What are its benefits, according to scientific studies (Shutterstock)

To start the day, while working or studying. As the only company, or to be shared. Cold or hot. In cup, in glass, or in a mate. There are many reasons and circumstances for its consumption. Coffee, tea and yerba mate are, without a doubt, the most consumed infusions that contain caffeine.. Its popular consumption is a fact. What is not entirely clear are the health effects since there were always some fears and warnings about its intake. However, a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine, focused on the positive health effects.

The article describes that caffeine, in addition to coffee, tea and soft drinks, is present in a variety of plants and that it can be synthesized and added to some foods and beverages, such as soft drinks and energy drinks. Among the positive uses, the study highlighted its consumption for reduce fatigue, as a treatment for apnea of ​​prematurity in infants or in pain relievers. He also explained that in a typical serving, the caffeine content is highest in coffee, energy drinks, and caffeine tablets; intermediate in tea; and the lowest in soft drinks. Also, He described that adults predominantly choose coffee, while younger ones choose soft drinks and tea.

According to the same research, the benefits are explained, in the case of coffee, by its content of hundreds of other biologically active phytochemicals, including polyphenols such as chlorogenic acid and lignans, trigonellin alkaloid, melanoidins formed during roasting and quantities modest magnesium, potassium and vitamin B3. These coffee compounds They can reduce oxidative stress, improve the intestinal microbiome and modulate the metabolism of glucose and fats. Additionally, caffeine can help decrease pain when added to commonly used pain relievers. Specifically, about 100 to 130 mg of caffeine added to a pain reliever increased the proportion of patients who had pain relief.

Studies say you should avoid combining them with alcohol (Shutterstock)
Studies say you should avoid combining them with alcohol (Shutterstock)

On the harmful effects on health, are explained in relation to the high amounts intake and age of consumers. In these cases it can cause anxiety, restlessness, nervousness, dysphoria, insomnia, excitement, psychomotor agitation and a flow of thought and wandering speech. And it warns about consuming energy drinks, especially when mixed with alcohol. Caffeine in the form of energy drinks can have more adverse effects than other caffeinated drinks for several reasons: high episodic consumption, which does not allow the development of tolerance to caffeine. Its popularity among teens, who may be more vulnerable to the effects of caffeine; the lack of clarity on the part of consumers about the caffeine content; the possible synergistic effects with other components of energy drinks; and its combination with alcohol. Thus, people who drink beverages are recommended energetic that verify the caffeine content and avoid high consumption (more than 200 mg of caffeine per intake). In addition to avoiding combining them with alcohol.

The Argentine neurologist Conrado Estol, in communication with Infobae, explained the study and highlighted the positive effects of coffee. “Caffeine was always highly debated nutritionally. I always maintained that it is good in its right measure. It can decrease cardiovascular risk and others, such as cancer. Cocoa, that of the tree, cures you, can prevent a heart attack, for example. And if we talk about the classic coffee drink that we all drink, the classic cup of Argentine coffee with milk, consumed several times a day, protege. The exception is for people who have a genetic mutation, which causes them to not metabolize caffeine and, for example, cause insomnia. I have patients who drink coffee in the morning and do not sleep at night. Those are exceptions because they don’t metabolize caffeine and they float away. I have always defended it, it is very good ”.

In our country, 1 kilo of coffee is taken per year per person (Shutterstock)
In our country, 1 kilo of coffee is taken per year per person (Shutterstock)

The neurologist described coffee consumption in Argentina compared to other countries. “ANDn average is one kilo per year per person, which corresponds to one cup every other day. In the United States, 80% of adults take it, a cup and a half per day. I believe, likewise, that it has increased in recent years. A bit because of the coffee shop chains that sell takeaway coffee. And this custom of taking coffee was adopted. The amount of caffeine that is taken in coffee is approximately 135 milligrams per day. And you can take up to 400 milligrams per day without problem, except pregnant women and women who are breastfeeding. “

While popularly the coffee was associated with being a not so healthy food, the doctor argued that it’s profitable among other things for the large amount of polyphenols it contains. “Probably, have the most antioxidants of all that we ingest, in addition to some minerals and vitamins. In summary, decreases cardiovascular mortality, coronary heart disease, stroke, Parkinson’s disease risk and some cancers. In addition, it protects the liver ”. Among the exceptions, he marked the case of people who metabolize the substance very slowly, or children in whom caffeine can last 80 hours. “There are adults who have a genetic mutation that makes them metabolize very slowly and they are the ones that cannot sleep. Except for these cases, and Of course, children, coffee has beneficial effects not only because of caffeine but because it contains polyphenols.”.

And he argued its benefits from a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association: “The genetics of 500,000 people in the UK and their mortality were observed. 80% of people drank coffee with an average age of 55 years. They studied them for 10 years. The result gave that those who drank coffee, in all its variants, had lower mortality than those who did not” And finally he spoke about mate and tea: “They also contain caffeine and therefore all its benefits except that they do not have the polyphenols that are in coffee.. And finally, pure, non-industrialized cocoa is excellent due to its catechin and epicatechin content. When cocoa is ground and roasted it changes its name to cocoa. Once sugar and fats are added for marketing, it loses most of the benefit that its flavonoids provide.

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