Lechbruck – Senior woman is hit by a car and succumbs to her serious injuries

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On Thursday evening, September 29th, 2016, around 8 p.m., a 22-year-old car driver drove on Flößerstraße near Lechbruck am See in the Ostallgäu district. At the level of Bahnhofstrasse, according to the current state of knowledge, a pedestrian stepped onto the street between cars parked on the right side, which is why the passer-by collided with the car. The pedestrian was critically injured by the impact and flown to the hospital by a rescue helicopter “Christoph Murnau”, where she later succumbed to her injury. The driver also had to be taken to a hospital by the ambulance service in shock. Previously, first responders had taken care of the two injured.
An accident analyst was commissioned by the Kempten public prosecutor to prepare an expert report. Officials of the Füssen police recorded the accident and alerted the Lechbruck fire brigade to illuminate the scene of the accident.

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Charlotte Gainsbourg confides her difficulty living far from Yvan Attal in New York

Two years ago, Charlotte Gainsbourg went into exile in New York, after the death of her sister photographer Kate Barry. Today, the 45-year-old actress and singer talks about her new life on the other side of the Atlantic and the estrangement from her family.

This week, Charlotte Gainsbourg confided in her exile to the magazine She. If the daughter of Gainsbarre and Jane Birkin left France out of necessity, her family experienced this distance as ” a burst “. Upon arriving in New York, the actress quickly took a liking to her new life and discovered “what it’s like not to be nobody’s daughter« : »Here I feel myself. In Paris, I no longer knew who I was “. Based in the popular district of Tribeca, the beautiful brunette now leads a daily life “very simple, family and school centered“And this, despite the absence of her husband:”As Yvan goes back and forth a lot, I am often alone with the children“.

Professional side, Charlotte Gainsbourg has revised the order of her priorities : « It got a bit complicated to shoot. I have a 13 year old girl who can’t miss school like that. As long as Yvan is busy in Paris, it becomes very difficult to manage. At the same time, it’s good, because my priorities are changing. I had a certain bulimia of filming at one time, but I do not want it less now. “Taking advantage of her free time, Charlotte then designed a fifth album, which will be released in the coming months and has also tried fashionable by collaborating with Gérard Darel.

Blossoming, Charlotte Gainsbourg takes full advantage of her new life in the United States, but is not tempted by the New York social life so far and supports solitude very well: ” I think it’s not in my nature to be festive. I am not an easy person. I don’t think I’m very open, I don’t speak easily. I can’t say I’m in pain ».

A park is being built high above the Atlanta city highway

For decades, American cities were primarily built for automobile traffic. Pedestrians and cyclists had rather poor maps with city planners. This will soon change in Atlanta, where a city highway will be built over a large park. It will become part of the inner-city network of trails and should improve the climate.

A large park is being built over the Atlanta highway. It is intended to offer people relaxation, connect the districts with one another and also improve the climate.

Photo: Rogers Partners

Individual car traffic with multi-lane highways in the city center – for American city planners, this was inseparable for many years. In some places, pedestrian streets have become hostile places where you look lost without a car. This development cannot be reversed without further ado, the city motorways have been built and individual traffic in one’s own vehicle maintains its supremacy. However, there have always been creative ideas to change something in this state. The most recent move that places pedestrians and not motorists at the center of city planning comes from Atlanta.

Multi-lane highway divides Buckhead

The city in Georgia in the southeastern United States has almost half a million inhabitants, and the metropolitan region has more than ten times as many people. In the north of Atlanta is the Buckhead district, which has developed into a commercial center in the city with numerous high-rise buildings and a popular residential area on its edge. Visually, however, Buckhead is separated from the multi-lane Highway Georgia State Route 400 (GA400), built in the 1990s, and a railway line. This is where one of Atlanta’s arteries beats.

The park is said to be integrated into the city's network of paths.

The park is said to be integrated into the city’s network of paths.

Source: Rogers partner

The local government has now launched a project to improve the quality of life of the residents: a large park is being built over the motorway, which offers people relaxation, connects the neighborhoods and also improves the climate. The architecture and urban planning office Rogers Partners and the landscape architects from Nelson Byrd Woltz have jointly developed Buckhead Park and have now presented the plans for it. The new green space between the Buckhead skyscrapers is a little over 700 m long.

Buckhead Park is to be integrated into the city’s network of trails

The new park is divided into three large areas. In the north there is an amphitheater for gatherings, concerts or other events. In the middle is the “Plaza”, from which the surrounding retail shops can be easily reached. In the third part of the complex, gardens are to be created for pure relaxation.

The cars roll down the highway below, and a park above is supposed to provide fresh air and relaxation for pedestrians and cyclists.

The cars roll down the highway below, and a park above is supposed to provide fresh air and relaxation for pedestrians and cyclists.

Source: Rogers partner

It is important to the planners that this is not a remote recreation area, but a park that is integrated into the city’s network of paths. Commuters who take the train are just as important as cyclists and pedestrians who use the park on their shopping trails or to work.

Hope to reduce the heat island effect

In addition, the city hopes for greening – the irrigation of which should be sufficient – a climatic improvement in the city center. Like many large cities, Atlanta also knows the effect of the heat island. The development absorbs more solar radiation and the buildings heat up significantly during the day. In contrast to undeveloped areas, the stored heat is released less at night and a cycle begins in which there is also a higher concentration of pollutants due to the lack of air circulation.

The new green space between the Buckhead skyscrapers is a little over 700 m long.

The new green space between the Buckhead skyscrapers is a little over 700 m long.

Source: Rogers partner

The American Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) assumes that the average annual temperature of a city with one million inhabitants is 1 to 3 ° C higher than its surroundings. The temperature differences at night can even be up to 12 ° C. The participation of the population is now pending for Atlanta and its plans for the new park development.

Other green ideas: labyrinth of earth walls and habitable mountain

In Amsterdam you are already there: In addition to Schiphol Airport, landscape architects have created a labyrinth of earth walls in recent years. The unusual park is said to reduce the low-frequency noise of the ascending aircraft at Europe’s fourth largest airport. Read more about it here.

Job search for engineers

And in Shanghai, the Heatherwick Studio architecture firm, based in London, wants to provide better air. Thomas Heatherwick has forged the daring plan to build an inhabitable forested mountain in the trendy artist district 50 Moganshan Road in Shanghai, which is often compared to Soho in London. “Not designed as a building, but as a piece of topography,” explains the architect, explaining his idea, which we present on this page.

Nashville: welcome to Music City

Entirely devoted to country, the capital of Tennessee is back in fashion. Thanks to the work of Johnny Cash, one of the tutelary figures of the city.

“But where are my roots? Nashville or Belleville?” wonders Eddy Mitchell in his song, a tribute to the capital of Tennessee and country music that often inspired him, like Johnny Hallyday and Dick Rivers.

Despite this weighty support, the “white blues” has long been underestimated, even despised, in Europe. However, his rating started to rise again, in particular thanks to Johnny Cash (1932-2003), who suddenly became the idol of sores of all backgrounds, more than ten years after his death.

Music City is back

Music City (nickname of Nashville) is also the only city in the world to dedicate a museum to the man in black. Fans flock there to bow down to photos, stage costumes and other relics. Same atmosphere collected at the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum. This venerable institution, created in 1961, annually selects artists worthy of entering this “temple of fame”. Singers who acquire the status of “immortal”, like our academicians …

After dark, on Broadway, the artery of pleasure, honky tonks (music bars) shine with all their neon lights. Inside, excellent bands declare the classics of country, but also rock and blues … On the sidewalks, musicians strum their guitar hoping to capture the attention of a producer looking for new talents.

