Short Creek, the remote community in the United States that practices polygamy and now faces a genetic disaster

Caption,

Colorado City, Arizona, is home to a large community of Mormons.

“We must gird our loins and do this, just like any other duty …”.

This was stated in the mid-nineteenth century Brigham Young, who led the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), also known as the Mormon Church, in the city of Provo, Utah, United States.

The sacred task Young spoke of was polygyny, the practice of polygamy in which a man is allowed to have many wives, and that it had been imposed as the official line of the church some years before.

And Young wanted to lead by example. Although he began his adult life as a dedicated spouse to a single wife, he died with 55 wives and 59 children.

Categories Uncategorized

An initiative launched to better coordinate efforts against AIDS

Japan is one of a small group of countries where suicide deaths during the pandemic have exceeded those from the virus. More women, children and adolescents have committed suicide.

The number of suicides in Japan rose last year for the first time in 11 years, as the fallout from the pandemic wiped out years of progress in tackling the stubbornly high phenomenon in the country.

The Health Ministry announced on Friday that 20,919 people died by suicide in 2020 in the archipelago, an increase of 3.7% over one year. By comparison, 3,460 people in Japan died from the coronavirus last year.

This is the first annual increase in suicides in 11 years in Japan, which regularly deplores the highest suicide rate among the G7 countries (16.6 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2020) but which has worked in recent years to better support psychologically fragile people, with some success.

The number of suicides in Japan, which peaked at around 34,000 in 2003, fell to 20,000 in 2019, the lowest since 1978.

Women, children and adolescents in particular were more likely to commit suicide in the country last year, experts believing that the pandemic and the restrictions on the virus appear to have particularly affected them.

Japan has so far recorded lower infection levels than many other countries, while avoiding mandatory lockdowns.

After first declining in the first half of 2020, suicides began to rise in July. An evolution confirming an expert model, according to which suicides first tend to decrease in the initial phase of a period of crisis, before rising sharply thereafter.

Gender inequalities

This increase was “a turning point,” said Michiko Ueda, associate professor of political science at Waseda University in Tokyo, a specialist in the phenomenon of suicide in Japan.

“The coronavirus is certainly a major factor”, she told AFP, not excluding that “the figures are increasing again this year”.

Mental health experts around the world have warned of increased risks of suicides during the pandemic, due to factors including stress, economic hardship and family abuse.

A health worker removes a protective mask in the intensive care unit for COVID-19 patients at St. Marianna Teaching Hospital in Kawasaki, Japan, May 4, 2020.

But Japan is likely one of a small group of countries where suicide deaths during the pandemic have exceeded those from the virus.

Suicides last year in Japan also followed different patterns from those of previous years, Ms. Ueda pointing to the particularly high increase in the number of suicides among women last year (+ 14.5%), while on the contrary, fell by around 1% in men.

Ms. Ueda cites as likely factors the increase in unemployment among women, more of them in precarious jobs (especially in hotels and restaurants, two sectors severely affected by the crisis), and increased domestic and parenting tasks for them.

“The coronavirus has highlighted the inequalities between the sexes in Japan”, adds Yayo Okano, professor of feminism at Doshisha University in Kyoto (west), recalling that the domestic tasks of women are still very disproportionate in Japan.

Youth anxiety and loneliness

The figures for suicides among young people under 18 in Japan are also alarming: more than 300 primary and secondary students committed suicide between early April and late November 2020, a jump of nearly 30% from the same period the previous year.

“The risks are high for young people,” who “feel anxiety about their future” and particularly suffer from the scarcity of social relations, says Akiko Mura, counselor at the Tokyo Suicide Prevention Center.

Experts also believe that a series of celebrity suicides in Japan in 2020 could also have influenced vulnerable people.

Munetaka Kaneko, advisor to the suicide prevention NGO Sotto, believes that the government must now make the response to suicide a key element of its policy to fight against the coronavirus, with “prevention measures adapted to the era of the pandemic “.

.

