Hawaii: Obama creates world’s largest marine sanctuary

The USA has designated Hawaii as the largest marine reserve in the world. US President Barack Obama expanded the zone established by his predecessor George W. Bush in 2006 by more than fourfold on Friday using his executive rights.

The Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument now covers 1.5 million square kilometers. It replaces a region off the Cook Islands as the world’s largest marine reserve. The Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument has also been a Unesco World Heritage Site since 2010.

According to the White House, a total of 7,000 species – including whales, dolphins and sharks – are at home in the expanded area. A third of them can only be found off Hawaii. Rare albatrosses are now also protected species, as are five species of sea turtles. Submarine volcanoes and coral reefs should also be protected from harmful influences.

“Brave” decision

The Hawaii-born Obama is also helping his homeland – 98 percent of the United States’ protected marine waters are now located there. Back in 2014, Obama had significantly enlarged a nature reserve in the Pacific Ocean, which also goes back to his predecessor George W. Bush. Since then, the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument covers almost 1.3 million square kilometers.

Location of the reserve: The Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument is located west of Hawaii – the Midway Atoll also belongs to it.

Greenpeace welcomed the designation of the world’s largest marine reserve as a “brave” decision. The environmental organization has long been calling for 40 percent of the world’s oceans to be given protection status in order to be able to preserve the diversity of animal and plant species.

Criticism of Obama’s decision came from the fishermen in the region – because of the expansion of the area, 60 percent of the waters off Hawaii can no longer be used for commercial fishing.

In the Arctic Ocean, the US government set completely different priorities in 2015. It allowed the energy giant Shell to drill for oil and gas on the northwest coast of Alaska.

The US government’s decision at the time was a blow to environmentalists who categorically oppose drilling in Arctic waters. They keep pointing out that an accident in the Arctic Ocean could have far more devastating consequences than the accident on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig. In 2010, eleven people were killed in the accident, millions of barrels of oil poured into the Gulf of Mexico, causing serious damage to the ecosystem.

Icon: The mirror

Motivated young doctors started basic training at the Gmünd State Hospital

GMÜND. Three young doctors are currently completing the nine-month basic training at the state hospital in the city.

Bianca Banes and Octavian Iancu studied medicine at the University in Timişoara and Arad in Romania, Aikaterini Tsolaki completed her medical studies at the university in the Greek city of Alexandroupolis. After the completion of the training by the Medical Association and entry in the list of doctors, Banes and Iancu are currently undergoing basic training in the surgical department and Tsolaki in the internal department in the Gmünd State Hospital.

The former training as a qualified physician underwent a complete redesign from June 2015. After studying medicine, the young doctors are now undergoing nine months of basic training in a hospital, with a focus on surgery and internal medicine. Only then do they decide whether general or specialist training is to be sought. Depending on this, a further 27 months of training in several hospital departments are mandatory for general practitioners or 15 months of basic training and 27 months of specialization for the specialist.

Primary Michael Böhm, the medical site manager at the Landesmlinikum Gmünd is happy with the successful young doctors and says: “The focus is on basic training in the acquisition of basic medical knowledge, such as the diagnosis and treatment of the most common diseases and their symptoms. This includes e.g. Cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, dementia etc. Dr. Banes, Dr. Tsolaki and Dr. Iancu are now very well integrated in the Gmünd State Hospital and are very careful about the tasks assigned to them. “

Many patients treated successfully


Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler.
“Our breast center passed the recertification audit with flying colors,” says Dr. Josef Spanier, the chief physician of gynecology and obstetrics at the Maria Hilf Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler hospital. The experts from OnkoZert confirmed in accordance with the guidelines of the German Society for Senology and the German Cancer Society that women suffering from breast cancer are treated in the Maria Hilf Hospital together with the cooperation partners according to the highest medical standards.

The Bad Neuenahr Breast Center was certified in 2008. Since then, the quality of the treatment has been checked every year as part of an audit. Recertification takes place every three years. The cooperation partners, radiologists, oncologists, nuclear medicine specialists and radiation therapists are also included in this review.


Interdisciplinary approach


The auditors attach great importance to close cooperation between the cooperation partners, transparent work processes and smoothly functioning communication with each other. With this third recertification, they also confirmed to the breast center that all specialists work very well together.

For example, in the weekly tumor conferences, in which attending physicians from all disciplines take part, the findings of each individual patient are discussed and the treatment plans that promise the most success are defined together. This guarantees the women concerned an optimal holistic care.

This includes patients from time to time who, like Angelina Jolie, suffer from inheritable breast cancer and who undergo breast removal and reconstruction at the same time. An interdisciplinary approach guarantees all affected women optimal medical care.


Review of long-term treatment outcomes


Another important focus of the recertification is the long-term treatment results, which the reviewers check using anonymized patient data.

“We were able to demonstrate that we have successfully treated many patients in our departments,” says Dr. Spaniards. “And the entire team of doctors, therapists, social workers, psychologists and pastors is always involved in the success of the treatment.”

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Marienhaus Clinic

Seen from Idaho. The Basques get lost in the American crucible

Since the end of XIXe century, many Basques settled in the west of the United States, and especially in Idaho, to raise sheep. Henry Etcheverry is descended from one of them.

Henry Etcheverry whistles and the sheep rush down a fenced dirt road. At the other end, two men mark the freshly mowed animals.

It’s late morning, St. Patrick’s Day, exactly 13 years after the death of Henry Etcheverry’s father, Jean-Pierre. At the height of Basque immigration in the county of Minidoka (Idaho), this man born in Bidarray, in the French Basque Country, was one of the great sheep breeders in the region. At that time, there were more sheep than humans.

