According to the BARMER dental report, chalk teeth are widespread in children. Consequential damage can be avoided by having an early check-up by the dentist. Little is known about the causes.
According to the BARMER dental report, chalk teeth are quite common in Germany. About 29 percent of 12-year-olds have at least one permanent molar (6-year-old molar) or one incisor with such findings. Dentists speak of “Molar Incisive Hypomineralization, MIH for short. This is a qualitative defect in the enamel that develops in the jaw during tooth formation. The enamel is less mineralized and leads to discoloration and broken enamel permanent dentition on molars, sometimes the incisors are also affected.
Dentists can recognize and treat chalk teeth early on
The National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Dentists (KZBV) advises parents to have an early check-up by a dentist. “Chalk teeth can already be recognized when the tooth erupts,” emphasizes KZBV chairman Dr. Wolfgang Eßer, that is, when milk teeth fall out and the permanent teeth appear. This happens around the age of six, therefore also 6-year-old molars The clinical picture with close-knit, intensive care and the initiation of therapeutic measures is crucial “in order to counteract further loss of tooth enamel and to ensure tooth preservation in the long term,” says dentist Eßer.
Causes of chalk teeth unclear
Why children get chalk teeth has not yet been conclusively clarified. According to Prof. Katrin Bekes, President of the German Society for Pediatric Dentistry, numerous triggering factors are being discussed, “a single factor with a high level of evidence could not yet be determined or adequately proven.” affected teeth disturbed.
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Children up to 33 months of age are now entitled to special early diagnosis examinations. The dentist looks at the teeth, advises the parents on nutrition, dental care and fluoridation measures and gives practical instructions on daily tooth brushing. In addition, small children have the additional right to enamel hardening with fluoride varnish twice every six months in the practice. Further early diagnosis examinations can be used from the 34th to 72nd month of life. Children and adolescents who have reached the age of 6 but not yet 18 years of age are entitled to group and individual prophylaxis.
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