimes have been announced by local leaders. If Putin had been in the Kremlin, he would never have allowed them to brazenly get into his presidential powers. Yes, they themselves would not dare.
► The second. On the night of March 30, Dmitry Medvedev suddenly turned to the Russian people about quarantine and an emergency. Not the president, as expected, and not even the prime minister.
Dmitry Medvedev turned to the Russian people about quarantine / Photo by Getty images
And some deputy head of the National Security Council. Who is he? On whose behalf does he speak? Why is it recording appeals? After all, this is a purely presidential genre. In general, it is not clear.
► But here came the third. On the morning of March 31, the Russian parliament gathered for an emergency meeting, during which two very unusual laws were passed in three readings at once.
First takes away from the president a monopoly on the introduction of an emergency regime. Now this regime can also be introduced by the Russian government. I do not recall the case that Putin’s authority was given to anyone. Moreover, powers in such a delicate sphere as the establishment of a special regime for governing the country.
The second law is actually introduces curfew in Russia for all people, except for officials and security officials, and also introduces the most real censorship. Now for the Russians you need to get a special pass even for leaving the house with a dog. People without a pass will be fined for violating quarantine in the amount of up to $ 500.
Interesting Koronavіrus – greed, stupidity and lack of confidence: shocking vipadki u svіtі
And for the dissemination of information that the authorities don’t like, it will face criminal liability – multi-million fines and up to three years in prison.
All this looks very suspicious. It seems that those who now rule the country instead of Putin wanted to take the right to declare an emergency regime, as well as keep people at home under lock and key and put those who disagree in prison.
But this oddity does not end there.
Quarantine realities in Russia
The fact is that the authorities have no and will not have any opportunity to keep all Russians locked up. Due to the brilliant policies of Putin and his government, two-thirds of Russians live from paycheck to paycheck without any savings at all.
By the word Kriza in Russia: Yak Putіn will seize water
As soon as these people run out of food in the refrigerator, they will simply be forced to go outside for food. And when the money runs out, they will begin to rob stores and warehouses. Hardly anyone would just want to die of hunger for the sake of the calm of the Kremlin.
Under these conditions, the state could probably help the starving people, give them money or at least food. But here there is a problem – the state of the state also has no money.
What’s up with the economy
The fact is that Russian Urals crude this week in Europe fell below $ 13 a barrel. This means that getting it from a well and sending it to Europe is more expensive than not getting it at all.
The price of Russian oil has fallen record-high / Photo by Getty images
Vladimir Putin regained control over the fact that the sale of Russia’s main wealth – oil – began to pump money out of the budget, and not to fill it. He sells oil at a loss! Even if you really want to, it is difficult to achieve such a result. But he could!
Therefore, there is no money in the Russian budget and is not expected. There is much talk now that the Kremlin has hundreds of billions of reserves. Maybe, but these reserves, like Vladimir Putin, have not been seen for a long time. It is likely that they have already been stolen. It would not surprise me at all.
In any case, now we see that the authorities are not going to fill the discontent with money, but to use troops and police against the hungry population.
See also the Economic and Financial Coronation: Yak Rosiya react to the widespread pandemic
Tens of thousands of troops of the Russian Guard were brought into Moscow last week – this is such an occupational punitive army designed to protect the regime from the Russians themselves.
And already this week, armored vehicles and troops entered Rostov-on-Don, the main city in southern Russia. In this way The Russian leadership is preparing for the increasingly likely mass protests and, possibly, revolution.
Summarizing all this, it is safe to say that the Russian president has disappeared somewhere, the government is taking away his powers, the economy has already fallen into the abyss and is flying, waiting for a blow to the bottom.
The authorities are preparing troops for the hunger and plague riots, and the Russian population is now offered only one thing – to die by appointment. And it’s not a joke.
The coronavirus pandemic that keeps the whole world on edge caused that Angelina Jolie He will star in the most anticipated reconciliation with Maddox, his oldest son with Brad Pitt.
In memory were the images of the winner of theOscar award trying to control the tears when leaving the teenager at Yonsei University in South Korea.
Due to the pandemic, the classes of the educational institution were suspended and that is why Maddox meets with the 44-year-old actress and his brothers.
A source close to Jolie and Brad Pitt revealed to E! News that the children are with her although they “see” the 56-year-old actor, after a period without contact after the couple’s separation.
