Commuting at up to 45 km/h: S-Pedelec looks like a bicycle, but it’s not

Even if they look like this: S-pedelecs are not bicycles, but legally speaking mopeds. You need a driver’s license for the bikes, which can reach speeds of up to 45 km/h, bike paths are taboo. How does that feel on the road?

The “S” stands for speed – which would already mark the biggest difference: S-Pedelecs can reach up to 45 km/h as long as you pedal. With normal pedelecs, commonly known as e-bikes, the motor stops supporting you at 25 km/h.

This means that S-Pedelecs are legally classified as mopeds – unlike pedelecs, which are classified as bicycles. An operating permit and an insurance number are required here, as with mopeds or scooters. You can only drive it if you have at least an AM driving license and are 15 years old. You can also jet off with a car driver’s license.

S-pedelecs are only permitted on the road

Controversially discussed: S-Pedelecs have to drive on the road. Conversely, this means that cycle paths are taboo for them, even outside of town. “In fact, on many out-of-town roads with cycle paths alongside the roads, the use of suitable cycle lanes is often the safer solution,” says the German Traffic Club (VCD), for example.

S-pedelecs hardly sell in Germany – unlike in Switzerland, where, according to the Touring Club Schweiz (TCS), they even have to use the cycle path if pedestrians are not allowed there. With the Stromer brand, one of the best-known manufacturers of S-Pedelecs comes from Switzerland. But many other brands also have fast e-bikes – Specialized, Diamant, Cube, Flyer, Riese & Müller, Scott or Bergamont. The Friday 27 FS Speed ​​Dual model with a double battery from the French manufacturer Mustache was used for the test.


The manufacturer positions the Friday as a car alternative for commuters: “Especially in urban or suburban environments, it can be a faster means of transport than a car or scooter,” says Mustache spokesman Clément Bonneau. The S-Pedelec is intended for cyclists for whom a normal e-bike is too slow to cover longer distances in a reasonable time – for example from the outskirts to the city center.


A French license plate is attached to the test bike. In principle, liability insurance must be taken out for S-Pedelecs, which costs around 50 euros a year in Germany.

(Photo: Stefan Weißenborn/dpa-tmn)

At first glance, S-Pedelecs look like any other e-bike. The Mustache is no exception. Only on closer inspection does it reveal itself to be a fast pedelec. The number plate on the rear is the most striking. An insurance number as proof of existing liability insurance is required so that it can be moved at all.

The central motor from Bosch offers a nominal output of 250 watts. The maximum power output is 600 watts, the torque responsible for the acceleration behavior is given as a lively 85 Newton meters. The motor is able to amplify the muscle power introduced by a factor of 3.4.

Powerful hydraulic two-piston brakes, which were specially developed for S-Pedelecs by the German supplier Magura, ensure that you can stop quickly even at higher speeds. The fact that the four-finger levers do not require much force is also due to the large brake discs (203 millimeters at the front; 180 millimeters at the rear).

To increase the range, the developers prescribed two battery packs for the Mustache: the down tube has 625 watt hours (Wh). The capacity of the additional power pack is 500 Wh. Under ideal conditions, the range is over 200 kilometers, says Bonneau. In other words: for a working week, you could commute almost 40 kilometers a day without having to recharge.

In addition to the engine, the power storage also supplies the other consumers – such as the obligatory lighting of the license plate.

driving impression


The mid-engine offers up to 600 watts of output and a lively 85 Newton meters of torque.

(Photo: Stefan Weißenborn/dpa-tmn)

On the road with the Friday, you quickly outperform a normal e-bike. But it requires strong help of the legs to reach Tempo 45. The motor power contributed is linked to the shifting behavior: faster pedaling, i.e. higher cadence, does not lead to more motor support from a certain point.

The engine only activates its next ignition stage when you engage the next higher of the eleven gear ratios of the Shimano derailleur gears. Bosch calls this shift recognition when engine power and transmission ratio correspond to each other. The fact that the power boost quickly dies down at higher cadences takes some getting used to and is not intuitive.

On the other hand, due to its design, the Friday does not have the boom of an S-Pedelec with a rear motor, where the power is transmitted directly to the drive axle – which means that such models feel livelier and the chain wears out less quickly.


The Friday has two batteries, as indicated by the suffix Dual. In this way, ranges of over 200 kilometers are possible.

(Photo: Stefan Weißenborn/dpa-tmn)

The fact that S-Pedelecs look like bicycles causes irritation on the road. In interaction with other road users, this can lead to dangerous situations. At intersections, the Friday saddle is often denied the right of way because other road users underestimate the speed of the approaching S-Pedelec. And at the start of the traffic light, drivers overtake a little more aggressively because they don’t pass right away.

Because it is almost unknown that S-Pedelecs are not allowed on cycle paths, it happens that drivers honk their horns, gesticulate and point out any parallel cycle paths. Even with the Friday, as comfortable as it rides on cobblestones with the suspension fork and frame damper, you often feel like a foreign body on the road. In addition, because forest and forest roads are taboo, you sometimes have to take detours, which can negate the travel time advantages for commuters.

Equipment, accessories, peripherals


Easy to reach with your right thumb: the switch for the mandatory high beam.

(Photo: Stefan Weißenborn/dpa-tmn)

First things first: Anyone who rides an S-Pedelec must wear a bicycle helmet. Further technical details are mandatory on the bike itself: lighting is mandatory that is always switched on while riding and has high beam. The German supplier Supernova contributes to the Friday as well as the rear light with brake light function.

Also mandatory: a horn. High beam and horn can be operated directly via buttons on the handlebars. On the left is a folding rear-view mirror from Busch & Müller, which is also part of the standard equipment of an S-Pedelec.

The Mustache rolls on Schwalbe Super Moto-X tires (27.5 x 2.40) for S-Pedelecs. They promise good traction on asphalt and are comfortable to drive. (Lowrider) bags and baskets can be clicked into the system luggage carrier from the Dutch manufacturer MIK, but they must be compatible. The aluminum construction is designed for a payload of up to 25 kilograms.


The Nyon cycle computer from Bosch is easy to read and operate via a color touch display. It offers various connectivity functions via an associated smartphone app – for example navigation.

(Photo: Stefan Weißenborn/dpa-tmn)

The 3.2-inch touch display can be used as a navigation system via a Bosch app. It also shows the cyclist’s performance and calorie consumption, among other things. Motor support can be adapted to driving behavior via an in-app purchase.

There are functional restrictions when transporting children: In Germany, you are not allowed to tow a child trailer with an S-Pedelec. A child seat on the bike is allowed according to the press service bicycle.


At 7499 euros, the Friday 27 FS Speed ​​Dual is no bargain. 900 euros can be saved if you do without the additional battery. What also puts the price into perspective is its use as a car replacement – especially when fuel prices are high.


Thanks to the full suspension, the Mustache is very comfortable to ride. The components appear robust, as does the entire 30-kilogram construction. The Mustache S-Pedelec encourages you to leave the car behind. If the commute is not too long, you save time. It shares with all other S-Pedelecs that it has to be on the road, where the rush hour slows down progress. You should simply take this into account when weighing up between a more expensive S-Pedelec and a cheaper pedelec.



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