Chevrolet Orlando, a Korean MPV with American flavor

With its square, massive, billhooked silhouette, the Orlando passes for a big American 4×4. However, it is only a Korean compact minivan! Even if it is undoubtedly the largest in the segment, bordering on the upper category of large MPVs. It is as long, in fact, as a Renault Espace! An original look and not illegitimate, since it is produced and marketed by Chevrolet, a purely “Yankee” brand. Its flattering bodywork is even one of its biggest assets. The Orlando looks bigger than it actually is.

A little gloomy atmosphere

Inside, the American-Asian GM group is a little less attractive. The design, not at all unpleasant, is not at all in question, even if the rounded edges of the dashboard slightly reduce the space at the front. But plastics are cheap – you’ve got to save some money somewhere. The dark atmosphere appears gloomy. Nothing to do with the warmth of a Renault Scénic or a Citroën Picasso. The driving position will not be appreciated by everyone either. We are sitting a little too deep, with the knees raised and very long seats. The adults may not mind. The others do. Strange for a model “made in Korea”, not intended to be sold in the United States!

Some small details annoy, like the switch to turn on the lights, to the delicate grip, or the speedometer, too small and pushed in. An increasingly exasperating drawback, when you have to constantly monitor your speed, to the nearest kilometer … On the other hand, the assemblies are solid. Roominess and accessibility, favored by the geometric shapes of the bodywork, are very favorable. Obviously, the two additional places on a third row of seats are not very welcoming. And, in this case, the trunk is reduced. Moreover, even folded up, the last bench clutters the said trunk. But it is inevitable. The machine is ultimately functional and practical.

Nice engine

The 130 horsepower diesel engine in our test model proved to be a great pleasure. It is very flexible, resumes smoothly, while ensuring good acceleration. This engine, which we once knew rough, has made great progress. Very good. Unfortunately, this large displacement mechanism (2 liters) is not very economical. It is true that the aerodynamics are not very neat either, the price of square shapes. 9 liters per 100 km on a mixed city-road-highway route, it’s not very sober. The manual gearbox is softer than the engine, with fairly firm locks. And, above all, the clutch, with a reduced stroke, requires some practice. It lacks progressiveness. Sometimes difficult to dose, it can generate slight jerks when changing gears.

Loud suspensions

The Orlando is less comfortable than a Scénic or a Picasso. The suspensions jump in effect on degraded pavement. But there is nothing prohibitive here. The big problem is that these suspensions work very loudly! Nothing is lost from the percussions of the running gear on the bumps and bumps. Which gives subjectively the feeling of being shaken with each inequality … We therefore feel a real feeling of discomfort. Slamming suspensions and rolling resonances constitute the most serious defect of the machine. Chevrolet didn’t break the bank by soundproofing. It is maddening in the city, as soon as the road deteriorates or on the highway connections. The handling, for its part, does not lead to particular pleasure. The Orlando bounces a little too much on bumpy pavement. It is not very precise. The management is a bit fuzzy. But, for a family minivan, it is doing honorably. And without danger.

Attractive prices

Less refined and successful than its French competitors, more rustic, the Orlando must be judged, like all the brand’s products, according to its price, attractive. Our model in LT + basic finish was priced at 23,500 euros, with sufficient equipment – but beware of the 750 euros penalty! The options are competitive. Count 650 euros for an electric sunroof, 775 for a GPS! It must be taken into account that the Orlando is more spacious than most rivals, which further improves its relative competitiveness. A roughly equivalent Renault Grand Scénic costs at least 4,000 euros more. From this perspective, our criticisms are obviously to be put into perspective.

Price of the model tested : Chevrolet Orlando 2.0 VCDi 130 LT +: 23,500 euros (+750 euros for malus)
Engine power : 130 horsepower (diesel)
Dimensions : 4.65 meters (long) x 1.88 (wide) x 1.63 (high)
Qualities : massive and flattering shapes, roominess and accessibility on board, attractive price, pleasant engine, decent general services.
Defaults : suspensions too noisy, clutch not very progressive, firm gearbox, driving position not suitable for all.
Competitors : Toyota Verso 126 D-4D Active 7 places: 25,100 euros; Opel Zafira 1.7 CDTi Magnetic: 26,850 euros; Renault Grand Scénic dCi 130 Expression 7 seats: 27,500 euros

Grade: 13 out of 20

UNITED STATES. We must save Detroit

The city of the automobile is emptying of its inhabitants. However, despite the place occupied by the city in American history, the exodus arouses only indifference, indignant the journalist and author Scott Martelle.