On the day to day quarantine of the protagonist of “Interrupted Innocence”, the witness assures that the young people “continue to do homework, practice languages, play instruments, have fun with board games and help in the kitchen.”
Concerned about the world situation with the coronavirus, Angelina He donated a million dollars to help children who attend canteens to prevent them from running out of food due to social isolation.
That is how Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt were able to rearm their relationship with Maddox, who was in South Korea studying.
The coronavirus has come to completely change the lifestyle of the human being and, in addition to health, the economic impact it has had in much of the world is one of the main concerns of the vast majority, Nazarena Velez revealed that he belongs to that group of people.
Through a video call for the program “We in the morning”, the actress He confessed what his main mortification is with the arrival of the coronavirus in Argentina and the paralysis of activities.
“As I am such a producer in this free time, I can’t stop thinking about how to generate money. My main entrance in this house comes from the theater and for a long time it will be stopped,” she said. Naza.
Fortunately, preventive and compulsory social isolation did not catch Velez in a bad economic moment, but this does not mean that the future does not worry her. “I live very day by day and, luckily, I come from a theater season where I could raise some money, but I am doing things,” he said.
Also, Argentina He commented on how he has found a way to reinvent himself professionally during this quarantine, since he knows that it may take a long time without being able to return to what he usually does.
“I opened a channel on YouTube because I think I will not be able to release the works I had for the winter holidays. I work remotely, I have an office at home and I spend a lot of time working, “he said. the theater producer.
On how they are managing at home with the subject of confinement and housework, the artist He explained: “I am very clean, Barbie is in charge of the kitchen and the dinner men.”
Several amendments and additions were immediately introduced to Russian laws aimed at forcing Russians to more strictly observe the regime of isolation and quarantine during epidemics. Regional legislators joined the federal legislators, who also began to amend their codes of administrative offenses. There is only one common sense – to tighten the liability, and now for a violation of the requirements of the quarantine period, a severe fine and even criminal prosecution can indeed be threatened. We are analyzing why and under what circumstances it is possible to attract under the updated “quarantine law”.
Quarantine flight – from ₽15,000
Let’s start with adjustments to administrative law, under which, experts are sure, most of these cases will be dealt with. First of all, the Code of Administrative Offenses changed article 6.3 (“Violation of the legislation in the field of ensuring the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population”). Among other things, she punishes for failure to perform sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures. Previously, citizens could get rid of the ridiculous amount of a fine – from 100 to 500 rubles, or even a simple warning. Now the violator faces a much more significant penalty from 15 thousand to 40 thousand rubles.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs told how many protocols have already been drawn up for violation of quarantine and self-isolation
According to this administrative staff, they will bring to justice those who, for example, have not complied with the Rospotrebnadzor regulation on preventive measures in case of a threat of a dangerous disease, explains Stepan Khantimirov, Asterisk attorneys at law. A specific example: you returned to Russia from a country with an unfavorable epidemiological situation and were given a 14-day quarantine order directly at the airport, and you violated it. It is good if it is established that your actions did not entail unpleasant consequences: no one was seriously ill or, moreover, did not die. It is not necessary that in this case the offense will be reclassified to criminal composition. But the minimum size of the administrative fine for you will increase multiple – from 150 thousand to 300 thousand rubles.
For violation of self-isolation – from ₽1,000
But really a “popular” promises to be a new article of the Code of Administrative Offenses – 20.6.1. It will provide an opportunity to prosecute for failure to comply with the rules of conduct in an emergency or the threat of its occurrence. Now residents of most Russian regions, including Moscow and the Moscow Region, have been sent to self-isolation by decisions of regional authorities. And as to the content of these decisions, and, therefore, to the mandatory nature of the requirements set forth in them, some questions arose.
Moreover, lawmakers had to admit: neither federal legislation nor regional laws still had any liability for violation of these requirements.
Including for this reason, on March 31, Russian parliamentarians quickly adopted and sent for signature to the president (he had already signed them) a government package of amendments to the Federal Law “On Emergencies”. Firstly, the law now treats as one of the threats “the spread of a disease that poses a danger to others.” And secondly, it gives the Cabinet of Ministers the right to introduce functional high alert and emergency modes throughout Russia or in parts of it. And thirdly, a set of rules will be attached to the decision to introduce such a regime, which is already binding on everyone. And for the violation of these rules will be punished by a new article of the Code of Administrative Offenses.