Categories Uncategorized

Official: Dwyer is moving to Orlando

Quote from Herthaner26

What Orlando gives for Dwyer is of course really awesome.

1.6 million in general and targeted allocation money. If you compare that to recent trades, Dwyer has roughly the equivalent of Dax McCarty + Kevin Molino + Kekuta Manneh + AJ Delagarza.

If SKC uses that well, you can strengthen the team extremely. From the Orlando perspective, that’s the least I can understand. With Larin you have a good goal getter (even if he probably wants to go away himself and has only made negative headlines recently) and on the offensive with Rivas, Barnes, Kaka, Johnson you are already well cast.

It’s not the case that Dwyer is the all-over top striker in the MLS.

Even if it was a few days ago, I still want to reply to your comment.

Yes, Orlando pays a lot of money for Dwyer. But it’s definitely worth the money.
Dwyer is incredibly consistent. With him it is actually certain that he will perform well and that costs a lot.
In addition, the league is slowly developing.
I think that the transfer fees will go in that direction in the future.
You shouldn’t forget that in previous transfers there were always draft picks, intl. roster spots etc. were there. They are also worth something

But as I said, the replacement of Dwyers will, I think, usher in a new “age”.
You can see that the transfer fees are increasing by the amount of transfer fees that are rejected.
Accam is currently at 3 million as you can hear. At Nagbe, people only started listening from 3.5 million.
Even if these are transfer requests from abroad, it still shows that the MLS is now at a corresponding level.
And the transfers within the league are becoming more expensive.

I can absolutely understand that Orlando Dwyer of all people got himself.
For one, Dwyer knows the organization. He had already played for Orlando in 2013.
Plus, it’s only a matter of time before the offensive you’ve enumerated breaks away.
Larin will have been with Orlando the longest. At some point they will no longer be able to refuse the offers. At Kaká it looks like he’ll end his career at the end of the season.
Barnes and Rivas are both lagging behind their expectations.

.

Categories Uncategorized

Experimental HIV vaccine gives “encouraging” results

The clash between Twitter and Donald Trump splashes Facebook, in a delicate position since its boss, Mark Zuckerberg, refused to sanction controversial remarks by the president and is publicly disavowed by employees – a rare phenomenon in Silicon Valley.

“Mark is wrong, and I’m going to try to make him change his mind by making a lot of noise,” tweeted Ryan Freitas, design director for Facebook’s News Feed, on Sunday.

On Monday, the movement gained momentum with an online strike by several employees, including Sara Zhang, who said on Twitter: “We must face the danger, not stay under cover.”

Originally, two unprecedented Twitter interventions last week.

The platform first reported two tweets from the US president about postal voting with the words “check the facts”.

Mark Zuckerberg then reminded Fox News that the platforms, he said, should not play the role of “arbiters of truth online” – an interview retweeted by Donald Trump.

Then, on Friday, Twitter masked another message from the White House tenant, about the clashes in Minneapolis after the death of a black man, George Floyd, for violating the network’s guidelines on the praise of violence.

“The lootings will be immediately greeted by bullets,” said Donald Trump of the protests which degenerate into riots.

These comments also appear on Facebook, but Mark Zuckerberg decided to leave them visible, “after hesitating all day”.

In a publication on his profile, he said that he condemned the “divisive and inflammatory rhetoric” of the president as “personal”, but did not intend to delete the messages, in the name of freedom of expression and the public interest in get informed.

– The rebels of the network –

“I know that many people are unhappy (…), but our position is to facilitate as much expression as possible, unless there is an imminent risk of harm to others or of dangers as described in our regulations” .

Twitter and Facebook have set up systems to combat dangerous content (hate speech, harassment, etc.) and against disinformation.

But Facebook exempts political figures and candidates from the essential of these measures.

“I don’t know what to do, but I know that doing nothing is not acceptable. I am a Facebook employee who completely disagrees with Mark’s decision to do nothing about recent Trump posts, which clearly urge violence, “Jason Stirman, a research and development officer for the company, tweeted on Saturday on Saturday.

