MEXICO CITY. The holidays prior to returning to face-to-face classes marked the highest numbers of infections, deaths and hospitalizations of children and adolescents due to covid-19.

Data of the Executive Secretariat of the National System for the Comprehensive Protection of Girls, Boys and Adolescents (Sipinna), updated to August 15, indicate that of the 1,613 cases registered in June among minors from 0 to 17 years of age, for July they increased to 5,373, an increase of 233 percent. In the first half of August there were 4,055 cases. It is important to note that Sipinna uses only laboratory-confirmed cases for its reporting.

In addition, according to data from the Federal Health Secretariat (Ssa) broken down by Serendipity, a data journalism initiative, as of August 18, 146,293 children and adolescents from
0 to 17 years were reported as positive cases. This figure includes the positive cases confirmed by test, clinical association and ruling committee, so the total is higher than that reported by Sipinna.

Most of the infections have been among adolescents between the ages of 12 and 17, with 87,378 cases. In addition, 36 thousand 534 children from 6 to 11 years old and 22 thousand 381 children under 6 years of age have tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 virus.

According to the analysis, available at https://serendipia.digital/, the day with the most cases of covid in children under 6 years was on July 27, with 239 infections. The day before, on July 26, it was the day with the most children and adolescents with coronavirus: 451 from 6 to 11 years old and 1,008 adolescents, from 12 to 17 years old.

This means that the number of positive cases in children under 18 years of age increased to unprecedented levels at the end of July this year.

HOSPITALIZED

The Ssa’s open data count indicates that, as of August 15, 7,303 children and adolescents with covid had been hospitalized for this disease, that is, five out of every 100 infected minors have been hospitalized during the pandemic.

Of the total hospital admissions for coronavirus, 3 thousand 601 have been children from 0 to 5 years; 404 from 6 to 11 years old, and 2,298 from 12 to 17 years old. In other words, children under the age of six are the ones who have been hospitalized the most.

The days that most children under the age of six were admitted to a hospital for covid-19 were July 27 and August 1, with 23 children from 0 to 5 years old on both days.

Meanwhile, the highest number of hospitalizations in children ages 6 to 11 occurred on July 26, with 11 minors hospitalized that day.

Finally, the hospitalizations of people between 12 and 17 years old increased more than ever at the beginning of last August, with figures of 16 to 25 hospitalized in 24 hours.

LETHALITY

Also cut to August 15, the Ssa registered 731 children and adolescents killed by causes related to covid, which represents a fatality rate of the disease in people from 0 to 17 years of age of 0.5 percent.

By age range, the one that concentrates the highest number of deaths It is the one from 0 to 5 years old, followed by the one from 12 to 17 years old, and the one from 6 to 11 years old. In total, 397 children from the first group have died from this disease, 227 from the second and 107 from the third.

This means that the fatality rate for children aged 0 to 5 is 1.77%; that of minors between 12 and 17 years old, 0.12%, while that of minors between 6 and 11 years old, 0.26 percent.

September 8, 2020 and November 2 of that same year were the days when more children from 0 to 5 years old died, that is, on average, five a day; and February 22, 2021 was the day that more children between the ages of 6 and 11 died, with three cases.

Meanwhile, so far in the pandemic, eight days have had three daily deaths, the highest number in adolescents aged 12 to 17 years.

In 2020 they were: June 25; October 20 and 24; December 13 and 22; while in 2021, on January 21; February 21 and last July 26.

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