One of the reasons for this rise is because biomass power generation fell in May, which has required a greater dependence on oil, which is also on the rise.
The price of electric power for the residential area will rise between 6% and 17% as of this quarter compared to the previous one for CAESS and Delsur clients, respectively. These are the two main energy distributors in the country that provide service to more than 1 million households and concentrate more than 2 million customers (between households and companies).
According to the tariff schedules of these companies, published in the main newspapers on July 15, the price per kilowatt / hour for CAESS customers that consume up to 99 kilowatts will go from $ 0.134 in the previous quarter to cost $ 0.1494 from July ; and for Delsur customers, the cost per kilowatt hour that was previously $ 0.140 will now go to $ 0.1581.
These same values are similar for homes that consume more than 100 kilowatt hours and for the general use rate.
And if the increase since January is taken into account, the increase in the price of energy has been 19% in the case of CAESS customers and up to 31.6% in the case of Delsur customers.
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This cost of energy is only one of the three that make up the electricity bill, to which must be added distribution and marketing costs. These last two remain the same for this quarter.
As an example, last quarter a family paid $ 13.26 for the cost of energy, but this next quarter they will have to pay $ 15.6 assuming they consumed the same 99 kilowatts if they are a DelSur customer. To these costs must be added the charge for distribution and commercialization of your distribution company.
The data are not applied by the companies, but are the result of the power generation that the country has had in the three months and are released by the General Superintendency of Electricity and Telecommunications, SIGET.
This time, the increase in the price of energy is associated with a decrease in the generation of energy with biomass, that is, that produced through sugarcane bagasse.
Because the harvest ended in April, the mills stop producing this energy and it must be supplied with another source.
The data from the Transactions Unit (UT) show this: in February, in the middle of the harvest, biomass generation represented 20% of the total energy produced while thermal (bunker-based) only represented 5.8% of the total. But as of May the numbers were reversed, as biomass generation was reduced to 5.1% and thermal generation reached 21.3% of the total.
Carlos Martínez, a professor of electrical engineering and an expert in the area, said that these data show that the country has begun to depend on more oil in recent months and since it has risen in price internationally, it has also raised the costs for the country.
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“We are using more oil and it is more expensive internationally. We are seeing it in the price of fuel ”, he said.
Water generation as of May remained at 16%. This percentage tends to rise in the winter, which could lower the cost of energy for the next quarter.
Guatemala will exit the Regional Electricity Market
On the other hand, according to a publication of the Guatemalan newspaper Prensa Libre, the Foreign Minister of Guatemala, Pedro Brolo, presented on July 12 a complaint of the Framework Treaty of the Regional Electricity Market of Central America, with which he also showed his interest in leaving this market, which supplies energy throughout the region.
The exit would not be immediate, because according to the Treaties and protocols, it would become effective 10 years after filing the complaint, which means that Guatemala will have to remain in the Regional Electricity Market until July 2031.
Guatemala is one of the main energy providers of El Salvador. Until May, 26% of all the energy available in the country was imported.
However, the general manager of the Transactions Unit, Luis González, said that the neighboring country’s decision will not affect energy imports, as Guatemala will continue to be connected to neighboring countries through the Transmission infrastructure.
This will allow imports to be maintained within the next 10 years.
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