Camden County in the state of New Jersey in the United States issued the recommendation to be vaccinated against Hepatitis A to all those who visited a branch of the Starbucks coffee chain, because one of its employees tested positive for this disease. Here we tell you what is Hepatitis A, what are its symptoms and how is it spread.
What is Hepatitis A?
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that occurs when body tissues are injured or infected, damaging the organ and affecting its function, indicates the National Institutes of Health of the United States (NIH for its acronym in English).
Hepatitis A is a type of viral hepatitis, caused by the hepatitis A virus, which causes a acute or short-term infection which means, according to experts, that people get better without treatment after a few weeks.
- There are three types of hepatisis: A, B, and C.
Symptoms of Hepatitis A
Although the NIH assures that not all people with this condition have symptoms, point out that it is adults who are more likely to present signs than children.
Some of them can be:
- Dark yellow urine
- Gray or clay colored stools
- Joint pain
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal pain
- Yellow eyes and skin, known as jaundice
Generally, symptoms of hepatitis A They start two to seven weeks after infection and can last up to two months, however, some people can be sick for up to six months.
How is it transmitted?
This sickness it is transmitted through contact with the feces of an infected person.
The main routes of infection are:
- Eat food made by someone who has the virus and did not wash their hands well after using the bathroom.
- Drinking contaminated water or eating food that has been rinsed with contaminated water.
- Have personal contact close with someone who has Hepatitis AIt can be through certain types of sexual activity, caring for someone who is sick, or using illegal drugs with other people.
In rare cases, hepatitis A can lead to liver failure. This is more common in people over the age of 50 and in those who have other liver disease.
Up to now there is no specific treatment For this viral infection, the best way to recover is to rest, drink plenty of fluids, and eat healthy foods. the Institutes indicate.
Who can get hepatitis A?
Anyone is susceptible to contracting hepatitis AHowever, the risk increases if:
- You travel to developing countries
- Have sex with someone who is sick with hepatitis A
- Illegal drugs are used
- You live in conditions of abandonment
- You live with someone who has Hepatitis A or is in charge of your care
According to the US health authorities, the risk of getting a more serious hepatitis A infection increases if you also suffer from: HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C.
Therefore, it is suggested get vaccinated against this condition and have a good hand hygiene.
Employee with hepatitis A, raises alert in the US
On Wednesday, November 17, a healthcare provider notified the Camden County Health Department in New Jersey that a food handler employed at a Starbucks en 1490 Blackwood Clementon Road en Gloucester Township tested positive for hepatitis A and worked during the infectious period, Paschal Nwako, a Camden County health official, said in a press release.
Therefore, authorities said they would administer vaccines to anyone who may have been exposed and who has not received the biological previously, while the Food Surveillance Unit of the region closed the store.
Local media reported that on average 600 people visit the store daily, but it is estimated that the infected could be thousands.