“I am not alone at Facebook. There is no neutral position on racism,” he added.

In fact, several other employees took the floor this weekend.

“I think Trump’s tweet (on looting) encourages extrajudicial violence and fuels racism. Respect for the Twitter team,” writes designer David Gillis.

Sara Zhang and other employees are calling for a change in the rules, which offer only two options: leave the content or remove it.

“Facebook’s decision not to act on posts that incite violence ignores other options for keeping our community safe,” she notes.

On Twitter, the president’s message in question remained visible despite the warning, but users cannot retweet, “like” or respond to it.

– Call to a friend –

To make matters worse, the American press revealed on Sunday that Mark Zuckerberg and Donald Trump met on Friday by telephone.

The conversation was “productive,” according to anonymous sources on the specialty site Axios and the CNBC channel. It has neither been confirmed nor denied by the parties concerned.

The question now arises about the ability of Facebook’s all-new “Supreme Court” to intervene.

“We are aware that people want the Council to address many important issues related to online content,” said the network’s “Supervisory Council”, which took shape earlier this month.

He is supposed to have the final say on whether or not to maintain controversial content, independently.

The network giant is directly affected by Donald Trump’s counterattack against Twitter.

The US president signed a decree on Thursday attacking a fundamental law of the American internet, Section 230, which offers digital platforms immunity from any legal action related to content published by third parties. And gives them the freedom to intervene as they please to police the exchanges.

.

Categories Uncategorized

eSport – Counter-Strike: in Atlanta, the Franco-Belgians of EnVyUs win their first title

EnVyUs confirms its progress. As Gambit beat Immortals this Sunday in the Krakow Major Final on Counter-Strike, the Franco-Belgian formation – resulting from the mixture of the workforce which also gave birth to the current G2 last January – won the DreamHack Atlanta. This, after having qualified for that of Malmö, where the majority of the best teams in the world will face each other and having reached the semi-finals in Valencia. The EnVy formation was then defeated by another organization in full revival: the Ninjas in Pajamas.

In Atlanta, the Francophones still had to fight to get their first title. Second in their pool behind the Danes of Heroic, they recovered from a deficit of one set in the semi-final against the Renegades (14-16, 16-11, 16-8) then in the final against these same Heroic players ( 11-16, 16-8, 16-2). Scheduled for the end of August, the Malmö DreamHack will now be an interesting test to place EnVyUs against the world top, absent in the United States because of the Major. But a title is a title and this is encouraging for a team that has struggled to perform since its formation.

Also note that the French player Alexandre “Kaydop” Courant, new member of Gale Force eSports, lost with his team in the final of the competition. Rocket League. Sure H1Z1 finally, Vitality – led by Corentin “Gotaga” Houssein, star player on Call of Duty – was eliminated in the group stage of the team tournament.

.

Categories Uncategorized

Orlando Bloom on vacation with his famous French family

Orlando Bloom is currently spending holidays in France and took the opportunity to visit his cousins ​​in France. On social networks, everyone shared their happiness to meet again.

The joy of getting together with cousins. With his busy superstar schedule, it’s hard for Orlando Bloom to find time to see his loved ones. But when he finally manages to visit them, the actor makes the most of it, with joy and discretion. Currently in our country, it is with his French family to whom he is linked by his mother, Sonia Constance Josephine (née Copeland), that he is having a good time. On Instagram, her cousin Mathile Lockwood, daughter of soprano Caroline Casadesus and jazzman Didier Lockwood, posted an adorable photo in which she poses alongside him, accompanying the caption’s snapshot: “Dinner in Paris with my cousin, so much. ‘love”. A nice message to which the actor replied. “My little cousin, I adore you,” he wrote.

