A logo, a story: “Columbia Pictures” – Actus Ciné

The famous MGM logo and its fetish lion that roars (with pleasure, of course), Paramount, Columbia Pictures and the woman with the torch reminiscent of the Statue of Liberty, Warner Bros and its logo in the shape of a shield … You have most certainly already seen the logos of these studios. But do you know the little story behind these creations?

You must have seen them, and for good reason: they are always placed before the films, whether you discover them in the theater, or at the back of your sofa, in front of a good DVD / Blu-ray session in your small Home Cinema. Who, “they”? They are the logos of film studios, authentic icons of their venerable owners. What would the Metro Goldwyn Mayer without his roaring lion?

After DreamWorks SKG mentioned last time, make way for the Made in icon Columbia Pictures, his famous wife carrying a torch, which is obviously reminiscent of the Statue of Liberty, the absolute embodiment of America.

Columbia Pictures and the Torchbearer

One of the oldest majors in the Hollywood landscape, Columbia Pictures was founded in 1919 by two brothers, Harry and Jack Cohn, as well as a third partner: Joe Brandt. In fact, at first, his name was Cohn-Brandt-Cohn Film Sales. At the start of the adventure, there were many productions with a low or even very low budget, to the point that the company soon received the nickname of Corned Beef and Cabbage, or CBC. Initials of the three partners of course, but above all which literally means “canned beef and cabbage”.

In 1924, the stormy relations between the two Cohn brothers push Brandt to sell his shares to Harry, who decides to change the name of the company in order to improve its image: thus born the Columbia Pictures Corporation.

Claudia Dell, who would have been according to Bette Davis the first incarnation of “Columbia”.

The studio logo is “Columbia”, the very personification of America, walking on the flowerbeds of the Statue of Liberty which guards the entrance to New York Harbor. Although the company logo was created in 1924 and identified as “the woman with the torch”, the identity of the model / actress who served as the model could never be established with certainty; especially since more than a dozen women claimed to have served as models.

In his autobiography written in 1962, The Lonely Life, the actress Bette Davis asserts that the model in question was a certain Claudia Dell, a starlet from Texas who passed through the Broadway music scene. In 1987, People Magazine evokes the name of a certain Amelia Batchler, model, who posed for the logo in 1933. In 2001, the Chicago Sun Times he also looks into the question, to come to the conclusion that it is rather a certain Jane Bartholomew, who then rounded off her end of the month by making extras in the films of Columbia. Considering the many variations of the logo over the years, one can actually assume that all the names given are valid.

Above, The logo as it appears in 1934 in front of the New York-Miami movie. “Columbia” appears with a black headdress, half dressed with the American flag. Unlike later versions, neither the bottom of its feet nor the pedestal appear. In fact, it mostly brings to mind an Americanized version of Cleopatra.

Above, “Columbia” version 1939, which opens the movie Mr. Smith in the Senate. A more refined version than the first, reminiscent of Greek mythology and its gods. While in the 1934 version, “Columbia” stares at the viewer, it gazes into the distance in the 1939 version. Also misses the word “Production”, only to display “Columbia”.

1993, the rebirth of “Columbia”

Between 1941 and the very beginning of the 1990s, the logo underwent numerous modifications. Some are purely cosmetic, such as the folds of the “Columbia” dress. Others being much more questionable as in 1976, when the studio made purely and simply disappear “Columbia”, in favor of a simple radiation supposed to represent that of the torch. We leave it to you to admire this change (this heresy?) Below …

In 1989, the studio Columbia Pictures is bought by Sony Pictures Entertainment. They want to return to a classic version of the logo. In 1993, the studio commissioned illustrator Michael J. Deas to work on the new version. He then went to Mandeville, Louisiana, to conduct tests to find the one who would take the immortal pose. It is finally a young woman of 28, named Jenny Joseph, who is retained.

Painter-muralist, it is the first -and last- that she lends herself to the exercise. In the final version of the logo, however, Deas did not put the model’s face. This is a Composite creation, made from the face of Jenny Joseph. It is, even today, still the same model. The result can be seen below.

As with the competitors, the logo of Columbia Pictures gives itself from time to time a nice little facelift for the release of a film. Selected songs below.

That of Angels and Demons:

That of Charlie and his funny ladies:

For Casino Royale, the logo changes to black and white:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8MBLEUEGUCQ

The logo for the release of Da Vinci Code:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CY7BU7F7bos

Below, a variation for the release of The Grudge 2. Very creepy!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xocZaiT_32c

Flash / neuro-laser sequence for the output of MIIB:

We end our selection with a little nugget. The delirious (and daring !!) version of a 1959 film, The Roaring Mouse. Or how “Columbia” becomes a sexy Pin-Up:

Olivier Pallaruelo

Without a shark cage: 64-year-old swims from Cuba to Florida

Sport Without a shark cage

64-year-old swims from Cuba to Florida

| Reading time: 3 minutes

She made four attempts, the fifth time it worked: Diana Nyad swam from Cuba to Florida at the age of 64 – without a protective cage. Sharks and jellyfish were the greatest dangers.

