Dhe average number of children per woman in Germany has dropped to 1.54. At the same time, the number of children born last year, at around 778,100 babies, was 9,400 lower than in 2018, as the Federal Statistical Office announced in Wiesbaden on Wednesday. This brought the total birth rate to 1.54 children per woman in 2019, compared to 1.57 children a year earlier.

The combined birth rate is used to describe the current birth behavior. It indicates how many children a woman would have in the course of her life if her birth behavior was like that of all women between 15 and 49 years in the year under review.

The birth rate decreased in 14 of the 16 federal states. Only in Bavaria and Bremen did it remain at the previous year’s level. The birth rate was highest in Bremen and Lower Saxony with 1.6 children per woman. Berlin, on the other hand, was the country with the lowest birth rate with 1.41 children per woman.

According to the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the combined birth rate in Germany in 2018 was slightly higher than the EU average (1.55 children per woman). The highest birth rate was at 1.88 children per woman in France at that time and the lowest at 1.23 children per woman in Malta.

Women in Germany have their first child ever later in life: when they were born for the first time, women were an average of 30.1 years old in 2019. Ten years earlier, the average age at birth of the first child was 28.8 years. When the second child was born, mothers were on average 32.2 years old in 2019, and 33.2 years old when the third child was born. In a comparison of the federal states, women were the oldest in Hamburg when they gave birth to their first child at 31.2 years, and youngest in Saxony-Anhalt at 28.9 years. According to the age of the first child, the mothers in Germany belonged to the older third in Germany in 2018.