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Detect cancer early: You should know these 8 risk factors

The designation “Krebs” includes a variety of diseases. What they have in common is that the body’s own cells multiply uncontrollably and form a tumor, a malignant one Tumor, form. At the same time destroying healthy tissue, so that bodily functions can no longer run optimally. Cancer can affect any organ or part of the body and is never something to be taken lightly. Here you can find out how many people are affected by the disease, what is going on fundamentally on a physical level and which factors have a carcinogenic effect.

Cancer diseases: This is how many people it affects each year

The current database of the Robert Koch Institute regarding cancer in Germany is based on records from 2016: In this year, a total of 492.000 various cancers diagnosed. A progressive aging of society as a whole suggests that by 2020 the number of cases will increase to around 510,000 increased could be. However, the number does not describe the new cases, but only the total number of diagnosed cancers. According to the Robert Koch Institute, the higher number does not necessarily mean that more people are getting cancer, but that people are generally simply getting older and therefore a higher number of cancer patients is noted. This can be explained above all by the data collected by the German Cancer Research Center in 2018: In that year “only” around 1,200 people fell ill in Germany 498,000 people new to cancer.

Good news: in many types of cancer, a positive development of the disease registered. The reason for this is the rapidly advancing cancer research. Many new therapy methods are being researched and brought onto the market, so that new, life-saving innovations can also be expected in the future. In recent years, new approaches have meant that cancer can often be diagnosed more quickly and precisely, which means that the probability of a cure can be expected to be higher.

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According to available data, the most common cancers affect the breast, prostate, colon and lungs. However, the disease should not be underestimated: according to the German Cancer Research Center About 220,000 people die every year from cancer. Men are affected slightly more often than women.

Preventing cancer: These factors often trigger cancer

There is various factors, which influence normal cells to turn into cancer cells. One reason are damage to the heritage of the cells. These can occur accidentally due to an error in normal cell metabolism or in the very natural cell division.

Damage to the genome of the cells can also be caused by the own lifestyle caused. Risk factors include smoking, an unhealthy diet, little exercise and being overweight, as well as frequent alcohol consumption. They increase the likelihood that you will get cancer.

All in all are the hereditary traits but rarely the reason for cancer: according to research, only about 5 percent of diagnoses can be attributed to it. However, there are some genes that can make certain types of cancer more likely to develop. However, the main causes usually lie with other carcinogens and factors.

Cancer pathogens: 8 new risk factors discovered

First of all: not everyone who is exposed to the carcinogens automatically develops cancer. The risk of cancer is always individually consider. However, many of the factors can be actively avoided, so that at least the risk of developing cancer can be reduced. Research is constantly discovering new factors that are considered risk factors: The US Department of Health and Human Services added eight more factors to the list in December 2021.

Overall, the list of carcinogens now includes a whole 256 different factors. Environmental factors such as chemicals or viruses play a role here, but also X-rays, radioactive radiation or some foods (ingredients) and alcoholic beverages.

  • has been added the bacterium Helicobacter pylori: Infection presents as stomach ulcers or discomfort. To prevent cancer, it should be treated as soon as possible.
  • Another risk factor was that contained in flame retardants Antimontrioxid added to the list. The substance is mainly found in plastics and textiles. To reduce the risk of cancer, the use of the drug should be avoided if possible.
  • The other six new risk factors are all haloacetic acids, that have carcinogenic potential. Some of the haloacetic acids are a by-product of the disinfection of our normal drinking water. As a result, corresponding changes and innovations will be required in this area in the future.
  • The potentially carcinogenic haloacetic acids include bromochloroacetic acid, bromodichloroacetic acid, chlorodibromoacetic acid, dibromoacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid and tribromoacetic acid.
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Tumor and carcinoma: That’s the difference

The name given to a tumor depends on the type of cell from which it arises. Basically, a distinction must be made between tumors and carcinomas.

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Cells of origin for tumors are often found in glandular, muscular, connective or supporting tissue. Tumors can be either benign or malignant. You can often tell from the designation whether it is a malignant or benign tumor acts. In contrast to benign tumors, malignant ones grow into healthy tissue and form metastases. They usually end in “-sarcoma”. Examples of this are the osteosarcoma from the bone cells or the fibrosarcoma from the connective tissue cells. The corresponding benign counterparts are called osteoma and fibroma. If tumors arise from different cells, they are so-called mixed tumors.

Carcinoma is a type of tumor: It is a malignant tumor from the gland cells. Importantly, carcinomas discovered as soon as possible so that treatment can begin as soon as possible. Warning signs of malignant cancer include swelling, hardening or lumps on the skin, unexplained pain, skin changes or unusual bleeding. If you notice inexplicable changes of this kind in yourself, you should definitely do them be checked by a doctorto avoid worse.

How carcinomas develop

The term “carcinoma” comes from the Greek term “karkinos”, which translates to “cancer”. The cells from which carcinomas develop come from the glandular tissue. Carcinomas are the malignant counterpart to adenomas, which also arise from the glandular tissue form. About 70 percent of all malignant tumors are carcinomas.

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Cancer basically arises from the fact that change healthy body cells. They become tumor cells. carcinomas grow fast and expand, penetrate blood vessels and can form metastases. Surrounding tissue is destroyed by the carcinomas. The malignant course of expansion is also called malignancy in the medical field.

treatment methods in the case of carcinomas, on the one hand, surgical removal, radiation and chemotherapy or, if discovered very early, superficial removal. However, there is always something risk of recurrence.

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