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In detail, two astronauts explain the first mission to warp the path of an asteroid

If this scientific initiative called “DART” succeeds, it will be a sign of humanity’s ability in the future to prevent dangerous asteroids from colliding with the planet.

Talking about the process, Professor Jay McMahan, a professor of aerospace engineering at the University of Colorado, says that Dart’s bet is to understand the possible way to distort the path of an asteroid “in case we in the future must.”

The researcher involved in the project said in an interview with “Sky News Arabia”: “We are confident of the success of the mission,” explaining that it is unlikely that this asteroid, which is not a danger on Earth, is wrong, but will be subject to path distortion, only in an experimental framework.

He added that the aim is to ensure that humanity is able to deviate from the path of asteroids in the future when they are on their way to planet Earth, adding that the mission will provide more detailed information about the surface of the asteroid will acquire.

He pointed out that the spacecraft will send images until the collision with the asteroid occurs, and since the spacecraft will disintegrate, there will be no documentation of the process of redirecting the path, “but there is a satellite that will continue to photograph the asteroid Demorfos from afar.”

Mission objective

For his part, the Director of Astronomy of the International Astronomy Center, Muhammad Shawkat Odeh, said that this experiment was carefully chosen, so that the spacecraft collides with a small asteroid orbiting a larger asteroid.

He added in an interview with “Sky News Arabia”, “For us on Earth, when we, in normal conditions, monitor asteroids, we have a so-called light curve, and therefore, in the face of this double asteroid, it is , the small before the large, from ground-based observatories we will notice the difference in illumination coming from both planets.

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Odeh added that the purpose of the mission is to open the door to protect the Earth from the dangers of potential falling asteroids that could be on their way to the planet we live in.

The probe took a period of 10 months to reach the asteroid, and the collision will take place at dawn on Tuesday, September 27 at 03:13 am UAE time, and the speed of the probe at the moment of collision will be 22 000 kilometers per hour, and then the asteroid will be 11 million kilometers from Earth.

The diameter of the small asteroid is 100 times the diameter of the probe, and the speed of the asteroid is expected to change by only 0.1%, and the asteroid now shines at 14.5. It is not possible to be sure what we will see from Earth at the time of the collision. Scientists will need a few days or weeks after the collision to monitor and study the movement of the new small asteroid to know whether the experiment is successful or not.

He said: “The International Astronomical Center contacted the supervisor of this mission to make the Astronomical Seal Observatory one of the global observatories participating in the post-impact photometric analysis of the asteroid to determine the success of the experiment. Indeed, the participation of the observatory has been accepted as one of the participating observatories from the UAE. The Astronomical Seal Observatory will monitor the asteroid momentarily.” followed live on NASA TV.”

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