Under the protection of eagles and snakes (neue-deutschland.de)

For the books of a hundred and twenty-year-old whose work has been completed for 40 years, it is astonishing how much of it is still present in the bookstores and how much biographical literature has been added. Not undeserved, as Anna Seghers was one of the defining German writers of the 20th century. Impossible to present all titles here. We therefore limit ourselves to a selection.

In time for the anniversary, the diligent Anna Seghers researcher Monika Melchert has the volume “Under the protection of the eagle and the snake. Anna Seghers in Mexican exile « submitted. In it she describes the time of the flight from the as yet unoccupied Marseille to neutral Mexico. The originally chosen exile in the USA was denied Seghers because she was under “suspicion of communism”. What is particularly interesting is the description of the bureaucratic madness to which the people waiting for entry permits and crossing were exposed. In addition to the political refugees from all over Europe, half a million Spaniards had temporarily found refuge in France. But there was also selfless help. The Mexican consul issued 40,000 visas to refugees before the consulate was closed by the Nazis. Overseas emigrants organized material support and helped to gain a foothold in exile. A compelling story with many illuminating cross-references.

Seghers herself has the Marseille experience in her novel »Transit« processed. After his escape, the German Georg interned in the labor camp assumes the identity of another refugee who killed himself out of desperation. By chance Georg meets his wife Marie, who has separated from her husband, but needs his signature for the saving visa and is therefore looking for him. Georg is trapped in his wrong identity, falls in love with Marie and cannot reveal the secret. Maybe they could come together, but time is not made for love. Georg stays in France, while Marie’s ship will not reach its destination.

After the film adaptations of 1977 and 1991, both charming in their own way, the director Christian Petzold took on the story again in 2018, but relocated the roughly identical plot of “Transit” to contemporary France. An ingenious approach that emphasizes the timelessness of this exile story and gives the female characters more depth than the Seghers original. Originally Petzold wanted to make the film together with Harun Farocki, but he died in 2014.

Monika Melcherts comes like an elegant sketch “Wild and tender dreams. Anna Segher’s years in exile in Paris 1933 – 1940 « therefore, a reasonably carefree time for Seghers, at the same time a swan song to the age of European bohemians, when the anti-fascist popular front failed. “Coming back to a cold country. Anna Seghers in Berlin 1947 – 1952 «, by the same author, describes the return of the exiles, accompanied by hopes and fears. It was time to expel the fascist spirit and build democracy, but the western emigration was met with violent distrust of those who were loyal to Moscow. Her presentation can be checked against that of Christiane Zehl Romero “Anna Seghers. A biography. 1947 – 1983 “, the second volume of the entire biography, which deals critically but empathetically with Anna Seghers’ role in the fierce ideological debates about the “New German Literature” and the claim to an all-German vs. deals with separated literature. The conversations with Anna Seghers that Achim Roscher, editor of the magazine of the same name, had and recorded with her are nice to read. “Fly into the open with a double door” takes the aura of the unapproachable in a charming way, lets them speak their Mainz dialect, also be a little quirky and reveals a lot about a country in which literature was taken seriously. Again and again supposed to “The Seventh Cross” Recommended: the children, grandchildren, and especially those who think fascism is again or still an opinion.


Stade Français: Macalou back against Stade Toulousain – Fil Info – Top 14

For the Paris-Toulouse shock, Sunday evening at the end of the 7e Top 14 day, Stade Français can count on the return to the third row of Sekou Macalou, absent for three weeks.

The starting XV: 15. Veainu; 14. Etien, 13. Delbouis, 12. Danty, 11. Naivalu; 10. Segonds, 9. Coville; 7. Macalou, 8. Gray, 6. Grobler; 5. Maestri, 4. Gabrillagues; 3. P. Alo-Emile (cap.), 2. Latu, 1. Bethune.

Substitutes : 16. Panis, 17. Mavinga, 18. De Giovanni, 19. Godener, 20. Percillier, 21. Arrate, 22. Nayacalevu, 23. Melikidze.


European Capital of Culture in East Germany: Chemnitz is no longer “unseen”

Chemnitz will be the European Capital of Culture in 2025. By shifting the emphasis it was able to free itself from the negative image.

Chemnitz: European Capital of Culture 2025 with the old and the new town hall Photo: Rainer Weisflog / imago

At 1:27 p.m. on Wednesday, screams of joy and joyful dances broke out for minutes in the Chemnitz town hall. After the decision of the international jury in favor of Chemnitz as one of the two European Capitals of Culture in 2025, you could still feel that the defensive was going off. The application slogan “C the unseen” expresses this well.

