A slap. Despite favorable opinion studies, Hillary Clinton failed to win the US presidential election. In addition to losing in most of the key states (the famous Swing States), the former First Lady was beaten in historic Democratic Party strongholds. Its supposed advantage among the female electorate, young and educated, was not enough to thwart the mobilization of the voters of Donald Trump, rather elderly, white and little educated.
“We must not reduce the electorate of Trump to simply extremists or racists, underlines the historian Sébastien Mort, specialist of the United States. There is truly legitimate anger and suffering among these voters. A suffering that neither Obama nor Clinton really knew how to take into account ”. Back to the areas where the victory of his rival, Donald Trump, took shape.
Florida (29 major voters). It was the State not to be lost. This State of 20 million inhabitants, is decisive in the conquest of the White House. In 2008 and 2012, Obama won by a short head. Due to the rise of the Latino and black population in Florida, Democrats believed victory was within reach. Patatras. Their mobilization was not enough. The Republican leads the way with nearly 130,000 votes ahead. Note that the independent Gary Johnson was able to capture more than 200,000 ballots.
L’Ohio. (18 major voters). Since 1960, never has a president been elected without winning in the “State of the chestnut trees”. This historical constant was verified again on Tuesday. Neck to neck with the former First Lady, Donald Trump triumphed in this Midwestern state with a comfortable lead of more than 360,000 votes. His protectionist and anti-globalization discourse met with real echo in this state of more than 11 million inhabitants, including a large population of white workers. White American men aged 45 to 54 are the category “most affected by underemployment”, observes Sébastien Mort. These people hold a job which does not correspond to the training which they followed initially, and which does not allow to earn the salary which they had in the past ”.
Pennsylvania. (20 major voters). In this usually Democratic territory, the lack of voter turnout, especially in the Philadelphia area, has cost Hillary Clinton dearly. Meetings with First Lady Michelle Obama failed to attract voters, especially blacks. Elderly, white, male and low-educated voters, on the other hand, overwhelmingly expressed their preference for Trump. “In mining country (Ohio, Pennsylvania), men were paid $ 30 an hour. They are now forced to take lower paying jobs. This part of the population constitutes a large majority of Trump’s electorate. She is sensitive to his personality, because he embodies this kind of assertive virility, which restores them themselves to the virility lost due to their social downgrading, ”Sébastien Mort analyzes.
North Carolina (15 major voters). Favorable to the Republican candidates (Obama is the only Democrat to have won since 1996), the state of the East Coast was watched very closely. Donald Trump’s victory sounded the death knell for the hopes of Hillary Clinton voters.
At the same time, the former Secretary of State lost in more modest but crucial Swing States: the New Hampshire (4 major voters), l’Iowa (6) or l’Arizona (11).
Trump toppled former Democratic strongholds
In addition to losing most of the swing states, Hillary Clinton has had historic underperformances in pro-Democrat states for decades.
Le Wisconsin (10 leading voters), a semi-rural Midwestern state, has consistently voted for the Democratic candidate for 36 years. Hillary Clinton was beaten there to everyone’s surprise. In this predominantly white state hit by industrial decline, the anti-globalization discourse has clearly borne fruit.
In the Michigan (16 Grand Voters), home to Detroit, home of the once thriving American auto industry, Donald Trump’s speeches drew a majority of voters. However, since the end of Reagan’s second term (1988), Michigan had always voted Democratic.
These results in the Great Lakes region signify a profound setback for the Democratic Party, which is also in the minority in the Senate and the House of Representatives. “Trump is a media phenomenon that is anchored in a real social and economic reality, that the political and media elite could not or did not want to see,” said Sébastien Mort. The reconstruction of the Democratic electorate risks taking several years.
Sébastien Mort: “Hillary Clinton had trouble forging a relationship with the electorate”
VIDEO. Donald Trump is elected President of the United States