Nashville music business worth billions

An American dream that we can believe: in Nashville, music is not only a passion, it is also a juicy business, which would generate, according to the local chamber of commerce, 5.5 billion dollars! Formerly, ominous birds announced the inexorable decline of Music City. On the contrary, the city is experiencing a second wind with the arrival of a new generation.

Jack White, guitarist for the White Stripes, the group that has restored rock to its nobility, illustrates this trend perfectly. Playing against all forecasts, it was in Nashville that he installed his legendary label Third Man Records, where he produced the future stars of country. His shop with a retro-futuristic look and copiously tattooed saleswomen is now a must.

What else to do in Nashville? Taste the best hot dog in the world at the Capitol Grille, treat yourself to a pair of boots at Lucchese, the country’s gratin supplier, or visit the Frist Center for the Visual Arts, which exhibits young artists from Tennessee. In their genre, they also know music.

convenient

Where to stay?At the Hermitage Hotel. “Southern” comfort in its best expression. www.thehermitage hotel.com

Where to go out?At Tootsie’s Orchid Lounge:. Superb rooftop with bird’s eye view of Broadway. www.tootsies.net

Robert’s Western World: a benchmark honky tonk. www.robertswestern world.com

Delaware, a tax haven an hour and a half from the White House

In Wilmington, Delaware

Wedged between the Chamber of Commerce and residential apartments, a small orange brick building stretches along a street that leads to a river north of Wilmington. It is 1209 North Orange Street, an address popular with the biggest companies around the world. Coca-Cola, Apple, American Airline, Bank of America, Google… In total, more than 285,000 companies have taken up residence at Corporation Trust Center (CTC) which owns this small building. And Delaware has many other addresses like this one: almost two-thirds of the top 500 American companies are domiciled in this state located less than 200 kilometers from Washington. In total, 1.2 million companies are registered there, for just under 900,000 inhabitants!

Donald Trump has 378 companies registered in Delaware

But Delaware is also home to the activities of great personalities, starting with the two candidates for the presidential election in November. Just eight days after resigning from his post as secretary of state, Hillary Clinton registered a company called “ZFS Holdings LLC” at 1209 North Orange Street. According to a spokesperson for the candidate, “ZFS was created when Secretary Clinton left the State Department as an entity to manage her income from her book and her lectures.” Or the trifle of $ 16 million, according to his tax return available online. Donald Trump is not outdone, with 378 companies registered in Delaware. “It means I’m giving you a lot of money, friends,” joked the Republican candidate at a meeting in Wilmington. “I don’t feel guilty at all, ok?”

The opacity of the Limited Liability Company

In fact, holding an account in Delaware is not illegal. But the fact that the next president of the United States has one suggests that the situation is not about to change regarding the extreme opacity surrounding these “Limited Liability Company” or “LLC”, these corporations limited. Today, nothing could be simpler than registering a company in Delaware, explains John Kowalko, elected representative of the State of Delaware. “It will take you five minutes, and cost you $ 90. You don’t have to disclose the name of the real business owner, an agent can represent you. ” Being registered in Delaware is the insurance to benefit from the strictest business secrecy and to benefit from the judgments of the Court of Chancery, a jurisdiction extremely favorable to companies. But it is also the possibility for large groups of

More than $ 9 billion has escaped other states’ taxes over the past decade

repatriate profits made in the United States to Delaware, which does not tax non-physical income made outside the state. Through this device, more than 9 billion dollars have escaped the tax of other American states in the last ten years.

Many drifts

Such a climate attracts many companies with clearly illegal activities. There is no shortage of examples of fraud. Last July, a gigantic embezzlement of a billion dollars, drawn from a Malaysian sovereign wealth fund, was exposed by the federal authorities. Part of these funds would have financed the production of the film The wolf of Wall Street ; federal authorities have determined that eight companies registered in Delaware were involved. In August, a Chilean airline was fined for bribing union officials with $ 1.1 million from companies registered in Delaware. One of Russia’s largest arms dealers, Viktor Bout, hid his money in Delaware-registered accounts. He is currently serving a prison sentence. Mexican drug lord El Chapo has circulated money through companies in Delaware, including funding the tequila business of his muse, actress Kate del Castillo. “To limit these abuses, the owners of these businesses must be identifiable,” said John Kowalko. He brushes aside the argument that such a rule would harm the business climate. “This is the current rule that is hurting the business climate. It allows all forms of trafficking, be it tax evasion or money laundering, including terrorist financing … ”

Obama firmly determined to end trade secrets

“Barack Obama is well aware of the problem, but he could not do anything during his two terms,” ​​said Drew Serres, a member of the NGO “Americans for Democratic Action” which is calling for more transparency in the business world. In 2009, the American president had taken the head of a coalition firmly determined to put an end to business secrets. He presented an ambitious action plan against money laundering and tax evasion. Seven years later, if progress has been made internationally, Delaware remains the closest tax haven to the White House. Latest attempt to impose more transparency: a bill, currently presented to Congress by Senator Tom Carper, could make the transmission to the US tax authorities of the identity of a “responsible party” for the company. But the formula is too vague, according to the NGOs, for which a responsible party is not necessarily the owner of the company.

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Edelweiss Air mental game: Non-stop flights from Europe to Hawaii?

According to a media report, Edelweiss Air is considering the introduction of a flight from Zurich to Honolulu. It would be the first non-stop connection from Europe to Hawaii. But does it make sense?

Honolulu Airport management and the State Tourism Bureau have been working on this for years. You want to convince an airline to take non-stop flights from Europe to Hawaii. Currently, travelers from the Old Continent must change trains at least once en route to the American Pacific Islands. Despite dozens of talks and some expressions of interest – from Norwegian, for example – the airport and authority cannot show any success.

That doesn’t stop Europeans from visiting Hawaii in droves. Every year more than 140,000 Europeans travel to the islands – among them more than 43,000 from Germany and 16,000 from Switzerland. Nevertheless, one hopes to convince even more Europeans of vacationing in the US state consisting of 137 islands and atolls with a non-stop flight in Hawaii.

Flight of more than 15 hours

Perhaps Honolulu Airport and the Hawaiian Tourism Bureau will soon have their first sense of achievement. Because the holiday airline Edelweiss Air is examining the launch of a non-stop flight from Zurich to Honolulu, according to a report in the Swiss newspaper on Sunday. The flight would take at least 15 hours. At the moment the transfer takes 19 hours and more. “It is right that we are currently examining various options to expand our route network with new holiday destinations in the next few years,” a spokesman confirmed to aeroTELEGRAPH. But nothing is decided.

According to the newspaper report, the 12,300-kilometer route via the polar route will be served with an Airbus A340-300. The Lufthansa subsidiary is currently gradually taking over this from its sister company Swiss, which it is replacing with the Boeing 777-300ER. Before the fleet at Edelweiss, the around 15-year-old aircraft will be given new cabins with Economy, Premium Economy and Business Class.

Price war is tough

However, it is questionable whether the Zurich – Honolulu route would really make sense for Edelweiss Air. An Airbus A340-300 has a range of 13,500 kilometers. In theory, that would stretch from Europe to Hawaii – if only just barely. The airline would therefore have to calculate reserves and not fill the plane completely. At 10,000 kilometers, San José in Costa Rica is currently the furthest destination in the route network.

In addition, flights between Europe and Hawaii are available for less than 900 euros. Edelweiss Air would have to enforce premium prices and be able to convince travelers from all over Europe of the transfer in Zurich in order to make the route profitable.

