Mass vaccination against coronavirus has begun in Kyrgyzstan. In connection with the ongoing questions about the safety of vaccines, the level of antibodies at which you need to vaccinate, and others, the editors Kaktus.media decided to collect the most popular questions and see what the representatives of the World Health Organization answered.
The vaccines were created too quickly. Are they safe?
Vaccines are indeed created in record time thanks to unprecedented scientific collaboration. A number of vaccines have been approved with high safety standards. As with all vaccines, WHO and regulators will continuously monitor the use of COVID-19 vaccines to ensure they are safe for all people who receive the vaccine.
COVID-19 vaccines are safe for most people aged 18 and over.
Are vaccines that Kyrgyzstanis receive approved by WHO?
According to the WHO as of March 14, 2021, the Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine meets the necessary safety and efficacy criteria.
As for Sputnik V, according to TASS on June 26, Russia has provided the World Health Organization (WHO) with all the data to evaluate the Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine, the process is proceeding according to schedule. It is stated that “the absence of a WHO assessment does not mean that a particular drug is good or bad.”
Should you be afraid of the side effects of the vaccine?
Not worth it. In most cases, reactions to vaccinations are light and go away within a few days… These include: fever, headache, muscle pain, chills, diarrhea, and pain at the injection site. The likelihood of any of these side effects will vary from vaccine to vaccine.
When should I see a doctor after vaccination?
If redness or tenderness (pain) appears at the injection site, which intensifies after 24 hours, or if side effects persist after a few days.
Can I get sick after vaccination?
Can. A number of COVID-19 vaccines have very high efficacy rates, but no vaccine provides 100% protection against infection.
A small number of people may not develop the expected level of immunity against COVID-19 after being vaccinated.
But basically, those who have been vaccinated get an infection, but in a mild or asymptomatic form.
The main thing in vaccination is not protection from infection, but from severe disease and death in case of infection.
Can I get sick from vaccinations?
No, vaccines do not contain live virus. The vaccine does not cause illness in the person receiving the vaccine, but it will cause the person’s immune system to react as it would when first exposed to the pathogen.
Do I need to get vaccinated with COVID-19?
Yes. If a person has suffered from COVID-19 and has some immunity against this infection, vaccination will only strengthen that protection. You should be vaccinated against coronavirus at any level of antibodies.
The antibody test result should not influence the decision to vaccinate against the coronavirus. A test done in a commercial laboratory unable to pinpointare there in the body neutralizing antibodiesthat can stop the virus.
WHO recommends getting vaccinated regardless of whether you have had this infection or not. For the body of those who have had a coronavirus infection, the vaccine is an already familiar antigen, therefore, the vaccine will only strengthen the immunity against this disease – both at the level of antibodies and at the level of T cells.
When should you refrain from vaccination?
- If you have had a history of severe allergic reactions to any of the components of the COVID-19 vaccine.
- If you have an active disease or symptoms of COVID-19. However, vaccination can be carried out after the primary symptoms disappear.
How are new variants of the virus affecting COVID-19 vaccines?
Current or approved COVID-19 vaccines are expected to provide at least some degree of protection against new variants of the virus by stimulating broad immune response involving various antibodies and cells.
Therefore, changes, or mutations, of the virus should not negate the effectiveness of vaccines.
Can I get one dose of one vaccine and another dose of another?
The head of the immunization department of the World Health Organization, Keith O’Brien, said that WHO experts recommend being vaccinated against coronavirus with two doses of the same vaccine, since the consequences of using different vaccines have not yet been studied.
It is not known whether the immune response will persist with a mixed vaccination schedule, or whether such use will be safe.