Does white flour increase risk of type 2 diabetes?

A study of adults from eleven different groups of people revealed no connection between the consumption of refined grain products such as bread, muesli or pasta and type 2 diabetes, reports Prof. Dr. Glenn Gaesser of Arizona State University in the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Grain intake was consistently associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes. What was surprising was that even in studies that included cakes, cookies, sweet rolls and muffins in the refined grain category, no association with diabetes risk was observed.

Explaining this, Gaesser said, “Much of the research linking refined grain consumption to the risk of type 2 diabetes is based on dietary patterns that typically include refined grains along with red and processed meats, sugar-sweetened beverages, french fries Categorize fries and high-fat dairy products. It’s important to note the difference between the higher-risk categories, such as red and processed meats and sweetened beverages, versus the refined grains category, which is often incorrectly associated with type 2 diabetes. Grain is much healthier than people give it credit for.”

What: DOI 10.1016/j.mayocp.2022.05.004

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