Ultra-long flights more attractive again

Over-long non-stop flights are generally being offered again. Because in times of cheap kerosene, routes suddenly become attractive again. There are also new aircraft such as the Boeing 777-X or the ultra-long-haul version of Airbus’ A350, which make the routes even more attractive with their frugality. The longest non-stop flight of all is currently Emirates’ Dubai – Auckland with more than 17 hours.

Between laughter and unease, “Atlanta”, the series that America needs

When we watch a series, there are often characters who mark us, to whom we become attached and who we will follow until the end (namely the dismissal of the actor or his death in an episode). But there is also, in my opinion, another type of series, which marks you not with characters, but with moments, scenes that still drag on in your mind long after you have seen them.

Recently, I felt this while watching the first episodes ofAtlanta, a new series aired since early September on FX in the United States and produced by Donald Glover. In this drama (a mixture of comedy and drama), Glover plays Earn, a young black man struggling to survive in the Atlanta neighborhoods and who luckily becomes the manager of his cousin, rising local rap star Paper Boi.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MpEdJ-mmTlY

Silence and uneasiness

In episode 2, after a misfortune between bosses, Earn finds himself at the police station for a police custody with other people, all black. While waiting for a solution for his bail, he listens to the stories of the men around him and the mockery of the police. The scene is comical, at first only. One of the men arrested, dressed in a hospital coat and a regular at the police station, suffers from a mental illness. “Shut up, kid”, throws a policeman when Earn asks why he is here rather than in the hospital. Moments later, after drinking water from the toilet to spit it out on a (white) policeman, the man in a gown is beaten up and yelling at Earn, who prefers to say nothing and look down to hide his discomfort.

In the days that followed, I thought a lot about this scene, going from comedy to horror film in an instant, and all that it could say about America today, where the tensions between the black community and the police are still strong. And yet, Donald Glover and the director Hiro Murai (director of the brilliant clip of “Never Catch Me” for Flying Lotus) do not insist heavily on the national context, they prefer to let settle the silence and the discomfort so that the we wonder all alone about what we see. The same discomfort you see in Glover’s eyes on the screen.

I was like, “Let’s do something that shouldn’t be broadcast, something controversial”

This tension, which symbolizes the racism still prevalent in the United States, was already palpable in episode 1, where a white character tells a story to Earn using the word “Nigga”. Later, when the hero asks him to tell this story again in front of his rapper cousin, hoping for a muscular confrontation, the white man omits the word. Earn, dismayed by this concealment of the sad reality, is silent once more and takes it upon himself, leaving it to us to draw the necessary conclusions.

“How do you make people feel black?”

In recent series like Empire or The Get Down, who also show the world of rap and hip-hop, we follow characters who are ready to do anything to access the light of the projectors. In Atlanta, the heroes want above all to escape the obscurity of their life (ll) e. Our eyes can only see the desperation of an urban community who wonder if there is a part of the outdated cake that is called the American dream.

As the Mashable site writes very well, this series “Is the closest, most sincere look at modern” how to make it “through the lives of blacks in Atlanta”. Atlanta, it’s the energy of despair brought to the screen, where the characters still hope to be able to pay the rent at the end of the month. Earn could have succeeded at Princeton, but he ends up at the police station asking his girlfriend to pay his bail. Paper Boi may be a rising star that people want to take pictures of, he spends a lot of time with his lit friend Darius smoking, dreaming of leaving the rotten couch in which they wonder what dangerous life awaits them outside. The strength of these moments, which always oscillate between comedy, drama and poetry, is to sit next to these characters, by their sides.

At Time, Glover explained in this regard:

“The thesis was: How do we make people feel black? It became something more accessible than that, but that was the idea. I was like, “Let’s do something that shouldn’t be broadcast, something controversial”. If it’s canceled in ten episodes, I’ll be happy with those episodes. ”

This vision is unprecedented on television, and Donald Glover could acquire a primordial political and cultural status overnight. A fascinating reversal when you know that the young man of 32 years has long hesitated to take responsibility.

Glover’s Return to Black America

Until today, Donald Glover was known for his many talents. Comedian, he wrote for 30 Rock. Comedian, he shone in Community. Rapper, he confirmed his credibility under the name of Childish Gambino. But often in recent years, critics have blamed him more or less explicitly for the fact that he does not assume being black, in particular by cultivating an image of nerd and indie that pleases a white audience more easily. In 2013 for example, the late Gawker site wrote during one of its concerts that it was “So strange, so uncomfortable in your own skin.”

Randomly or not, Lena Dunham had hired him the same year to play her black boyfriend and supporter of the Republican party in his series Girls in order to respond to the controversy over the lack of diversity. The following year, after the death of Michael Brown, killed by a police officer in Ferguson, he published a series of tweets in which he explained in an ironic manner why he would like to be a “White rapper”. “I hope to be too tall and too white, but I’m just a black man. I’m a nigga “, he released in a burst of tweets erased since.

The most important thing was that it had to be funny

Today, The Ringer website believes thatAtlanta East “The moment when Donald Glover is the darkest of his career” with a “Complete landscape of a black city with black characters, black music, and the problems of black life”. Even the team of authors is entirely made up of black people, an exceptional configuration in the world of television where even a primordial series like Orange is the New Black does not include any black screenwriter when many characters are.

And yet, Donald Glover denied any desire to get involved politically or artistically. On the Vulture site he said:

“The most important thing was that it had to be funny. I never wanted it to be important. I never wanted this series to talk about diversity, all this stuff is not for me. “

Too late Donald, Atlanta is already part of our unmissable series this fall.

Voodoo and haunted cemeteries: the dark side of New Orleans

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esoterica OUR DIFFERENT PAGES:

– New Orleans (general and history)

– What to visit in New Orleans

– The Garden District of New Orleans

– Louisiana cuisine

– The epic of Cavelier de la Salle, the French discoverer of Louisiana

– Mardi Gras in New Orleans

– Music of New Orleans

– “Why I love New Orleans”, by Jacques Cimetier

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– Savannah: another “voodoo city” in the USA

– Voodoo in Miami and Florida


BUT ALSO :

– Complete Louisiana Guide

– St Landry Parish (Cajun country)

– Our articles on New France

– Complete guide to the United States

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Voodoo presbytery
Carnival costume at Le Presbytere museum, Jackson Square.

Voodoo (which means “the gods”) is an animist cult from the ancient kingdom of Dahomey (West Africa). It is still widely used in Benin and Togo, as in the famous fetish market in Lomé. Voodoo corresponds to the Yoruba worship of the Orishas.

From the 17th century, slaves from this region of Africa spread voodoo worship in the West Indies and America. It is therefore found in different forms in Cuba, Haiti, Brazil or the United States, and especially in Louisiana.

At the top of the voodoo pantheon is Mawu, the supreme God who reigns over the other gods. The voodoo pantheon is made up of a multitude of Lwas, who are spirits, or lower gods, who can enter into communication and even collaborate with humans.

To facilitate connections with spirits, or as offerings, “gray-gray” sacred objects of all shapes are used.

The most famous are the bewitchments and other dark aspects of voodoo, including small dolls pricked by needles.

museumpeinturelaveau The rituals are practiced by women, the voodoo-queens, such as the famous dance, naked, in a cemetery, with a snake, symbol of life.

The most famous voodoo-queen in New Orleans was Marie Leveaux, whose memory is still maintained (see the table opposite and below on this page).

The Catholic Church, very present in Louisiana for obvious historical reasons (French and Spanish presences), is not generally very in favor of this kind of ceremonies, but the border between the cults seems less obvious in Louisiana. Besides, voodoo practitioners are persuaded to be good Catholics.

Certain ceremonies take place in the bayous (as for Saint-Jean for example), but the cemeteries are sometimes agitated at nightfall.