The young woman born in 1995, professional rider, is not the only member of the family to have posted a photo of her reunion with the star. His half-brother, Thomas Enhco, born in 1988 and also a renowned musician indicated on Instagram that he was in Ars-en-Ré, in Charente-Maritime with his “cousin and uncle”. An uncle who is none other than Sebastian Copeland, award-winning photographer and committed to the fight for the climate. In Match in 2015, he told of having gone on an expedition with Orlando Bloom, “on a research boat, in Antarctica, for three weeks in 2007”. “He’s a great athlete, like me,” he added. The actor never misses an opportunity to support him in his many projects.

If Orlando Bloom feels so comfortable with his cousins, it’s because like him, they’ve always been in the art world. Sebastian Copeland’s grandmother, and great-grandmother of Mathilde and Thomas is the great actress Gisèle Casadesus, now 103 years old. As for Sebastien Copeland’s father, he is the great conductor Jean-Claude Casadesus.

Any reproduction prohibited

Categories Uncategorized

Stopover on Île de Ré for actor Orlando Bloom

Orlando Bloom’s little cousin, pianist Thomas Enhco, posted a photo of himself with the British actor on his Instagram account on Saturday. It indicates to be in the island of Ré (Charente-Maritime), in Ars-en-Ré precisely.

We also see the photographer and adventurer Sebastian Copeland, first cousin of Orlando Bloom and uncle of Thomas Enhco.

Above: Orlando Bloom, Thomas Enhco and Sebastian Copeland in Île de Ré.

Did you know ?

Here are three things you may not know about the (small) links between Orlando Bloom and Charente-Maritime.

1. He has a cheeky ex who loves Île de Ré

Last year, while Orlando Bloom was still in a relationship with singer Katy Perry, the latter had also taken a vacation in the Ile de Ré. She had immortalized this moment on Instagram by posting a photo that had spilled a lot of ink in the people sections. We saw her on her bicycle showing off her panties!

The post, “liked” over a million times, was accompanied by a comment by the artist: “I know it’s a little cheeky, butt… Cycling in The ile de re, France“, which can be translated as” I know it’s a bit cheeky, but … I cycle on the Ile de Ré in France. “Katy Perry had misspelled” but “in English by writing” butt “instead of” goal “, a” butt “which can be translated as” buttocks “…

2. The music from one of his films accompanies Stade Rochelais

British actor Orlando Bloom is particularly famous for playing Will Turner, one of the main characters of the saga “Pirates of the Caribbean”. A saga that has a particular echo in Charente-Maritime since the main theme of the films, “He’s a pirate”, resonates on match days at the Stade Marcel-Deflandre, in La Rochelle. This is the music on which the rugby player at Stade Rochelais are entering the field.

3. A family of artists, from Ré to Royan (among others)

Thomas Enhco, the little cousin of Orlando Bloom who posted the photo of the actor in the island of Ré, is none other than the son of the lyric singer Caroline Casadesus, herself daughter of the conductor Jean-Claude Casadesus and granddaughter of the actress Gisele Casadesus, 103 years old, settled on the Ile de Ré since 1922.

And the stepfather of Thomas Enhco (cousin by marriage of Orlando Bloom) is the famous violinist Didier Lockwood ! The jazzman is also in Charente-Maritime at the moment since he participates in the classical music festival Un Violon sur le sable, in Royan. Her daughter Mathilde Lookwood (half-sister of Thomas Enhco) also received a visit from Orlando, in Paris, this weekend. The proof by Insta, once again:

Categories Uncategorized

Nuclear attack from North Korea befürchetet: Hawaii prepares

North Korea provoked the world. Due to the ongoing missile tests react the US States of Hawaii and Alaska – it is an attack of the regime with nuclear is feared weapons.

Hawaii/Alaska – The sabre-rattling from North Korea, the world’s shocks. Hawaii draws consequences from and spreads to a nuclear strike by the North Koreans. Background the ongoing missile tests by the regime. Recently, Pyongyang threatened “to be any time and any place” to a new nuclear test to be ready.

