Columbia Sportswear Company opens its 4th French boutique in Strasbourg

The brand specializing in outdoor equipment sets up for the first time in a city of more than 100,000 inhabitants.

A few weeks after the opening of a pop-up store in the heart of a Parisian store Au Vieux Campeur (see article Columbia opens a pop-up store in Paris at Vieux Campeur), the Columbia Sportswear Company network continues its development, with the opening its 4th French point of sale. It’s in Strasbourg that the brand specializing in outdoor equipment and sportswear is now present, settling for the first time in a city of more than 100,000 inhabitants. The 3 other Columbia Sportswear Company stores are located in Val d´Isère (opening in 1998), Chamonix (opening in 2008) and La Clusaz (opening scheduled for the end of 2016).

Since November 16, consumers can find all the products that make the reputation of the brand, at 75 de la Grand Rue, in place of an old toy store, on the initiative of Christophe Hoff. The entrepreneur is well versed in the sports industry, having previously been head of the Obernai Twinner store. He chose to start his business with Columbia Sportswear Company because he believes he shares the same values ​​as the brand. “My main motivation to embark on this adventure is the brand itself with its values, the human side and the support of a great team within Columbia”, explains the new Strasbourg leader.

Aimed at all audiences, men, women and children, Columbia’s collections offer a style that is both chic and casual. The boutique also offers Sorel boots and ankle boots. This brand of the group which was originally positioned on cold boots, has managed to renew its offer by offering lighter shoes, in order to reach a female clientele in search of authenticity.

Find out more about the development of Columbia Sportswear Company in France and to know all the opportunities for setting up available to the network, do not hesitate to go to its personalized file and to get in touch with the team in charge of recruitment!

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“Atlanta”: The African American Dream – Media

It is a simple question, not addressed to anyone and yet to the whole world. This question is the condensate of the wonderful series Atlantathat comes closer to the lives of African Americans in the United States than any other. The protagonist Earn sits in a bus at night, his daughter has fallen asleep in his arms, he speaks to a stranger and yet more to himself and of course to the viewer: “It may be that some people are born losers, so make it easier for winners in life? ” Then he sees the image of himself in the window: a young African American, broke, homeless, separated from and yet somehow together with his daughter’s mother. What a shitty life!

Earn dropped out of elite at Princeton University, returns to Atlanta, and now gives the credit card seller at the airport for $ 5.15 an hour. He doesn’t want a villa, expensive champagne or gold necklaces and hands. What he wants: pay the rent, send his daughter to a decent school and occasionally invite her mother to a restaurant without having to beg his friends. He doesn’t want to make it big. But he just doesn’t want to be as small as before. This is the African American dream in the 21st century.

Tragic and deadly sad moments that make you smile

Atlanta is about Earn’s life as a feeling, the plot is just the framework for a much more meaningful message. Earn wants to manage his cousin Alfred, who has released a mixtape under the stage name “Paper Boi” and has become a local celebrity. Alfred is not a rapper big mouth – although everyone expects this from him and cheers him when he thrashes you or even shoots him down – but rather a cozy teddy bear who is skeptical about fame and prefers to be stoned on the couch than in nightclubs to celebrate lightly clothed girls.

“I have to rap because I have no other choice in life,” he says. The message: Earl and Alfred can’t care about tomorrow or the big picture because they’re too busy trying to survive today. Tomorrow, they’ll take care of it tomorrow.

There are many of these little moments, the simple questions and the simpler answers that are so tragic and sad as hell that make you smile: when Earn tries to order a children’s menu because he has no money for a burger. When an over-understanding white man explains the African-American culture to him and is asked to finally explore his roots in Africa.

And of course there are fabulous dialogues between Earn and Alfred: “Is the milk still good?” – “What do you want with that?” – “Drink.” – “Drink? No, man, she’s no longer good for that.” Or: “Just try not to die.” – “Every day, man. Every day.”

Donald Glover (who also plays the protagonist) invented this series, which does not start, but touches gently because of the wonderful characters: one episode is exclusively about Earn’s girlfriend Van and the problems of African-American women. One episode describes only a glimpse of the nicer life, the carefree existence, which in the end is pretty stupid because you have to sell your soul. And Alfred has a permanently stoned friend, Darius, who doesn’t have all the marbles together and yet understands more of the world than everyone else.