“What is worked out in Chemnitz is traded in Leipzig and squandered in Dresden,” is an old Saxon proverb. In the industrial city, incomes were once almost the highest in Germany, then came the dirty image. Workers’ city, also robbed of its center during World War II. The xenophobic riots after the homicide crime at the 2018 city festival seemed only a logical consequence.

The third largest city in Saxony is an example of how one can free oneself from the negative image by shifting accents. 15 years ago people still laughed at the self-titling of the city as the “city of modernity”. Under Ingrid Mössinger, however, the municipal art collections and the Gunzenhauser Museum gained an international reputation.

The multi-branch theater is in a good state. The Zweckverband Sächsisches Industriemuseum has its headquarters here, the only state museum outside Dresden is the one for archeology in the former Schocken department store. Above all, however, scenes, young galleries and initiatives emerged, such as the Spinnerei e. V.

Chemnitz had Ferenc Csák as the head of applications and head of the cultural office, who led the Hungarian Pécs to the European Capital of Culture in 2010 and achieved a broad impact in urban society with the Capital of Culture application. Csák, who is just as clever as he is personable, knows the jury trend of recent years to focus on the idea of ​​development and integration.

After the successful nomination, the outgoing mayor Barbara Ludwig praised the “daring, unconventional connection between top cultural achievements and self-taught people”. The program of 3,000 garages to be designed is often mentioned in this context. The jury recognized a considerable expansion and considered the continuing lines of development to be sustainable enough.


BER Airport: Interview with the first Easyjet pilot

SPIEGEL: Mr. Wilpert, can you show how you greeted your passengers today?

Thomas Wilpert: Dear guests, I would like to warmly welcome you on board. My name is Thomas Wilpert, and I am your captain today on this special flight to BER. This is a special day for all of us, for the city, for Berliners, for us as a crew. It is an honor to be able to open BER Airport with our landing today. I hope that you will feel comfortable on board with us as usual.

SPIEGEL: On a scale of 1 to 10, if 10 is extremely excited, how excited were you?

Wilpert: I would say: I was excited about 8.5, but the flight was definitely a 10. Of all the flights I’ve made so far – and I’ve been in commercial aviation for 25 years – this was by far the most beautiful flight today. I waited so long for BER to open that I had given up hope that it would ever open at all. I thought: It won’t come any more. Instead, I was overcome with indifference, at some point BER didn’t matter. A few months ago I had the opportunity to take a look at the new airport. The indifference turned into unbelievable anticipation.

SPIEGEL: Have you made yourself particularly chic for today?

Wilpert: I was wearing the nicest suit I have in my closet: my pilot’s uniform. Pants, tie, shirt, jacket. With four stripes at the wrist level of the jacket that show that I am the captain. Anyone wearing four stripes is not just a pilot, but a responsible pilot.

SPIEGEL: Have you and your colleagues torn over the job of BER opener? Did you have to draw?

Wilpert: I don’t know whether someone has actively applied to be allowed to open BER. One day I was asked if I would like to, and I immediately thought: This is a huge opportunity: to be able to open the airport in the city where you were born.

SPIEGEL: BER – or what was already written about it – had to listen to a lot in the past few years: it was too expensive, too late, and ultimately too unfashionable. Do you think so too?

Wilpert: I think the airport is great, and I am not being fooled by it. I especially like the interior. The wood paneling and the sandstone floor radiate warmth. There are no large halls, instead there are many small areas. If I want it sterile and bright white, I go to the dentist. I feel good at BER.

SPIEGEL: From where to where did you fly today?

Wilpert: We started in Berlin-Tegel in the north and arrived at BER in the south. First I landed, then a Lufthansa plane. That was a community opening. Our plane took off at around 1 p.m. and we flew south over the city for about an hour.

SPIEGEL: What did you see from up there?

Wilpert: Unfortunately, the weather today wasn’t that good. But I can tell you what the airport looks like: if you were a bird you would probably recognize the letter H from above. Left and right, the long lines, these are the runways. The line in the middle, the connecting piece, is the terminal. There are a lot of smaller green areas because a lot has been planted.

SPIEGEL: Who did you have on board?

Wilpert: My first officer, some managers from Easyjet, plus representatives from politics and the press.

SPIEGEL: How does a runway feel when you are among the first to land on it?

Wilpert: To be honest, I didn’t feel anything. I just feel the runways that are getting on in years. They are of course still absolutely safe, but here and there it might get a bit bumpy when landing. The BER trajectory is smooth and fresh and nothing is noticeable.