“A person will really be responsible for failure to comply with the rules of conduct prescribed by the state when introducing a high alert or emergency,” confirms Stepan Khantimirov. For example, for violation of self-isolation prescribed by the rules, a warning may be given to a citizen. But a fine may be issued — from 1 thousand to 30 thousand rubles. In case of repeated violation, the guilty person will face punishment from 15 thousand to 50 thousand rubles.
Makeev Ivan / Global Look Press
Regions close gaps
The absence of real and significant sanctions for ignoring the self-isolation regime and other restrictions within the framework of the high preparedness regime also worried regional deputies, who promptly started patching holes in the legislation of the subjects. For example, deputies of the Legislative Assembly of the Sverdlovsk Region will hold an extraordinary meeting next week to adopt amendments to the regional Code of Administrative Offenses. This regional law will prescribe fines for violation of the provisions of the decree of the governor, introducing restrictions caused by high alert. They are doing the same in other regions: on Wednesday, the Moscow City Duma has already made similar amendments to the administrative code of Moscow.
Regional laws should not conflict with the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation, because they establish sanctions for violations of requirements imposed at the regional level.
But according to the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation it will be possible to punish for this too, Rafael Mardanshin, deputy head of the State Duma committee on state building and legislation, explained on Wednesday to TASS. According to him, lawmakers in the regions now have no particular need to fuss. The only point in amending regional administrative codes is to clarify the size of the sanctions that rely on the violation.
For example, in Moscow, citizens for non-compliance with the isolation regime face a fine of 4 thousand rubles, and for repeated violation – 5 thousand rubles. Regions do not have the right to set a fine higher than what is provided for in the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation, that is, more than 50 thousand rubles for repeated violation, Mardanshin recalled.
For deadly infection – up to 7 years
Together with administrative law, criminal law has also changed. Article 236 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (“Violation of sanitary and epidemiological rules”) has been tightened. In the new edition, it became like an article on violation of traffic rules, that is, it takes into account the severity of possible consequences. However, there may not be any consequences as such. If it is established that the accused by his actions created at least a threat of their offensive, he himself will face imprisonment of up to 2 years. An alternative could be a more than sensitive fine: from 500 thousand to 700 thousand rubles.
The head of Rospotrebnadzor announced the need to extend the non-working week in Russia
They obviously want to hang up the article with a sword of Damocles, for example, over those infected with a dangerous disease, who strive to escape from the hospital. Responsibility will come if it is established in court that the result of the escape was a mass disease. Although, as already mentioned, the court can take into account even just the threat of such consequences. If, due to the fault of an escaped patient, someone really became ill and died, the term of imprisonment may increase up to 5 years (an alternative is a fine from 1 million to 2 million rubles). And if two or more people die, the guilty person will face imprisonment up to 7 years.
The previous edition of the article provided for a maximum sentence of 5 years in prison. At the same time, lawyers called her if not “sleeping,” then “dormant.” Most often, the cases under this article were instituted after the facts of mass food poisoning. But the jurisprudence in such cases is not particularly rich. Now, perhaps, it will appear: several cases have already been initiated in recent days, moreover, those related precisely to the spread of COVID-19. True, all of them will be considered within the framework of the previous version of Article 236. New cases will be investigated already under the new version.
Nail Fattahov / Znak.com
For fakes – up to 5 years
Articles that stipulate punishment for fake news – the dissemination of false information under the guise of socially significant information – now also claim the role of “popular”. In an effort to stop any attempts to artificially escalate panic, lawmakers have amended both the Code of Administrative Offenses and the Criminal Code.
In the first case, we are talking about article 13.15 of the Code of Administrative Offenses, whose paragraph 9 is already quite severely treating those who are recognized as a violator. A fine of 30,000 to 100,000 rubles is provided for the distribution of fakes. With the onset of the coronavirus outbreak, a wave of such administrative cases began across the country.
Now caught in this for the second time faces a fine of 300 thousand to 400 thousand rubles.
From 300 thousand to 700 thousand rubles – the size of the fine, which is now stipulated for the fake news by the new criminal article (207.1), which establishes liability for the public dissemination of knowingly false information about circumstances that pose a threat to the life and safety of citizens. Such circumstances are recognized, in particular, epidemics and pandemics. With more serious consequences — harming someone’s health — there is a risk of losing freedom for up to 3 years. And if the distribution of fake news caused a death by negligence, then according to another new article of the Criminal Code (207.2), the guilty person faces imprisonment up to 5 years.
