A month and a half after the presentation of the proposals of the Citizen’s Convention for the Climate (CCC) – of which 146 were retained by the President of the Republic – the government announced, at the end of the Ecological Defense Council chaired by Emmanuel Macron , its first concrete measures inspired by the work of citizens.

→ READ. After the municipal elections, Emmanuel Macron promises a green shift

The ten government members present at the meeting focused on the “housing” and “transport” components of the CCC report, the sectors “Crucial”, underlined the Minister of Ecological Transition, Barbara Pompili at the end of the council. These regulatory measures will be taken by decree or order for rapid implementation.

Fight against “thermal strainers”

Among the topics addressed, the fight against buildings qualified as “thermal sieves”, that is to say which consume more than 500 kW / h per m2 per year. The government will introduce, by decree, energy performance among the criteria of the “decency” of housing from January 1, 2023. Concretely, this will allow tenants “To require the owner to do work, at the risk that the judge will prohibit the latter from collecting rent, or even prohibit the rental of such accommodation”, said Emmanuelle Wargon, Minister Delegate to the Minister of Ecological Transition in charge of housing.

→ ANALYSIS. The brakes on the energy renovation of housing

But the fixed threshold remains insufficient, regrets Matthieu Orphelin of the Ecology, Democracy and Solidarity group: “This is not ambitious enough and does not even correspond to the G label of the energy performance diagnosis (> 450 kWh / m2 per year)! “.

Ban on heated terraces

The ban on heated terraces in winter and the obligation to close the doors of air-conditioned buildings open to the public will also be enacted, but not before the end of next winter, to allow restaurateurs already very affected by the Covid crisis. 19 to get organized. Also prohibited from 1is January 2022, to install oil and coal-fired boilers in new homes.

→ READ. Climate, heated terraces on the hot seat

Another axis put forward: the fight against the artificialization of soils and the project to halve the rate of concreteization in the next decade. “We cannot stop it completely because we are talking about changing an urban development model developed over the years., explains Barbara Pompili. We must make citizens aware of the city of tomorrow, that they make it their own. “

” Common sense “

Overall, the president of France Nature Environnement, Arnaud Schwartz, is not very enthusiastic about these announcements. ” There is little novelty, but it shows that we are at the beginning of something, of an awareness, he analyzes. It is never too late to act. Now, we need the human and financial resources to enable real change. “

→ EXPLANATION. Towards the creation of new nature reserves

On the other hand, the measure on 30 km / h in urban areas has not been announced. “No one would understand that we take this decision without first discussing with local communities”, Barbara Pompili explained that very morning on Europe 1.

Citizen participation at the heart of the legislative process

Regarding the other citizens’ proposals, which cannot be taken by decree but depend on the legislative framework, a first version of a major bill is announced for the end of September, with a presentation to the Council of Ministers in November and a review at the Parliament in January 2021.

The government assures us that citizens will have their say. ” I will be the guarantor of the involvement of citizens at all stages ” of the process, assures Barbara Pompili. On Wednesday July 29, the Minister will also receive, with the Minister of the Economy Bruno Le Maire, citizens of the CCC, the social partners and representatives of local communities for initial meetings. ” This is a good thing, says Pascal Beulque, one of the participants in the Citizen’s Climate Convention. We can make sure that our ideas are not distorted in Parliament. “