SPIEGEL: Did you start the autopilot on approach?

Wilpert: No, I won’t let such a moment take over the autopilot! He doesn’t get it. I wanted to do that myself.

SPIEGEL: Was it difficult?

Wilpert: I think BER is an airport that is very easy to fly to. There are no mountains, nothing in the way, so we could start the approach early. In a steady descent, you can go down on an extended stretch of the runway, so to speak. That was really wonderful. If you end up in the same city over and over again for decades, at some point you will know every tree. Now a new perspective of the city will open up to me.

SPIEGEL: Did your passengers clap during the touchdown?

Wilpert: We flew an A320Neo today, practically the newest edition from Airbus. This aircraft is economical in terms of fuel consumption and very quiet. So I can tell you: people applauded and I even heard it. That was really nice.

SPIEGEL: The coronavirus has paralyzed your industry and with it tourism, in the near future people will likely travel a lot less. What does that mean for you?

Wilpert: I try to look ahead positively. Sure, there are far fewer pilots in the air all over the world. But with the vaccine, there is a new way to deal with the situation, maybe in the coming year. People want to fly. People want to see the world, want to connect. Berlin is a great city that many people want to get to know. It has always been and will be again.

Icon: The mirror

VI Nations Tournament: follow France live

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In a decisive match against Ireland at the Stade de France, the XV of France still has a small chance of winning the Six Nations Tournament. Follow our live.

The French rugby team has not won the VI Nations tournament since 2010. The Blues have a small chance of lifting the trophy provided they beat Ireland by at least 31 points and with the offensive bonus on Saturday October 31, at the Stade de France,

The XV de la Rose put themselves in a good position by winning the bonus against Italy (34-5) a little earlier, in Rome, but now remains suspended from the verdict of France-Ireland. With 18 points, the English must hope that Ireland (14 pts) will not also seek a victory with a bonus in France, which would allow the XV at Clover to finish alone in the lead.

In the event of a tie in points with the Irish (if the XV at Clover wins, but without a bonus) or with the French (if the Blues win with a bonus), everything will be decided with the general difference in points: the English now have a difference of +44, against +38 for Ireland and +13 for France).


Johnson orders lockdown for England – RKI reports more than 19,000 new infections

Denmark is introducing a five-level warning system about the coronavirus situation in the country. With the system, the Danes should be able to better predict which corona measures they can face depending on the situation, as the Danish Ministry of Health announced on Saturday.

Once a week, a group of experts should evaluate how great the corona risk is in the country and in the five Danish regions. According to Danish sources, similar systems already exist in other European countries.

“The warning system shows how high the risk level is and what measures might be required if the infections increase,” said Health Minister Magnus Heunicke. The number and increase in new infections, the number of patients in the hospitals and developments abroad are used as indicators for the assessment. The ultimate goal is that restrictions are only introduced in those areas in which they are urgently needed, said Heunicke.

Denmark is currently at risk level 3. This means that the infections are widespread in society and there is a potential for the number of infections to increase rapidly. In this corona situation, corresponding measures apply, including a mask requirement that has now also been extended to supermarkets and shopping centers and restrictions on restaurants and pubs.


WhatsApp announces that it will stop working on these mobiles next year

WhatsApp announces that it will stop working on these mobiles next year

WhatsApp announces that it will stop working on these mobiles next year

Every year applications they make important updates to continue meeting the needs of their users. In this context, some devices become incompatible with the new versions of the applications and some of them even stop working. This is what will happen with WhatsApp from January 1, 2021.

The most widely used application globally will stop working on many Android and iOS devices due to an obsolescence process. And is that the updates of the app require more and more requirements and there are mobiles that are no longer compatible.

In the case of iOS, all iPhone models whose operating system is iOS 8 or earlier will run out of WhatsApp. That is, if you have a terminal that has iOS9 or higher you will not have to worry.

The inability to update the operating system of the iPhone 4 and previous models will make these terminals obsolete to use WhatsApp, while the iPhone 4S, iPhone 5, iPhone 5s, iPhone c, iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus will continue to be compatible with the instant messaging application, as long as are updated to the version of iOS 9.

As for Android, WhatsApp it will stop working on all devices that have versions earlier than Android 4.0.3.

But, How do I know if my mobile is compatible with the new version of WhatsApp? Checking what version of operating system you have on your device. To do this, go to ‘Settings’ and access ‘General – Software update’ on iOS and ‘Phone information’ on Android.

