The south of Upper Egypt is characterized by its own costumes and clothes, and one of the most famous of these costumes is “Al-Habra”, which is one of the popular costumes that the center and city of Esna and south of Luxor are famous for. It is worn by women on various occasions and when they go out for shopping or family visits. It is characterized by the addition of embroidery with violet lines at its edges, worn by girls and women, and its industry began to decrease due to the few people working in it due to the spread and abundance of the abayas industry..
«The ink” is a black silk cloth with some violet lines on both sides, and special embroidery, and it has special specifications in the dress..
Researcher Mohamed Abu Saleh, head of the Luxor Center for Studies, Dialogue and Development, said that wearing the ink is one of the customs and traditions that Isna and its villages still adhere to until this time, which is considered one of the distinctive folk heritage of this city, and one of the distinctive costumes that the women of the center are fully known for..
He added that the ink is a large piece of cloth up to two or three meters in length and a meter or more in width. Its ends to the ground, explaining that the ink is made of cloth and black silk threads, and the ink is worn over a wide black dress made of silk, satin or butter fabrics that also covers her entire body..
Ayman Abu Zeid, head of the Egyptian Association for Tourism and Archeological Development in Luxor, explained that the ink and the black dress are considered a title for the women of Esna in various regions of the center, and a distinctive clothing for them, and the Isnawi women wear them on various occasions, pointing out that it is considered a distinctive dress for the women of the south and its villages since a long time ago, and it became a stamp. From the legacies handed down from generation to generation until now.
He added that the ink is worn by the majority of women, as women master their craftsmanship and inscriptions and add multiple aesthetic touches such as black inscriptions on that black dress, and the use of some silk threads to decorate such as purple and embroidered with special inscriptions.
Although the city of Esna is one of the most famous centers of the ink industry, the demand for it began to decline continuously with the emergence of gowns and the decrease in the number of looms in its manufacture. Its manufacture is more than 60 looms, and the lack of the number of “looms”, which currently has reached about 3 people working in its manufacture, has resulted in the double production of this type of popular costumes for women in Esna..