Because of these constantly changing perspectives, Glover can ask interesting questions: Do you have to find the transsexual Caitlyn Jenner sexy just so that you don’t stand as a narrow-minded opponent of the LGBT community? What do you call a guy who looks black and Asian, but could also be of Mexican-Indian descent?

“Nigger” is the recurring word that drums into the viewer’s brain as a rhythm, the subjects poverty and violence, the melody and the bitter-sweet dialogues of the protagonists are the verses of a melancholic rap song that has apparently become a television series by chance. Atlanta is like “Tearz” from Wu-Tang Clan, “Suicidal Thoughts” von The Notorious B.I.G. oder “All That I Got Is You” von Ghostface Killah, only as an album with ten songs so far, a second season is planned.

You could now compare the series with other tragic-comic and brilliant projects like Louie (by Louis CK) or Master of None (by Aziz Ansari), but you can leave it at that and see Atlanta as a magical series about African-Americans in this country where the white underclass feels forgotten – that’s not all. For those who have shaken their heads in the past few weeks about what is happening in the United States, this series is recommended. He’ll suddenly understand a lot.


INTERACTIVE. Those states where Hillary Clinton lost the election

A slap. Despite favorable opinion studies, Hillary Clinton failed to win the US presidential election. In addition to losing in most of the key states (the famous Swing States), the former First Lady was beaten in historic Democratic Party strongholds. Its supposed advantage among the female electorate, young and educated, was not enough to thwart the mobilization of the voters of Donald Trump, rather elderly, white and little educated.

“We must not reduce the electorate of Trump to simply extremists or racists, underlines the historian Sébastien Mort, specialist of the United States. There is truly legitimate anger and suffering among these voters. A suffering that neither Obama nor Clinton really knew how to take into account ”. Back to the areas where the victory of his rival, Donald Trump, took shape.

Florida (29 major voters). It was the State not to be lost. This State of 20 million inhabitants, is decisive in the conquest of the White House. In 2008 and 2012, Obama won by a short head. Due to the rise of the Latino and black population in Florida, Democrats believed victory was within reach. Patatras. Their mobilization was not enough. The Republican leads the way with nearly 130,000 votes ahead. Note that the independent Gary Johnson was able to capture more than 200,000 ballots.

L’Ohio. (18 major voters). Since 1960, never has a president been elected without winning in the “State of the chestnut trees”. This historical constant was verified again on Tuesday. Neck to neck with the former First Lady, Donald Trump triumphed in this Midwestern state with a comfortable lead of more than 360,000 votes. His protectionist and anti-globalization discourse met with real echo in this state of more than 11 million inhabitants, including a large population of white workers. White American men aged 45 to 54 are the category “most affected by underemployment”, observes Sébastien Mort. These people hold a job which does not correspond to the training which they followed initially, and which does not allow to earn the salary which they had in the past ”.

Pennsylvania. (20 major voters). In this usually Democratic territory, the lack of voter turnout, especially in the Philadelphia area, has cost Hillary Clinton dearly. Meetings with First Lady Michelle Obama failed to attract voters, especially blacks. Elderly, white, male and low-educated voters, on the other hand, overwhelmingly expressed their preference for Trump. “In mining country (Ohio, Pennsylvania), men were paid $ 30 an hour. They are now forced to take lower paying jobs. This part of the population constitutes a large majority of Trump’s electorate. She is sensitive to his personality, because he embodies this kind of assertive virility, which restores them themselves to the virility lost due to their social downgrading, ”Sébastien Mort analyzes.

North Carolina (15 major voters). Favorable to the Republican candidates (Obama is the only Democrat to have won since 1996), the state of the East Coast was watched very closely. Donald Trump’s victory sounded the death knell for the hopes of Hillary Clinton voters.

At the same time, the former Secretary of State lost in more modest but crucial Swing States: the New Hampshire (4 major voters), l’Iowa (6) or l’Arizona (11).