If your device is one of those affected by the obsolescence process, you should know that there is no way to transfer the chat history between different platforms. The only option you have to save your conversations is to export the chat history to send it by email.


Lorenzo Sonego qualified for the final in Vienna

Lorenzo Sonego remained on his own in Vienna. After sweeping Friday Novak Djokovic (6-2, 6-1), the Italian, 42nd in the world, followed with a very convincing performance to get rid of the still very poisonous Dan Evans. The day before, the Serbian world No. 1, saddened by the death of a great Orthodox figure from the Balkans and reassured by his virtual certainty of finishing the year as a leader, had sometimes seemed to lose interest in the match. But it was not just that to explain this extraordinary score.

Sonego has again proved that he is playing “heat” in Austria. Winner of twelve of the first fourteen points of the match, the Italian did not really loosen the grip against an Evans who called on the physiotherapist to treat a painful shoulder at the start of the second set. With his stunning attacks, especially forehand, his efficient serve (eleven points lost in ten face-offs), his deadlines and volleys assured, he provided the show.

If he had failed to defend a first break at the start of the second, Sonego avoided being caught at 4-4 on an incredible pounding forehand session. He’s got the nerves. He proved it by winning white his face-off when serving for the match. After Antalya last year, he will try to win his second title on Sunday against Andrey Rublev, the fit man of the moment.


It is not necessary to keep beds free as a precaution

Francesco De Meo, 56, the head of the hospital operator Helios Health, in a leather jacket and T-shirt in the company headquarters in Bad Homburg
Image: Helmut Fricke

Francesco De Meo is the head of the largest hospital chain in Europe. Against the fear of the corona virus, he recommends: facts, facts, facts.

EA quiz question to start with. Who has been the least likely to respond to the common cliché in the past week? The top manager with more than 100,000 employees who can do without a chauffeur and secretary? The family man in his mid-fifties who has a large tattoo on his stomach and back? Or the hospital boss who, despite the rising number of corona infections, does not sound the alarm because of scarce intensive care beds or a lack of nursing staff and who does not ask for additional money for his clinics, but instead calls for confidence and personal responsibility?

Sebastian Balzter

Editor in the economy of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung.

No matter which of the three behaviors you think is particularly unusual: In this quiz, the answer always comes down to the same person. It’s Francesco De Meo, the CEO of healthcare provider Helios Health. No other manager in the country runs more hospitals than he does; With almost 90 clinics in Germany and 50 others in Spain, Helios is even the largest private hospital operator in Europe. That is an extraordinary position in other times. But especially in this Corona year.


Namib: A ghost town testifies to the crimes of the Germans

The region in Namibia

Sand storms, daytime temperatures of over 50 degrees before the mercury falls below freezing point at night, extreme drought: the Namib is one of the most inhospitable places on earth. The unique foggy desert lines the Atlantic coast of Namibia over a length of 2000 kilometers, from east to west the Namib measures around 150 kilometers. In the north a desert tip protrudes into Angola, in the south to South Africa.

The Namib owes its sandy character to the River Orange, which forms Namibia’s border with South Africa. The river, which is over 2000 kilometers long, carries large amounts of sediment, which is transported further north by the Benguela Current in the Oranjemund estuary and deposited on the coast. The stranded granules of sediment are seized by strong winds that model them into spectacular sandy landscapes.

The Namibian Sand Sea has been part of the Unesco World Heritage since 2013, but with around 30,000 square kilometers it covers only around a third of the entire Namib. Only a few animal species get along in this desert – including the rare black rhinoceros, desert elephants and the oryx, Namibia’s heraldic animal. Practically, she almost never has to drink, the water in the food is sufficient for the resilient animal as a moisture supplier for a long time.

Source: WORLD infographic

The ghost town of Kolmanskop in the desert

The first diamond in Namibia was found in 1908 on the Lüderitz – Seeheim railway line by an African worker. But it was his superior, a German in what was then the colony of German South West Africa, who staked out the first claim at Kolmannskuppe near Lüderitz together with a friend. The two became millionaires.

Within a short period of time, a diamond camp grew into a German colonial-style mining town with a hospital, power station and even a saltwater swimming pool. The diamond-rich area in southern Namibia was declared a restricted area by the Imperial Colonial Office up to the South African border, and the local population got nothing.

