External hemorrhoids are hemorrhoids that affect the veins outside the anus. These hemorrhoids can cause bleeding, cracking, and itching. Hemorrhoids often occur due to straining while pushing hard for the stool, especially in cases of constipation, sitting on the toilet for a long time, According to the websites “uptodate” and “medicalnewstoday”.
Discover the following symptoms, causes and treatment of external hemorrhoids:
Symptoms of external hemorrhoids
There is a group of symptoms that can affect a person with hemorrhoids, and symptoms tend to vary according to the severity of the hemorrhoids, and some symptoms include the following:
1 – Itching and pain
External hemorrhoids are often itchy, and may be painful, and a person can often feel them if they touch the surrounding area.
2 – blood in stool
A person with external hemorrhoids may also notice some blood on the outside of the stool, on toilet paper or in the toilet, and it is bright red; Because it usually comes out directly from the hemorrhoid, and not from anywhere else in the digestive system.
3 – blood clots in hemorrhoids
External hemorrhoids can be very painful if they clot. Hemorrhoids with clots are usually blue-purple, and they occur when a blood clot forms in the veins that cause the hemorrhoids to swell. As a result, blood cannot flow into the hemorrhoids, and the effect can be very painful.
Causes of external hemorrhoids
Several reasons lead to the appearance of hemorrhoids, perhaps the most prominent are:
1 – Repetitive stress during the excretory process.
2- Cases of severe constipation or diarrhea.
3 – Stress, such as lifting heavy objects or weights, which impedes the flow of blood in and out of the area, resulting in blood pooling and vascular enlargement in that area.
4- A low-fiber diet.
6- Standing or sitting for long periods of time.
7- Pregnancy due to the pressure that the uterus places on these veins.
8- Ascites, which is an accumulation of fluid that increases pressure on the stomach and intestines.
Read more: Common stomach diseases
External hemorrhoids treatment
Hemorrhoids can be treated in several ways depending on their severity. External hemorrhoid treatments include home and surgical treatments:
• Home Remedies
1 – Gently clean the anus after defecation, often using wet wipes or cotton pads, in addition to applying ice packs covered with a cloth to reduce swelling.
2- Take over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen; To relieve pain and discomfort.
3- Applying ointments and creams that relieve pain, inflammation and itching.
4 – Sit on a soft pillow or donut pillow; This is to keep the hemorrhoidal area free from pressure.
5 – warm sitz baths; For 10 to 15 minutes two to three times daily. Sitz baths improve blood flow and relax the muscles around the anus, called the internal anal sphincter.
• Surgical treatment
1 – removal of hemorrhoids, known as hemorrhoidectomy.
2- Burning hemorrhoidal tissues with infrared rays, laser or electrocoagulation.
3- Sclerotherapy or rubber band ligation to reduce hemorrhoids.
• Treatments during pregnancy
Pregnant women can try many of the home remedies mentioned above to treat external hemorrhoids and relieve pain, however, they should always check with their doctor before using any topical application on external hemorrhoids; To make sure that it will not interfere with the pregnancy.
Preventing the development of external hemorrhoids
The main factor in preventing external hemorrhoids is to avoid straining during bowel movements. If a person suffers from severe constipation, they can try using aids, such as: laxatives or including more fiber in the diet.
Laxatives, another popular over-the-counter option, can help with temporary constipation due to pregnancy or other factors.
If external hemorrhoids do not disappear within one to two weeks, The doctor may prescribe other laxatives, however, if the person is in severe pain; Your doctor may recommend surgical removal of hemorrhoids.
Note from “Madam Net”: Before applying this recipe or this treatment, consult a specialist doctor.
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