Trump toppled former Democratic strongholds

In addition to losing most of the swing states, Hillary Clinton has had historic underperformances in pro-Democrat states for decades.

Le Wisconsin (10 leading voters), a semi-rural Midwestern state, has consistently voted for the Democratic candidate for 36 years. Hillary Clinton was beaten there to everyone’s surprise. In this predominantly white state hit by industrial decline, the anti-globalization discourse has clearly borne fruit.

In the Michigan (16 Grand Voters), home to Detroit, home of the once thriving American auto industry, Donald Trump’s speeches drew a majority of voters. However, since the end of Reagan’s second term (1988), Michigan had always voted Democratic.

These results in the Great Lakes region signify a profound setback for the Democratic Party, which is also in the minority in the Senate and the House of Representatives. “Trump is a media phenomenon that is anchored in a real social and economic reality, that the political and media elite could not or did not want to see,” said Sébastien Mort. The reconstruction of the Democratic electorate risks taking several years.

Sébastien Mort: “Hillary Clinton had trouble forging a relationship with the electorate”

VIDEO. Donald Trump is elected President of the United States

US election: Trump wins major swing states

The few ongoing counts indicate with high certainty that Donald Trump won the US presidential election. He has chosen important and competitive states for himself, the so-called swing states.

These include Florida, Ohio, North Carolina and Iowa. Trump leads the electorate with 264: 215.

He is also ahead in Wisconsin and Michigan – states in the industrialized northeast, where the Republican is clearly doing better than predicted. Swing State Pennsylvania could also go to him, the AP agency sees him there as the winner. The favorite democrat Hillary Clinton lags behind in these crucial states.

Anyone who wants to move into the White House as the successor to Barack Obama on January 20 needs the votes of at least 270 voters. The candidate who has the most votes nationwide does not win, the US President is only indirectly elected by the people. Each state has a certain number of votes in a 538-strong body of electoral men and women. The number depends on the population size of each state.

Trump has also won the votes of voters in the states Utah, Idaho, Georgia, Alabama, Arkansas, Nebraska, Louisiana, Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kansas, Texas, Wyoming, North und South Dakota, Montana such as South Carolina.

Clinton won in California, Oregon, Colorado, New York, Virginia, New Mexico, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia, Illinois such as Vermont.

Read all developments live in our news blog.

In the last hours of the election campaign, both opponents had tried everything to get citizens to their side in particularly hotly contested US states. Both again invested millions of dollars in TV commercials.

After midnight on election day, Clinton held another event with pop star Lady Gaga in Raleigh, North Carolina. She gave her followers a recommendation in case their children and grandchildren later asked what they had done in 2016 “when everything was at stake”. The answer was loud: “You voted for a stronger, fairer, better America – an America where we build bridges, not walls.”

Trump meanwhile completed his last day as a candidate in Grand Rapids, Michigan. “Today is our Independence Day,” he quoted a slightly modified quote from the Hollywood film “Independence Day” from 1996. “We are finally ending the chapter in the history books about the Clintons, their lives, their machinations, their corruption.”

About 219 million people were eligible to vote. The prerequisite was that a voter registered and was not excluded from the election – for example because of a criminal past. More than 42 million Americans had voted early.

The detailed election results can be found in the graphic:

Icon: The mirror

Election result: This is how the individual US states voted

You can find all updates and results in our live ticker for the US election

Distribution of electors (as of 8.08 a.m.):

Hillary Clinton: 219

Donald Trump: 247

Who won in which country:

Hillary Clinton:

Vermont, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, Delaware, Washington D.C., Illinois, Rhode Island, New York, Connecticut, New Mexico, Virginia, Colorado, California, Hawaii, Oregon, Nevada

Donald Trump

Indiana, Kentucky, Oklahoma, West Virginia, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, South Carolina, Arkansas, Louisiana, Montana, Missouri, Ohio, Idaho, North Carolina, Utah, Iowa , Florida, Georgia

The results of all states:

Georgia (16 electors, swing state)

– Donald Trump

Indiana (11 electors)

– Donald Trump

Kentucky (8 electors)

– Donald Trump

South Carolina (9 electors)

– Donald Trump

North Carolina (15 electors)

– Donald Trump

Virginia (13 electors, swing state)

– Hillary Clinton

Vermont (3 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

West Virginia (5 electors)

– Donald Trump

Ohio (18 electors, Swing State)

– Donald Trump

Kansas (6 electors)

– Donald Trump

Alabama (9 electors)

– Donald Trump

Rhode Island (4 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

Maryland (10 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

Massachusetts (11 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

Mississippi (6 electors)

– Donald Trump

Missouri (10 electors)

– Donald Trump

Connecticut (7 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

New Hampshire (4 constituents, swing state)

– Results expected from 2 a.m.