Note that today voodoo is as much practiced in Miami as in Louisiana … see this article

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stlouiscemtombecolor Saint-Louis cemetery n ° 1

(north of the French Quarter, to the left of Armstromg Park)

The tomb of Marie Leveaux is located here. It’s easy to spot, it’s the one with the most “XXX” drawn all over it. Other tombs are obviously used for voodoo rituals, given the number of fetish objects that litter the cemetery (voodoo practitioners draw three X’s and rub their feet on the ground before making a vow).

The tombs of the Saint-Louis cemetery are all mausoleums (of different styles) built above the ground, which is very rare in the USA, but understandable because, remember, the city is built on marshy land and prey floods.

North of the cemetery: an old wall contains several dozen tombs.

stlouiscem1

shapeimage_3 shapeimage_4 The “old cemetery with semi-collapsed graves” side inspire many painters and tourists. But, if Louisiana and New Orleans had to pay – and still pay – the damage of storm Katrina. It is less understandable on the part of the French authorities to leave the tombs of Saint-Louis in this state (see photos). Because most of the tombs are those of French, born in French Louisiana, therefore in France.

Saint-Louis is therefore a corner of lost civilization, the place where the builders of this wonderful city and French Louisiana rest.

The French and Quebecers will appreciate this place perhaps a little more than the others.

A word of advice: do not go alone to this cemetery (or so early in the morning), being a little isolated, many attacks have occurred in the past. Guided tours will reveal all the little secrets of the place, but less risky).

stlouiscemmurtombes2

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Guides:

– The Voodoo Museum offers guided tours of Saint-Louis N ° 1:

http://voodoomuseum.com/tours.htm

– Official tours from the Basin Street Station Visitors Center (first floor), where a guide will escort you to the cemetery. 504-525-3377. The cemetery is closed on Sunday from noon. http://www.saveourcemeteries.org/tours/st_louis_map.htm

– New Orleans Spirit Tours offers a Cemetery & Voodoo Tour

http://www.neworleanstours.net/ghost-vampire-tours.html

– http://www.neworleanstours.net/ghost-vampire-tours.html

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It is quite difficult to find an American city without haunted houses and various apparitions. That said, New Orleans, like Savannah, makes it a specialty.

Both the Voodooo Museum and New-Orleans Spirit also organize visits on these themes:

http://voodoomuseum.com/tours.htm

http://www.neworleanstours.net/ghost-vampire-tours.html

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museumpeinturenaive The Vaudoo Museum

A very interesting small museum where you can learn everything about the history and practices of the vaudoo, while observing the collections of gray-gray and objects that belonged to Marie Leveaux and other voodoo-queens. This museum was started in the 1970s by the Gandolfo brothers, a family from Haiti who emigrated to Louisiana (Jerry Gandolfo in the photo). The museum also contains a shop (CDs, souvenirs, grisgris, dolls, etc.)

724 Dumaine Street (French Quarter) – 504-680-0128

http://voodoomuseum.com

Jerry Gandolfo

Here also: a French Quarter & Voodoo tour:

http://www.neworleansvoodoocrossroads.com/privatetours.html

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halloweencimetiere Halloween:

The last evening of October is therefore an event in New Orleans, even more than elsewhere in the USA. The houses are decorated a month in advance for this event.

Cinema:

– James Bond – To live and let die. A hilarious epic of 007 (Roger Moore) in Louisiana and the Caribbean, tracking down a group of voodoo traffickers, including the terrible Baron Samedi.

liveandletdie – Midnight in the garden of good and evil, by Clint Eastwood, an extraordinary film telling a true story that took place in Savannah (Georgia) see also our page dedicated to this city.

– White Zombie, 1931, by Victor Halperin, with Bela Lugosi – the very first film devoted to zombies.

– Vaudou, 1943, by Jacques Tourneur – the classic of the genre.

-The Divine Horsemen The Divine Horsemen (The Living Gods Of Haiti), 1953, by Maya Deren.

-Angel Heart, Angel Heart, by Alan Parker, with Mickey Rourke, Robert De Niro and Lisa Bonet – located in New Orleans, where voodoo practices have actually been exported.

-The Grasp of Darkness, The Grasp of Darkness, by Wes Craven, 1987.

-The Door of Secrets Miss Shumway casts a spell, by Claire Deploe based on the novel by James Hadley Chase

squelettemardigras Music:

– Many Cajun singers celebrated voodoo with music.

– Guitarist Jimi Hendrix claimed to be a voodoo child in his song Voodoo Chile, he also called himself Voodoo Child;

– The Beninese singer Angélique Kidjo pays tribute to the spirits in her song “Yemanja” (Ayé album, taken up in Black Ivory Soul).

– Ruth Brown: Voodoo mama

Books :

-Maryse Condé, MoiM Tituba black witch of Salem, Moi, Tituba, black witch of Salem – Gallimard, 1982, tells the story of a black slave from the Antilles initiated into magic, sold and taken to Salem during the hunt for witches.

Tim Powers, On More Ignored Seas, On More Ignored Seas, 1987.

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Here is part of Dr. Ibrahima SECK’s study on Snakes and Women: Voodoo and Gender in New Orleans in the 19th century.

And who talks a lot about Marie Lavaux.

Click here if you want to see all of the text and notes.

Be careful what you do

or Mumbo Jumbo, God of the Congo

And all the other gods of the Congo

Mumbo Jumbo will hoo-doo you

Mumbo Jumbo will hoo-doo you

Mumbo Jumbo will hoo-doo you.

(song collected in New Orleans)

In New Orleans, Papa Legba, whom blacks also called Papa Limba, named after the generation deity in Angola, was identified with Saint-Pierre and not at all with the Devil. This is what emerged from the interview with Joséphine Green, an octogenarian interviewed in the 194O years by Robert Tallant. She still remembered the story of Marie Leveau, the high priestess of voodoo in New Orleans, as told by her mother:

“My mom saw it, said Josephine – it was before the civil war. She heard noise on Frenchmen Street where she lived and went out. His dad said, “where are you going? Stay in the house! She replied, “Marie Leveau is coming and I have to see her.” She saw Marie Leveau arrive with a large crowd following her. My mother said that she strutted as if the city belonged to her, it was large, looked good with her hair falling on her back. She looked like an Indian or one of those Bohemians. She wore large skirts and lots of jewelry. The crowd that accompanied him shouted “We’re going to see Papa Limba!” We’re going to see Papa Limba! ” My grandfather ran after my mother saying, “Come here, Eunice, don’t you know that Papa Limba is the devil?” ” But afterwards, my mother learned that Papa Limba meant Saint-Pierre and that his father simply wanted to deceive her ”.

marielaveauappartment 2. The place of women in Louisiana voodoo.

The summer of 1881 was without doubt the warmest that New Orleans has known for half a century according to the New Orleans Times of Thursday June 23, 1881 which announced the death of six people and animals by sunstroke. This newspaper also mentioned the holding, on the evening of this scorching day, of a ceremony in honor of Marie Leveau, Queen of voodoo, who died a week earlier. The ceremony was to be held on the banks of Bayou Saint-Jean, far from the “individualistic world and the inquisitive gaze of reporters”, the same newspaper tells us. Reporters whose eradication was recommended by the New Orleans Republican, so that the columns of partisan newspapers, the exaggerations and the false news which had given rise to unpleasant comments on the part of their colleagues in the North about “Voudouism” disappear New Orleans. The New Orleans Times article begins with a brief history of voodoo and the celebration of Saint John by New Orleans followers. It appears that since the earliest times in Louisiana’s colonial history, “a large class of ignorant negroes who called themselves Voudous” had taken the habit of assembling the night of Saint John in a deserted place, in the swamps, in order to indulge in “strange fetishistic rituals”.

