The fave they are gods legumes much loved by the characteristic light green color. We can find them fresh in spring and dry during the rest of the year.
Nutritional values of beans
The beans are a food rich in protein and fiber and low in fat which makes them perfect to be consumed even within a low-calorie diet. The consumption of beans, in fact, can help in the fight against lose the extra pounds or to maintain their body weight constant over time, thanks to their balanced content of proteins and vegetable fibers. According to one studio published in 2010 by the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, follow one broad bean diet makes slimming easier.
Furthermore, the beans are also suitable for those suffering from anemia since they have a significant amount of iron and ferritin.
In addition to iron, fava beans contain beneficial substances such as vitamin B1 considered important for the proper functioning of the nervous system and for the metabolism. Thanks to their remarkable fiber content, the beans help stabilize the cholesterol levels in the blood and play a fundamental role in lowering bad or LDL cholesterol. The vegetable fibers, contained in the beans, are considered useful for balancing the blood sugar levels and therefore to prevent diabetes. In general, it is good to remember that a diet rich in fiber increases the sense of satiety and therefore is able to prevent obesity and heart problems, as well as reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.
The beans are also rich in manganese, a mineral that helps support the functionality of the nervous, endocrine and immune systems. Broad beans, like many other legumes, are a good source of vegetable proteins. Proteins are able to release a lot of energy to the body, energy that is immediately burned and does not turn into fat. That’s why all low-calorie diets are rich in fiber and low in animal fats or carbohydrates. In particular, 100 grams of fava beans provide 341 calories.
To help our body have all the proteins it needs, it is preferable to associate the consumption of beans, and other legumes, with that of Whole grains. Among the beneficial nutrients present in the beans, we must not forget the Vitamin A, a vitamin that helps us maintain it radiant but above all healthy skin. Vitamin A not only protects and maintains healthy skin, but is important for promoting proper bone development and ensuring the well-being of the eyes and eyesight.
The many benefits of broad beans cannot be exploited to the people who, unfortunately, suffer from favism: a pathology in which there is a defect, present from birth, in an enzyme normally contained in Red blood cells. The enzyme defect is inherited via the X chromosome. The disease appears 12-48 hours after taking fresh broad beans. In severe cases, about half of the red blood cells are destroyed. The disease is widespread especially in Sardinia and Greece. To know more: Italian Favism Association.