New Jersey (14 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

Illinois (11 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

Tennessee (11 electors)

– Donald Trump

Delaware (3 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

Washington D.C. (3 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

Oklahoma (7 electors)

– Donald Trump

Pennsylvania (20 constituents, swing state)

– Results expected from 2 a.m.

Florida (29 Electors, Swing State)

– Donald Trump

Maine (4 electors, swing state)

– Hillary Clinton

Arkansas (6 electors)

– Donald Trump

Arizona (11 constituents, swing state)

– Results expected from 3 a.m.

New York (29 voters)

– Hillary Clinton

Michigan (16 electors, swing state)

– Results expected from 3 a.m.

New York (29 voters)

– Results expected from 3 a.m.

Minnesota (10 electors)

– Results expected from 3 a.m.

Wyoming (3 electors)

– Donald Trump

Louisiana (8 electors)

– Donald Trump

Wisconsin (10 constituents)

– Results expected from 3 a.m.

South Dakota (3 electors)

– Donald Trump

Nebraska (5 electors)

– Donald Trump

Texas (38 electors)

– Donald Trump

New York (29 voters)

– Results expected from 3 a.m.

Colorado (9 electors, swing state)

– Hillary Clinton

New Mexico (5 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

Montana (3 electors)

– Donald Trump

Iowa (6 electors, swing state)

– Donald Trump

Nevada (6 electors, swing state)

– Hillary Clinton

Utah (6 electors)

– Donald Trump

Hawaii (4 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

North Dakota (3 electors)

– Donald Trump

Washington (12 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

Oregon (7 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

Idaho (4 electors)

– Donald Trump

California (55 electors)

– Hillary Clinton

Alaska (3 electors)

– Donald Trump

State Results


les résultats État par État

Donald Trump a gagné la majorité des États américains, lors du scrutin du 8 novembre. Seules la côte ouest et la côte est, des États majoritairement urbains, ont placé Hillary Clinton en tête.