Let’s imagine for a moment that everyone living in San Jose, California (plus some 150,000 others) suddenly abandons the city. Passed out. Extinct in nature. Leaving behind office buildings and factories. This is what happened in Detroit, according to the 2010 census figures released recently. The city, which boasted a population of 1.8 million in 1950 and was the economic engine of the country for most of the XXth century, is home to only 714,000 souls, a loss of about 1.1 million. In the last decade alone, the population decline has been 25%.

No other large American city has experienced such a hemorrhage. It’s not as if the population has declined nationally. On the contrary, it is increasing. But not in Detroit. Its closest competitor in “emigration” is Chicago, a five-hour drive west, which has seen about 964,000 people leave since 1950 but still retains about 2.7 million, down 25% from from the peak of 3.62 million in 1950.

In Detroit, the exodus has reached incredible proportions: the city has lost 60% of its population compared to the time of its greatness. It is now less populated than Charlotte, North Carolina, or Fort Worth, Texas. More people have left Detroit than there are residents in San Francisco today. The phenomenon has multiple consequences, for the city as for the country. Census numbers for Detroit (and Chicago) are well below local authority forecasts and earlier census service estimates. So last year’s or 2000 count may have been wrong, setting a wrong benchmark. The municipality plans to challenge these statistics. The mayor, David Bing, announced his intention to find the missing 40,000 inhabitants which would bring the official population to 750,000, a threshold to be reached in order to qualify for certain federal aid.

Two issues have national implications. In the first place, with Detroit are we confronted with the vestiges of the industrial past of the United States or with a dire omen foretelling what will be the urban future of this country? Second, what should be done? It’s not just Detroit. If such an exodus had taken place in San Francisco, San Diego, Denver, or Dallas, there would have been an uproar, voices would rise to cry out loudly for some intervention. But we treat Detroit like a traffic accident: we are horrified, then we forget.

The root causes of the desertification of Detroit lie in the strategy followed by the big three automakers [General Motors, Ford et Chrysler]. In the 1950s, the Big Three set out with determination to spread their activities across the country to bring production closer to local markets, a policy that also enabled them to reduce labor costs by investing in locations. where unions are less powerful than in Michigan’s industrial capital. Their departure accelerated after new federal policies, in the 1970s and 1980s in particular, forced municipalities and states to compete for job creation, with tax breaks and other benefits intended to withhold or to attract investment. Businesses are the big winners, to the detriment of the city.

Racism also plays an important role. The exodus of whites exploded in the 1950s and 1960s, after courts struck down local and federal measures leading to segregation in housing. It was then the turn of the middle classes, both white and black, to flee crime, endemic in disadvantaged neighborhoods and strongly affected by unemployment, which is spreading to the rest of the city. Notably, the nearby suburbs are seeing their black populations increase as young households seek security, stability and better schools. As they go, the huge socio-economic problems become more and more intractable. Detroit projects the opposite image of what a modern American city should be. If most urban centers suffer from a few “bad” neighborhoods, the Michigan metropolis has few “good” ones, and these are rapidly deteriorating with the exodus of the middle class. Residents of working age face chronic unemployment and a dying industrial economy. The city suffers from decades of racial conflict and the failure of the authorities in essential areas, from education to the fight against crime.

One in three inhabitants, or three times compared to the rest of the country, lived below the poverty line in 2007 – before the economic crisis and the deployment of rescue plans to bring car manufacturers out of bankruptcy – which makes of Detroit, the poorest of the great American cities. Per capita income was $ 15,310 in 2009 [10 800 euros au cours d’aujourd’hui], against $ 27,041 [19 070 euros] on a national level. The education of a child mobilizes an entire village, the saying goes. But an entire country must mobilize to save a city. So what are we going to do with Detroit?

Scott Martelle

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MIGRATION

57% of African Americans now live in the southern United States, according to data from the 2010 census. This is the highest percentage since 1960, said The New York Times, which recalls that start of XXnth century, the great migration had seen African-Americans leave the south of the country to settle in the great industrial cities of the North and the Midwest. For the first time, the cities of Michigan and Illinois are seeing a decline in their black population, while Atlanta, the state capital of Georgia, now ranks second behind New York in the number of Africans- Americans residing in its urban area.

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