A growing number of countries require a vaccination certificate for certain categories, such as France where it will be compulsory on Wednesday for staff in hospitals and retirement homes, firefighters, ambulance workers and home helpers. Overview, not exhaustive, of the anti-Covid-19 vaccination obligation in the world:
Mandatory for all adults
Very few countries require vaccination for their entire adult population. This is the case in two authoritarian Central Asian states, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan, one of the few countries to have reported no official cases of Covid.
In the Vatican, a note from February 8, 2021 makes the vaccine imperative for the inhabitants of the smallest state in the world and the employees who work there.
A French territory in the South Pacific with wide autonomy, New Caledonia will make vaccination compulsory for all adults and for travelers, according to a decision adopted on September 3.
Obligation for certain categories
Vaccination obligations for certain professional categories have multiplied all over the world.
In the United States, President Joe Biden on Thursday made vaccination mandatory for federal employees and contractors of federal agencies, staff at nursing homes receiving federal grants and schools under federal control.
In France, it will apply to staff in hospitals, retirement homes, firefighters, ambulance workers and home helpers, from Wednesday September 15.
In Greece, vaccination became compulsory for nursing home staff on August 16, and for caregivers on September 1.
In Italy, doctors and health workers have been forced to be vaccinated since the end of May, otherwise they will no longer be able to practice in contact with people. The rule will apply to nursing home staff on October 10.
In the UK, nursing home workers will need to be vaccinated from November 11. A public consultation on the extension of the vaccination obligation to other health establishments has been launched.
In Hungary, Prime Minister Viktor Orban announced on July 16 that vaccination would be compulsory for caregivers.
Kazakhstan ordered the mandatory vaccination of most employees in contact with other people on July 1.
In Australia, nursing home workers will need to have received at least one injection by September 17.
In Equatorial Guinea, vaccination has been compulsory since July 20 for soldiers, health personnel or teachers.
In The Gambia, the authorities have imposed vaccination since mid-August on tourism workers.
Zimbabwe warned on Wednesday that officials refusing the vaccination should resign.
In Canada, the 300,000 federal civil servants will soon have to be vaccinated as well as all travelers boarding a train, plane or boat.
Obligations imposed by companies
A growing number of large companies require all or some of their employees to provide proof that they have been vaccinated.
This is particularly the case in the United States for CVS pharmacies, the Chevron oil company, Disney or even the Goldman Sachs bank since August, before Washington decided this week to impose a system of payment on companies with more than 100 employees. health pass.
In Australia, the Qantas airline also imposes vaccination on all its staff.
Not mandatory, but almost
In some cases, vaccination is not compulsory but the obligations or restrictions for the unvaccinated are very dissuasive.
In Saudi Arabia, vaccination is compulsory to enter public and private establishments, including schools and places of entertainment, as well as to use public transport.
In Italy, teachers, staff of schools and universities, university students must, if they are not vaccinated, provide proof of a negative test every two days.
There are also many cases of vaccination obligations at the local level for certain professions, activities or for access to certain services.
For example, in Moscow for employees in the service sector, in Los Angeles for students over 12 or in China for access to hospitals, schools or public transport in several localities.
In several Canadian provinces, including Quebec, it is mandatory to be vaccinated to go to a bar, restaurant, theater or sports club over 12 years of age.
(The essential / AFP)