• Alabama : Donald Trump (62,9 %)/ Hillary Clinton (34,6 %)
• Alaska : Donald Trump (53%) / Hillary Clinton (37,6%)
• Arizona : Donald Trump (49,6%) / Hillary Clinton (45,4%)
• Arkansas : Donald Trump (60,4 %)/ Hillary Clinton (33,8 %)
• Californie : Hillary Clinton (61,4 %)/ Donald Trump (33,3%)
• Caroline du Nord : Donald Trump (50,5%) / Hillary Clinton (46,7%)
• Caroline du Sud : Donald Trump (55,6%) / Hillary Clinton (39,9%)
• Colorado : Hillary Clinton (46,9%) / Donald Trump (44,8%)
• Connecticut : Hillary Clinton (54%) / Donald Trump (41,6%)
• Dakota du Nord : Donald Trump (64,1%) / Hillary Clinton (27,8%)
• Dakota du Sud : Donald Trump (61,5%) / Hillary Clinton (31,7%)
• Delaware : Hillary Clinton (53,4%) / Donald Trump (41,9%)
• Floride : Donald Trump (49,1%) / Hillary Clinton (47,8%)
• Géorgie : Donald Trump (51,3%) / Hillary Clinton (45,6%)
• Hawaï : Hillary Clinton (62,3%) / Donald Trump (30,1%)
• Idaho : Donald Trump (59%) / Hillary Clinton (27,7%)
• Illinois : Hillary Clinton (55,4%) / Donald Trump (39,4%)
• Indiana : Donald Trump (57,2%) / Hillary Clinton (37,9%)
• Iowa : Donald Trump (51,7%) / Hillary Clinton (42,3%)
• Kansas : Donald Trump (57,2%) / Hillary Clinton (36,1%)
• Kentucky : Donald Trump (62,5%) / Hillary Clinton (32,7%)
• Louisiane : Donald Trump (58,1%) / Hillary Clinton (38,4%)
• Maine : Hillary Clinton (48%) / Donald Trump (45%)
• Maryland : Hillary Clinton (60,5%) / Donald Trump (35,3%)
• Massachusetts : Hillary Clinton (60,8%) / Donald Trump (33,5%)
• Michigan : Donald Trump (47,6%) / Hillary Clinton (47,3%)
• Minnesota : Hillary Clinton (46,8%) / Donald Trump (45,4%)
• Mississippi : Donald Trump (58,3%) / Hillary Clinton (39,8%)
• Missouri : Donald Trump (57,1%) / Hillary Clinton (38,0%)
• Montana : Donald Trump (57,3%) / Hillary Clinton (35,4%)
• Nebraska : Donald Trump (60,3%) / Hillary Clinton (34%)
• Nevada : Hillary Clinton (47,9%) / Donald Trump (45,5%)
• New Hampshire : Hillary Clinton (47,5%) / Donald Trump (47,4%)
• New Jersey : Hillary Clinton (54,9%) / Donald Trump (41,9%)
• État de New York : Hillary Clinton (58,9%) / Donald Trump (37,4%)
• Nouveau-Mexique : Hillary Clinton (48,3%) / Donald Trump (40,0%)
• Ohio : Donald Trump (52,1%) / Hillary Clinton (43,5%)
• Oklahoma : Donald Trump (65,3%) / Hillary Clinton (28,9%)
• Oregon : Hillary Clinton (51,8%) / Donald Trump (41,1%)
• Pennsylvanie : Donald Trump (48,8%) / Hillary Clinton (47,7%)
• Rhode Island : Hillary Clinton (54,9%) / Donald Trump (40,3%)
• Tennessee : Donald Trump (61,1%) / Hillary Clinton (34,9%)
• Texas : Donald Trump (52,5%) / Hillary Clinton (43,5%)
• Utah : Donald Trump (45,9%) / Hillary Clinton (28,3%)
• Vermont : Hillary Clinton (61,1%) / Donald Trump (32,6%)
• Virginie : Hillary Clinton (49,7%) / Donald Trump (45%)
• Virginie-Occidentale : Donald Trump (68,7%) / Hillary Clinton (26,5%)
• Washington : Hillary Clinton (56,3%) / Donald Trump (37,8%)
• Wisconsin : Donald Trump (47,9%) / Hillary Clinton (46,9%)
• Wyoming : Donald Trump (70,1%) / Hillary Clinton (22,5%)


From Queens to Manhattan, Trump’s route in New York

“Donald Trump lived here? And in which house?” Surprise seizes the face of Michael Steele, 32, from Jamaica, but who has lived in the New York neighborhood of Queens since he was a child, when he knows that, a few blocks away from his home, is what was the childhood home of the man who today can become President of the United States.

The house itself is a symbol. Located in Jamaica Estates, one of the wealthiest areas of the neighborhood, it was built in the early 1940s. Outside your door you can read something surprising: a sale notice and an auction date, for October 19, which no longer fulfilled.

The official version says that the current owner delayed the date due to the expectation generated by the possibility of taking over Trump’s childhood home in the middle of the presidential campaign. However, the story that circulates in the local media is different: it indicates that the offers were around US $ 800 thousand. A high figure that reflects Trump’s wealthy background, but far from the estimated real value of the 445-square-meter property, at around $ 1.5 million.

The explanation that circulates is one that points to something that, from tomorrow, may be one of the unexpected edges of a more than surprising election: the damage that the Donald Trump brand can suffer after the elections. Or, from a more optimistic perspective for the magnate, how will he coexist with being President and having hotels, wines and products with his name highlighted in gold or neon letters.

