Let’s start with a clarification. Christopher Columbus did not discover America. You discover something that is virgin, not a continent that was populated by millions of people, with elite cultures and a development many times higher than that of Europe. After clearing up the first big lie, let’s move on to the others.
Columbus did not arrive in America on October 12. At that time the current Gregorian calendar did not exist but the Julian calendar was used, which was suppressed by Pope Gregory in 1582, erasing ten days. Therefore, Columbus saw American lands October 20 or 21.
How many times did they speak to you at the school of the Three Caravels? Columbus did not travel with three caravels, but with two caravels and a Nao. The ships had a forecastle and the caravels did not.
Without repeating and without blowing, what were the ships called? Surely you say La Pinta, La Niña and La Santa María. The real names of two of them are known. La Niña was actually called Santa Clara and the Santa Maria was actually called Maria Galante.
La Niña was actually called Santa Clara and Santa María was actually called María Galante. And La Pinta’s real name is not known.
At that time the ships were blessed and were launched into the sea bearing the name of saints. The name of the ship is unknown. La PintaBut by no means was that his name.
They say that Columbus wanted to prove that the Earth was round. Already 1,200 years before his trip, the Greek mathematicians had already pointed out that the earth was round, not flat.
Even the Greek Claudius Ptolemy wrote the Almagest (in the second century), a treatise that described the sphericity of the Earth. And all European scientists and scholars knew that in the time of Columbus.
We have already said that Columbus did not discover a continent that was not virgin. In 1492 there would be cities in America that were superior in everything to many in Europe. Especially in size, culture, architecture, use of agriculture and even exploitation of trade routes. The new continent had been inhabited for thousands of years. Furthermore, Christopher Columbus would die believing that his travels they had been to Asia!
Don Cristóbal was a white-collar thief
It is that the Catholic Monarchs had promised a reward of 10,000 maravedíes the first to see land. And that was the sailor Rodrigo de Triana, whose name was neither Rodrigo nor from Triana. His real name was Juan Rodríguez Bermejo, and was a native of Lepe (Huelva).
The statue to Rodrigo de Triana (who was actually called Juan Rodríguez Bermejo) in Seville.
The truth is that it was he who first saw land, but the liar of Columbus did not give him the reward, arguing that it was he who had spotted it the previous night in the form of lights. The one who pocketed the sum was Colón and Rodrigo de Triana, who was about to be a millionaire, felt cheated. He denied the Catholic faith and went to live in Africa sailing as a pirate.
The books say that Christopher Columbus brought syphilis to Europe. However, there are carbon tests and DNA analyzes that prove that syphilis was a worldwide disease, before the expedition reached these lands.
Columbus was not a great navigator as they sold us. He had a correct knowledge of the winds and ocean currents, but miscalculated distances and his conception of the Earth was wrong.
They wrote that the navigators who arrived were all prisoners. Lie. In fact, only four men of the crew were inmates. This is indicated by “The new documented list of the crew of Colón”, available at the Miguel de Cervantes Virtual Library.
Columbus was not the first European to set foot in America. Some 500 years earlier a group of Vikings led by Leif Ericson had reached the shores of North America.
Some 500 years before Columbus, a group of Vikings led by Leif Ericson had reached the shores of North America.
It was said that the Catholic kings even sold their clothes to pay for the trip. Sovereign lie. The expense of the expedition was borne by Luis de Santángel, the Pinzón brothers and a part of the residents of Palos de la Frontera, who had pending a fine for smuggling.
Lies and more lies
Myth: There was a priest aboard the Santa María in 1492. Reality: Due to the dangers involved in the trip, there were no priests or friars.
In the school they showed you thousands of times the pictures of the landing of Columbus sword in hand and with a priest at his side. There were none. Yes on the second trip. There were five: the Benedictine Father Buil, the Jerónimo Father Ramón Pane and three Franciscans.
Columbus was admired by his crew for his kindness. Cause laughter the argument. The Santa María (we already know that it was not called that) ran aground on Christmas Eve in 1492 (which was not really Christmas Eve because of the calendar change) in a coral to the north of the island of Hispaniola, which is now Haiti.
What did Columbus do? He returned to Spain in La Niña (which was not his name) abandoning the 40 sailors in the settlement. When Columbus returned a year later all the abandoned sailors They had died.
Columbus’s last residence was a luxurious apartment in Valladolid. Today it is his museum.
There is more to reinforce the image of a tyrant Columbus. When he was governor of the island of Hispaniola, executed people to the letter. And he made the native peoples work as slaves and repeatedly tortured them. In August 1500, a royal commissioner arrested Christopher Columbus and He took him to Spain in chains.
Christopher Columbus died poor. The last big lie. Columbus died at the age of 54, in 1506, living the life of a sheikh. His last residence was a luxurious apartment in Valladolid, Corona de Castilla.
This Tuesday some will celebrate the discovery of America. There is nothing to celebrate because there was no discovery. And out of respect for the native peoples, who at that time were the true and only owners of these lands …