Baron Samedi at the Voodoo Museum

The compromise of Africans around this cult was evident in New Orleans in the 19th century. The same process had taken place in Haiti but much earlier. In this country, we note through the incantations of “houngan” and “mambo”, priests and priestesses of voodoo, a recognition of all the nations which had contributed to the reconstruction of voodoo. This is the case, for example, of the litany called “Djor prayer”:

Rhea all doggie Guinin Africa (…)

Rhélez any nachon Ibo (…)

Rhélez any Anachine nachon (…)

Rhélez any Mandingue nachon (…)

Rake any Sinigal nachon (…)

Rhélez any Congo nachon (…)

Rake any Nago nachon (…)

Rake any Dan-homeh nachon (…).

stlouiscemcvb As far as Louisiana is concerned, the compromise around voodoo can be read at least through the origin of the main characters who revolved around this cult. One of them was called Jean Montanet, of Senegalese origin. His African name is unknown but he had several other names that reveal his gifts as a traditional healer. Some called him Jean la Ficelle or Jean Latanier, others called him Jean Racine or Jean Gris-gris. To his detractors he surely owed the names Jean Macaque or Devil John. He lived in a house located on Bayou Road, a road that linked New Orleans to Bayou Saint-Jean. This is the reason why some people called him Jean Bayou or Bayou John. We find his traces in the newspapers of the time and the most precious article for the knowledge of this character is undoubtedly the one that Lafcadio Hearn had devoted to him after his death which occurred in the summer of 1885. According to Hearn “He was from Senegal, and (…) possessed physical charateristics answering to those by which the French ethnologists in Senegal distinguish the Bambara. ” Jean Bayou had been sold very young as a slave and transported to Cuba in a Spanish ship. Freed, he joined a Spanish ship as a cook. His seafaring career ended in New Orleans where he had found a job as a docker. His employer having noticed the influence he had on the other Negroes, had made him a controller and team leader. At the peak of his career as a traditional practitioner, Jean Bayou lived like an African king. He had fifteen women, a harem worthy of Boubakar Ségou according to Hearn. A certain Nathan Barnes, interviewed by Robert Tallant in 1944, tells us that Bayou John was one of the masters of Marie Leveau, the high priestess of voodoo, to whom he had taught much of his knowledge.

3gnomes According to Robert Tallant, women have always constituted 80% of the voodoo followers in Louisiana. The cult also seems to have been marked by matriarchy since its origins in this country. The Queen of voodoo would have always occupied the first place in the hierarchy of the worship, contrary to the King who would have always been a minor figure. The latter generally had no priestly function except to be the Queen’s husband or lover. She was never a slave but a free colored woman who therefore had no fear of a curfew or any of the laws applied to slaves. The most famous among the Voodoo Queens were undoubtedly Marie Leveau I and Marie Leveau II, mother and daughter. So far we have only mentioned the mother, a mulatto girl born in New Orleans around 1796. The following song gives an idea of ​​the extent of the myth that surrounded and still surrounds this character.

She notably evokes how Marie Leveau, still very small, was doing truancy to find an old crocodile on the bayou Saint-Jean to learn voodoo:

Eh, yé yé Mamzelle

Ya yé yé li konin tou gray-gray

Li té kouri lékol with vié kikordi

Oh yeah yam Mamzelle Marie

Li konin well the Great Zombie

Kan sôlei té kashé

Li tee out Bayou

Pou learns voodoo….

baron saturday

vitrinezombies Marie Leveau I would have become Queen of voodoo around 183O. Each year, during the night of Saint John (June 24), the black community met on the shores of Lake Pontchartrain, where it receives the waters of Bayou Saint-Jean, for a solemn celebration. Avec Marie Leveau, cette célébration avait gagné en popularité mais elle n’avait rien à voir avec le vaudou, de même que les danses dominicales sur la place du Congo (Congo Square), l’unique endroit où, selon la loi, les esclaves pouvaient se rassembler pour danser. Marie Leveau I offrait aussi un bel exemple du syncrétisme entre le vaudou et le christianisme. En fervente catholique et au nom de la charité chrétienne, on la voyait soigner des malades lors des fréquentes épidémies de fièvre jaune. Elle assistait aussi les prisonniers, particulièrement les condamnés à mort, auxquels elle apportait quelque réconfort. Dans sa livraison du 14 mai 1871, le New Orleans Republican consacrait un long article sur l’exécution des nommés Bayonna et Abriel, condamnés pour le meurtre d’un navigateur milanais nommé Ambroise. Parmi ceux qui avaient assisté les détenus, figurait une certaine Marie Laveaux appartenant à la chapelle jouxtant la prison paroissiale. Le Républicain, la considérait comme une « good Christian woman, who has been erroneously described by a portion of the press as a Voudou priestess ». Marie Leveau était bien une prêtresse du vaudou comme nous le verrons dans les prochaines lignes. Elle avait tout simplement hérité de ses ancêtres africains l’ouverture religieuse qu’on leur connaît. Aujourd’hui encore, en Afrique noire, la grande majorité de la population s’accroche à ses croyances traditionnelles tout en se considérant comme de bons chrétiens ou de bons musulmans. A Ouidah, le Temple des serpents et la cathédrale sont construits sur le même site. Quand Marie Leveau rendit l’âme le 15 Juin 1881, la majorité de la presse lui avait rendu un vibrant hommage, certains la qualifiant « d’ange miséricordieux ». Pour d’autres, elle n’était que « l’effroyable servante de Lucifer ».

Le Baron Samedi dans : James Bond – Live and let die

shapeimage_7Avec Zora Neale Hurston, nous disposons de quelques informations ponctuelles très intéressantes sur le vaudou louisianais. Lors de son passage à la Nouvelle Orléans à la fin des années 192O ou au début des années 193O, elle aurait été initiée au culte par six prêtres différents. Le dernier d’entre eux était un certain Luke Turner qui, selon ses propres dires, était le neveu de Marie Leveau II. Selon Luke Tuner, celle-ci était née le 2 février 1827 d’un père blanc nommé Christophe Glapion. Elle était une très belle quarteronne et beaucoup pensaient qu’elle ne deviendrait jamais une prêtresse du vaudou comme sa mère et sa grand-mère avant elle. Elle adorait les salles de danse où elle était toujours le principal centre d’intérêt de la gens masculine. Mais Jim Alexander, le célèbre « two-headed-doctor », sentant le pouvoir qui était en elle, l’avait invitée à venir étudier auprès de lui. Mais Marie préférait danser et faire l’amour jusqu’au jour où un serpent à sonnettes se présenta dans sa chambre et lui parla. Ainsi, elle se mit à l’école d’Alexander mais très tôt l’élève pouvait enseigner son maître et le serpent ne la quittait jamais. Jim Alexander, alias Indian Jim, était un « grif » (un métis de Noir et d’Amérindien) venu du Mississippi. Dans sa maison, rue d’Orléans, il entretenait deux alligators dans une mare.

carnaval

cvbpicgensSous Marie Leveau II, le vaudou semble avoir atteint son apogée à la Nouvelle Orléans, en tant que force organisée. Les politiciens et les grandes dames de la cité la consultaient régulièrement. Il semble qu’aucun officier de police n’osait perturber les festivités qu’elle organisait sur les bords du lac Pontchartrain ou sur la place du Congo. Il en était de même pour les cérémonies privées qu’elle tenait à la « Maison blanche », sa demeure située sur le bayou Saint-Jean. Ces informations proviennent d’un certain Pop Aboo, un Noir octogénaire, interviewé par Robert Tallant au début des années 194O. Pour lui, « you may not believe it but that woman was the real boss of New Orleans ». Pour Luke Turner, toutes ces cérémonies n’avaient rien à voir avec le vaudou qui était plutôt une affaire strictement privée. Marie Leveau organisait la danse sur Congo Square la nuit du premier vendredi de chaque mois mais « That was pleasure danse (…). The white people come look on, and think they see all, when they only see a danse ».

