In Mexico, the search for 89,488 victims of forced disappearance continues, according to the latest figures given by the Undersecretary for Human Rights, Population and Migration, Alejandro Encinas. Hundreds of them lie in the nine death camps that have been located in several states of the republic.
The National Search Commission of the Ministry of the Interior has recorded at least nine sites of extermination of great dimensions in the northeast of the country.
In a period from 2009 to 2013 in Coahuila, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas and Nuevo León, in which these sites with furnaces, wells and drums were found, through which hundreds – perhaps thousands – of human beings were tritutado and “pozoleados” (discarded with acid) without any authority intervening.
The skeletal remains are found in drawers of four state prosecutors and the General of the Republic, pending identification through genetic analysis, if the deterioration of the bones allows it.
What happened in these northeastern states of the country during part of the administration of Felipe Calderón shows an almost catastrophic failure of the State, which allowed thousands of its citizens to be disappeared in the Mexican equivalent of the death camps of World War II.
“We have decided to designate them as extermination sites because of what happened there, because They are illegal crematoria and that is why we link the similarity to other grisly events in the history of mankind (as Auschwitz). They are crematoria where Attempts have been made to disappear and pulverize at least hundreds of people in order to leave no trace”, Said Karla Quintana, head of the National Multimedia Search Commission.
The names with which the authorities identify these sites are those of the rancherías or municipalities in which they were found, such as Abasolo, Mante, El Papalote (German City) and La Bartolina (Matamoros), in Tamaulipas; Moctezuma, in San Luis Potosí.
Las Abejas, (Salinas Victoria) and La Mano, (Juárez), both in Nuevo León; Sponsorship (San Pedro) and Claudio Station (Viesca) in Coahuila.
The body-erasing mechanics that Quintana’s team must deal with is horror: in some cases, Wells several meters deep have been discovered, in which large numbers of corpses were “processed”. In others, the drums in which they were dissolved.
“One can still detect there the smell of acid, the smell of diesel, the fuel with which these people were cremated.. The motivation is clear, it is not to leave any trace ”, he indicates.
The northeast area of the country where most of these “death camps” have been located, in areas controlled by the The Zetas at the beginning of the last decade, in which countless numbers of people were disappeared with the aim of never being found.
Only in La Bartolina have half a ton of bones been found
The National Search Commission (CNB) in its semi-annual report detailed that, in five years they have recovered at least 500 kilograms of calcined bone remains on this border that is located about 12 kilometers from Brownsville, Texas.
“It is a clandestine cremation site, at least 500 kilograms of calcined bone remains have been recovered in La Bartolina, Matamoros ”, indicated Karla Quintana Osuna, head of the CNB.
It was since 2017 that this site was discovered, however it was not given the dimension it has and that is that to date 500 kilos of charred human remains have been recovered, according to the January-June 2021 report of the National Search Commission (CNB) and the Undersecretariat of Human Rights of the Ministry of the Interior, referring to the actions carried out to locate 89 thousand 488 missing persons in the country, of which 25 percent are women.
Located near Matamoros and the border with Brownsville, Texas, 12 kilometers from the coast, La Bartolina was used as a clandestine cremation site of wide extension.
The site was found in 2017 but the magnitude of the tragedy that happened hidden for decades was not yet known Photo: (Facebook value for Tamaulipas)
Karla Quintana Osuna, head of the CNB, stressed that the remains were discovered in 2017 by the Tamaulipas state prosecutor’s office together with relatives of disappeared persons. That state agency was the first to carry out the uprising, then it entered the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic, which is now in possession of most of the remains and would have to make the identification, but it is unknown if they have done so.