Hawaii is responsive and has launched a preparatory program for the residents, such as the World reported. Also Alaska is a guide, therefore, steps, and prepare for a possible attack with missiles. Due to the threats of North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un wants to perform the United States a missile defense test on the island of Kodiak Island in the U.S. state of Alaska. Marines should have the statement on the next weekend of sea areas between the island and Hawaii to keep. The aims, Worldfrom a note the US coast guard to emerge.

The U.S. army will test parts of the missile defense system THAAD, such as a report of the Kodiak Daily Mirror to refer to be. The System is the same, that also in South Korea, and Guam is stationed, to stop a potential missile attacks from North Korea. “The North Korean leadership has shown that they can, even if it appears irrational, smart, and ruthlessly goes about it,” says expert Chris Douglas on the Homepage of the government-funded “Australian Strategic Policy Institute”. Also Australia sees itself, however, is the danger of the mercy that emanates from North Korea.

The civil protection authority, gives instructions

Most significantly, and is currently in Hawaii with the threat. There is an information campaign. This, according to the inhabitants of the island should prepare for a chain on a possible nuclear strike by North Korea. The civil protection Agency has created a fact sheet that anyone can access on the Internet. It States, in fact, that citizens should follow three steps as soon as the sirens sound In a building on a concrete house – go there for up to two weeks, and on Radio and TV on information wait.

The civil protection authority informed.

© Screenshot/dod.hawaii.gov

Compared to Hawaii News Now, the head of the Hawaiian civil protection, said Miyagi Vern: An Intercontinental ballistic missile from North Korea, need to launch only 20 minutes to reach Hawaii. The residents would then have, after notification, eight to twelve minutes time, to bring themselves in safety.

But not only missiles threat: “North Korea already has a System to bring nuclear weapons anywhere in the world to your destination – it is just not rocket technology,” writes Chris Douglas. The means of choice could be instead quite ordinary Transport Container, the expert explains.

ch

Categories Uncategorized

Upton Sinclar: “Boston” – attacks on the system (archive)

“Boston” begins with the funeral of a patriarch, a member of the blue-blooded caste who runs the city. Josiah Quincy Thornwell, former governor of the State of Massachusetts, still called “Commonwealth” in nostalgic transfiguration of old times, sits slumped at his desk on a summer day in 1915. What Sinclair now presents in this first chapter is a panorama of resentment, greed and delusion. It is the overture to what will follow later. Because the dead man is not even under the earth, the bickering about the inheritance begins among his daughters, sons-in-law and grandchildren.

Thornwell’s son-in-law, James Scatterbridge, had practically scoured the family-owned businesses from the old man through clever financial transactions. The rest of the family does not forgive the upstart. Now it is about carpets, furniture and jewelry and whether the company commissioned with the funeral is actually befitting. Stunned and disgusted, Josiah’s widow Cornelia looks at the undignified goings-on. Cornelia, the main character in Sinclair’s novel, is not of the origin that the narrow-minded urban society intends to accept.

“Though Cornelia’s smile was a mystery, no one thought of getting to the bottom of it; precisely because they never thought it would be possible to learn from a non-Bostonian, the Thornwells had to be good or bad as real Bostonians The fact that Cornelia’s father had taught as a professor at a small college seemed to be reasonably respectable, but his father had been an ordinary immigrant, and in three generations the top ten thousand of the city were supposed to whisper to their neighbors at dinner: “But yes, mine Dear, Cornelia’s grandfather came across the Atlantic in the wood class! ”

Description of the working class milieu

At the end of the first chapter, Sinclair takes a surprising move: Cornelia writes a farewell letter to her three daughters immediately after her husband’s funeral – and makes off. Supposedly to accompany an old friend on a long trip. In truth, to start a new life in the city of Plymouth, some 40 miles from Boston. A life as a worker in a christening factory.

Frankly, this phrase is not particularly credible, but Sinclair absolutely needed it strategically. Because Cornelia finds accommodation in the apartment of an Italian couple who has another subtenant; a man named Bartolomeo Vanzetti, who is immediately likeable to Cornelia. Sinclair’s way of working demonstrates this somewhat rough construction: he is not concerned with literary elegance. Sinclair earned his degree by writing penny books. He is concerned with social relevance.