Sous Marie Leveau II, la célébration de la Saint-Jean sur les bords du lac Pontchartrain avait atteint une notoriété jamais égalée. Cette célébration correspond au début de l’été, moment précis où le soleil donne des avantages spéciaux et mérite d’être honoré, selon Luke Turner. Pour ce dernier, Marie Leveau organisait cette cérémonie, d’une part parce qu’elle était chrétienne, d’autre part qu’elle était une prêtresse du vaudou. Elle disparaissait pendant neuf jours avant la fête.

Quand la foule rassemblée scandait son nom, elle émergeait des eaux du lac, un cierge allumé sur la tête, un dans chaque main, et marchait sur l’eau jusqu’au rivage. La célébration terminée, elle retournait dans le lac et disparaissait pendant neuf jours. Mythe ou réalité ? En tout cas, Marie Leveau II, comme sa mère, nous rappelle une certaine Penda Saar, figure mythique des pêcheurs de la vallée du fleuve Sénégal. Nous reviendrons sur cette dernière dans les prochaines lignes. Nous ignorons la date exacte de la mort de Marie Leveau II. Toutefois, une vielle habitante de la Nouvelle Orléans avait solennellement confié à Robert Tallant que la Reine du vaudou avait vécu jusqu’en 1918. Auparavant, elle avait légué à Turner une peau de serpent que celui-ci portait sur ces épaules chaque fois qu’il voulait accéder au pouvoir occulte.

Le vaudou louisianais était incontestablement dominé par les femmes. Dans Africans in Colonial Louisiana, G.M. Hall a remarqué aussi que « unlike Haïtian Voodoo, Louisiana Voodoo was dominated by women ». Elle tente aussi d’expliquer cette domination féminine à travers des données démographiques. Celles-ci montrent en effet une présence remarquable des femmes Fon et Yoruba dans les plantations de Louisiane.”

stlouiscemvitrinevoodoo

Raquel Afriat Broker 2016-2017

Voodoo and haunted cemeteries: the dark side of New Orleans

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esoterica OUR DIFFERENT PAGES:

– New Orleans (general and history)

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– The Garden District of New Orleans

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– The epic of Cavelier de la Salle, the French discoverer of Louisiana

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– “Why I love New Orleans”, by Jacques Cimetier

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– Savannah: another “voodoo city” in the USA

– Voodoo in Miami and Florida


BUT ALSO :

– Complete Louisiana Guide

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– Our articles on New France

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Voodoo presbytery
Carnival costume at Le Presbytere museum, Jackson Square.

Voodoo (which means “the gods”) is an animist cult from the ancient kingdom of Dahomey (West Africa). It is still widely used in Benin and Togo, as in the famous fetish market in Lomé. Voodoo corresponds to the Yoruba worship of the Orishas.

From the 17th century, slaves from this region of Africa spread voodoo worship in the West Indies and America. It is therefore found in different forms in Cuba, Haiti, Brazil or the United States, and especially in Louisiana.

At the top of the voodoo pantheon is Mawu, the supreme God who reigns over the other gods. The voodoo pantheon is made up of a multitude of Lwas, who are spirits, or lower gods, who can enter into communication and even collaborate with humans.

To facilitate connections with spirits, or as offerings, “gray-gray” sacred objects of all shapes are used.

The most famous are the bewitchments and other dark aspects of voodoo, including small dolls pricked by needles.

museumpeinturelaveau The rituals are practiced by women, the voodoo-queens, such as the famous dance, naked, in a cemetery, with a snake, symbol of life.

The most famous voodoo-queen in New Orleans was Marie Leveaux, whose memory is still maintained (see the table opposite and below on this page).

The Catholic Church, very present in Louisiana for obvious historical reasons (French and Spanish presences), is not generally very in favor of this kind of ceremonies, but the border between the cults seems less obvious in Louisiana. Besides, voodoo practitioners are persuaded to be good Catholics.

Certain ceremonies take place in the bayous (as for Saint-Jean for example), but the cemeteries are sometimes agitated at nightfall.

Note that today voodoo is as much practiced in Miami as in Louisiana … see this article

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stlouiscemtombecolor Saint-Louis cemetery n ° 1

(north of the French Quarter, to the left of Armstromg Park)

The tomb of Marie Leveaux is located here. It’s easy to spot, it’s the one with the most “XXX” drawn all over it. Other tombs are obviously used for voodoo rituals, given the number of fetish objects that litter the cemetery (voodoo practitioners draw three X’s and rub their feet on the ground before making a vow).

The tombs of the Saint-Louis cemetery are all mausoleums (of different styles) built above the ground, which is very rare in the USA, but understandable because, remember, the city is built on marshy land and prey floods.

North of the cemetery: an old wall contains several dozen tombs.

stlouiscem1

shapeimage_3 shapeimage_4 The “old cemetery with semi-collapsed graves” side inspire many painters and tourists. But, if Louisiana and New Orleans had to pay – and still pay – the damage of storm Katrina. It is less understandable on the part of the French authorities to leave the tombs of Saint-Louis in this state (see photos). Because most of the tombs are those of French, born in French Louisiana, therefore in France.

Saint-Louis is therefore a corner of lost civilization, the place where the builders of this wonderful city and French Louisiana rest.

The French and Quebecers will appreciate this place perhaps a little more than the others.

A word of advice: do not go alone to this cemetery (or so early in the morning), being a little isolated, many attacks have occurred in the past. Guided tours will reveal all the little secrets of the place, but less risky).

stlouiscemmurtombes2

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Guides:

– The Voodoo Museum offers guided tours of Saint-Louis N ° 1:

http://voodoomuseum.com/tours.htm

– Official tours from the Basin Street Station Visitors Center (first floor), where a guide will escort you to the cemetery. 504-525-3377. The cemetery is closed on Sunday from noon. http://www.saveourcemeteries.org/tours/st_louis_map.htm

– New Orleans Spirit Tours offers a Cemetery & Voodoo Tour

http://www.neworleanstours.net/ghost-vampire-tours.html

– http://www.neworleanstours.net/ghost-vampire-tours.html

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It is quite difficult to find an American city without haunted houses and various apparitions. That said, New Orleans, like Savannah, makes it a specialty.

Both the Voodooo Museum and New-Orleans Spirit also organize visits on these themes:

http://voodoomuseum.com/tours.htm

http://www.neworleanstours.net/ghost-vampire-tours.html

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museumpeinturenaive The Vaudoo Museum

A very interesting small museum where you can learn everything about the history and practices of the vaudoo, while observing the collections of gray-gray and objects that belonged to Marie Leveaux and other voodoo-queens. This museum was started in the 1970s by the Gandolfo brothers, a family from Haiti who emigrated to Louisiana (Jerry Gandolfo in the photo). The museum also contains a shop (CDs, souvenirs, grisgris, dolls, etc.)

724 Dumaine Street (French Quarter) – 504-680-0128

http://voodoomuseum.com

Jerry Gandolfo

Here also: a French Quarter & Voodoo tour:

http://www.neworleansvoodoocrossroads.com/privatetours.html

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halloweencimetiere Halloween:

The last evening of October is therefore an event in New Orleans, even more than elsewhere in the USA. The houses are decorated a month in advance for this event.

