The Official Gazette of the Federation (DOF) published this tuesday September 14 the Federal Mandate Revocation Law to which the president will submit Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) by March 2022.
The document explains that the norm – approved on September 7 by the Chamber of Deputies – will allow citizens to determine the early conclusion in the performance of whoever acts as President of the Republic, from the date of loss of confidence, through an exercise of suffrage universal, free, secret, direct personal and non-transferable.
“Regulate and guarantee the exercise of the political right of citizens to request, participate, be consulted and vote regarding the revocation of the mandate of the person who was popularly elected as head of the Presidency of the Republic.”
To do this, he determined, the National Electoral Institute (INE) will be responsible for the organization, development and counting of the vote, as well as the promotion of the exercise; the Congress of the Union and the Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judicial Power (TEPJF) will also take part in the application of the provisions.
The beginning of this process will be petition of the citizens in a number equivalent to at least 3% of those registered in the nominal list of voters corresponding to minimum 17 states.
Similarly, it indicates that the revocation of the mandate may be requested, for one occasion, during the three months after at the conclusion of Third year of the administration of whoever acts as Head of the Federal Executive.
In this sense, the DOF specifies that the petition will have to be filed with the Institute during the first month after the determined term, in such a way that it begins with the signature collection “During the month prior to the date indicated above.”
The INE will be the one who will issue the print formats and electronic media for this purpose, as well as the minimum number of signatures and the conditions to be met for the exercise to be appropriate; He stated that “acts aimed at obtaining citizen support to obtain the necessary signatures” will be allowed.
It is worth mentioning that the format approved by the General advice must contain only the Name full; the Company or fingerprint and the elector key or the identifier number of the voter’s credential. Likewise, a header with the legend “Format for obtaining citizen signatures for the revocation of the mandate of the person holding the Presidency of the Republic due to loss of trust”.
In the event of presenting a format other than the one approved by the electoral body, the request will be rejected.
It is worth mentioning that this initiative was promoted by the same López Obrador, who would now appear as the first president to undergo a popular consultation process on whether or not he should remain in office.
According to Mexican Institute for Competitiveness (IMCO), the revocation of mandate is a democratic figure direct in which citizens choose whether or not a public official elected for a certain period continues with his mandate. In this way, it is intended to give power to citizens to evaluate his representative and decide whether or not to keep him in the Executive Power.
The premise with which this initiative starts is the popular phrase “the people take away, the people put”, which has been used repeatedly by AMLO to promote one of his main promises since he took office in 2018. In this regard, Tabasco residents are expected to undergo this process by 2022.