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Monkeypox: first possible infection from human to dog detected, what does the WHO say?

And dog was diagnosed with monkey pox for the first time since the most recent outbreak of the disease began. This was revealed by a study published in the scientific journal The Lancetwhose researchers are still defining whether their owners was responsible for the transmission of the virus.

The study published on August 10 contains details in which this case was presented Meylan, Francewhen two male patients were detected with monkey pox in skin and oropharyngeal samples. 12 days after the start of the symptomhis dog also showed signs of the condition that will be renamed by the WHO.

The dog infected with monkeypox had pustules on the abdomen and a fine anal ulceration | Photo: The Lancet

What symptoms did the dog infected with monkeypox show?

According to research led by Dr Sophie Seang, it is a male Italian greyhound4 years old and without medical history, who presented mucocutaneous lesionsinclusive pustules on the abdomen and a fine anal ulceration.

The dog’s skin lesions were scratched and anal and oral swabs were taken. Samples of the clade virus were found in both men and their pet. hMPXV-1, lineage B.1.

Did its owners transmit the virus to the animal?

The virus who infected one of the two patients from France and the one who infected the dog showed 100% sequence homology, that is, both samples had the same evolutionary origin, suggesting that it is a human to animal transmission.

Loose men reported that they slept with them dog and have been careful to prevent the greyhound from coming into contact with other pets or people since the beginning of their own symptom; However, 12 days later the dog started showing skin lesions. It is not yet defined whether the owners the monkey pox.

“To our knowledge, the kinetics of symptom onset in both patients, and subsequently in their dogs, indicate human-to-dog transmission of monkeypox. Given the dog’s skin and mucosal lesions, as well as the positive PCR results, we assume a true distemper, not a simple carrier of the virus through close contact with humans or airborne transmission.”

The Lancet

Can monkeypox affect dogs and pets?

The study of The Lancet stated that in endemic countries of the monkey pox It occurs only in primates and rodents. “Infection among domestic animals, such as dogs and cats,” he says, warning of the need to isolate pets from people who are positive for the virus.

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) details that it is possible that persons infected can transmit the monkey pox after the animals through close contact, including petting, hugging, kissing, licking, sharing sleeping areas and sharing food.

  • people with monkeys should avoid contact with animals, incl petspets and wildlife to prevent the spread of the virus.

What to do if your pet is infected with the virus?

Although only one case has been reported dog is infected by the monkey poxthe United States CDC has already published a series of recommendations that you pet has symptoms:

  1. Do not kill or abandon pets just because of possible exposure or the monkeypox virus.
  2. Do not clean or bathe your pet with chemical disinfectants, alcohol, hydrogen peroxide or other products such as hand sanitizer, cleaning cloths or other surface or industrial cleaners.

It is also recommended that if the persona infected did not have contact with his petask a relative or friend who lives in a separate house to care for the animal until the person with whom monkey pox completely recovered. After the person recovers, disinfect your home before bringing back healthy animals.

  • The CDC reports that pets who had close contact with a symptomatic person with monkey pox they must stay at home and away from other animals and people for 21 days after the most recent contact.

What does the WHO say about the first dog infected with monkeypox?

Dr Rosamund Lewis, technical leader in the response to the monkey pox for the World Health Organization (WHO), said it was “new information but not surprising”, ensuring that only animal-to-human transmission of the virus had been reported, citing one in the United States in which people with the became infected with the virus. virus through prairie dogs which they kept as pets.

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“This is the first incident we are aware of where there is transmission human a animalLewis said during a live event from the newspaper The Washington Post on Monday, August 15. “It has not been reported before, and it has not been reported that the dogs have been infected before,” he concluded.

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