Elections 2022, out of office still without a vote: 5 million “enforced” abstentions forgotten by politics. “The only ones in the EU without law, the new Chambers do it immediately”

I am five million and cannot vote: non-resident, even on the occasion of the next political vote of September 25, will not be able to express their preferences except by returning to their home town. Thus the trend of abstention is extended: to the voluntary one – given as the winner of the seats according to all the polls – the latter, involuntarily, “forced”, is added. In the coming weeks, calls for participation by all parties will increase. But even for this legislator, all the proposals to cure the situation remained a dead letter. Despite the constant appeals and despite the tens of thousands of signatures of the petition “I vote out of office”, the Parliament of the XVIII Legislature did not feel the obligation to approve a law in this regard. In Europe, an isolated case: Italy is the only state (apart from Malta and Cyprus) that does not allow remote voting.

A law within six months – To prevent the problem from expanding further, the non-profit The Good Lobby (along with the I Voting Out-Off Office Committee) wrote to all party secretaries to ask for a public commitment to pass a remote voting law within the first six months of the new Parliament’s inauguration: “The solutions to this ten-year problem, they exist,” he says Federico Anghele, director of The Good Lobby. “Inside the White Paper For Citizen Participation: How to Reduce Abstention and Facilitate Voting presented in April, there are organic and sufficient proposals to effectively solve the problem”. So what was missing? “The political will. With our request, we hope that the next legislature will undertake this fundamental goal for our democracy reached, and responds to the request of almost 5 million “involuntary abstentions”, the off-site, who have been continuously denied their right to vote for years. . “. The organization has always been committed to the issue: on June 10, it submitted a summons for violation of the voting rights of workers and students to the Ministry of the Interior and the Presidency of the Council of Ministers. The case concerns Genoa, where, as specified in a note by The Good Lobby, more than 18 thousand were not allowed to vote in the administrative offices.

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Failed attempts – The Commission set up by the (formerly) Pentastellato Ministry for Relations with Parliament tried in April Federico D’Incà, coordinated by Professor Franco Bassanini. Two broad categories of abstinence have been identified: i 4.9 million out of office eh 4.2 million seniors con mobility problems. The proposal was based on replacing the traditional paper election certificate with a digital election certificate, an “election pass”, to be used following “the technology widely tested with the green pass”. The premise of innovation, said D’Incà himself, “is the integration of the electoral lists in the national register of the resident population (Anpr), which is already provided by a provision of the” Simplifications-bis “decree law. The idea was to download it to your smartphone (or print it in paper form) and then check it in real time at the polling station through the application, thanks to which it would have been possible to identify the polling station of residence of the person concerned. The same app would have then allowed the ballot papers to be printed on the spot to be sent to the residence seat. Furthermore, with this system, elderly people with mobility problems could vote in barrier-free seats. They also wanted to allow voting – on the day of the election – in all those polling stations located in the same constituency or constituency.Finally among the proposals there were also the concentration of electoral appointments (two, no more).

The Good Lobby welcomed the idea, as stated in a note from the organization: “A reversal of the perspective that until now accompanied every proposal in this area and which determined that only specific categories of citizens could make their request for remote voting had to justify. This solution will also make it possible to overcome the electoral compensation system, which will allow significant savings for the public treasury.” A discussion of the law was expected in May, but nothing came of it.A similar problem occurred in 2021, with the no Ministry of Home Affairs to proposals for municipal and regional authorities. The reason was to be found in technical problems”insurmountable“Which prevented parliamentary approval. Vittoria Baldino, head of the M5S group in the Commission for Constitutional Affairs, recalled in April how electronic voting would be useful: “Backed with a grant of one million euros, but extended further, it could instead be a fundamental step in represented the path. of innovation and digitization of voting processes, with the aim of facilitating the participation of young people in politics, because it is a struggle that affects us all”.

Countries in Europe – In France, as a report by The Good Lobby recalls, outside voters have the opportunity to vote by proxy. They themselves appoint a person who is responsible for replacing them. The same measure is available in other states, including for example Belgium e Sweden. Then there is the possibility of an early seat, which allows for voting the day before the election, or a special seat, which allows those in care facilities, hospitals and prisons to vote: the voter only needs to go to a room to go that within the structure. These possibilities are possible in many countries, from Denmark to Poland to Hungary. Another modality is theI agree, ie electronic voting (Estonia is an example) and postal voting, as in the case of Spain: it can be requested at any post office or electronically. Only Malta and Cyprus have no alternatives to the physical vote, like Italy. They have never found them because, given their limited geographic spread, they don’t need to. Unlike Italy though.

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