Namibia: Desert sand conquers the empty buildings in Kolmannskuppe

Desert sand conquers the vacant buildings in Kolmannskuppe

Quelle: Getty Images

The injustice that the Germans exercised as a colonial power from 1884 to 1915 in what is now Namibia, however, extended far beyond exploitation and land grabbing when German troops brutally put down local uprisings between 1904 and 1908. About 65,000 of the 80,000 Herero died, and at least 10,000 of the 20,000 Nama were killed.

also read

The skulls of fallen or hanged Hereros were packed and sent to the Pathological Institute in Berlin

Germany now recognizes a historical responsibility, but so far no official apology has been issued, nor has any money been paid to make amends. Kolmanskop, as the diamond settlement is called in Afrikaans, has been an abandoned ghost town for decades, gradually being blown away by the desert sand.

Himba – the last nomads in the Namib

It has a similar bad reputation as the Bermuda Triangle: the Skeleton Coast in northern Namibia. Here the fog is often so dense and the current so strong that ships run aground or crash against the rocks. Hundreds of wrecks are rusting on the bank.

Hundreds of wrecks rust away on the Skeleton Coast in the north of Namibia

Hundreds of wrecks rust away on the Skeleton Coast in northern Namibia

Quelle: Getty Images

Even today, the stretch of coast, which the Portuguese sailors called the gateway to hell, is feared by seafarers. Also because shipwrecked people who were able to save themselves on land have died of thirst in the dry desert.

The coast is almost deserted, the Himba only live in the border area with Angola. This last nomadic people of Namibia keeps cattle, sheep and goats in the desert. Instead of western clothing, the Himba only wear a kind of loincloth made of leather or fur – even the women who do not cover their breasts. One vice is equally popular with both sexes: pipe smoking.

Namibia: Himba women and men like to smoke pipes

Himba women and men like to smoke pipes

Quelle: LightRocket via Getty Images

The snake in the sand

The Namib Viper is a sophisticated blender: it buries itself in the sand, stands still and hopes for prey. Only the tip of the tail peeps out. As soon as a gecko or a small rodent comes along, the snake wriggles with its rear end – with it it fools the four-legged friends into a quick insect meal. But before the gecko or mouse can bite, they become prey themselves and are devoured by the viper at lightning speed.

Namib desert in Namibia: a Namib viper in the sand

Well camouflaged: You can only see the head of this Namib viper if you look closely

Quelle: Getty Images/imageBROKER RF/Thomas Sbampato

This plant miraculously survives

The Austrian botanist Friedrich Welwitsch discovered it in 1859, and the plant has been called Welwitschia mirabilis ever since. The Herero have known it for a long time – under the name Onyanga (desert onion). It looks like a wilting heap, but it is extremely vital and amazes the botanists.

If the meter-long tap root cannot tap into the groundwater, the Welwitschia forms hair roots that it wraps around itself like a fine network. These absorb moisture from the fog that trade winds regularly blow in from the coast.

The Welwitschia only exists in the Namib Desert. The survivor is Namibia’s national plant and adorns the national coat of arms; the national rugby team is called “The Welwitschias”. The oldest known specimen is around 1500 years old and around eight meters in circumference. The tourist road “Welwitschia Drive” leads from Swakopmund to this giant and past a number of conspecifics.

Welwitschia mirabilis in the Namib Desert in Namibia

The Welwitschia mirabilis looks like a withered heap, but it has amazing capabilities

Quelle: Getty Images/Photograph by Michael Schwab

300 meter high dunes in the oldest desert in the world

The Namib is estimated to be at least 55 million years old, making it the oldest desert in the world. However, since a desert does not arise from now on, scientists are divided as to when exactly the geological development of the Namib began. Some geologists believe that this happened 80 million years ago or even earlier.

Some of the highest dunes in the world tower in the Namib-Naukluft National Park. They are called Big Daddy or Big Mama and some measure over 300 meters. Some of the sand hills can be climbed – for example the 80 meter high Dune 7 in the Sossusvlei area, on the crest of which early risers can experience particularly beautiful sunrises.

In the Sossusvlei area in the Namib desert, tourists can climb an 80 meter high dune

In the Sossusvlei area, tourists can climb an 80 meter high dune

Quelle: Getty Images

The quote

“Gurgling water rushed under gray, fluttering clouds”

Henno Martin (1910–1998) describes a dry river in “When there is war, we go into the desert” that suddenly filled up after a downpour. The geologist was doing research in the Naukluft Mountains when the Second World War broke out. Fearing that he would be interned as a German, he fled to the desert with a colleague and fought there for over two years for bare survival. He was then arrested, but was quickly released and was able to do further research.

Quirky, record-breaking, typical: You can find more parts of our regional geography series here.

This text is from WELT AM SONNTAG. We are happy to deliver them to your home on a regular basis.

Source: Welt am Sonntag