In fact, Sinclair wrote in the idea of ​​changing and improving the world with his works. “Boston” is an overtly partisan book that completely sided with the underprivileged. And so it is teeming with pathetic, declamatory passages in which Sinclair drives attacks on the system.

“Why were the rich so blind? How could you rob workers of any respect for law and justice without wasting any thought on the consequences? What should all the talk about Americanization be if you gave ordinary people all the , yes, even denied human rights? They were beaten like dogs – and then reacted in surprise when they turned around and bit your calf. ”

Mix of facts and fiction

There has never been a Cornelia Thornwell, at least not as a contemporary of Vanzettis in Boston. Sinclair mixes fictional and real figures with the aim of creating a cross-class awareness of the injustice that has happened to the two Italian anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti. And by the way, he captures the widely diverging milieus that make up the workers’ movement of the late 1920s and early 1920s. There is no unity, but distrust. Irish Catholics warn Cornelia about dealing with dangerous Italian anarchists. A bomber whispers to Cornelia that they are bombers and unbelievers.

As an alternative to this, Sinclair gradually builds up the highly intelligent, readable and quoting Dante to a real saint. An idealistic dreamer, for whom the well-being of others is more important than his own suffering. Again, the literary foil was not Sinclair’s thing; he works with stereotypes that do not stop at physiognomic features. Just think of the red-faced, fat-beaded Boston bankers and industrialists who are shown here with relish.

Vanzetti, however, as the novel insinuates, is a thorn in the side of the power elite in the troubled times of strikes and workers’ uprisings. When the United States entered the great war in Europe, Vanzetti fled to Mexico as well as the shoemaker Nicola Sacco. The two had met shortly before at a political gathering. Their fear of being drafted into military service was completely unfounded – conscription only applied to American citizens. But in the later process, the supposed flight of flags should be another piece of the mosaic that would take the jury against the two guest workers.

Cornelia literally works her sore fingers in the christening factory and at the same time builds a network of relationships in the red working class. The Thornwell clan has now found them and is using all means of power to bring the renegade relatives home and to protect the family’s reputation. Vain. When Cornelia’s granddaughter Betty seems to be in trouble during a trip to Europe, Cornelia travels after her. To be confronted with a message on the ship.

“Two days later, the newspaper said that the Boston police had launched the two leaders of a gang of criminals who were accused of murdering the paymaster and a security guard at the Slater and Morill shoe factory in South Braintree, and looting around $ 16,000 in their raid It can be assumed that the same perpetrators have already robbed several money transports in Eastern Massachusetts. ”

Cornelia only learns that the names of the two detainees are Sacco and Vanzetti in a letter from home. The two are alleged to have committed two robberies on money transporters in December 1919 and April 1920. In the latter two security guards were shot. What happens from now on is an unprecedented spectacle of lies, twists, manipulations and fakes. At least if you want to follow the version of Upton Sinclair, and he does everything to win over the reader for his view of the world.

A mercilessly narcissistic judge

From the moment Sacco and Vanzetti were arrested, “Boston” became a judiciary of such enormous proportions that it is hard to imagine today. At the center of this grotesque spectacle is by far the most successful character in the novel, which Sinclair unfolds in all its ambivalence: Judge Webster, called “Web” Thayer, an upstart with a veritable inferiority complex. A narcissistic boast who cares about the recognition of the blue-blooded Boston money company. Thayer is caught in a cycle: he feels the contempt for the top ten thousand, to which he does not belong. And he has to watch how every attempt to gain their favor makes him even more ridiculous than he already is. Thayer is a marionette with a quick temper and irrefutable judgments – which he made long before the trial started.