Henry took over the Etcheverry Sheep Co. and his father’s property. As the older generations of Basque immigrants died and local businesses closed, Henry remained one of the last Basque breeders in Idaho. A reason for pride.

If Henry and other second-generation Basques in the Magic Valley (in southern Idaho) continue certain traditions inherited from their parents, they are the last representatives of a culture doomed to disappear.

The Etcheverry profession explains the Basque presence in Idaho. “In the West, almost all Basques work directly or indirectly in sheep farming”, He assures, while counting his new shorn animals.

When everything was still possible

In a large blue trailer, shearers immobilize the sheep and cut in their thick white loops. Henry is waiting outside. He keeps the account with a notepad, then locks the sheep in a pen to mark them. Armed with paint guns, Henry and two of his workers, temporary Peruvian workers, paint an M and a 22 on the flanks of the sheep. In his father’s time, seasonal workers were Basque.

From the late 19th century until the 1930s, many Basques traveled to the western United States to work in sheep farms like Etcheverry. For many, economic prosperity was not there in the Basque Country, straddling the north of Spain and the south of France. The older brothers inherited family property, so the younger siblings

[…]

ERIC QUITUGUA

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Founded in 1904, Times-News is a local daily newspaper in the Twin Falls, Idaho area.

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the department of justice overwhelms the police of Baltimore

The police of Baltimore, city of Maryland State, discriminates against African-Americans in everyday life, excessive use of force and is not held responsible for its abuse, according to a report is particularly damning of the u.s. justice department, made public Wednesday, August 10.

The federal investigation on the police of Baltimore, was opened in April 2015, following the death of Freddie Gray, an African-American, 25-year-old, who has had a broken neck in a police van, during its transport to the position. His death triggered the most serious riots the city has known for decades and has contributed to a broader movement of protest against police brutality, Black lives matter (“the lives of Blacks count “). Since the beginning of the year 2016, according to a count of the Guardian, 651 people have been killed by the police in the United States.

But, rather than focus on the circumstances of the death of Freddie Gray, the report examines a set of practices potentially contrary to the u.s. Constitution. Investigators have spent over a year interviewing residents of Baltimore, police officers, prosecutors, lawyers, clerks of office and local elected officials. They have also witnessed police patrols and consulted documents and filings of a complaint. Similar surveys are underway in Chicago, San Francisco and Ferguson, Missouri, where the killing of a young Black man by police officers had caused a wave of protests in the summer of 2014.

Read also After fonts of Baltimore and Chicago, San Francisco under investigation

The accusations of the report relating to the practices of the police are overwhelming, in its functions of the most basic checks on the respect of freedom of expression, supposedly protected by the first amendment of the Constitution. But these accusations could also serve as an engine of change : the department of justice intends to adopt a decree of consent that would require the police to engage to improve its practices, under penalty of federal prosecution. Wednesday, Vanita Gupta, head of the division of civil rights at the department of justice, announced that the police in Baltimore had agreed to begin negotiations on the reforms to be adopted.

Controls unwarranted, searches and reprisals

The agents stop regularly, especially in neighborhoods african-americans are poor, for reasons which are questionable, and involve no real reason citizens accused of“contempt of officer “. A Baltimore, 84 % of police controls aimed at African-Americans, which represent 63% of the population. Similarly, 95 % of the four hundred and ten people checked at least ten times by the police between 2010 and 2015 were African-Americans. The report states that no individual of a different skin color had been tested more than twelve times. A man interviewed by investigators said to have been controlled thirty times in less than four years. Neither of these controls has led to lawsuits. In twenty-six controls and twenty-seven, no prosecution is initiated.

Physical force is used out of proportion, including against persons with mental disabilities, young people, passers-by who are not dangerous or do not represent an immediate threat. The use of force becomes, in fact, a technique of reprisal, when the agents “don’t like the answers “ of the individuals that they control. Arrests are not justified are also more numerous. In a case cited by the report, a man fled at the approach of a police patrol in a district known as ” at-risk “. A police officer struck him several blows of a Taser to immobilize, and then proceeds to a search. The man is not armed, “and there was no reason to think [qu’il l’était], according to the report of the police officer.

Pedestrians and motorists afro-americans undergoing excavations extended. In addition to pat-downs, the police forced them to remove clothes in public, which is contrary to the Constitution.

A mentality of “them against us” that comes from the hierarchy

The police of Baltimore “uses aggressive’ practicesaccording to the report. “The training of the police of Baltimore instills a mentality of “them against us”, which we have seen of agents to demonstrate to the inhabitants, and alienate the civilians they are supposed to protect. “

Most of the practices that are contrary to the Constitution would be linked to the establishment of a policy of “zero tolerance” in the early 2000s, which has generated mass arrests for minor facts as simply “hanging out “ in the street.

Of abuse that come directly from the chain of command. The report cites the case of a superior directing a police officer of“invent something” after that he was complaining that he had had to control and interrogate a group of young African-Americans for no reason.

Article reserved to our subscribers Read also “The United States must demonstrate that the police is not a reflection of the inequalities and violence”

The attorney general of the State of Maryland, Marilyn Mosby, has reacted to the publication of the report, saying that it “confirmed things that many of us already know, and of which we have experience “. She wrote in a press release : “Even if the vast majority of police officers in Baltimore are good agents, we also know that there are bad and that the police has many times failed to identify, train and empower its agents. “

Six police officers were accused of the murder of Freddie Gray. Three of them were acquitted, one had been a defect of procedure, and the charges against the latter two have been discontinued.

Read also No police officer involved in the death of Freddie Gray in the United States, has been sentenced

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