Cinema:

– James Bond – To live and let die. A hilarious epic of 007 (Roger Moore) in Louisiana and the Caribbean, tracking down a group of voodoo traffickers, including the terrible Baron Samedi.

liveandletdie – Midnight in the garden of good and evil, by Clint Eastwood, an extraordinary film telling a true story that took place in Savannah (Georgia) see also our page dedicated to this city.

– White Zombie, 1931, by Victor Halperin, with Bela Lugosi – the very first film devoted to zombies.

– Vaudou, 1943, by Jacques Tourneur – the classic of the genre.

-The Divine Horsemen The Divine Horsemen (The Living Gods Of Haiti), 1953, by Maya Deren.

-Angel Heart, Angel Heart, by Alan Parker, with Mickey Rourke, Robert De Niro and Lisa Bonet – located in New Orleans, where voodoo practices have actually been exported.

-The Grasp of Darkness, The Grasp of Darkness, by Wes Craven, 1987.

-The Door of Secrets Miss Shumway casts a spell, by Claire Deploe based on the novel by James Hadley Chase

squelettemardigras Music:

– Many Cajun singers celebrated voodoo with music.

– Guitarist Jimi Hendrix claimed to be a voodoo child in his song Voodoo Chile, he also called himself Voodoo Child;

– The Beninese singer Angélique Kidjo pays tribute to the spirits in her song “Yemanja” (Ayé album, taken up in Black Ivory Soul).

– Ruth Brown: Voodoo mama

Books :

-Maryse Condé, MoiM Tituba black witch of Salem, Moi, Tituba, black witch of Salem – Gallimard, 1982, tells the story of a black slave from the Antilles initiated into magic, sold and taken to Salem during the hunt for witches.

Tim Powers, On More Ignored Seas, On More Ignored Seas, 1987.

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Here is part of Dr. Ibrahima SECK’s study on Snakes and Women: Voodoo and Gender in New Orleans in the 19th century.

And who talks a lot about Marie Lavaux.

Click here if you want to see all of the text and notes.

Be careful what you do

or Mumbo Jumbo, God of the Congo

And all the other gods of the Congo

Mumbo Jumbo will hoo-doo you

Mumbo Jumbo will hoo-doo you

Mumbo Jumbo will hoo-doo you.

(song collected in New Orleans)

In New Orleans, Papa Legba, whom blacks also called Papa Limba, named after the generation deity in Angola, was identified with Saint-Pierre and not at all with the Devil. This is what emerged from the interview with Joséphine Green, an octogenarian interviewed in the 194O years by Robert Tallant. She still remembered the story of Marie Leveau, the high priestess of voodoo in New Orleans, as told by her mother:

“My mom saw it, said Josephine – it was before the civil war. She heard noise on Frenchmen Street where she lived and went out. His dad said, “where are you going? Stay in the house! She replied, “Marie Leveau is coming and I have to see her.” She saw Marie Leveau arrive with a large crowd following her. My mother said that she strutted as if the city belonged to her, it was large, looked good with her hair falling on her back. She looked like an Indian or one of those Bohemians. She wore large skirts and lots of jewelry. The crowd that accompanied him shouted “We’re going to see Papa Limba!” We’re going to see Papa Limba! ” My grandfather ran after my mother saying, “Come here, Eunice, don’t you know that Papa Limba is the devil?” ” But afterwards, my mother learned that Papa Limba meant Saint-Pierre and that his father simply wanted to deceive her ”.

marielaveauappartment 2. The place of women in Louisiana voodoo.

The summer of 1881 was without doubt the warmest that New Orleans has known for half a century according to the New Orleans Times of Thursday June 23, 1881 which announced the death of six people and animals by sunstroke. This newspaper also mentioned the holding, on the evening of this scorching day, of a ceremony in honor of Marie Leveau, Queen of voodoo, who died a week earlier. The ceremony was to be held on the banks of Bayou Saint-Jean, far from the “individualistic world and the inquisitive gaze of reporters”, the same newspaper tells us. Reporters whose eradication was recommended by the New Orleans Republican, so that the columns of partisan newspapers, the exaggerations and the false news which had given rise to unpleasant comments on the part of their colleagues in the North about “Voudouism” disappear New Orleans. The New Orleans Times article begins with a brief history of voodoo and the celebration of Saint John by New Orleans followers. It appears that since the earliest times in Louisiana’s colonial history, “a large class of ignorant negroes who called themselves Voudous” had taken the habit of assembling the night of Saint John in a deserted place, in the swamps, in order to indulge in “strange fetishistic rituals”.

Baron Samedi at the Voodoo Museum

The compromise of Africans around this cult was evident in New Orleans in the 19th century. The same process had taken place in Haiti but much earlier. In this country, we note through the incantations of “houngan” and “mambo”, priests and priestesses of voodoo, a recognition of all the nations which had contributed to the reconstruction of voodoo. This is the case, for example, of the litany called “Djor prayer”:

Rhea all doggie Guinin Africa (…)

Rhélez any nachon Ibo (…)

Rhélez any Anachine nachon (…)

Rhélez any Mandingue nachon (…)

Rake any Sinigal nachon (…)

Rhélez any Congo nachon (…)

Rake any Nago nachon (…)

Rake any Dan-homeh nachon (…).

stlouiscemcvb As far as Louisiana is concerned, the compromise around voodoo can be read at least through the origin of the main characters who revolved around this cult. One of them was called Jean Montanet, of Senegalese origin. His African name is unknown but he had several other names that reveal his gifts as a traditional healer. Some called him Jean la Ficelle or Jean Latanier, others called him Jean Racine or Jean Gris-gris. To his detractors he surely owed the names Jean Macaque or Devil John. He lived in a house located on Bayou Road, a road that linked New Orleans to Bayou Saint-Jean. This is the reason why some people called him Jean Bayou or Bayou John. We find his traces in the newspapers of the time and the most precious article for the knowledge of this character is undoubtedly the one that Lafcadio Hearn had devoted to him after his death which occurred in the summer of 1885. According to Hearn “He was from Senegal, and (…) possessed physical charateristics answering to those by which the French ethnologists in Senegal distinguish the Bambara. ” Jean Bayou had been sold very young as a slave and transported to Cuba in a Spanish ship. Freed, he joined a Spanish ship as a cook. His seafaring career ended in New Orleans where he had found a job as a docker. His employer having noticed the influence he had on the other Negroes, had made him a controller and team leader. At the peak of his career as a traditional practitioner, Jean Bayou lived like an African king. He had fifteen women, a harem worthy of Boubakar Ségou according to Hearn. A certain Nathan Barnes, interviewed by Robert Tallant in 1944, tells us that Bayou John was one of the masters of Marie Leveau, the high priestess of voodoo, to whom he had taught much of his knowledge.

3gnomes According to Robert Tallant, women have always constituted 80% of the voodoo followers in Louisiana. The cult also seems to have been marked by matriarchy since its origins in this country. The Queen of voodoo would have always occupied the first place in the hierarchy of the worship, contrary to the King who would have always been a minor figure. The latter generally had no priestly function except to be the Queen’s husband or lover. She was never a slave but a free colored woman who therefore had no fear of a curfew or any of the laws applied to slaves. The most famous among the Voodoo Queens were undoubtedly Marie Leveau I and Marie Leveau II, mother and daughter. So far we have only mentioned the mother, a mulatto girl born in New Orleans around 1796. The following song gives an idea of ​​the extent of the myth that surrounded and still surrounds this character.