“Thayer ‘s angular, furrowed face symbolized the old Puritan ethos; and his voice, screeching like a hacksaw, was an heirloom from his ancestors, who had bravely defied the harsh climate of New England for three hundred years. Although he tried hard to exude calm , his hurried looks betrayed how much the many foreigners in the room worried him. As far as the Reds were concerned, he was plagued by the sheer delusion of persecution. ”

Redundancies and stereotypes

There are many objections to Upton Sinclair’s mammoth novel, which was actually published only a few months after Sacco and Vanzetti’s execution: it should be noted that the book was written breathlessly and with outrage. It is full of repetitions, redundancies and lavishly described secondary characters that will no longer play a role in the further course of the story. Sinclair did extensive research; he has filed trial files, interviewed several defenders of the two defendants and even visited Bartolomeo Vanzetti in prison. All of that, which can be felt, had to go into this novel; nothing could be left out or shortened.

And yet the book develops an ever increasing pull in the description of the course of the seven years it takes until the two delinquents are finally sentenced and executed. On the one hand, this is due to the fact that the complex socially and politically determined conflicts of interest of those involved are skillfully juxtaposed and processed into a clear picture of the times. In the growing number of supporters of the two accused, attitudes are widespread: moderate socialists fight communists; Anarchists simply refuse to cooperate with government bodies. Vanzetti says early on that he would rather die innocently than the real perpetrator, because he too is only a victim of exploitative conditions. And among the Irish workers who immigrated early there is mistrust of the new immigrants from Italy. The economic situation is coming to a head; prices go up, wages go down.

And while Judge Thayer and the sinister prosecutor Fred Katzmann pull one witness after the other out of the hat and ignore the defense witnesses, a real crime is swept under the carpet at the same time: Cornelia’s sons-in-law, who years ago robbed a manufacturer of his flourishing possessions have, wash themselves away from all guilt with legal nooks and cheers of the city society. Viola Siegemund’s new translation also depicts these social differences linguistically: Siegemund has closely adhered to the respective sociolects, especially in the transmission of the figure speech. The class society becomes audible in the verbatim speech.

“In this world of lies, lies reigned. Those who dared to speak about truthfulness were immediately labeled as utopians or dreamers, or worse – as traitors.”

Sinclair exaggerates the process into the mythical

From today’s perspective, it has a comic unlikely to be intended by the author, with what hair-raising audacity the court acts against the two accused. Sinclair exaggerates the process into the mythical; for him, there are not just two presumably innocent men on trial here, no: the Boston plutocracy is setting an example in order to establish public order and cement the shaky conditions.

The main witnesses are bribed, manipulated or unreliable. A hat that is found near the crime scene is waved around in front of Sacco’s nose until he admits that his hats were always as dirty as this one. The prosecutor’s conclusion: the hat belongs to the accused.

The ballistics expert turns his mouth around until the murder weapon and the one found at Sacco are suddenly supposed to be identical. Judge Thayer falsifies testimonials and intimidates witnesses. The bad luck of Sacco and Vanzetti: their witnesses of discharge are almost all foreigners and therefore not credible. When the lawyer suggests Cornelia to save the lives of the two Italians with a false statement, she is outraged. Meanwhile, one of the lay judges greets the American flag when entering the courtroom and publicly states before the verdict is pronounced that the accused belong in the electric chair. The jury: a collection of good, upright Boston citizens.

“Never in life could they have been made to understand that the ranks of the five eyewitnesses consisted of a convict who was convicted many times, a hysterical prostitute, a fool, a disturbed fan button and a pitiful victim of questionable questioning tactics, all of which either identified other candidates as perpetrators or at some point admitted not to have seen the criminals. Not only did the prosecutor know, the presiding judge knew more than he admitted – the trial resulted in a conspiracy between the district attorney and the judge. ”

Prisoners as saints

Cornelia’s struggle and that of the supporters’ committee is a struggle against windmills: whatever bias or evidence they submit – it ends up with Judge Thayer. In the end it is a race against time, which is finally ended by a governor described by Sinclair as smart, opportunistic and business-minded. It is known how the story of Sacco and Vanzetti ends: on August 23, 1927, both die on the electric chair.