Dhe US long-distance swimmer Diana Nyad was the first person to swim from Cuba to Florida without a shark cage. The 64-year-old covered the 177-kilometer route in 53 hours. In the early Monday afternoon (local time), she rose dazed and sunburned in Key West, Florida, from the water. Onlookers on the beach cheered her. It was her fifth attempt to set this record.

On land, Nyad, whose lips were badly swollen, was immediately placed on a stretcher and given medical attention. She started the adventure on Saturday morning in the Cuban capital Havana. The extreme athlete had already tried to swim the route three times in 2011 and 2012, and once before in 1978. She had announced that this would be her last attempt. The equipment on Nyad’s support boats created an electrical field designed to keep sharks away.

As with the other attempts, not everything went smoothly this time either. The face and lips of the long-distance swimmer were swollen towards the end, probably from the sun and salt water, as the spokesman for her team, Alex de Cordoba, announced. Her body temperature also cooled noticeably during the night. She has therefore postponed a planned meal break to keep warm by swimming.

Full body suit for protection against jellyfish

This time Nyad had taken precautions against the jellyfish. She wore a full body suit with gloves, shoes and a silicone mask that was supposed to protect her from the painful stitches, but at the same time slowed her down.

Nyad had been in the water without interruption from her start in Cuba on Saturday morning until Monday afternoon. Every now and then she would stop to have a drink or something to eat.

Three kilometers from her destination, Key West in Florida, she took another short break and turned – stepping on water – to her team of 35 on escort boats. “I’m going to swim the last two miles in the ocean now. This is a lifelong dream for me and I am glad that you are here with me. “

In 1975 it was all about Manhattan

Several – younger – women had already tried their hand at Nyad’s record. In 2012, the Australian Penny Palfrey broke off about halfway to Florida. And it wasn’t until mid-June that her compatriot Chloe McCardel got caught in a swarm of jellyfish during another record attempt and had to break off after eleven hours. In 1978, Walter Poenisch, a baker from Ohio, allegedly managed the route with only swimming goggles and flippers. However, according to critics, there is insufficient independent evidence for this.

Another Australian, Susie Maroney, swam the route from Cuba to Florida in a shark cage in 2012. This not only offers protection from the predatory fish, but also pulls the swimmer with it a little.

Nyad, who recently turned 64, swam 45 kilometers around Manhattan Island in less than eight hours in 1975 and 164 kilometers from the Bahamas to Florida four years later.

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Record without a shark cage: 64-year-old swims from Cuba to Florida

Washington – She swam for her lifelong dream – and made it on the fifth attempt: For the first time, a swimmer has covered the 170-kilometer stretch from Cuba to the US coast in Florida without aids or a shark cage. After more than 50 hours in the water, 64-year-old American Diana Nyad reached the southern tip of the mainland in Key West on Monday. “We should never give up,” was the first message on land of the exhausted but overjoyed Nyad. “You are never too old to realize your dream.”

US President Barack Obama was among their first congratulators. “Never give up your dream,” he wrote on Twitter. Thousands of onlookers had cheered for Nyad’s arrival. “She got out of the water on her own and fell overjoyed into the arms of a helper,” one of the thousands of onlookers on the beach reported to CNN.

The long-distance swimmer from Los Angeles started in the Cuban capital Havana on Saturday. A crew of 35 provided the 64-year-old with water and food from an escort boat. In addition to doctors, there were also divers on board who regularly scanned the sea for sharks. The only protection the swimmer had on her body was to ward off poisonous jellyfish.

The long-distance swimmer had to struggle with numerous challenges when crossing the sea. Her tongue and lips were so swollen that their pronunciation was unclear, doctors said on Monday. At night she suffered from the extreme cold.

Highly poisonous jellyfish and sharks

It was Nyad’s fifth attempt to cross the strait. She broke off the last attempt last year due to injuries from highly poisonous jellyfish. She broke her record on Sunday by swimming the longest distance to date in this region without a shark cage. In 1997, the then 22-year-old Australian Susie Maroney managed the route from Cuba to Florida in such a protective cage against shark attacks.

Nyad is no stranger to Americans: in the 1970s she became known as the world’s best long-distance swimmer. Among other things, she was the fastest to cover the 160 kilometers between the Bahamas and Florida. She also set a record when circling Manhattan Island. She later commented on numerous sporting events on television.

Icon: The mirror