She notably evokes how Marie Leveau, still very small, was doing truancy to find an old crocodile on the bayou Saint-Jean to learn voodoo:

Eh, yé yé Mamzelle

Ya yé yé li konin tou gray-gray

Li té kouri lékol with vié kikordi

Oh yeah yam Mamzelle Marie

Li konin well the Great Zombie

Kan sôlei té kashé

Li tee out Bayou

Pou learns voodoo….

baron saturday

vitrinezombies Marie Leveau I would have become Queen of voodoo around 183O. Each year, during the Saint-Jean night (June 24), the black community gathered on the shores of Lac Pontchartrain, where it receives the waters of Bayou Saint-Jean, for a solemn celebration. Avec Marie Leveau, cette célébration avait gagné en popularité mais elle n’avait rien à voir avec le vaudou, de même que les danses dominicales sur la place du Congo (Congo Square), l’unique endroit où, selon la loi, les esclaves pouvaient se rassembler pour danser. Marie Leveau I offrait aussi un bel exemple du syncrétisme entre le vaudou et le christianisme. En fervente catholique et au nom de la charité chrétienne, on la voyait soigner des malades lors des fréquentes épidémies de fièvre jaune. Elle assistait aussi les prisonniers, particulièrement les condamnés à mort, auxquels elle apportait quelque réconfort. Dans sa livraison du 14 mai 1871, le New Orleans Republican consacrait un long article sur l’exécution des nommés Bayonna et Abriel, condamnés pour le meurtre d’un navigateur milanais nommé Ambroise. Parmi ceux qui avaient assisté les détenus, figurait une certaine Marie Laveaux appartenant à la chapelle jouxtant la prison paroissiale. Le Républicain, la considérait comme une « good Christian woman, who has been erroneously described by a portion of the press as a Voudou priestess ». Marie Leveau était bien une prêtresse du vaudou comme nous le verrons dans les prochaines lignes. Elle avait tout simplement hérité de ses ancêtres africains l’ouverture religieuse qu’on leur connaît. Aujourd’hui encore, en Afrique noire, la grande majorité de la population s’accroche à ses croyances traditionnelles tout en se considérant comme de bons chrétiens ou de bons musulmans. A Ouidah, le Temple des serpents et la cathédrale sont construits sur le même site. Quand Marie Leveau rendit l’âme le 15 Juin 1881, la majorité de la presse lui avait rendu un vibrant hommage, certains la qualifiant « d’ange miséricordieux ». Pour d’autres, elle n’était que « l’effroyable servante de Lucifer ».

Le Baron Samedi dans : James Bond – Live and let die

shapeimage_7Avec Zora Neale Hurston, nous disposons de quelques informations ponctuelles très intéressantes sur le vaudou louisianais. Lors de son passage à la Nouvelle Orléans à la fin des années 192O ou au début des années 193O, elle aurait été initiée au culte par six prêtres différents. Le dernier d’entre eux était un certain Luke Turner qui, selon ses propres dires, était le neveu de Marie Leveau II. Selon Luke Tuner, celle-ci était née le 2 février 1827 d’un père blanc nommé Christophe Glapion. Elle était une très belle quarteronne et beaucoup pensaient qu’elle ne deviendrait jamais une prêtresse du vaudou comme sa mère et sa grand-mère avant elle. Elle adorait les salles de danse où elle était toujours le principal centre d’intérêt de la gens masculine. Mais Jim Alexander, le célèbre « two-headed-doctor », sentant le pouvoir qui était en elle, l’avait invitée à venir étudier auprès de lui. Mais Marie préférait danser et faire l’amour jusqu’au jour où un serpent à sonnettes se présenta dans sa chambre et lui parla. Ainsi, elle se mit à l’école d’Alexander mais très tôt l’élève pouvait enseigner son maître et le serpent ne la quittait jamais. Jim Alexander, alias Indian Jim, était un « grif » (un métis de Noir et d’Amérindien) venu du Mississippi. Dans sa maison, rue d’Orléans, il entretenait deux alligators dans une mare.

carnaval

cvbpicgensSous Marie Leveau II, le vaudou semble avoir atteint son apogée à la Nouvelle Orléans, en tant que force organisée. Les politiciens et les grandes dames de la cité la consultaient régulièrement. Il semble qu’aucun officier de police n’osait perturber les festivités qu’elle organisait sur les bords du lac Pontchartrain ou sur la place du Congo. Il en était de même pour les cérémonies privées qu’elle tenait à la « Maison blanche », sa demeure située sur le bayou Saint-Jean. Ces informations proviennent d’un certain Pop Aboo, un Noir octogénaire, interviewé par Robert Tallant au début des années 194O. Pour lui, « you may not believe it but that woman was the real boss of New Orleans ». Pour Luke Turner, toutes ces cérémonies n’avaient rien à voir avec le vaudou qui était plutôt une affaire strictement privée. Marie Leveau organisait la danse sur Congo Square la nuit du premier vendredi de chaque mois mais « That was pleasure danse (…). The white people come look on, and think they see all, when they only see a danse ».

Sous Marie Leveau II, la célébration de la Saint-Jean sur les bords du lac Pontchartrain avait atteint une notoriété jamais égalée. Cette célébration correspond au début de l’été, moment précis où le soleil donne des avantages spéciaux et mérite d’être honoré, selon Luke Turner. Pour ce dernier, Marie Leveau organisait cette cérémonie, d’une part parce qu’elle était chrétienne, d’autre part qu’elle était une prêtresse du vaudou. Elle disparaissait pendant neuf jours avant la fête.

Quand la foule rassemblée scandait son nom, elle émergeait des eaux du lac, un cierge allumé sur la tête, un dans chaque main, et marchait sur l’eau jusqu’au rivage. La célébration terminée, elle retournait dans le lac et disparaissait pendant neuf jours. Mythe ou réalité ? En tout cas, Marie Leveau II, comme sa mère, nous rappelle une certaine Penda Saar, figure mythique des pêcheurs de la vallée du fleuve Sénégal. Nous reviendrons sur cette dernière dans les prochaines lignes. Nous ignorons la date exacte de la mort de Marie Leveau II. Toutefois, une vielle habitante de la Nouvelle Orléans avait solennellement confié à Robert Tallant que la Reine du vaudou avait vécu jusqu’en 1918. Auparavant, elle avait légué à Turner une peau de serpent que celui-ci portait sur ces épaules chaque fois qu’il voulait accéder au pouvoir occulte.

Le vaudou louisianais était incontestablement dominé par les femmes. Dans Africans in Colonial Louisiana, G.M. Hall a remarqué aussi que « unlike Haïtian Voodoo, Louisiana Voodoo was dominated by women ». Elle tente aussi d’expliquer cette domination féminine à travers des données démographiques. Celles-ci montrent en effet une présence remarquable des femmes Fon et Yoruba dans les plantations de Louisiane.”

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Columbia and Manchester United join forces for a new collection

Discovery of the collaboration between the English club Manchester United and the outdoor equipment manufacturer Columbia.

The Premier league, a magnificent championship, but which takes place in a cold and rainy country: England. To cope with all weather conditions, the Manchester United club and the outdoor equipment manufacturer Columbia have teamed up.

The perfect kit for the Manchester supporter.

The American brand therefore offers us a whole range of jackets and puffer jackets to go to Old Trafford without getting caught or feeling the dog wet. Outfits that will address both the Columbia logo, but also that of MU, known worldwide and the most popular on the football planet. This collection thus includes outfits for all: men, women and children. Among the highlights, the Heatzone 1000 jacket is particularly warm thanks to its water-resistant goose down. As for the Barlow Pass 550 jacket with its faux fur hood, it will be perfect to prolong the evening in town and go to the pub to celebrate the third half.

Manchester United - Columbia

For your information, Columbia has been a partner of the Red Devils since last January. It’s Zlatan (who by the way his own brand) Pogba and Anthony Martial who will be happy.