In “Boston”, the novel, the two anarchists, but above all Vanzetti, transcend into religious spheres in their last weeks. Vanzetti becomes the all and all forgiving sage; a martyr who takes suffering to serve a higher purpose.

“That is our destiny and our triumph. In a dream we would not have thought that we could achieve so much, in the name of tolerance, of justice. Our words … our life … our pain – nothing! If we were taken away this life … the life of a good shoemaker and a poor fishmonger … everything. This last moment is ours … this agony is our triumph! “

Sinclair does not specifically spare his readers the description of the execution itself. It is part of his documentary claim to describe the smell of burned body hair in the death row and the respective strength of the electric shock. It is very likely that Sacco and Vanzetti will never be innocent again. Credible theories suggest that Nicola Sacco may have been involved in at least one of the two robberies. And that Bartolomeo Vanzetti could at least have been a know-it-all. At Sinclair, their execution becomes a breach of civilization.

Sinclair was quoted as saying that it was the most shocking crime since the murder of Abraham Lincoln. The verdict, Sinclair added, would poison public life for at least a generation. The protests against the enforcement of the judgment were immense not only in Boston and the United States, but also in Europe. Cornelia Thornwell, on the other hand, sees this only as strengthening the powers of the system to which she herself has belonged for decades.

“Men and women, young and old, rich and poor, scholars and simple workers, in the face of the sheer overwhelming power of evil, gradually came to bare despair, a helpless rage, a blind hatred, hatred of this great, important city, its immeasurable Greed camouflaged with piety – complacently, morally and insidiously, cultured and correctly and deadly. ”

But what about the topicality and readability of a novel like “Boston” in the present? Again, the literary weaknesses are obvious. “Boston” is a hybrid between documentary and fiction. You have to judge a political novel like this by special standards. Fiction has a duty to do justice to the attitudes of its characters. It has to create aesthetic consistency within its own world. Based on this, “Boston” is a book that lives up to its own claims. And if you take a look towards the center of power in the United States these days and see how political elites differentiate themselves from legal challenges and build walls of prejudice against supposed threats from outside – then you might get the idea that Upton Sinclairs ” Boston “may still be a fairly contemporary reading.

Upton Sinclair: “Boston”
Manesse Verlag, Munich 2017, 1024 pages, 42 euros

Categories Uncategorized

Who is Khatia Buniatishvili, pianist and Orlando Bloom’s new conquest?

He won’t be celibate for long. The actor Orlando Bloom was seen on the arm of the very beautiful Khatia Buniatishvili, famous French concertist. An exceptional woman, whose profile differs from the Hollywood comedian’s previous conquests …

Would she be the right one? Orlando Bloom has found love in the arms of a gorgeous brunette: French pianist Khatia Buniatshvili. For several months, the Hollywood star confided to whoever wanted to hear it that he dreamed of settling down, tired of chaining ephemeral stories. After his whirlwind romance with Katy Perry, Is it a serious relationship this time around? In any case, this is the impression the young couple gives in the photos that Here is this Friday.

I have to say that the beautiful concertist has everything to please. French of Georgian origin, she speaks five languages ​​fluently, and travels the world to play with the greatest classical musicians on the planet. At just 30 years old, she is considered one of the best pianists of her time. Very talented therefore, she is also renowned for her charm and sensual allure… She likes to wear long dresses with low backs at her concerts, so thatshe is nicknamed in the press the “Betty Boop” of the piano.

With her, it’s impossible to get bored. In addition to her great knowledge of the world of music, the beauty is passionate about literature. She has a weakness for Russian authors, like Chekhov and Dostoyevsky. She is also committed, and does not hesitate to speak out on political issues, such as the Ukrainian crisis. “For me, things are very clear: you are not invading a country that does not belong to you. The system is perpetuated, it was the same for Georgia ”, she confided to Release Last year. In short, an ambitious, brilliant and passionate woman, who has nothing to envy Miranda Kerr, Sienna Miller or Katy Perry, the comedian’s previous conquests. Orlando Bloom doesn’t risk letting her go …

Categories Uncategorized