How to avoid punishment?
Attorney Stepan Khantimirov from Asterisk bureau recalls that administrative protocols for violation of self-isolation and other restrictions are not entitled to be written by anyone. It would be nice to know this for sure, if possible having specifically asked about this issue: the decisions to whom to entrust the statement of protocols should be made by the regional legislative bodies. In any case, it is important to remember that the law gives such a right only to officials representing a unified state system for preventing and eliminating emergencies. It includes the main power structures (EMERCOM, police, Rosguard), as well as regional and local administrations.
“That is one thing when a police patrol stopped you. And another thing – all sorts of volunteers in uniforms, hats or vests, which are now likely to pull on the streets to catch someone. You must clearly understand who is in front of you and what are its real powers, ”the lawyer explains.
Vadim Klyuvgant, co-director of the criminal law practice at Pen & Paper Attorneys at Pen & Paper, always recommends that you show the certificate and state the reason for the interest of the state representatives. He notes that the amendments contain provisions that, with their vague wording, pose significant risks, including criminal prosecution. “In general, this is a situation of uncertainty in which it’s better not to run into trouble, especially if the risks are really high,” Klyuvgant said in a conversation with Znak.com. As a “proactive measure”, he advised updating the communication with his lawyer in case a meeting with a patrol on the street ends in detention. And before the defense attorney arrives, he should try to look into both (so as not to toss anything), to sign nothing, disagree with anything and generally speak less, especially about himself, using Article 51 of the Constitution, the lawyer reminded.
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His “Pokrovsky Gate” became an ode to love for Moscow, although Baku was always his hometown. Yesterday, at the 96th year of his life, writer Leonid Zorin passed away.
Zorin burst into the cultural life of the Soviet country surprisingly early – he was only eight when his first works were published in his native Baku in 1932. This was facilitated by the father – a specialist in the preparation of production plans, in his heart he was a poet: he loved to talk with his son about books and the great. As a result, Lenya read with might and main at three years old, and at four he began to write poetry. Once the father rewrote, according to Zorin, his children’s “abracadabra” and took it to the publishing house. Take it and publish a small edition of the first book of the young author.
After this, Leonid was invited to meet with the master of Soviet literature – Maxim Gorky. He recognized him as a colleague and even wrote an essay about him under the title “Boy”. From the submission of Gorky, by the time the already 10-year-old author had collected his collected works, it was also published by the Moscow publishing house – and many successful writers were envious of this circulation. By the way, they associated Zorin’s success exclusively with Gorky who had successfully turned up by the arm and compared the young writer with a star who was destined to go out. But as time has shown, Gorky’s authority had absolutely nothing to do with it.
Well, Leonid Genrikhovich himself did not set the goal of being famous at all. He just did what he loved more than anything. After graduating from the Kirov University of Baku, in 1946, Zorin left for Moscow and entered the Gorky Literary Institute. Three years later, his first play “Youth” was staged at the Maly Theater: an uninhibited story about student life — without the usual party organizers and slogans — heralded a new name in Soviet drama. It is worth saying that, in fact, formally the first play of Zorin – “Falcons” – was staged on the stage of a professional theater when the author was barely 17 years old, but since 1949 the period of the writer’s adult work began.
Zorin claimed that he was just lucky at that time: having swung at the Academic Maly Theater, which “was in a marshal’s rank in the hierarchy of the time”, he was at the end of the list of one and a half thousand such “claiming something” authors. “I was enchantingly lucky,” Leonid Genrikhovich recalled. – In that formidable winter, when the state with all its might fell upon the unfortunates declared by them as cosmopolitans, when it again entered its fury, I managed to find the slack in its titanic monolith. Unbeknownst to me, but I leaked into the national shrine, and on its sacred stage, the artists performed my action. ”
In the next three years, Zorin produced a play in each theater season: “An Evening of Memories” – in 1951, “Sea of Azov” – in 1952, “Frank Talk” – in 1953. In 1954, at the Yermolova Theater, director Andrei Lobanov directed his play Guests. The party administration took it extremely painfully – and afterwards defeated both the scriptwriter and the director. The play was based on many real life examples of Zorin himself and talked about the formation in the country of a new class of people whose lives flow according to the laws and ideals foreign to the rest of the country. The bureaucrats took the play as a personal insult.