The New York Times raised it in yesterday’s edition, in a detail that reflects that tension: the newspaper pointed out that Ivanka, Trump’s daughter and who has a line of women’s clothing and products, had asked her father not to advertise too much. an announcement she made calling to vote for him. The reason? Sales of its products began to decline since October, when a boycott was called against it.

Jamaica Estates

The neighborhood where Trump grew up is surrounded by parks and houses built to suit its inhabitants. The magnate’s childhood residence is the one that looks in worse condition, with shovels and cement bags on its sides, remembering that there are works and that the house is for sale.

The quiet monotony is only broken by the journalists who go around from time to time, waiting for someone to arrive. This is the case of a producer from a local New York channel who consults and motivates a person to take photos of the Republican candidate’s first mansion.

Beyond that, what is striking is that Trump, a lifelong New Yorker, has tried to mark a distance from his origins throughout his career. In several interviews he has said that his challenge was to move “from Queens to Manhattan”, alluding to the maximum symbol of his power in the city, the original Trump Tower, which has served as his campaign center during the year and a half of debates, primaries and elections.

Not that the family’s situation was bad. Trump moved with his family to a bigger house, less than 200 meters from his original home, when he was four years old, and there he spent the rest of his childhood. And the magnate has constantly hinted that his father helped him start his career with a “small loan” of a million dollars at the time, although other versions put it at close to seven million.

As a symbol of that status of the neighborhood, just next to the house there are two parked Mercedes Benz. And a house in the same neighborhood, smaller than Trump’s, recently sold for $ 3.5 million.

For now, the house awaits new owners. A tattered and faded United States flag stands in the middle of the front of the house, which has no visible symbol linking it to its former inhabitant.

And the last time Trump saw his home it was not in person. It was on the Jimmy Fallon show, one of the most popular late shows in America. He was already a candidate and the house was already for sale: both things were irresistible to Fallon, who while interviewing the Republican candidate showed him the image of the auction. And the reaction was a summary of what has been not only the magnate’s campaign, but his public life: “Oh, I had a very beautiful childhood there. What a shame to see it. I want to buy it.”

A promise that, despite the auction and despite the campaign, even Trump has not bothered to fulfill.

PHOTO – Charlotte Gainsbourg reunites with her brother, Lucien, in New York

Sunday, Lucien Gainsbourg the son of Serge Gainsbourg posted a tender photo on Instagram. A photo in which the singer poses with his half-sister, Charlotte, in New York.

Small family gathering at the Gainsbourgs, in the United States. Sunday, Lucien Gainsbourg, the son of the singer and Bambou (Caroline Paulus) posted a tender photo on which he appears with his half-sister, Charlotte (45), the daughter of Jane Birkin. “Brother and sister time in a New York City mood! “, posted the musician, album author Lady Luck, on his Instagram account.

Both now live in New York, which gives them the opportunity to see each other more, to the delight of the young musician of 30 who had confided in March 2015, to L’Express that she missed her elder sister terribly. “I wish Charlotte and I weren’t closer, but we didn’t grow up together and today she lives in New York “ .

This destination, prized by many stars, they joined it simultaneously to devote themselves to their careers, one musical, the other in the cinema, and allows them today to make up for lost time. Hopefully the back and forth between Tribeca, where the muse of Gérard Darel lives with Yvan Attal and their three children, and the home of Lucien, known as “lulu” will be frequent so that the family of Serge Gainsbourg finds its balance.

Photo credit: Starface

B308-Lindenberg – Two dead (31/26) and one seriously injured (21) after an accident

Foto: Pöppel

In a traffic accident on the B308 near Lindenberg in the Allgäu, two cars collided on Tuesday evening, November 1st, 2016, around 8:20 p.m. Two people died at the scene of the accident, one was seriously injured.

The 31-year-old driver was on the B308 in the direction of Lindenberg. On the sloping road, he skidded in a slight right turn. The driver’s side of the car crashed into the front of an oncoming car. The driver and his 26-year-old passenger suffered fatal injuries in the traffic accident. They died at the scene of the accident. The 21-year-old driver of the oncoming car suffered severe injuries and was flown to an accident clinic with the rescue helicopter “Christoph Munich”. The traffic accident resulted in total property damage of 25,000 euros.
By order of the public prosecutor’s office, an accident analyst was called in to determine the course of the accident. The fire brigades from Scheidegg and Lindenberg are currently on site with around 60 emergency services to illuminate the scene of the accident and divert traffic.

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Grand voters in the United States, how do they work?

On November 8, or during the early voting which began at the end of September in thirty-seven out of fifty states, voters will be asked to vote for the future American president, but indirectly. It is in fact the 538 electors, elected State by State, who will lead, on December 19, to the election of the 45e President of the United States.

  • How many great voters are there?

The electoral college is made up of 538 electors. To be elected president, a candidate must obtain the votes of at least 270 of them.

Each state is assigned a number of electors equal to the number of its representatives in Congress: either two senators, regardless of its demographic weight, to which are added the elected members of the House of Representatives, whose number is determined according to his population.

Montana, Wyoming, the two Dakotas, Alaska, Delaware and Vermont, sparsely populated states, each represent three large voters in the electoral college; California, the country’s most populous state, has fifty-five, followed by Texas (thirty-eight), Florida and New York State (twenty-nine each). Three major voters also represent the Federal District of Washington.

But given the evolution of the American political map, a majority of States no longer present much, if not any, at stake for the candidates. The states of the South and the Great Plains of the Midwest are thus “red states”, acquired by the Republicans, those of the Northeast and the west coast are to be classified among the “blue states”, acquired by the Democrats.

Read also North Carolina, Florida, Ohio, Nevada: the essential “swing states” of the American election
  • Who can become a great voter?

Clause 2 of Article II of the Constitution of the United States of America states that the president and the vice-president are chosen by the electorate, but does not specify the mode of nomination by the states. “No senator or representative, nor any person holding the United States a charge of confidence or profit, can be nominated as a voter”, is it specified.

In practice, each state has its own system of nominating grand voters, who are usually selected in appreciation of their service to the party or candidate. The site Politico notes that for the 2016 election, a wide variety of personalities were appointed by the political parties to become major voters at the end of the ballot on 8 November. Thus, the Republican Party has notably planned to appoint a radical activist against abortion in Missouri, while a certain Bill Clinton could be called upon to vote as a great voter, in the event of Hillary Clinton’s victory in the New York State.

  • Who exactly are voters voting for?

On election day, “The first Tuesday following the first Monday in November”, that is to say on the 8th, the voters are called to blacken the box corresponding to the candidate for the presidency of their choice. In form, however, popular election actually allows for the selection of the major voters affiliated with a particular candidate. For example, if Hillary Clinton wins a majority of the vote in California, the state’s fifty-five top voters will be those previously selected by the Democratic Party.

Read also November 8, a day of multiple votes in the United States

In forty-eight of the fifty states, as well as in the federal district, the candidate who won the day wins all the votes of the voters at stake on the principle of “Winner Take All”. In Maine and Nebraska, the system differs and includes a dose of proportionality: one grand voter is chosen in each “congressional” district based on the popular vote result, then two grand voters are nominated based on the overall result in the State.

The election of the president as such takes place only “The first Monday following the second Wednesday in December”, that is December 19 this year. The big voters will meet in the capital of their state and vote directly for the president. The 538 voters are not coming together nationally. The counting of their votes will take place two weeks later in the Senate in Washington. The candidate will then be officially declared the winner. The inauguration of the new president will take place on January 20, 2017.

  • Are the big voters obliged to respect the popular vote?

Twenty-four states have texts which oblige the electorate to follow the popular vote and vote for the candidate for whom they were elected. The measure was approved by the Supreme Court in 1952 (Ray vs Blair ruling). Since the electorate is nominated by the parties or the presidential candidates and has been sworn in, in most cases they demonstrate loyalty to the candidate and the party.

Cases of “betrayal” are rare: in the 2000 election, in protest against the District of Columbia’s low representation in the electoral college, Barbara Lett-Simmons chose not to vote, rather than voting for Al Gore . His refusal did not change the outcome of the election, George W. Bush having been elected with 271 votes. In 2004, a leading Minnesota voter, supposed to vote for John Kerry, mistakenly voted for John Edwards, the running mate chosen by… John Kerry.

The World with Reuters