The degree of indignation of the authorities can be judged even by the fact that the play was staged for the second time only in 1989. Then in the 54th Zorin was criticized from all sides, calling him a “political slanderer”. Lobanov, driven out of the theater, soon died – Zorin felt guilty for this all his life. Tense to the limit situation affected the health of Zorin himself – for a long time he stayed in the hospital. Barely recovering, he began to write frantically. Someone, having drawn conclusions, would have changed his attitude to creativity, but Zorin remained true to himself and again wrote only about what he wanted, without indulging in censorship. For this honesty, theaters adored his plays, and the author himself continued to live both triumphs and defeats.
In 1965, he created his “Roman Comedy” about the satirist Dione, constantly denouncing the emperor Domitian. The first play was staged by Georgy Tovstonogov at the Gorky Drama Theater. Already after the premiere, censorship, unknown as having missed the play, tried to make its own changes to the text, but Tovstonogov said that he would put it only in the Zorinsky version. As a result, the performance was banned. At the same time, Tovstonogov considered “Roman Comedy” the main production of his life.
No less attention was paid to censorship and a year later written by Varshavyanka about the love of a simple Muscovite for a Polish girl. Director Ruben Simonov faced opposition from the censors, as soon as he began rehearsing the play on the stage of the Vakhtangov Theater. According to the scenario, the heroes met in 1947 – the wedding plans of the lovers were destroyed by a decree of February 15, 1947, prohibiting marriage of foreigners to Soviet citizens.
As a result, Simonov nevertheless made concessions: he changed the name of the play, renaming it by agreement with Zorin “Warsaw Melody”, and removed the information about the decree on February 15. The key points in the play all remained. As a result, almost 200 theaters put it in the Union alone. No less success was waiting for the play on the world stage. Translated into 17 languages, it was placed in Austria, England, Hungary, USA, France, Switzerland and several other countries.
It is believed that the Warsaw Melody, so warmly received by the viewer, is a love story of Zorin himself with a foreign student, the details of which, however, he devoted very little to. But Leonid Genrikhovich never hid the autobiographical nature of his “Pokrovsky Gates”, according to which Mikhail Kozakov made the popularly beloved film of the same name. The Pokrovsky gate is nothing more than the “pseudonym” of the Petrovsky gate, where the first Moscow years of the young man who came to conquer the capital of Baku passed. The play, written in the 74th, was originally staged by Kozakov at the Malaya Bronnaya Theater, and then transferred to the screen. This time Zorin, who had never interfered in the shooting, this time asked to take on the role of Kostik specifically Oleg Menshikov – he played amazingly.
Starting from the 80s, in addition to plays and film scripts, Leonid Genrikhovich began to write prose. Gradually, he completely departed from the dramaturgy. To questions about the reason for such a turn in the work, Zorin answered: “Everything can be done only by prose. It gives an opportunity to speak out not only to the heroes, but also to the author, and without restrictions inevitable in dramaturgy. ” Zorin’s prose cycle includes short stories, novels, and novels — a total of ten volumes.
Even later works did not cease to amaze the reader with the talent and insight of the author. And Leonid Genrikhovich wrote, and after 90 years, at least two stories a year. Almost daily, he sat down at his desk, took a pen, and even if he did not work on a new work, he simply drove it along a white sheet of paper. “This is a need,” Leonid Genrikhovich explained. “And when that ceases to be a need, I will stop.” The need did not pass, but the playwright’s health ran out.
Social media wants to look good in fighting the spread of Covid-19. The Snapchat messaging app is not to be outdone. With the collaboration of the World Health Organization (WHO), it has prepared two new filters to make its users aware of best practices for staying healthy.
Entitled My social distance, the first filter is based on the camera of the smartphone to create a virtual circle guaranteeing respect for the right social distance between people, in accordance with WHO recommendations. As for the second filter, it simply reminds us in a lively way of the basic rules: hand washing, the importance of staying at home and not rubbing your face.
The two filters link to the WHO website, the Geneva seat of which is on the Snapchat card, which provides additional safety advice. As the Engadget site notes, these are not the most impressive augmented reality effects released by the Californian application, but they deserve to have some usefulness.